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Total Plants: 201
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit 450.0 14930.0 3.0 *
Acacia farnesiana Leaf 4080.0 21890.0 1.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium cepa Bulb 370.0 4033.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf 1850.0 23125.0 1.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium ampeloprasum Plant -- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 1.3 5800.0 1.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Leaf -- -- *
Aloe vera Leaf -- 3339.0 -1.1 *
Alpinia galanga Leaf -- -- *
Amaranthus sp. Leaf 1210.0 14556.0 0.5 *
Anacardium occidentale Seed 6900.0 7019.0 -0.8 *
Ananas comosus Fruit 31.0 963.0 -0.8 *
Anastatica hierochuntica Plant -- -- *
Angelica sinensis Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Apium graveolens Leaf 170.0 3208.0 -1.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Arachis hypogaea Seed 11540.0 15362.0 0.8 *
Arctium lappa Root 520.0 2600.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artemisia dracunculus Leaf -- -- *
Artemisia dracunculus Root -- -- *
Artocarpus altilis Seed 3690.0 8440.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Asimina triloba Fruit 282.0 3648.0 -0.1 *
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 1620.0 20903.0 1.4 *
Astragalus membranaceus Root -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Avena sativa Root -- 2.4 -1.3 *
Avena sativa Shoot -- 1.3 -0.7 *
Averrhoa carambola Fruit 260.0 2860.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Basella alba Leaf 700.0 10145.0 -0.2 *
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 7620.0 7884.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Beta vulgaris Root 380.0 2997.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Leaf 670.0 10981.0 -0.0 *
Brassica chinensis Leaf 310.0 6625.0 -0.7 *
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf 1140.0 12244.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 2380.0 31821.0 3.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Flower 860.0 11110.0 *
Brassica rapa Leaf 310.0 6625.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 1960.0 12610.0 0.2 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf 1140.0 12244.0 0.1 *
Cajanus cajan Seed 9550.0 11830.0 0.1 *
Calathea allouia Root 2610.0 2870.0 0.6 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- -- *
Capsella bursa-pastoris Plant -- -- *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit 870.0 7099.0 0.8 *
Capsicum annuum Fruit 370.0 5047.0 0.3 *
Carica papaya Fruit 100.0 895.0 -0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carum carvi Seed 9170.0 10180.0 -0.2 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Castanea sativa Seed 1010.0 2222.0 -1.8 *
Castanea mollisima Seed 1632.0 2904.0 -1.7 *
Castanea dentata Seed 2141.0 3811.0 -1.5 *
Ceratonia siliqua Seed -- 18800.0 1.5 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Chenopodium album Leaf 2230.0 14205.0 0.4 *
Cicer arietinum Seed 7970.0 16530.0 1.0 *
Cichorium endivia Leaf 590.0 9500.0 -0.3 *
Citrullus lanatus Fruit -- 2827.0 -0.3 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrullus lanatus Seed -- 11800.0 0.1 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrus sinensis Fruit 60.0 3473.0 -0.1 *
Citrus reticulata Fruit 310.0 2499.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus paradisi Fruit -- 590.0 -0.9 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansa Leaf 620.0 3100.0 -1.2 *
Cocos nucifera Seed 1380.0 2605.0 -1.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cocos nucifera Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Colocasia esculenta Root 600.0 2045.0 0.1 *
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 1130.0 20052.0 1.3 *
Coriandrum sativum Fruit -- -- *
Crocus sativus Bulb -- -- *
Cucumis sativus Fruit 120.0 3038.0 -0.3 *
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 260.0 17100.0 3.6 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Seed 8290.0 15390.0 0.8 *
Cucurbita spp Fruit 370.0 5855.0 0.5 *
Cucurbita pepo Seed 10000.0 10743.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Daucus carota Root 290.0 2375.0 0.3 *
Dioscorea pentaphylla Root 480.0 2585.0 0.4 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed -- 5965.0 -1.1 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Ficus carica Fruit 490.0 2346.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 9000.0 9873.0 1.6 *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 9000.0 9873.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Fragaria spp Fruit 190.0 1898.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ginkgo biloba Seed 3470.0 9475.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glechoma hederacea Plant -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Shoot -- -- *
Glycine max Seed 21350.0 23344.0 2.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Harpagophytum procumbens Root -- -- *
Helianthus annuus Seed 11820.0 12500.0 0.2 *
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber -- 2573.0 -0.9 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Hordeum vulgare Root 57.0 219.0 -1.2 *
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Hypericum perforatum Plant -- -- *
Ipomoea batatas Root 710.0 2840.0 0.6 *
Ipomoea aquatica Leaf 880.0 11685.0 0.1 *
Juglans regia Seed 5530.0 5740.0 -1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juglans cinerea Seed 12360.0 12787.0 0.3 *
Juglans nigra Seed 9370.0 9800.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lablab purpureus Seed 1070.0 12822.0 0.3 *
Lactuca sativa Leaf 480.0 8000.0 -0.5 *
Lens culinaris Sprout Seedling 3560.0 11865.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinaris Seed 11720.0 13200.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lentinus edodes Fruit -- -- *
Lepidium meyenii Root -- 50.0 -1.3 Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Linum usitatissimum Seed -- 0.191 -2.2 *
Lippia javanica Plant -- -- Neidlein, R., Staehle, R. 1974. Constituents of Lippia javanica. III. Deutsche Apot. Ziit., 114: 1588.
Lupinus albus Seed 14760.0 16480.0 1.0 *
Lycium barbarum Fruit -- 6500.0 0.7 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 170.0 2810.0 -0.3 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Root -- 541.0 -0.9 *
Lycopodium clavatum Pollen Or Spore -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Macadamia spp Seed 3960.0 4075.0 -1.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Malus domestica Plant 20.0 435.0 -1.0 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 180.0 2000.0 -0.6 *
Manihot esculenta Root 760.0 2415.0 0.3 *
Melia azedarach Seed -- -- *
Mentha x piperita Leaf 1540.0 7215.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha spicata Leaf 1350.0 9345.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Momordica charantia Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Moringa oleifera Shoot 4510.0 21135.0 1.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Morus alba Leaf -- -- *
Mucuna pruriens Seed 9225.0 19555.0 1.6 *
Murraya sp Fruit 50.0 1440.0 -0.7 *
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 400.0 1554.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Myrciaria dubia Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Nasturtium officinale Herb 960.0 19200.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Nelumbo nucifera Seed 3440.0 10424.0 -0.2 *
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 1360.0 6500.0 1.0 *
Nigella sativa Seed 11350.0 14520.0 0.6 *
Ocimum basilicum Leaf -- 5880.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oenothera biennis Seed 5900.0 6297.0 -1.0 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Bud -- 3995.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indica Seed -- 10500.0 -0.2 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Pachyrhizus erosus Tuber 470.0 4330.0 -0.6 *
Panax ginseng Leaf -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root -- -- *
Panax quinquefolius Plant 175.0 1120.0 -0.9 *
Papaver somniferum Seed 10620.0 11392.0 0.0 *
Papaver bracteatum Seed 6800.0 8400.0 -0.6 *
Passiflora incarnata Plant -- -- *
Perideridia gairdneri Root -- 5524.0 2.4 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Persea americana Fruit 620.0 2993.0 -0.3 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Seed 9160.0 10294.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit 680.0 6989.0 0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgaris Sprout Seedling 1690.0 18172.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus lunatus Seed 1020.0 10855.0 -0.1 *
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit 120.0 1590.0 -0.7 *
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit 652.0 3225.0 -0.2 *
Pinus pinea Seed 12900.0 13900.0 0.5 *
Pinus edulis Seed 6220.0 6610.0 -0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pistacia vera Seed 9470.0 9851.0 -0.3 *
Pisum sativum Seed 1730.0 8183.0 -0.6 *
Pisum sativum Root -- 575.0 -0.9 *
Pisum sativum Shoot -- 23.0 -0.7 *
Pisum sativum Fruit 630.0 6231.0 0.6 *
Portulaca oleracea Herb 540.0 13200.0 -1.0 *
Prosopis glandulosa Leaf -- -- Carman, N. J., Dossaji, S. F., Mabry, T. J. 1974. A Populational Survey of Amino Acids in Prosopis Species from North and South America. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 2: 73.
Prunus domestica Fruit 340.0 2297.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus persica Fruit 290.0 2349.0 -0.5 *
Prunus cerasus Fruit -- -- *
Prunus dulcis Seed 12550.0 13127.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus armeniaca Fruit 1010.0 7400.0 0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 180.0 930.0 -0.8 *
Psidium guajava Fruit 250.0 1800.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Seed 19240.0 20991.0 1.9 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Leaf 1680.0 7257.0 -0.6 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Tuber 6790.0 15939.0 1.7 *
Psoralea esculenta Root -- 1266.0 -0.5 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Punica granatum Fruit -- -- *
Pyrus communis Fruit 110.0 679.0 -0.9 *
Raphanus sativus Root 180.0 3490.0 1.0 *
Rehmannia glutinosa Root 3000.0 4000.0 1.4 *
Ribes nigrum Fruit Juice -- 98.0 *
Rosa damascena Pollen Or Spore -- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf 1360.0 4220.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sambucus canadensis Fruit 250.0 1238.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Santalum album Fruit -- -- *
Scutellaria baicalensis Root -- -- *
Secale cereale Seed 14910.0 16745.0 1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sechium edule Fruit 480.0 6855.0 0.8 *
Senna obtusifolia Seed -- 5360.0 -1.2 *
Sesamum indicum Seed 8100.0 14277.0 0.6 *
Silybum marianum Tissue Culture -- -- *
Sinapis alba Seed 19440.0 20800.0 1.9 *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 740.0 6700.0 -0.1 *
Solanum melongena Fruit 460.0 5700.0 0.5 *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 1120.0 13301.0 1.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tamarindus indica Fruit -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Terminalia chebula Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Theobroma cacao Seed -- 7200.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed 11980.0 17800.0 1.3 *
Triticum aestivum Seed 17526.0 20447.0 1.8 *
Triticum aestivum Root -- 173.0 -1.2 *
Triticum aestivum Shoot -- 12.0 -0.7 *
Urtica dioica Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 250.0 1624.0 -0.7 *
Valerianella locusta Plant 780.0 10830.0 0.8 *
Vicia faba Seed 2520.0 13265.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Seed -- 14050.0 0.5 *
Vigna angularis Seed 8740.0 10097.0 -0.2 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed -- 14050.0 0.5 *
Vigna radiata Seed 10950.0 12090.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vitis vinifera Fruit 220.0 1132.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zea mays Root -- 69.0 -1.3 *
Zea mays Shoot -- 11.0 -0.7 *
Zea mays Seed 2920.0 12147.0 0.2 *
Zingiber officinale Root 410.0 2376.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 410.0 2376.0 -1.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.