Data Views

Total Plants: 12
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Piper nigrum Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Piper nigrum Root -- -- *
Piper nigrum Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Piper nigrum Leaf -- -- *
Piper nigrum Seed Oil -- -- *
Piper nigrum Shoot -- -- *
Piper nigrum Seed -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Seed -- 28.6 -1.0 *
Piper nigrum Stem -- 1100.0 *
Piper cubeba Fruit 2000.0 4000.0 -1.0 *
Xylopia aethiopica Seed -- 9100.0 1.0 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Piper nigrum Fruit 5000.0 150000.0 1.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.