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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Zizyphus jujuba Leaf -- 2000.0 -0.5 *
Zizyphus spina-christi Fruit -- -- *
Zizyphus jujuba Fruit 270.0 2120.0 -0.3 *
Zizyphus jujuba Shoot -- 2300.0 -0.5 *
Zingiber officinale Root 181.0 2580.0 -0.2 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 320.0 5323.0 0.5 *
Zea mays Silk Stigma Style -- 287.0 *
Zea mays Seed 600.0 4066.0 -0.3 *
Yucca baccata Root 169.0 810.0 -0.5 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Root 470.0 4700.0 0.2 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Leaf 610.0 38416.0 6.2 *
Vitis vinifera Stem -- 1710.0 -0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis vinifera Fruit 117.0 1848.0 -0.4 *
Vitellaria paradoxa Seed -- 430.0 -1.3 *
Viscum album Leaf -- 2400.0 -0.5 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 5342.0 6375.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Sprout Seedling 455.0 6560.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungo Plant -- 1600.0 -1.0 *
Vigna aconitifolia Seed 2300.0 5418.0 0.0 *
Vigna aconitifolia Fruit -- 2500.0 -0.2 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 90.0 881.0 -1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 590.0 4856.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Seed 3260.0 4500.0 -0.2 *
Vigna mungo Fruit -- 1900.0 -0.4 *
Vigna aconitifolia Plant 1800.0 5400.0 0.9 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 520.0 15593.0 2.7 *
Vigna subterranea Seed 2240.0 6042.0 0.2 *
Vigna mungo Seed 348.0 4321.0 -0.3 *
Vigna angularis Seed 3810.0 4402.0 -0.3 *
Vigna aconitifolia Leaf -- 1800.0 -0.6 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 90.0 881.0 -1.1 *
Vicia faba Seed 950.0 5000.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia faba Fruit 740.0 5070.0 0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Viburnum opulus Bark -- 650.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vetiveria zizanioides Fruit 500.0 6000.0 0.8 *
Verbascum thapsus Leaf 2508.0 5700.0 0.1 *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- 700.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Valerianella radicata Plant 4647.0 5552.0 0.9 *
Valeriana officinalis Root 39.0 330.0 -0.6 *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit 856.0 10700.0 2.3 *
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit 924.0 7700.0 1.4 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Fruit 150.0 1130.0 -0.6 *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 96.0 675.0 -0.8 *
Urtica dioica Leaf 894.0 4470.0 -0.1 *
Ulmus rubra Bark 36.0 220.0 -0.8 *
Ullucus tuberosus Root 350.0 2775.0 -0.1 *
Turnera diffusa Leaf 242.0 1150.0 -0.7 *
Tropaeolum tuberosum Root 220.0 3000.0 -0.1 *
Tropaeolum majus Shoot 850.0 6200.0 1.3 *
Triticum aestivum Seed 800.0 6800.0 0.4 *
Triticum aestivum Plant 400.0 7200.0 1.7 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed 374.0 2880.0 -0.7 *
Trifolium pratense Shoot 900.0 4500.0 0.5 *
Trifolium pratense Flower 580.0 3220.0 -0.2 *
Trichosanthes anguina Fruit 200.0 3700.0 0.1 *
Tribulus terrestris Leaf 800.0 2500.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tragopogon porrifolius Root 500.0 3262.0 -0.0 *
Trachyspermum ammi Fruit 4430.0 4784.0 0.5 *
Thymus vulgaris Leaf 160.0 950.0 -0.7 *
Thymus vulgaris Plant 1703.0 2502.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Theobroma bicolor Fruit 410.0 1970.0 -0.4 *
Theobroma speciosum Fruit 1650.0 4230.0 0.3 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma cacao Seed 3600.0 5571.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma cacao Fruit 500.0 5000.0 0.5 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma bicolor Seed 5490.0 5695.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tetragonia tetragonioides Leaf 280.0 4665.0 -0.1 *
Terminalia bellirica Leaf -- 2700.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia catappa Seed 7890.0 9835.0 1.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tephrosia purpurea Leaf 2600.0 5200.0 0.0 *
Taraxacum officinale Root 518.0 3620.0 0.0 *
Taraxacum officinale Leaf 590.0 5268.0 0.1 *
Tanacetum parthenium Plant -- 5010.0 0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Tamarindus indica Leaf 1000.0 2281.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indica Fruit 1080.0 1647.0 -0.5 *
Tamarindus indica Seed -- 2370.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tamarindus indica Flower -- 2200.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tabebuia heptaphylla Bark 21.0 120.0 -0.9 *
Syzygium jambos Fruit 115.0 852.0 -0.7 *
Syzygium aromaticum Flower 1000.0 1337.0 -1.0 *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit 1000.0 1337.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium cumini Fruit 130.0 127.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium malaccense Fruit 30.0 1800.0 -0.4 *
Symphytum officinale Leaf 242.0 2200.0 -0.5 *
Symphytum officinale Root -- 2111.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Stem 228.0 4224.0 1.3 *
Stillingia sylvatica Plant -- 2400.0 -0.6 *
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf -- 3180.0 -0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Stevia rebaudiana Plant -- 980.0 -1.3 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stellaria media Plant 372.0 4480.0 0.4 *
Stachys officinalis Plant 302.0 1800.0 -0.9 *
Spondias pinnata Fruit 110.0 1135.0 -0.6 *
Spondias dulcis Fruit 670.0 5115.0 0.6 *
Spondias tuberosa Fruit -- 210.0 -0.9 *
Spondias mombin Fruit 310.0 3250.0 0.0 *
Spondias purpurea Fruit 350.0 1680.0 -0.5 *
Spondias dulcis Seed -- 700.0 -1.2 *
Spirulina pratensis Plant -- 3190.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spirulina spp. Plant -- 3190.0 -0.2 *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 250.0 6232.0 1.3 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpa Seed 3980.0 4393.0 -0.3 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpa Root 800.0 2273.0 -0.2 *
Spartium junceum Stem -- 2600.0 0.1 *
Sorbus aucubaria Fruit 360.0 1880.0 -0.4 *
Sophora secundiflora Seed -- 140.0 -1.4 *
Sophora japonica Seed -- 2723.0 -0.7 *
Sonchus oleraceus Leaf 370.0 5440.0 0.1 *
Solanum nigrum Leaf 540.0 4000.0 -0.2 *
Solanum quitoensis Fruit 120.0 3155.0 -0.0 *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 320.0 4200.0 0.8 *
Solanum melongena Leaf 380.0 2794.0 -0.4 *
Solanum torvum Fruit 700.0 4795.0 0.5 *
Solanum sessiliflorum Fruit 140.0 1400.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Solanum melongena Fruit 189.0 5836.0 0.8 *
Smilax spp Root 372.0 1770.0 -0.3 *
Smilax officinalis Root 372.0 1770.0 -0.3 *
Sinapis alba Seed 8100.0 9330.0 1.1 *
Silybum marianum Leaf 1553.0 7060.0 0.4 *
Silybum marianum Plant -- 7060.0 1.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sida rhombifolia Leaf 580.0 2930.0 -0.4 *
Sicana odorifera Fruit 245.0 2065.0 -0.3 *
Sesamum indicum Seed 5000.0 8898.0 0.9 *
Sesamum indicum Leaf -- 14000.0 1.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Serenoa repens Fruit 2105.0 16200.0 3.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Senna alexandrina Leaf 276.0 1360.0 -0.7 *
Sechium edule Shoot 470.0 6350.0 1.3 *
Sechium edule Fruit 260.0 3715.0 0.2 *
Secale cereale Seed 3725.0 4225.0 -0.3 *
Secale cereale Leaf -- 1970.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Scutellaria lateriflora Plant 248.0 1810.0 -0.9 *
Sclerocarya caffra Seed 190.0 2290.0 -0.8 *
Schisandra chinensis Fruit 639.0 4260.0 0.3 *
Satureja hortensis Plant -- 1538.0 -1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sassafras albidum Leaf 396.0 3264.0 -0.3 *
Sassafras albidum Stem 132.0 1776.0 -0.5 *
Sambucus canadensis Fruit 369.0 2036.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sambucus nigra Fruit 540.0 3300.0 0.0 *
Salvia officinalis Leaf 201.0 1280.0 -0.7 *
Salix alba Bark 689.0 4100.0 2.4 *
Ruscus aculeatus Root 504.0 1670.0 -0.3 *
Rumex crispus Root 1945.0 7570.0 0.7 *
Rumex crispus Leaf 560.0 7568.0 0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rubus chamaemorus Fruit 320.0 2500.0 -0.2 *
Rubus idaeus Fruit 110.0 955.0 -0.7 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus idaeus Leaf 395.0 2340.0 -0.5 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 490.0 2050.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rosa canina Fruit 479.0 2560.0 -0.2 *
Rollinia mucosa Fruit 260.0 1140.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Robinia pseudoacacia Leaf 2600.0 3200.0 -0.3 *
Ricinus communis Leaf -- 4600.0 -0.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ribes rubrum Fruit 418.0 3310.0 0.0 *
Ribes nigrum Fruit 490.0 3500.0 0.1 *
Ribes uva-crispa Fruit 150.0 2665.0 -0.2 *
Rhynchosia minima Shoot -- 2400.0 -0.4 *
Rhus glabra Stem 126.0 2412.0 -0.1 *
Rhus copallina Stem 75.0 1464.0 -0.8 *
Rhus copallina Leaf 243.0 3456.0 -0.3 *
Rhodymenia palmata Plant -- 3860.0 0.1 *
Rhizophora mangle Leaf -- 1400.0 -0.7 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Leaf 160.0 3472.0 -0.3 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Pt 100.0 3462.0 -0.4 *
Rauvolfia serpentina Seed 700.0 2200.0 -0.8 *
Raphanus sativus Root 160.0 5850.0 0.4 *
Raphanus sativus Leaf 300.0 2609.0 -0.4 *
Raphanus sativus Fruit 240.0 10526.0 2.2 *
Quercus velutina Stem 105.0 1550.0 -0.7 *
Quercus phellos Stem 168.0 1512.0 -0.7 *
Quercus stellata Stem 150.0 1512.0 -0.7 *
Quercus alba Stem 120.0 2432.0 -0.1 *
Quercus rubra Stem 112.0 1254.0 -0.9 *
Quercus alba Bark 15.0 64.0 -1.0 *
Quararibea cordata Fruit 170.0 1940.0 -0.4 *
Pyrus communis Fruit 90.0 1332.0 -0.6 *
Punica granatum Fruit 80.0 3182.0 -0.0 *
Pueraria montana Root 180.0 575.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pueraria montana Shoot 470.0 2440.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Psoralea esculenta Root -- 500.0 -0.5 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Seed 334.0 5058.0 -0.1 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Leaf 525.0 3175.0 -0.3 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Tuber 450.0 1056.0 -1.1 *
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 170.0 2305.0 -0.3 *
Psidium guajava Fruit 60.0 1740.0 -0.4 *
Prunus dulcis Seed 4420.0 8735.0 0.9 *
Prunus armeniaca Seed -- 3000.0 -0.6 *
Prunus persica Fruit 90.0 2000.0 -0.4 *
Prunus armeniaca Fruit 180.0 2982.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus domestica Fruit 70.0 4080.0 0.3 *
Prunus salicifolia Fruit 160.0 1050.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus serotina Stem 114.0 2592.0 0.1 *
Prunus persica Bark -- 3150.0 1.6 *
Prunus cerasus Fruit 150.0 2302.0 -0.3 *
Prunus avium Fruit 175.0 1175.0 -0.6 *
Prunus serotina Leaf 261.0 4608.0 -0.1 *
Prosopis juliflora Leaf -- 2200.0 -0.5 *
Pouteria viridis Fruit 280.0 885.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria campechiana Fruit 300.0 1040.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria caimito Fruit 410.0 1740.0 -0.4 *
Pourouma cecropiaefolia Fruit 100.0 555.0 -0.8 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pothomorphe sp. Leaf 400.0 2235.0 -0.5 *
Portulaca oleracea Herb 320.0 7740.0 -1.0 *
Polystichum polyblepharum Plant -- 900.0 -1.3 *
Polymnia edulis Root 150.0 1650.0 -0.3 *
Polygonum multiflorum Root -- 1040.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Plectranthus amboinicus Leaf 80.0 1428.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Platycodon grandiflorum Root 1890.0 2493.0 -0.2 *
Platonia insignis Fruit 360.0 1300.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Plantago major Seed 180.0 600.0 -1.3 *
Plantago psyllium Seed 137.0 630.0 -1.2 *
Plantago psyllium Hull Husk -- 578.0 -1.0 *
Pisum sativum Seed 1038.0 6250.0 0.2 *
Pisum sativum Plant 1800.0 6400.0 1.4 *
Pisum sativum Fruit 530.0 5240.0 0.6 *
Pistacia vera Seed 4300.0 5280.0 -0.0 *
Piper auritum Leaf 490.0 2920.0 -0.4 *
Piper nigrum Fruit 700.0 2040.0 -0.4 *
Piper betel Leaf 400.0 2740.0 -0.4 *
Pinus gerardiana Seed 925.0 1000.0 -1.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus cembroides Seed 5150.0 6235.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus echinata Shoot 306.0 1512.0 -0.9 *
Pinus edulis Seed 145.0 590.0 -1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus pinea Seed 5080.0 5445.0 0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pimpinella anisum Seed 4400.0 4862.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pimpinella anisum Fruit -- 4862.0 0.5 *
Pimenta dioica Fruit 1100.0 1235.0 -0.6 *
Pimenta dioica Leaf 1173.0 1399.0 -0.7 *
Phytolacca americana Shoot 440.0 5238.0 0.8 *
Phytelephas aequatorialis Mesocarp 120.0 505.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialis Flower 850.0 2910.0 -0.3 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Physalis ixocarpa Fruit 400.0 30250.0 8.2 *
Physalis peruviana Fruit 550.0 4215.0 0.3 *
Physalis angulata Fruit 1350.0 13500.0 3.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit 200.0 1390.0 -0.6 *
Phyllanthus acidus Fruit 200.0 2442.0 -0.2 *
Phragmites australis Shoot -- 3900.0 0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phoenix dactylifera Seed -- 1120.0 -1.1 Abstract (See species file)
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit 370.0 8795.0 1.7 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Seed 2130.0 5880.0 0.1 *
Phaseolus lunatus Sprout Seedling 3820.0 10611.0 2.0 *
Phaseolus coccineus Seed 3280.0 4046.0 -0.3 *
Phaseolus acutifolius Seed 2800.0 4050.0 -0.3 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Leaf 750.0 5682.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus coccineus Fruit 1600.0 2770.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatus Seed 1130.0 9000.0 1.0 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Sprout Seedling 370.0 3978.0 -1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit 370.0 13500.0 3.1 *
Phaseolus lunatus Leaf -- 360.0 -0.8 *
Peucedanum decursivum Plant 2800.0 3100.0 -0.2 *
Petroselinum crispum Shoot -- -- *
Petroselinum crispum Plant 324.0 4100.0 0.2 *
Petasites japonicus Pt 120.0 2180.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petasites japonicus Plant 400.0 1800.0 -0.9 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Persea schiedeana Fruit 355.0 1540.0 -0.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Persea americana Cr 260.0 3030.0 *
Persea americana Plant 260.0 3030.0 -0.3 *
Perilla frutescens Seed 330.0 5339.0 -0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescens Leaf 730.0 5214.0 0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perideridia gairdneri Root -- 2600.0 -0.2 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Pereskia aculeata Fruit 90.0 3025.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pelucida Leaf 340.0 4360.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifolia Leaf 400.0 2665.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peganum harmala Plant -- 600.0 -1.4 *
Pastinaca sativa Root 400.0 7365.0 0.7 *
Passiflora incarnata Fruit 430.0 1564.0 -0.5 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Passiflora ligularis Fruit 300.0 6095.0 0.9 *
Passiflora edulis Fruit 480.0 2570.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularis Seed 390.0 1800.0 -0.9 *
Passiflora foetida Fruit 480.0 2665.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularis Fruit 170.0 3035.0 -0.1 *
Passiflora incarnata Flower 407.0 3700.0 -0.0 *
Passiflora mollissima Fruit 200.0 2500.0 -0.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora edulis Seed -- 6400.0 0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Parthenium integrifolium Root 96.0 600.0 -0.5 *
Papaver somniferum Seed 8290.0 9277.0 1.0 *
Panicum maximum Leaf -- 5600.0 0.1 *
Panax ginseng Root 112.0 528.0 -0.5 *
Panax quinquefolius Plant 2700.0 5200.0 0.8 *
Pachyrhizus erosus Tuber 180.0 1660.0 -0.7 *
Pachira macrocarpa Seed 2860.0 3025.0 -0.6 *
Oxalis tuberosa Root 340.0 2099.0 -0.2 *
Oryza sativa Seed 528.0 5588.0 0.1 *
Oryza sativa Plant 600.0 3478.0 -0.1 *
Origanum majorana Plant 2670.0 3725.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum vulgare Plant 1769.0 2402.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Opuntia ficus-indica Bud -- 243.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indica Seed -- 1605.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indica Fruit 320.0 1985.0 -0.4 *
Olea europaea Leaf -- 900.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaea Fruit 170.0 780.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Oenothera biennis Seed 4100.0 7257.0 0.5 *
Oenothera biennis Plant 1700.0 3700.0 0.1 *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Leaf -- 3400.0 -0.3 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Ocimum basilicum Leaf 380.0 5235.0 0.0 *
Nyssa sylvatica Stem 90.0 1056.0 -1.1 *
Nyssa sylvatica Leaf 300.0 2184.0 -0.5 *
Nepeta cataria Plant 289.0 2410.0 -0.6 *
Nelumbo nucifera Seed 590.0 7130.0 0.5 *
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 1000.0 4785.0 0.1 *
Nelumbo nucifera Fruit 2940.0 3267.0 0.0 *
Nasturtium officinale Herb 600.0 12000.0 1.0 *
Myristica fragrans Seed 2130.0 2400.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragrans Aril 1000.0 1100.0 -1.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrica cerifera Bark -- -- *
Myrciaria cauliflora Fruit 90.0 1030.0 -0.7 *
Myrciaria dubia Fruit 150.0 2835.0 -0.1 *
Musa x paradisiaca Pith -- 100.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiaca Leaf -- 2400.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 110.0 1127.0 -0.6 *
Musa x paradisiaca Flower -- 500.0 -1.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Murraya koenigii Leaf 6000.0 17800.0 2.4 *
Murraya sp Fruit 290.0 1040.0 -0.7 *
Muntingia calabura Fruit 720.0 3965.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mucuna pruriens Seed 3200.0 4700.0 -0.2 *
Morus alba Leaf 2400.0 4500.0 -0.1 *
Morus alba Fruit 320.0 3200.0 -0.0 *
Moringa oleifera Shoot 1120.0 5250.0 0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleifera Leaf 700.0 2800.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleifera Fruit 500.0 4235.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Morinda citrifolia Leaf 150.0 670.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantia Leaf 540.0 33467.0 5.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantia Fruit 320.0 8333.0 1.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mimulus glabratus Shoot 520.0 5200.0 0.8 *
Mimosa pudica Leaf 530.0 1700.0 -0.6 *
Mentha spicata Plant 600.0 4706.0 0.5 *
Mentha pulegium Plant -- 2520.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mentha x piperita Leaf 1150.0 7720.0 0.5 *
Melilotus indica Plant -- 3500.0 -0.0 *
Melicoccus bijugatas Fruit 98.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Melia azedarach Leaf 220.0 2300.0 -0.5 *
Medicago sativa Plant 282.0 1500.0 -1.0 *
Mauritia flexuosa Fruit 270.0 585.0 -0.8 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Maranta arundinacea Root 180.0 561.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Manilkara zapota Fruit 100.0 530.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Manihot esculenta Root 310.0 2225.0 -0.2 *
Manihot esculenta Leaf 560.0 2800.0 -0.4 *
Mangifera indica Leaf 720.0 3800.0 -0.2 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 103.0 1050.0 -0.7 *
Mammea americana Fruit 78.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Malva parviflora Plant 670.0 4891.0 0.6 *
Malva sylvestris Leaf 360.0 5000.0 0.0 *
Malus domestica Fruit 68.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Malpighia glabra Fruit 110.0 1280.0 -0.6 *
Macadamia spp Seed 1015.0 1750.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lycopersicon esculentum Leaf -- 5500.0 0.1 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 110.0 8400.0 1.6 *
Lycium chinense Leaf 430.0 4135.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycium chinense Fruit -- 560.0 -0.8 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lupinus albus Seed 4400.0 4900.0 -0.1 *
Lupinus mutabilis Seed 6350.0 7100.0 0.5 *
Lupinus mutabilis Fruit 1680.0 5875.0 0.8 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Fruit 190.0 6400.0 1.0 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Seed -- 18300.0 3.4 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Leaf 330.0 14141.0 1.7 *
Lobelia inflata Leaf 174.0 1540.0 -0.6 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Leaf 360.0 2952.0 -0.4 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Stem 60.0 2880.0 0.3 *
Linum usitatissimum Seed 3961.0 20335.0 4.0 *
Linum usitatissimum Hay -- 1110.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Limonia acidissima Seed 14300.0 14895.0 2.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Limonia acidissima Fruit 800.0 3605.0 0.1 *
Licania platypus Fruit 245.0 822.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Lepidium sativum Seed 16500.0 17500.0 3.2 *
Lepidium sativum Leaf 760.0 7170.0 0.4 *
Lepidium meyenii Root -- 1830.0 -0.3 *
Lens culinaris Seed 2420.0 5275.0 -0.0 *
Lens culinaris Sprout Seedling 1610.0 6165.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Larrea tridentata Plant 375.0 1140.0 -1.2 *
Lantana camara Shoot -- 1500.0 -0.9 *
Lagenaria siceraria Fruit 130.0 2915.0 -0.1 *
Lactuca sativa Leaf 108.0 13920.0 1.6 *
Lablab purpureus Fruit 600.0 3409.0 0.1 *
Lablab purpureus Seed 490.0 4800.0 -0.1 *
Kalmia latifolia Leaf -- 1100.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Justicia pectoralis Leaf 350.0 2335.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juniperus virginiana Shoot 228.0 3168.0 -0.1 *
Juniperus communis Fruit 279.0 900.0 -0.7 *
Juglans nigra Fruit -- 1070.0 -0.7 *
Juglans nigra Seed 4475.0 5880.0 0.1 *
Juglans nigra Pericarp 128.0 1070.0 *
Juglans nigra Hull Husk -- 1070.0 1.0 *
Juglans regia Seed 2800.0 5100.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans cinerea Seed 4085.0 4834.0 -0.1 *
Ipomoea batatas Root 261.0 2000.0 -0.3 *
Ipomoea batatas Leaf 300.0 6090.0 0.2 *
Ipomoea aquatica Leaf 420.0 12360.0 1.4 *
Inula helenium Plant -- -- *
Inula helenium Root 330.0 1500.0 -0.4 *
Inga feuillei Aril 300.0 1875.0 0.2 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Inga edulis Seed -- 1280.0 -1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hylocereus undatus Fruit 260.0 1665.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hydrastis canadensis Root 341.0 1230.0 -0.4 *
Hydrangea arborescens Root 2450.0 7000.0 0.6 *
Humulus lupulus Flower 885.0 4760.0 0.4 *
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- 4760.0 0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hordeum vulgare Plant 2300.0 6900.0 1.6 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgare Stem -- 5950.0 2.6 *
Hordeum vulgare Seed 1890.0 9200.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hibiscus sabdariffa Flower 110.0 1000.0 -1.1 *
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Flower 265.0 2615.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hibiscus sabdariffa Seed -- 6000.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffa Leaf 480.0 6458.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber 660.0 5200.0 1.4 Bonness, M. S., Promising new drugs from plants: poisons that heal, Herbarist, #56, 1990, 59-68
Helianthus annuus Seed 6930.0 7450.0 0.6 *
Harpagophytum procumbens Root 134.0 707.0 -0.5 *
Gymnema sylvestre Leaf 561.0 2950.0 -0.4 *
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root 124.0 790.0 -0.5 *
Glycine max Seed 1580.0 8040.0 0.7 *
Glycine max Plant 2400.0 5410.0 0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Sprout Seedling 580.0 4891.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Fruit 2250.0 7305.0 1.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gliricidia sepium Leaf 340.0 2220.0 -0.5 *
Gliricidia sepium Flower 370.0 2645.0 -0.4 *
Gleditsia triacanthos Seed -- 3200.0 -0.6 *
Glechoma hederacea Plant 2100.0 3500.0 -0.0 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Ginkgo biloba Seed 1240.0 3268.0 -0.6 *
Ginkgo biloba Leaf 1440.0 6000.0 0.2 *
Gentiana lutea Root 594.0 2700.0 -0.1 *
Genipa americana Fruit 580.0 3000.0 -0.1 *
Garcinia mangostana Fruit 100.0 685.0 -0.8 *
Fucus vesiculosus Plant 294.0 2490.0 -0.5 *
Frangula purshiana Bark 158.0 570.0 -0.5 *
Fragaria spp Fruit 185.0 3191.0 -0.0 *
Foeniculum vulgare Plant 510.0 5100.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 4449.0 5960.0 0.8 *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 644.0 5960.0 0.2 *
Ficus carica Fruit 129.0 2764.0 -0.1 *
Feijoa sellowiana Fruit 100.0 625.0 -0.8 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Fallopia japonica Plant 2300.0 2800.0 -0.4 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed 2820.0 3200.0 -0.6 *
Euphrasia officinalis Plant 323.0 2100.0 -0.7 *
Eupatorium perfoliatum Plant 360.0 4000.0 0.2 *
Eupatorium odoratum Leaf -- 4350.0 -0.1 Tramil
Eugenia uniflora Fruit 90.0 815.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia brasiliensis Fruit 136.0 950.0 -0.7 *
Eugenia floribunda Fruit 90.0 700.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Erythroxylum coca Leaf 3630.0 9740.0 0.9 *
Erythrina fusca Leaf 400.0 2220.0 -0.5 *
Erythrina berteroana Shoot 800.0 5060.0 0.8 *
Eryngium floridanum Shoot -- 3215.0 -0.1 *
Eriodictyon californicum Leaf 2332.0 10600.0 1.0 *
Eriobotrya japonica Fruit 140.0 2667.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Equisetum arvense Plant 407.0 1900.0 -0.8 *
Ephedra nevadensis Plant -- 5000.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ephedra sinica Plant 678.0 3230.0 -0.2 *
Elytrigia repens Plant 2800.0 9510.0 2.8 *
Eleutherococcus senticosus Root 1470.0 7000.0 0.6 *
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit 1600.0 2000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomum Seed 1780.0 1941.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleocharis dulcis Tuber 650.0 4075.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeis guineensis Fruit 440.0 3100.0 -0.0 *
Elaeagnus commutata Fruit 200.0 1450.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeagnus umbellatus Fruit 380.0 2355.0 -0.3 *
Echinacea purpurea Root 198.0 790.0 -0.5 *
Echinacea spp Root -- 790.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Durio zibethinus Fruit 380.0 2010.0 -0.4 *
Dipsacus fullonum Plant -- 5400.0 0.9 *
Diospyros digyna Fruit 230.0 1120.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Diospyros virginiana Leaf 450.0 1500.0 -0.6 *
Diospyros virginiana Fruit 260.0 730.0 -0.8 *
Diospyros virginiana Stem 132.0 2592.0 0.1 *
Dioscorea pentaphylla Root 340.0 1830.0 -0.3 *
Dioscorea villosa Root 415.0 1730.0 -0.3 *
Dioscorea bulbifera Tuber 290.0 1000.0 -1.1 *
Dioscorea sp. Root -- 1730.0 -0.3 *
Dioscorea alata Root 48.0 2190.0 -0.2 *
Daucus carota Root 340.0 5090.0 0.3 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonis Root 140.0 790.0 -0.5 *
Cypripedium pubescens Root -- 1230.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cyphomandra betacea Fruit 130.0 3400.0 0.1 *
Cynara cardunculus Flower 860.0 6240.0 1.1 *
Cymbopogon citratus Plant -- 2140.0 -0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cydonia oblonga Fruit 150.0 1049.0 -0.7 *
Cyclanthera pedata Fruit 260.0 5615.0 0.7 *
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Leaf -- 2700.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Fruit -- 500.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Shoot 1600.0 2855.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Curcuma longa Rhizome 640.0 6307.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Curcuma longa Plant 725.0 2340.0 -0.6 *
Cuminum cyminum Fruit 4900.0 5673.0 0.7 *
Cuminum cyminum Seed 4900.0 5673.0 0.1 *
Cucurbita pepo Seed 10600.0 12982.0 2.0 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Leaf -- 2600.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 440.0 5238.0 0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita spp Fruit 350.0 5540.0 0.7 *
Cucurbita pepo Flower 490.0 10100.0 2.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita foetidissima Root -- 220.0 -0.6 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cucumis sativus Fruit 158.0 12600.0 2.9 *
Cucumis melo Fruit 121.0 2640.0 -0.2 *
Crescentia alata Seed 9680.0 10020.0 1.2 *
Crataegus laevigata Fruit 405.0 1450.0 -0.5 *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Fruit -- 1450.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Corylus avellana Seed 2900.0 4622.0 -0.2 *
Cornus florida Seed -- 1500.0 -1.0 *
Coriandrum sativum Leaf 720.0 6452.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 3907.0 4687.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 830.0 6755.0 0.3 *
Commelina benghalensis Leaf 520.0 3770.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Colubrina texensis Shoot -- 1700.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Colocasia esculenta Root 460.0 5204.0 0.3 *
Colocasia esculenta Leaf 490.0 5800.0 0.2 *
Cola acuminata Seed 860.0 2318.0 -0.8 *
Coix lacryma-jobi Seed 500.0 5000.0 -0.1 *
Coffea arabica Seed 1780.0 1900.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coffea arabica Leaf 1700.0 1816.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cocos nucifera Seed 830.0 2400.0 -0.8 *
Coccinia grandis Fruit 300.0 4350.0 0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cnidoscolus chayamansa Leaf 540.0 4100.0 -0.2 *
Cnicus benedictus Plant 359.0 2700.0 -0.4 *
Citrus paradisi Fruit 76.0 5280.0 0.6 *
Citrus limon Fruit 100.0 1979.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus aurantium Fruit 120.0 1600.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus mitis Fruit 700.0 7000.0 1.1 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus sinensis Fruit 136.0 1980.0 -0.4 *
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 110.0 2000.0 -0.4 *
Citrus reticulata Fruit 90.0 1385.0 -0.6 *
Citrullus lanatus Fruit 1.0 2900.0 -0.1 *
Citrullus lanatus Seed 8300.0 14600.0 2.4 *
Cinnamomum sieboldii Bark -- 1500.0 0.2 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark 674.0 1100.0 -0.1 *
Cinnamomum burmannii Bark -- 1600.0 0.3 *
Cinnamomum sieboldii Root Bark -- 800.0 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark -- 1000.0 -0.2 *
Cimicifuga racemosa Root 437.0 2080.0 -0.3 *
Cichorium endivia Leaf 242.0 5760.0 0.1 *
Cichorium intybus Root 610.0 3050.0 -0.1 *
Cichorium intybus Leaf 210.0 4284.0 -0.1 *
Cicer arietinum Seed 3540.0 4275.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Chrysophyllum cainito Fruit 160.0 985.0 -0.7 *
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium Shoot -- 2400.0 -0.4 *
Chrysanthemum coronarium Leaf 340.0 5230.0 0.0 *
Chrysanthemum parthenium Leaf 902.0 5010.0 0.0 *
Chrysanthemum coronarium Bud 320.0 4300.0 1.0 *
Chrysanthemum parthenium Plant -- 5010.0 0.7 *
Chondrus crispus Plant -- 1800.0 -0.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chenopodium album Seed -- 4160.0 -0.3 *
Chenopodium album Leaf 720.0 36833.0 5.9 *
Chenopodium ambrosioides Leaf 520.0 3585.0 -0.3 *
Chamissoa altissima Leaf 165.0 1660.0 -0.6 Tramil
Chamaemelum nobile Flower -- 3220.0 -0.2 *
Centella asiatica Leaf 300.0 2800.0 -0.4 *
Cenchrus biflorus Seed 2700.0 2990.0 -0.6 *
Ceiba pentandra Seed 9700.0 12690.0 1.9 *
Caulophyllum thalictroides Root 1716.0 15600.0 2.1 *
Castanea sativa Seed 490.0 1122.0 -1.1 *
Castanea mollisima Seed 940.0 1774.0 -0.9 *
Castanea dentata Seed 960.0 1709.0 -1.0 *
Cassia tora Sprout Seedling -- 5700.0 -0.3 *
Casimiroa edulis Fruit 180.0 1000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carya glabra Shoot 8.0 2640.0 -0.3 *
Carya ovata Shoot 110.0 1620.0 -0.8 *
Carya illinoensis Seed 2890.0 3340.0 -0.5 *
Carum carvi Fruit 5680.0 6302.0 0.9 *
Carum carvi Seed 5650.0 6580.0 0.3 *
Carthamus tinctorius Plant -- 3400.0 -0.1 *
Carthamus tinctorius Flower 332.0 2370.0 -0.6 *
Carthamus tinctorius Seed 3100.0 3526.0 -0.5 *
Carica papaya Fruit 170.0 1260.0 -0.6 *
Carica pentagona Fruit 140.0 2060.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papaya Leaf 1420.0 6311.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Capsicum frutescens Fruit 455.0 3794.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsicum annuum Fruit 784.0 3040.0 -0.1 *
Capsella bursa-pastoris Plant 600.0 7288.0 1.8 *
Capparis spinosa Leaf -- 1350.0 -0.7 Wealth of India.
Cannabis sativa Seed 9700.0 11227.0 1.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Canna indica Root 630.0 2200.0 -0.2 *
Canavalia ensiformis Seed 2700.0 3898.0 -0.4 *
Canavalia ensiformis Fruit 100.0 3509.0 0.1 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf 3200.0 4150.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Calathea macrosepala Flower 490.0 6365.0 1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cajanus cajan Seed 1270.0 4500.0 -0.2 *
Cajanus cajan Plant -- 2400.0 -0.6 *
Cajanus cajan Fruit 1240.0 4888.0 0.5 *
Byrsonima crassifolia Fruit 125.0 100.0 -0.9 *
Bupleurum chinense Root 77.0 700.0 -0.5 *
Brosimum alicastrum Fruit 360.0 2250.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bromelia pinguin Shoot 225.0 5000.0 0.7 *
Brassica chinensis Leaf 370.0 7907.0 0.5 *
Brassica oleracea Stem 400.0 5110.0 1.9 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 214.0 6500.0 0.3 *
Brassica nigra Leaf 290.0 4563.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapa Root 270.0 5000.0 0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf 644.0 9090.0 0.8 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 560.0 3600.0 -0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf 690.0 4927.0 -0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Flower 385.0 7375.0 1.5 *
Brassica napus var. napobrassica Root 290.0 7250.0 0.7 *
Brassica pekinensis Leaf 4560.0 7560.0 0.5 *
Brassica rapa Leaf 370.0 7907.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Leaf 160.0 2622.0 -0.4 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf 644.0 9090.0 0.8 *
Borago officinalis Leaf 530.0 7579.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Boehmeria nivea Plant 270.0 700.0 -1.4 *
Boehmeria nivea Leaf 450.0 3460.0 -0.3 *
Boehmeria nivea Shoot 1400.0 2400.0 -0.4 *
Blighia sapida Aril 160.0 2300.0 1.1 *
Blighia sapida Seed 700.0 2455.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bixa orellana Seed 2820.0 3490.0 -0.5 *
Bixa orellana Fruit 100.0 641.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Beta vulgaris Root 260.0 45580.0 7.4 *
Beta vulgaris Leaf 290.0 5946.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 6000.0 6750.0 0.4 *
Berberis vulgaris Root -- 450.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Berberis vulgaris Bark -- 450.0 -0.6 *
Benincasa hispida Fruit 70.0 4870.0 0.5 *
Basella alba Leaf 520.0 7535.0 0.5 *
Barosma betulina Leaf -- 6780.0 0.3 *
Balanites aegyptiacus Shoot -- 3800.0 0.2 *
Balanites aegyptiacus Fruit -- 4000.0 0.2 *
Bacopa monnieri Shoot -- 160.0 -1.5 Wealth of India.
Azadirachta indica Leaf 1900.0 2400.0 -0.5 *
Azadirachta indica Fruit 2265.0 2400.0 -0.2 *
Averrhoa bilimbi Fruit 110.0 1915.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Averrhoa carambola Fruit 140.0 2100.0 -0.3 *
Avena sativa Plant 618.0 2810.0 -0.4 *
Avena sativa Seed 500.0 10200.0 1.3 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Astragalus membranaceus Root 104.0 650.0 -0.5 *
Asparagus officinalis Root 746.0 7460.0 0.7 *
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 390.0 10244.0 3.1 *
Asimina triloba Fruit 420.0 2265.0 -0.3 *
Arundo donax Plant -- 1100.0 -1.2 *
Artocarpus altilis Seed 1750.0 5385.0 0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artocarpus heterophyllus Seed 1300.0 2685.0 -0.7 *
Artocarpus altilis Fruit 240.0 1460.0 -0.5 *
Artocarpus heterophyllus Fruit 260.0 1725.0 -0.5 *
Artemisia vulgaris Plant 270.0 700.0 -1.4 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Artemisia dracunculus Plant 3130.0 3391.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia vulgaris Leaf 400.0 3150.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia vulgaris Shoot -- 1900.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia herba-alba Plant -- 1790.0 -0.9 *
Arracacia xanthorrhiza Root 550.0 1900.0 -0.3 *
Armoracia rusticana Root 1278.0 7100.0 0.6 *
Areca catechu Shoot -- 890.0 -1.1 *
Areca catechu Seed 630.0 1892.0 -0.9 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf 43.0 370.0 -0.8 *
Arctium lappa Root 1027.0 4370.0 0.1 *
Aralia cordata Leaf 250.0 5320.0 0.1 *
Arachis hypogaea Plant 800.0 10000.0 3.1 *
Arachis hypogaea Leaf 820.0 3814.0 -0.2 *
Arachis hypogaea Seed 2450.0 4248.0 -0.3 *
Apium graveolens Root 470.0 7900.0 0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolens Fruit 979.0 4660.0 0.4 *
Apium graveolens Pt 201.0 6849.0 1.4 *
Apium graveolens Seed 980.0 6843.0 0.4 *
Anthriscus cerefolium Leaf 4500.0 4850.0 -0.0 *
Anogeissus latifolia Leaf -- 3400.0 -0.3 *
Annona reticulata Fruit 147.0 1475.0 -0.5 *
Annona muricata Fruit 210.0 3400.0 0.1 *
Annona squamosa Fruit 260.0 1600.0 -0.5 *
Annona cherimola Fruit 240.0 1510.0 -0.5 *
Annona diversifolia Fruit 515.0 1815.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Annona glabra Fruit 240.0 1820.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Angelica sinensis Root 735.0 3340.0 -0.0 *
Anethum graveolens Seed 2102.0 3723.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolens Plant 600.0 7625.0 1.9 *
Anethum graveolens Fruit 2102.0 3723.0 0.2 *
Ananas comosus Fruit 60.0 923.0 -0.7 *
Anacardium occidentale Seed 3730.0 6255.0 0.2 *
Anacardium occidentale Fruit 100.0 3125.0 -0.0 *
Amphicarpaea bracteata Shoot -- 2400.0 -0.4 *
Amorphophallus konjac Root -- 39.0 -0.6 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Root 320.0 3020.0 -0.1 *
Amorphophallus konjac Leaf 70.0 2692.0 -0.4 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Shoot -- 8100.0 2.1 *
Amaranthus spinosus Leaf 500.0 4600.0 -0.1 *
Amaranthus sp. Leaf 487.0 10082.0 0.9 *
Althaea officinalis Root 277.0 2560.0 -0.2 *
Alpinia galanga Rhizome 250.0 1773.0 -1.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aloe vera Leaf 6.0 940.0 -0.7 *
Aloe spp. Leaf 5.0 940.0 -0.7 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Leaf 250.0 1400.0 -0.7 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Root 440.0 3125.0 -0.1 *
Allium ampeloprasum Flower 380.0 2249.0 -0.6 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Leaf 460.0 3382.0 -0.3 *
Allium cepa Leaf 310.0 5513.0 0.1 *
Allium ampeloprasum Root 500.0 3650.0 0.0 *
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf 410.0 6670.0 0.3 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Flower 460.0 3966.0 0.1 *
Allium cepa Bulb 275.0 4038.0 -1.0 *
Allium ampeloprasum Leaf 480.0 4528.0 -0.1 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Root 1650.0 4460.0 0.2 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Shoot 520.0 2332.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 880.0 5220.0 1.0 *
Aleurites moluccana Seed 2000.0 2150.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Albizia lebbeck Seed -- 6200.0 0.2 Wealth of India.
Albizia lebbeck Leaf 300.0 400.0 -0.8 Wealth of India.
Agathosma betulina Leaf -- 6780.0 0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Aframomum melegueta Fruit -- 1900.0 -0.4 Wealth of India.
Aegle marmelos Fruit 500.0 1300.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Actinidia chinensis Fruit 300.0 3060.0 -0.0 *
Actaea racemosa Root -- 2080.0 -0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Acrocomia totai Seed -- 4200.0 -0.3 *
Acrocomia totai Fruit -- 12000.0 2.7 *
Achillea millefolium Plant 522.0 2950.0 -0.3 *
Acalypha indica Leaf 990.0 5075.0 0.0 Wealth of India.
Acacia tortilis Leaf -- 1700.0 -0.6 *
Acacia senegal Leaf -- 1400.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia catechu Leaf -- 1700.0 -0.6 *
Acacia tortilis Fruit -- 3400.0 0.1 *
Acacia farnesiana Seed 2000.0 2700.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilis Seed -- 7300.0 0.5 *
Acacia senegal Seed -- 3100.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia farnesiana Leaf 840.0 4519.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Abrus precatorius Leaf 650.0 3095.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit 630.0 6300.0 0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Abelmoschus esculentus Seed -- 7900.0 0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.