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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit 630.0 6300.0 0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Abelmoschus esculentus Seed -- 7900.0 0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Abrus precatorius Leaf 650.0 3095.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia catechu Leaf -- 1700.0 -0.6 *
Acacia tortilis Fruit -- 3400.0 0.1 *
Acacia farnesiana Seed 2000.0 2700.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilis Seed -- 7300.0 0.5 *
Acacia senegal Seed -- 3100.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia farnesiana Leaf 840.0 4519.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilis Leaf -- 1700.0 -0.6 *
Acacia senegal Leaf -- 1400.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acalypha indica Leaf 990.0 5075.0 0.0 Wealth of India.
Achillea millefolium Plant 522.0 2950.0 -0.3 *
Acrocomia totai Seed -- 4200.0 -0.3 *
Acrocomia totai Fruit -- 12000.0 2.7 *
Actaea racemosa Root -- 2080.0 -0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actinidia chinensis Fruit 300.0 3060.0 -0.0 *
Aegle marmelos Fruit 500.0 1300.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aframomum melegueta Fruit -- 1900.0 -0.4 Wealth of India.
Agathosma betulina Leaf -- 6780.0 0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Albizia lebbeck Seed -- 6200.0 0.2 Wealth of India.
Albizia lebbeck Leaf 300.0 400.0 -0.8 Wealth of India.
Aleurites moluccana Seed 2000.0 2150.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasum Root 500.0 3650.0 0.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Shoot 520.0 2332.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 880.0 5220.0 1.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Root 1650.0 4460.0 0.2 *
Allium ampeloprasum Leaf 480.0 4528.0 -0.1 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Leaf 460.0 3382.0 -0.3 *
Allium cepa Leaf 310.0 5513.0 0.1 *
Allium ampeloprasum Flower 380.0 2249.0 -0.6 *
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf 410.0 6670.0 0.3 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Flower 460.0 3966.0 0.1 *
Allium cepa Bulb 275.0 4038.0 -1.0 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Root 440.0 3125.0 -0.1 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Leaf 250.0 1400.0 -0.7 *
Aloe spp. Leaf 5.0 940.0 -0.7 *
Aloe vera Leaf 6.0 940.0 -0.7 *
Alpinia galanga Rhizome 250.0 1773.0 -1.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Althaea officinalis Root 277.0 2560.0 -0.2 *
Amaranthus spinosus Leaf 500.0 4600.0 -0.1 *
Amaranthus sp. Leaf 487.0 10082.0 0.9 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Shoot -- 8100.0 2.1 *
Amorphophallus konjac Root -- 39.0 -0.6 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Root 320.0 3020.0 -0.1 *
Amorphophallus konjac Leaf 70.0 2692.0 -0.4 *
Amphicarpaea bracteata Shoot -- 2400.0 -0.4 *
Anacardium occidentale Fruit 100.0 3125.0 -0.0 *
Anacardium occidentale Seed 3730.0 6255.0 0.2 *
Ananas comosus Fruit 60.0 923.0 -0.7 *
Anethum graveolens Fruit 2102.0 3723.0 0.2 *
Anethum graveolens Seed 2102.0 3723.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolens Plant 600.0 7625.0 1.9 *
Angelica sinensis Root 735.0 3340.0 -0.0 *
Annona diversifolia Fruit 515.0 1815.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Annona glabra Fruit 240.0 1820.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona squamosa Fruit 260.0 1600.0 -0.5 *
Annona cherimola Fruit 240.0 1510.0 -0.5 *
Annona reticulata Fruit 147.0 1475.0 -0.5 *
Annona muricata Fruit 210.0 3400.0 0.1 *
Anogeissus latifolia Leaf -- 3400.0 -0.3 *
Anthriscus cerefolium Leaf 4500.0 4850.0 -0.0 *
Apium graveolens Fruit 979.0 4660.0 0.4 *
Apium graveolens Pt 201.0 6849.0 1.4 *
Apium graveolens Seed 980.0 6843.0 0.4 *
Apium graveolens Root 470.0 7900.0 0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Arachis hypogaea Leaf 820.0 3814.0 -0.2 *
Arachis hypogaea Seed 2450.0 4248.0 -0.3 *
Arachis hypogaea Plant 800.0 10000.0 3.1 *
Aralia cordata Leaf 250.0 5320.0 0.1 *
Arctium lappa Root 1027.0 4370.0 0.1 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf 43.0 370.0 -0.8 *
Areca catechu Seed 630.0 1892.0 -0.9 *
Areca catechu Shoot -- 890.0 -1.1 *
Armoracia rusticana Root 1278.0 7100.0 0.6 *
Arracacia xanthorrhiza Root 550.0 1900.0 -0.3 *
Artemisia vulgaris Leaf 400.0 3150.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia vulgaris Shoot -- 1900.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia herba-alba Plant -- 1790.0 -0.9 *
Artemisia vulgaris Plant 270.0 700.0 -1.4 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Artemisia dracunculus Plant 3130.0 3391.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artocarpus heterophyllus Seed 1300.0 2685.0 -0.7 *
Artocarpus altilis Fruit 240.0 1460.0 -0.5 *
Artocarpus heterophyllus Fruit 260.0 1725.0 -0.5 *
Artocarpus altilis Seed 1750.0 5385.0 0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Arundo donax Plant -- 1100.0 -1.2 *
Asimina triloba Fruit 420.0 2265.0 -0.3 *
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 390.0 10244.0 3.1 *
Asparagus officinalis Root 746.0 7460.0 0.7 *
Astragalus membranaceus Root 104.0 650.0 -0.5 *
Avena sativa Seed 500.0 10200.0 1.3 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Avena sativa Plant 618.0 2810.0 -0.4 *
Averrhoa bilimbi Fruit 110.0 1915.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Averrhoa carambola Fruit 140.0 2100.0 -0.3 *
Azadirachta indica Fruit 2265.0 2400.0 -0.2 *
Azadirachta indica Leaf 1900.0 2400.0 -0.5 *
Bacopa monnieri Shoot -- 160.0 -1.5 Wealth of India.
Balanites aegyptiacus Shoot -- 3800.0 0.2 *
Balanites aegyptiacus Fruit -- 4000.0 0.2 *
Barosma betulina Leaf -- 6780.0 0.3 *
Basella alba Leaf 520.0 7535.0 0.5 *
Benincasa hispida Fruit 70.0 4870.0 0.5 *
Berberis vulgaris Bark -- 450.0 -0.6 *
Berberis vulgaris Root -- 450.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 6000.0 6750.0 0.4 *
Beta vulgaris Leaf 290.0 5946.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Beta vulgaris Root 260.0 45580.0 7.4 *
Bixa orellana Fruit 100.0 641.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bixa orellana Seed 2820.0 3490.0 -0.5 *
Blighia sapida Seed 700.0 2455.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapida Aril 160.0 2300.0 1.1 *
Boehmeria nivea Shoot 1400.0 2400.0 -0.4 *
Boehmeria nivea Plant 270.0 700.0 -1.4 *
Boehmeria nivea Leaf 450.0 3460.0 -0.3 *
Borago officinalis Leaf 530.0 7579.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica nigra Leaf 290.0 4563.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Flower 385.0 7375.0 1.5 *
Brassica rapa Root 270.0 5000.0 0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 560.0 3600.0 -0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf 644.0 9090.0 0.8 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf 690.0 4927.0 -0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica napus var. napobrassica Root 290.0 7250.0 0.7 *
Brassica pekinensis Leaf 4560.0 7560.0 0.5 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Leaf 160.0 2622.0 -0.4 *
Brassica rapa Leaf 370.0 7907.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf 644.0 9090.0 0.8 *
Brassica chinensis Leaf 370.0 7907.0 0.5 *
Brassica oleracea Stem 400.0 5110.0 1.9 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 214.0 6500.0 0.3 *
Bromelia pinguin Shoot 225.0 5000.0 0.7 *
Brosimum alicastrum Fruit 360.0 2250.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bupleurum chinense Root 77.0 700.0 -0.5 *
Byrsonima crassifolia Fruit 125.0 100.0 -0.9 *
Cajanus cajan Plant -- 2400.0 -0.6 *
Cajanus cajan Fruit 1240.0 4888.0 0.5 *
Cajanus cajan Seed 1270.0 4500.0 -0.2 *
Calathea macrosepala Flower 490.0 6365.0 1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Camellia sinensis Leaf 3200.0 4150.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Canavalia ensiformis Fruit 100.0 3509.0 0.1 *
Canavalia ensiformis Seed 2700.0 3898.0 -0.4 *
Canna indica Root 630.0 2200.0 -0.2 *
Cannabis sativa Seed 9700.0 11227.0 1.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Capparis spinosa Leaf -- 1350.0 -0.7 Wealth of India.
Capsella bursa-pastoris Plant 600.0 7288.0 1.8 *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit 455.0 3794.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsicum annuum Fruit 784.0 3040.0 -0.1 *
Carica papaya Leaf 1420.0 6311.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica pentagona Fruit 140.0 2060.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papaya Fruit 170.0 1260.0 -0.6 *
Carthamus tinctorius Flower 332.0 2370.0 -0.6 *
Carthamus tinctorius Seed 3100.0 3526.0 -0.5 *
Carthamus tinctorius Plant -- 3400.0 -0.1 *
Carum carvi Fruit 5680.0 6302.0 0.9 *
Carum carvi Seed 5650.0 6580.0 0.3 *
Carya ovata Shoot 110.0 1620.0 -0.8 *
Carya illinoensis Seed 2890.0 3340.0 -0.5 *
Carya glabra Shoot 8.0 2640.0 -0.3 *
Casimiroa edulis Fruit 180.0 1000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cassia tora Sprout Seedling -- 5700.0 -0.3 *
Castanea mollisima Seed 940.0 1774.0 -0.9 *
Castanea dentata Seed 960.0 1709.0 -1.0 *
Castanea sativa Seed 490.0 1122.0 -1.1 *
Caulophyllum thalictroides Root 1716.0 15600.0 2.1 *
Ceiba pentandra Seed 9700.0 12690.0 1.9 *
Cenchrus biflorus Seed 2700.0 2990.0 -0.6 *
Centella asiatica Leaf 300.0 2800.0 -0.4 *
Chamaemelum nobile Flower -- 3220.0 -0.2 *
Chamissoa altissima Leaf 165.0 1660.0 -0.6 Tramil
Chenopodium album Leaf 720.0 36833.0 5.9 *
Chenopodium ambrosioides Leaf 520.0 3585.0 -0.3 *
Chenopodium album Seed -- 4160.0 -0.3 *
Chondrus crispus Plant -- 1800.0 -0.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum parthenium Leaf 902.0 5010.0 0.0 *
Chrysanthemum coronarium Leaf 340.0 5230.0 0.0 *
Chrysanthemum coronarium Bud 320.0 4300.0 1.0 *
Chrysanthemum parthenium Plant -- 5010.0 0.7 *
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium Shoot -- 2400.0 -0.4 *
Chrysophyllum cainito Fruit 160.0 985.0 -0.7 *
Cicer arietinum Seed 3540.0 4275.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endivia Leaf 242.0 5760.0 0.1 *
Cichorium intybus Root 610.0 3050.0 -0.1 *
Cichorium intybus Leaf 210.0 4284.0 -0.1 *
Cimicifuga racemosa Root 437.0 2080.0 -0.3 *
Cinnamomum sieboldii Bark -- 1500.0 0.2 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark 674.0 1100.0 -0.1 *
Cinnamomum burmannii Bark -- 1600.0 0.3 *
Cinnamomum sieboldii Root Bark -- 800.0 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark -- 1000.0 -0.2 *
Citrullus lanatus Fruit 1.0 2900.0 -0.1 *
Citrullus lanatus Seed 8300.0 14600.0 2.4 *
Citrus paradisi Fruit 76.0 5280.0 0.6 *
Citrus limon Fruit 100.0 1979.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus sinensis Fruit 136.0 1980.0 -0.4 *
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 110.0 2000.0 -0.4 *
Citrus mitis Fruit 700.0 7000.0 1.1 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus reticulata Fruit 90.0 1385.0 -0.6 *
Citrus aurantium Fruit 120.0 1600.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cnicus benedictus Plant 359.0 2700.0 -0.4 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansa Leaf 540.0 4100.0 -0.2 *
Coccinia grandis Fruit 300.0 4350.0 0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nucifera Seed 830.0 2400.0 -0.8 *
Coffea arabica Seed 1780.0 1900.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coffea arabica Leaf 1700.0 1816.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coix lacryma-jobi Seed 500.0 5000.0 -0.1 *
Cola acuminata Seed 860.0 2318.0 -0.8 *
Colocasia esculenta Root 460.0 5204.0 0.3 *
Colocasia esculenta Leaf 490.0 5800.0 0.2 *
Colubrina texensis Shoot -- 1700.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Commelina benghalensis Leaf 520.0 3770.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 830.0 6755.0 0.3 *
Coriandrum sativum Leaf 720.0 6452.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 3907.0 4687.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cornus florida Seed -- 1500.0 -1.0 *
Corylus avellana Seed 2900.0 4622.0 -0.2 *
Crataegus laevigata Fruit 405.0 1450.0 -0.5 *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Fruit -- 1450.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crescentia alata Seed 9680.0 10020.0 1.2 *
Cucumis sativus Fruit 158.0 12600.0 2.9 *
Cucumis melo Fruit 121.0 2640.0 -0.2 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Root -- 220.0 -0.6 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 440.0 5238.0 0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita foetidissima Leaf -- 2600.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita spp Fruit 350.0 5540.0 0.7 *
Cucurbita pepo Flower 490.0 10100.0 2.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepo Seed 10600.0 12982.0 2.0 *
Cuminum cyminum Fruit 4900.0 5673.0 0.7 *
Cuminum cyminum Seed 4900.0 5673.0 0.1 *
Curcuma longa Rhizome 640.0 6307.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Curcuma longa Plant 725.0 2340.0 -0.6 *
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Fruit -- 500.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Shoot 1600.0 2855.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Leaf -- 2700.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyclanthera pedata Fruit 260.0 5615.0 0.7 *
Cydonia oblonga Fruit 150.0 1049.0 -0.7 *
Cymbopogon citratus Plant -- 2140.0 -0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cynara cardunculus Flower 860.0 6240.0 1.1 *
Cyphomandra betacea Fruit 130.0 3400.0 0.1 *
Cypripedium pubescens Root -- 1230.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cyrtosperma chamissonis Root 140.0 790.0 -0.5 *
Daucus carota Root 340.0 5090.0 0.3 *
Dioscorea villosa Root 415.0 1730.0 -0.3 *
Dioscorea pentaphylla Root 340.0 1830.0 -0.3 *
Dioscorea bulbifera Tuber 290.0 1000.0 -1.1 *
Dioscorea sp. Root -- 1730.0 -0.3 *
Dioscorea alata Root 48.0 2190.0 -0.2 *
Diospyros virginiana Leaf 450.0 1500.0 -0.6 *
Diospyros digyna Fruit 230.0 1120.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Diospyros virginiana Fruit 260.0 730.0 -0.8 *
Diospyros virginiana Stem 132.0 2592.0 0.1 *
Dipsacus fullonum Plant -- 5400.0 0.9 *
Durio zibethinus Fruit 380.0 2010.0 -0.4 *
Echinacea spp Root -- 790.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Echinacea purpurea Root 198.0 790.0 -0.5 *
Elaeagnus umbellatus Fruit 380.0 2355.0 -0.3 *
Elaeagnus commutata Fruit 200.0 1450.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeis guineensis Fruit 440.0 3100.0 -0.0 *
Eleocharis dulcis Tuber 650.0 4075.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomum Seed 1780.0 1941.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit 1600.0 2000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleutherococcus senticosus Root 1470.0 7000.0 0.6 *
Elytrigia repens Plant 2800.0 9510.0 2.8 *
Ephedra nevadensis Plant -- 5000.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ephedra sinica Plant 678.0 3230.0 -0.2 *
Equisetum arvense Plant 407.0 1900.0 -0.8 *
Eriobotrya japonica Fruit 140.0 2667.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eriodictyon californicum Leaf 2332.0 10600.0 1.0 *
Eryngium floridanum Shoot -- 3215.0 -0.1 *
Erythrina fusca Leaf 400.0 2220.0 -0.5 *
Erythrina berteroana Shoot 800.0 5060.0 0.8 *
Erythroxylum coca Leaf 3630.0 9740.0 0.9 *
Eugenia floribunda Fruit 90.0 700.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia uniflora Fruit 90.0 815.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia brasiliensis Fruit 136.0 950.0 -0.7 *
Eupatorium perfoliatum Plant 360.0 4000.0 0.2 *
Eupatorium odoratum Leaf -- 4350.0 -0.1 Tramil
Euphrasia officinalis Plant 323.0 2100.0 -0.7 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed 2820.0 3200.0 -0.6 *
Fallopia japonica Plant 2300.0 2800.0 -0.4 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Feijoa sellowiana Fruit 100.0 625.0 -0.8 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ficus carica Fruit 129.0 2764.0 -0.1 *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 644.0 5960.0 0.2 *
Foeniculum vulgare Plant 510.0 5100.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 4449.0 5960.0 0.8 *
Fragaria spp Fruit 185.0 3191.0 -0.0 *
Frangula purshiana Bark 158.0 570.0 -0.5 *
Fucus vesiculosus Plant 294.0 2490.0 -0.5 *
Garcinia mangostana Fruit 100.0 685.0 -0.8 *
Genipa americana Fruit 580.0 3000.0 -0.1 *
Gentiana lutea Root 594.0 2700.0 -0.1 *
Ginkgo biloba Leaf 1440.0 6000.0 0.2 *
Ginkgo biloba Seed 1240.0 3268.0 -0.6 *
Glechoma hederacea Plant 2100.0 3500.0 -0.0 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Gleditsia triacanthos Seed -- 3200.0 -0.6 *
Gliricidia sepium Leaf 340.0 2220.0 -0.5 *
Gliricidia sepium Flower 370.0 2645.0 -0.4 *
Glycine max Seed 1580.0 8040.0 0.7 *
Glycine max Plant 2400.0 5410.0 0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Sprout Seedling 580.0 4891.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Fruit 2250.0 7305.0 1.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root 124.0 790.0 -0.5 *
Gymnema sylvestre Leaf 561.0 2950.0 -0.4 *
Harpagophytum procumbens Root 134.0 707.0 -0.5 *
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber 660.0 5200.0 1.4 Bonness, M. S., Promising new drugs from plants: poisons that heal, Herbarist, #56, 1990, 59-68
Helianthus annuus Seed 6930.0 7450.0 0.6 *
Hibiscus sabdariffa Flower 110.0 1000.0 -1.1 *
Hibiscus sabdariffa Seed -- 6000.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Flower 265.0 2615.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hibiscus sabdariffa Leaf 480.0 6458.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hordeum vulgare Plant 2300.0 6900.0 1.6 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgare Stem -- 5950.0 2.6 *
Hordeum vulgare Seed 1890.0 9200.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- 4760.0 0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Humulus lupulus Flower 885.0 4760.0 0.4 *
Hydrangea arborescens Root 2450.0 7000.0 0.6 *
Hydrastis canadensis Root 341.0 1230.0 -0.4 *
Hylocereus undatus Fruit 260.0 1665.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inga edulis Seed -- 1280.0 -1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inga feuillei Aril 300.0 1875.0 0.2 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Inula helenium Root 330.0 1500.0 -0.4 *
Inula helenium Plant -- -- *
Ipomoea aquatica Leaf 420.0 12360.0 1.4 *
Ipomoea batatas Root 261.0 2000.0 -0.3 *
Ipomoea batatas Leaf 300.0 6090.0 0.2 *
Juglans regia Seed 2800.0 5100.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans cinerea Seed 4085.0 4834.0 -0.1 *
Juglans nigra Seed 4475.0 5880.0 0.1 *
Juglans nigra Hull Husk -- 1070.0 1.0 *
Juglans nigra Fruit -- 1070.0 -0.7 *
Juglans nigra Pericarp 128.0 1070.0 *
Juniperus virginiana Shoot 228.0 3168.0 -0.1 *
Juniperus communis Fruit 279.0 900.0 -0.7 *
Justicia pectoralis Leaf 350.0 2335.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Kalmia latifolia Leaf -- 1100.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lablab purpureus Seed 490.0 4800.0 -0.1 *
Lablab purpureus Fruit 600.0 3409.0 0.1 *
Lactuca sativa Leaf 108.0 13920.0 1.6 *
Lagenaria siceraria Fruit 130.0 2915.0 -0.1 *
Lantana camara Shoot -- 1500.0 -0.9 *
Larrea tridentata Plant 375.0 1140.0 -1.2 *
Lens culinaris Sprout Seedling 1610.0 6165.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinaris Seed 2420.0 5275.0 -0.0 *
Lepidium sativum Seed 16500.0 17500.0 3.2 *
Lepidium meyenii Root -- 1830.0 -0.3 *
Lepidium sativum Leaf 760.0 7170.0 0.4 *
Licania platypus Fruit 245.0 822.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Limonia acidissima Fruit 800.0 3605.0 0.1 *
Limonia acidissima Seed 14300.0 14895.0 2.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Linum usitatissimum Hay -- 1110.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Linum usitatissimum Seed 3961.0 20335.0 4.0 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Stem 60.0 2880.0 0.3 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Leaf 360.0 2952.0 -0.4 *
Lobelia inflata Leaf 174.0 1540.0 -0.6 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Leaf 330.0 14141.0 1.7 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Fruit 190.0 6400.0 1.0 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Seed -- 18300.0 3.4 *
Lupinus mutabilis Fruit 1680.0 5875.0 0.8 *
Lupinus albus Seed 4400.0 4900.0 -0.1 *
Lupinus mutabilis Seed 6350.0 7100.0 0.5 *
Lycium chinense Leaf 430.0 4135.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycium chinense Fruit -- 560.0 -0.8 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 110.0 8400.0 1.6 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Leaf -- 5500.0 0.1 *
Macadamia spp Seed 1015.0 1750.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Malpighia glabra Fruit 110.0 1280.0 -0.6 *
Malus domestica Fruit 68.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Malva sylvestris Leaf 360.0 5000.0 0.0 *
Malva parviflora Plant 670.0 4891.0 0.6 *
Mammea americana Fruit 78.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Mangifera indica Leaf 720.0 3800.0 -0.2 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 103.0 1050.0 -0.7 *
Manihot esculenta Root 310.0 2225.0 -0.2 *
Manihot esculenta Leaf 560.0 2800.0 -0.4 *
Manilkara zapota Fruit 100.0 530.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Maranta arundinacea Root 180.0 561.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mauritia flexuosa Fruit 270.0 585.0 -0.8 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Medicago sativa Plant 282.0 1500.0 -1.0 *
Melia azedarach Leaf 220.0 2300.0 -0.5 *
Melicoccus bijugatas Fruit 98.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Melilotus indica Plant -- 3500.0 -0.0 *
Mentha pulegium Plant -- 2520.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mentha x piperita Leaf 1150.0 7720.0 0.5 *
Mentha spicata Plant 600.0 4706.0 0.5 *
Mimosa pudica Leaf 530.0 1700.0 -0.6 *
Mimulus glabratus Shoot 520.0 5200.0 0.8 *
Momordica charantia Fruit 320.0 8333.0 1.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantia Leaf 540.0 33467.0 5.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morinda citrifolia Leaf 150.0 670.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Moringa oleifera Fruit 500.0 4235.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleifera Leaf 700.0 2800.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleifera Shoot 1120.0 5250.0 0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Morus alba Fruit 320.0 3200.0 -0.0 *
Morus alba Leaf 2400.0 4500.0 -0.1 *
Mucuna pruriens Seed 3200.0 4700.0 -0.2 *
Muntingia calabura Fruit 720.0 3965.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya koenigii Leaf 6000.0 17800.0 2.4 *
Murraya sp Fruit 290.0 1040.0 -0.7 *
Musa x paradisiaca Leaf -- 2400.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 110.0 1127.0 -0.6 *
Musa x paradisiaca Flower -- 500.0 -1.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiaca Pith -- 100.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Myrciaria dubia Fruit 150.0 2835.0 -0.1 *
Myrciaria cauliflora Fruit 90.0 1030.0 -0.7 *
Myrica cerifera Bark -- -- *
Myristica fragrans Aril 1000.0 1100.0 -1.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragrans Seed 2130.0 2400.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nasturtium officinale Herb 600.0 12000.0 1.0 *
Nelumbo nucifera Fruit 2940.0 3267.0 0.0 *
Nelumbo nucifera Seed 590.0 7130.0 0.5 *
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 1000.0 4785.0 0.1 *
Nepeta cataria Plant 289.0 2410.0 -0.6 *
Nyssa sylvatica Stem 90.0 1056.0 -1.1 *
Nyssa sylvatica Leaf 300.0 2184.0 -0.5 *
Ocimum basilicum Leaf 380.0 5235.0 0.0 *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Leaf -- 3400.0 -0.3 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Oenothera biennis Seed 4100.0 7257.0 0.5 *
Oenothera biennis Plant 1700.0 3700.0 0.1 *
Olea europaea Fruit 170.0 780.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaea Leaf -- 900.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Opuntia ficus-indica Fruit 320.0 1985.0 -0.4 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Bud -- 243.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indica Seed -- 1605.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Origanum vulgare Plant 1769.0 2402.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum majorana Plant 2670.0 3725.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativa Plant 600.0 3478.0 -0.1 *
Oryza sativa Seed 528.0 5588.0 0.1 *
Oxalis tuberosa Root 340.0 2099.0 -0.2 *
Pachira macrocarpa Seed 2860.0 3025.0 -0.6 *
Pachyrhizus erosus Tuber 180.0 1660.0 -0.7 *
Panax quinquefolius Plant 2700.0 5200.0 0.8 *
Panax ginseng Root 112.0 528.0 -0.5 *
Panicum maximum Leaf -- 5600.0 0.1 *
Papaver somniferum Seed 8290.0 9277.0 1.0 *
Parthenium integrifolium Root 96.0 600.0 -0.5 *
Passiflora foetida Fruit 480.0 2665.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularis Fruit 170.0 3035.0 -0.1 *
Passiflora mollissima Fruit 200.0 2500.0 -0.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora edulis Seed -- 6400.0 0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora incarnata Flower 407.0 3700.0 -0.0 *
Passiflora incarnata Fruit 430.0 1564.0 -0.5 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Passiflora ligularis Fruit 300.0 6095.0 0.9 *
Passiflora edulis Fruit 480.0 2570.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularis Seed 390.0 1800.0 -0.9 *
Pastinaca sativa Root 400.0 7365.0 0.7 *
Peganum harmala Plant -- 600.0 -1.4 *
Peperomia pelucida Leaf 340.0 4360.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifolia Leaf 400.0 2665.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeata Fruit 90.0 3025.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perideridia gairdneri Root -- 2600.0 -0.2 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Perilla frutescens Seed 330.0 5339.0 -0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescens Leaf 730.0 5214.0 0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Persea americana Plant 260.0 3030.0 -0.3 *
Persea schiedeana Fruit 355.0 1540.0 -0.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Persea americana Cr 260.0 3030.0 *
Petasites japonicus Pt 120.0 2180.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petasites japonicus Plant 400.0 1800.0 -0.9 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Petroselinum crispum Plant 324.0 4100.0 0.2 *
Petroselinum crispum Shoot -- -- *
Peucedanum decursivum Plant 2800.0 3100.0 -0.2 *
Phaseolus acutifolius Seed 2800.0 4050.0 -0.3 *
Phaseolus coccineus Fruit 1600.0 2770.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus vulgaris Leaf 750.0 5682.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatus Seed 1130.0 9000.0 1.0 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Sprout Seedling 370.0 3978.0 -1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit 370.0 13500.0 3.1 *
Phaseolus lunatus Leaf -- 360.0 -0.8 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Seed 2130.0 5880.0 0.1 *
Phaseolus lunatus Sprout Seedling 3820.0 10611.0 2.0 *
Phaseolus coccineus Seed 3280.0 4046.0 -0.3 *
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit 370.0 8795.0 1.7 *
Phoenix dactylifera Seed -- 1120.0 -1.1 Abstract (See species file)
Phragmites australis Shoot -- 3900.0 0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit 200.0 1390.0 -0.6 *
Phyllanthus acidus Fruit 200.0 2442.0 -0.2 *
Physalis angulata Fruit 1350.0 13500.0 3.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis peruviana Fruit 550.0 4215.0 0.3 *
Physalis ixocarpa Fruit 400.0 30250.0 8.2 *
Phytelephas aequatorialis Flower 850.0 2910.0 -0.3 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialis Mesocarp 120.0 505.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytolacca americana Shoot 440.0 5238.0 0.8 *
Pimenta dioica Leaf 1173.0 1399.0 -0.7 *
Pimenta dioica Fruit 1100.0 1235.0 -0.6 *
Pimpinella anisum Seed 4400.0 4862.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pimpinella anisum Fruit -- 4862.0 0.5 *
Pinus echinata Shoot 306.0 1512.0 -0.9 *
Pinus edulis Seed 145.0 590.0 -1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus gerardiana Seed 925.0 1000.0 -1.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus pinea Seed 5080.0 5445.0 0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus cembroides Seed 5150.0 6235.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper nigrum Fruit 700.0 2040.0 -0.4 *
Piper betel Leaf 400.0 2740.0 -0.4 *
Piper auritum Leaf 490.0 2920.0 -0.4 *
Pistacia vera Seed 4300.0 5280.0 -0.0 *
Pisum sativum Plant 1800.0 6400.0 1.4 *
Pisum sativum Fruit 530.0 5240.0 0.6 *
Pisum sativum Seed 1038.0 6250.0 0.2 *
Plantago psyllium Seed 137.0 630.0 -1.2 *
Plantago major Seed 180.0 600.0 -1.3 *
Plantago psyllium Hull Husk -- 578.0 -1.0 *
Platonia insignis Fruit 360.0 1300.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Platycodon grandiflorum Root 1890.0 2493.0 -0.2 *
Plectranthus amboinicus Leaf 80.0 1428.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygonum multiflorum Root -- 1040.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polymnia edulis Root 150.0 1650.0 -0.3 *
Polystichum polyblepharum Plant -- 900.0 -1.3 *
Portulaca oleracea Herb 320.0 7740.0 -1.0 *
Pothomorphe sp. Leaf 400.0 2235.0 -0.5 *
Pourouma cecropiaefolia Fruit 100.0 555.0 -0.8 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pouteria caimito Fruit 410.0 1740.0 -0.4 *
Pouteria viridis Fruit 280.0 885.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria campechiana Fruit 300.0 1040.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prosopis juliflora Leaf -- 2200.0 -0.5 *
Prunus persica Fruit 90.0 2000.0 -0.4 *
Prunus domestica Fruit 70.0 4080.0 0.3 *
Prunus avium Fruit 175.0 1175.0 -0.6 *
Prunus serotina Stem 114.0 2592.0 0.1 *
Prunus persica Bark -- 3150.0 1.6 *
Prunus cerasus Fruit 150.0 2302.0 -0.3 *
Prunus serotina Leaf 261.0 4608.0 -0.1 *
Prunus dulcis Seed 4420.0 8735.0 0.9 *
Prunus armeniaca Seed -- 3000.0 -0.6 *
Prunus salicifolia Fruit 160.0 1050.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus armeniaca Fruit 180.0 2982.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium guajava Fruit 60.0 1740.0 -0.4 *
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 170.0 2305.0 -0.3 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Leaf 525.0 3175.0 -0.3 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Tuber 450.0 1056.0 -1.1 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Seed 334.0 5058.0 -0.1 *
Psoralea esculenta Root -- 500.0 -0.5 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Pueraria montana Shoot 470.0 2440.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pueraria montana Root 180.0 575.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Punica granatum Fruit 80.0 3182.0 -0.0 *
Pyrus communis Fruit 90.0 1332.0 -0.6 *
Quararibea cordata Fruit 170.0 1940.0 -0.4 *
Quercus stellata Stem 150.0 1512.0 -0.7 *
Quercus alba Stem 120.0 2432.0 -0.1 *
Quercus rubra Stem 112.0 1254.0 -0.9 *
Quercus alba Bark 15.0 64.0 -1.0 *
Quercus velutina Stem 105.0 1550.0 -0.7 *
Quercus phellos Stem 168.0 1512.0 -0.7 *
Raphanus sativus Leaf 300.0 2609.0 -0.4 *
Raphanus sativus Fruit 240.0 10526.0 2.2 *
Raphanus sativus Root 160.0 5850.0 0.4 *
Rauvolfia serpentina Seed 700.0 2200.0 -0.8 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Pt 100.0 3462.0 -0.4 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Leaf 160.0 3472.0 -0.3 *
Rhizophora mangle Leaf -- 1400.0 -0.7 *
Rhodymenia palmata Plant -- 3860.0 0.1 *
Rhus copallina Stem 75.0 1464.0 -0.8 *
Rhus copallina Leaf 243.0 3456.0 -0.3 *
Rhus glabra Stem 126.0 2412.0 -0.1 *
Rhynchosia minima Shoot -- 2400.0 -0.4 *
Ribes nigrum Fruit 490.0 3500.0 0.1 *
Ribes uva-crispa Fruit 150.0 2665.0 -0.2 *
Ribes rubrum Fruit 418.0 3310.0 0.0 *
Ricinus communis Leaf -- 4600.0 -0.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Robinia pseudoacacia Leaf 2600.0 3200.0 -0.3 *
Rollinia mucosa Fruit 260.0 1140.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Rosa canina Fruit 479.0 2560.0 -0.2 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 490.0 2050.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubus idaeus Fruit 110.0 955.0 -0.7 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus idaeus Leaf 395.0 2340.0 -0.5 *
Rubus chamaemorus Fruit 320.0 2500.0 -0.2 *
Rumex crispus Leaf 560.0 7568.0 0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rumex crispus Root 1945.0 7570.0 0.7 *
Ruscus aculeatus Root 504.0 1670.0 -0.3 *
Salix alba Bark 689.0 4100.0 2.4 *
Salvia officinalis Leaf 201.0 1280.0 -0.7 *
Sambucus nigra Fruit 540.0 3300.0 0.0 *
Sambucus canadensis Fruit 369.0 2036.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sassafras albidum Stem 132.0 1776.0 -0.5 *
Sassafras albidum Leaf 396.0 3264.0 -0.3 *
Satureja hortensis Plant -- 1538.0 -1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Schisandra chinensis Fruit 639.0 4260.0 0.3 *
Sclerocarya caffra Seed 190.0 2290.0 -0.8 *
Scutellaria lateriflora Plant 248.0 1810.0 -0.9 *
Secale cereale Seed 3725.0 4225.0 -0.3 *
Secale cereale Leaf -- 1970.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sechium edule Shoot 470.0 6350.0 1.3 *
Sechium edule Fruit 260.0 3715.0 0.2 *
Senna alexandrina Leaf 276.0 1360.0 -0.7 *
Serenoa repens Fruit 2105.0 16200.0 3.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicum Seed 5000.0 8898.0 0.9 *
Sesamum indicum Leaf -- 14000.0 1.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sicana odorifera Fruit 245.0 2065.0 -0.3 *
Sida rhombifolia Leaf 580.0 2930.0 -0.4 *
Silybum marianum Leaf 1553.0 7060.0 0.4 *
Silybum marianum Plant -- 7060.0 1.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sinapis alba Seed 8100.0 9330.0 1.1 *
Smilax officinalis Root 372.0 1770.0 -0.3 *
Smilax spp Root 372.0 1770.0 -0.3 *
Solanum nigrum Leaf 540.0 4000.0 -0.2 *
Solanum sessiliflorum Fruit 140.0 1400.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 320.0 4200.0 0.8 *
Solanum melongena Leaf 380.0 2794.0 -0.4 *
Solanum quitoensis Fruit 120.0 3155.0 -0.0 *
Solanum torvum Fruit 700.0 4795.0 0.5 *
Solanum melongena Fruit 189.0 5836.0 0.8 *
Sonchus oleraceus Leaf 370.0 5440.0 0.1 *
Sophora secundiflora Seed -- 140.0 -1.4 *
Sophora japonica Seed -- 2723.0 -0.7 *
Sorbus aucubaria Fruit 360.0 1880.0 -0.4 *
Spartium junceum Stem -- 2600.0 0.1 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpa Seed 3980.0 4393.0 -0.3 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpa Root 800.0 2273.0 -0.2 *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 250.0 6232.0 1.3 *
Spirulina pratensis Plant -- 3190.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spirulina spp. Plant -- 3190.0 -0.2 *
Spondias pinnata Fruit 110.0 1135.0 -0.6 *
Spondias dulcis Fruit 670.0 5115.0 0.6 *
Spondias tuberosa Fruit -- 210.0 -0.9 *
Spondias mombin Fruit 310.0 3250.0 0.0 *
Spondias purpurea Fruit 350.0 1680.0 -0.5 *
Spondias dulcis Seed -- 700.0 -1.2 *
Stachys officinalis Plant 302.0 1800.0 -0.9 *
Stellaria media Plant 372.0 4480.0 0.4 *
Stevia rebaudiana Plant -- 980.0 -1.3 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf -- 3180.0 -0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Stillingia sylvatica Plant -- 2400.0 -0.6 *
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Stem 228.0 4224.0 1.3 *
Symphytum officinale Root -- 2111.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphytum officinale Leaf 242.0 2200.0 -0.5 *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit 1000.0 1337.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium malaccense Fruit 30.0 1800.0 -0.4 *
Syzygium aromaticum Flower 1000.0 1337.0 -1.0 *
Syzygium jambos Fruit 115.0 852.0 -0.7 *
Syzygium cumini Fruit 130.0 127.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tabebuia heptaphylla Bark 21.0 120.0 -0.9 *
Tamarindus indica Leaf 1000.0 2281.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indica Fruit 1080.0 1647.0 -0.5 *
Tamarindus indica Seed -- 2370.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tamarindus indica Flower -- 2200.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tanacetum parthenium Plant -- 5010.0 0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinale Root 518.0 3620.0 0.0 *
Taraxacum officinale Leaf 590.0 5268.0 0.1 *
Tephrosia purpurea Leaf 2600.0 5200.0 0.0 *
Terminalia catappa Seed 7890.0 9835.0 1.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia bellirica Leaf -- 2700.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tetragonia tetragonioides Leaf 280.0 4665.0 -0.1 *
Theobroma bicolor Seed 5490.0 5695.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma bicolor Fruit 410.0 1970.0 -0.4 *
Theobroma cacao Fruit 500.0 5000.0 0.5 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma cacao Seed 3600.0 5571.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma speciosum Fruit 1650.0 4230.0 0.3 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Thymus vulgaris Leaf 160.0 950.0 -0.7 *
Thymus vulgaris Plant 1703.0 2502.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Trachyspermum ammi Fruit 4430.0 4784.0 0.5 *
Tragopogon porrifolius Root 500.0 3262.0 -0.0 *
Tribulus terrestris Leaf 800.0 2500.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trichosanthes anguina Fruit 200.0 3700.0 0.1 *
Trifolium pratense Shoot 900.0 4500.0 0.5 *
Trifolium pratense Flower 580.0 3220.0 -0.2 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed 374.0 2880.0 -0.7 *
Triticum aestivum Seed 800.0 6800.0 0.4 *
Triticum aestivum Plant 400.0 7200.0 1.7 *
Tropaeolum tuberosum Root 220.0 3000.0 -0.1 *
Tropaeolum majus Shoot 850.0 6200.0 1.3 *
Turnera diffusa Leaf 242.0 1150.0 -0.7 *
Ullucus tuberosus Root 350.0 2775.0 -0.1 *
Ulmus rubra Bark 36.0 220.0 -0.8 *
Urtica dioica Leaf 894.0 4470.0 -0.1 *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit 856.0 10700.0 2.3 *
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit 924.0 7700.0 1.4 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Fruit 150.0 1130.0 -0.6 *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 96.0 675.0 -0.8 *
Valeriana officinalis Root 39.0 330.0 -0.6 *
Valerianella radicata Plant 4647.0 5552.0 0.9 *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- 700.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Verbascum thapsus Leaf 2508.0 5700.0 0.1 *
Vetiveria zizanioides Fruit 500.0 6000.0 0.8 *
Viburnum opulus Bark -- 650.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vicia faba Seed 950.0 5000.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia faba Fruit 740.0 5070.0 0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna unguiculata Seed 5342.0 6375.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Sprout Seedling 455.0 6560.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungo Plant -- 1600.0 -1.0 *
Vigna aconitifolia Seed 2300.0 5418.0 0.0 *
Vigna aconitifolia Fruit -- 2500.0 -0.2 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 520.0 15593.0 2.7 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 90.0 881.0 -1.1 *
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 590.0 4856.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Seed 3260.0 4500.0 -0.2 *
Vigna mungo Fruit -- 1900.0 -0.4 *
Vigna aconitifolia Plant 1800.0 5400.0 0.9 *
Vigna subterranea Seed 2240.0 6042.0 0.2 *
Vigna mungo Seed 348.0 4321.0 -0.3 *
Vigna angularis Seed 3810.0 4402.0 -0.3 *
Vigna aconitifolia Leaf -- 1800.0 -0.6 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 90.0 881.0 -1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Viscum album Leaf -- 2400.0 -0.5 *
Vitellaria paradoxa Seed -- 430.0 -1.3 *
Vitis vinifera Stem -- 1710.0 -0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis vinifera Fruit 117.0 1848.0 -0.4 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Root 470.0 4700.0 0.2 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Leaf 610.0 38416.0 6.2 *
Yucca baccata Root 169.0 810.0 -0.5 *
Zea mays Silk Stigma Style -- 287.0 *
Zea mays Seed 600.0 4066.0 -0.3 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 320.0 5323.0 0.5 *
Zingiber officinale Root 181.0 2580.0 -0.2 *
Zizyphus jujuba Shoot -- 2300.0 -0.5 *
Zizyphus jujuba Leaf -- 2000.0 -0.5 *
Zizyphus spina-christi Fruit -- -- *
Zizyphus jujuba Fruit 270.0 2120.0 -0.3 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.