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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Physalis ixocarpa Fruit 400.0 30250.0 8.2 *
Beta vulgaris Root 260.0 45580.0 7.4 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Leaf 610.0 38416.0 6.2 *
Chenopodium album Leaf 720.0 36833.0 5.9 *
Momordica charantia Leaf 540.0 33467.0 5.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Linum usitatissimum Seed 3961.0 20335.0 4.0 *
Serenoa repens Fruit 2105.0 16200.0 3.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Luffa aegyptiaca Seed -- 18300.0 3.4 *
Lepidium sativum Seed 16500.0 17500.0 3.2 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit 370.0 13500.0 3.1 *
Physalis angulata Fruit 1350.0 13500.0 3.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 390.0 10244.0 3.1 *
Arachis hypogaea Plant 800.0 10000.0 3.1 *
Cucumis sativus Fruit 158.0 12600.0 2.9 *
Elytrigia repens Plant 2800.0 9510.0 2.8 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 520.0 15593.0 2.7 *
Cucurbita pepo Flower 490.0 10100.0 2.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Acrocomia totai Fruit -- 12000.0 2.7 *
Hordeum vulgare Stem -- 5950.0 2.6 *
Limonia acidissima Seed 14300.0 14895.0 2.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrullus lanatus Seed 8300.0 14600.0 2.4 *
Salix alba Bark 689.0 4100.0 2.4 *
Murraya koenigii Leaf 6000.0 17800.0 2.4 *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit 856.0 10700.0 2.3 *
Raphanus sativus Fruit 240.0 10526.0 2.2 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Shoot -- 8100.0 2.1 *
Caulophyllum thalictroides Root 1716.0 15600.0 2.1 *
Phaseolus lunatus Sprout Seedling 3820.0 10611.0 2.0 *
Cucurbita pepo Seed 10600.0 12982.0 2.0 *
Brassica oleracea Stem 400.0 5110.0 1.9 *
Anethum graveolens Plant 600.0 7625.0 1.9 *
Ceiba pentandra Seed 9700.0 12690.0 1.9 *
Capsella bursa-pastoris Plant 600.0 7288.0 1.8 *
Triticum aestivum Plant 400.0 7200.0 1.7 *
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit 370.0 8795.0 1.7 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Leaf 330.0 14141.0 1.7 *
Silybum marianum Plant -- 7060.0 1.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicum Leaf -- 14000.0 1.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lactuca sativa Leaf 108.0 13920.0 1.6 *
Prunus persica Bark -- 3150.0 1.6 *
Hordeum vulgare Plant 2300.0 6900.0 1.6 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 110.0 8400.0 1.6 *
Momordica charantia Fruit 320.0 8333.0 1.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cannabis sativa Seed 9700.0 11227.0 1.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Flower 385.0 7375.0 1.5 *
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber 660.0 5200.0 1.4 Bonness, M. S., Promising new drugs from plants: poisons that heal, Herbarist, #56, 1990, 59-68
Apium graveolens Pt 201.0 6849.0 1.4 *
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit 924.0 7700.0 1.4 *
Ipomoea aquatica Leaf 420.0 12360.0 1.4 *
Pisum sativum Plant 1800.0 6400.0 1.4 *
Sechium edule Shoot 470.0 6350.0 1.3 *
Avena sativa Seed 500.0 10200.0 1.3 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Stem 228.0 4224.0 1.3 *
Tropaeolum majus Shoot 850.0 6200.0 1.3 *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 250.0 6232.0 1.3 *
Glycine max Fruit 2250.0 7305.0 1.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Crescentia alata Seed 9680.0 10020.0 1.2 *
Terminalia catappa Seed 7890.0 9835.0 1.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus mitis Fruit 700.0 7000.0 1.1 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Calathea macrosepala Flower 490.0 6365.0 1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapida Aril 160.0 2300.0 1.1 *
Cynara cardunculus Flower 860.0 6240.0 1.1 *
Sinapis alba Seed 8100.0 9330.0 1.1 *
Curcuma longa Rhizome 640.0 6307.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Papaver somniferum Seed 8290.0 9277.0 1.0 *
Eriodictyon californicum Leaf 2332.0 10600.0 1.0 *
Hordeum vulgare Seed 1890.0 9200.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Chrysanthemum coronarium Bud 320.0 4300.0 1.0 *
Nasturtium officinale Herb 600.0 12000.0 1.0 *
Juglans nigra Hull Husk -- 1070.0 1.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 880.0 5220.0 1.0 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Fruit 190.0 6400.0 1.0 *
Phaseolus lunatus Seed 1130.0 9000.0 1.0 *
Valerianella radicata Plant 4647.0 5552.0 0.9 *
Amaranthus sp. Leaf 487.0 10082.0 0.9 *
Carum carvi Fruit 5680.0 6302.0 0.9 *
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit 630.0 6300.0 0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sesamum indicum Seed 5000.0 8898.0 0.9 *
Prunus dulcis Seed 4420.0 8735.0 0.9 *
Erythroxylum coca Leaf 3630.0 9740.0 0.9 *
Glycine max Plant 2400.0 5410.0 0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora ligularis Fruit 300.0 6095.0 0.9 *
Vigna aconitifolia Plant 1800.0 5400.0 0.9 *
Dipsacus fullonum Plant -- 5400.0 0.9 *
Vetiveria zizanioides Fruit 500.0 6000.0 0.8 *
Moringa oleifera Shoot 1120.0 5250.0 0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phytolacca americana Shoot 440.0 5238.0 0.8 *
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 4449.0 5960.0 0.8 *
Mimulus glabratus Shoot 520.0 5200.0 0.8 *
Lupinus mutabilis Fruit 1680.0 5875.0 0.8 *
Solanum melongena Fruit 189.0 5836.0 0.8 *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 320.0 4200.0 0.8 *
Panax quinquefolius Plant 2700.0 5200.0 0.8 *
Apium graveolens Root 470.0 7900.0 0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Erythrina berteroana Shoot 800.0 5060.0 0.8 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf 644.0 9090.0 0.8 *
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf 644.0 9090.0 0.8 *
Cuminum cyminum Fruit 4900.0 5673.0 0.7 *
Bromelia pinguin Shoot 225.0 5000.0 0.7 *
Cyclanthera pedata Fruit 260.0 5615.0 0.7 *
Foeniculum vulgare Plant 510.0 5100.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleocharis dulcis Tuber 650.0 4075.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rumex crispus Root 1945.0 7570.0 0.7 *
Glycine max Seed 1580.0 8040.0 0.7 *
Cucurbita spp Fruit 350.0 5540.0 0.7 *
Asparagus officinalis Root 746.0 7460.0 0.7 *
Chrysanthemum parthenium Plant -- 5010.0 0.7 *
Tanacetum parthenium Plant -- 5010.0 0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ephedra nevadensis Plant -- 5000.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pastinaca sativa Root 400.0 7365.0 0.7 *
Abelmoschus esculentus Seed -- 7900.0 0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Brassica napus var. napobrassica Root 290.0 7250.0 0.7 *
Armoracia rusticana Root 1278.0 7100.0 0.6 *
Citrus paradisi Fruit 76.0 5280.0 0.6 *
Malva parviflora Plant 670.0 4891.0 0.6 *
Pisum sativum Fruit 530.0 5240.0 0.6 *
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 440.0 5238.0 0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Eleutherococcus senticosus Root 1470.0 7000.0 0.6 *
Hydrangea arborescens Root 2450.0 7000.0 0.6 *
Spondias dulcis Fruit 670.0 5115.0 0.6 *
Vicia faba Fruit 740.0 5070.0 0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Helianthus annuus Seed 6930.0 7450.0 0.6 *
Theobroma cacao Fruit 500.0 5000.0 0.5 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Brassica chinensis Leaf 370.0 7907.0 0.5 *
Brassica rapa Leaf 370.0 7907.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha spicata Plant 600.0 4706.0 0.5 *
Acacia tortilis Seed -- 7300.0 0.5 *
Cajanus cajan Fruit 1240.0 4888.0 0.5 *
Mentha x piperita Leaf 1150.0 7720.0 0.5 *
Trifolium pratense Shoot 900.0 4500.0 0.5 *
Oenothera biennis Seed 4100.0 7257.0 0.5 *
Benincasa hispida Fruit 70.0 4870.0 0.5 *
Pimpinella anisum Fruit -- 4862.0 0.5 *
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 590.0 4856.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Borago officinalis Leaf 530.0 7579.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Solanum torvum Fruit 700.0 4795.0 0.5 *
Rumex crispus Leaf 560.0 7568.0 0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Trachyspermum ammi Fruit 4430.0 4784.0 0.5 *
Brassica pekinensis Leaf 4560.0 7560.0 0.5 *
Basella alba Leaf 520.0 7535.0 0.5 *
Nelumbo nucifera Seed 590.0 7130.0 0.5 *
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- 4760.0 0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Lupinus mutabilis Seed 6350.0 7100.0 0.5 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 320.0 5323.0 0.5 *
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 3907.0 4687.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Humulus lupulus Flower 885.0 4760.0 0.4 *
Apium graveolens Fruit 979.0 4660.0 0.4 *
Stellaria media Plant 372.0 4480.0 0.4 *
Raphanus sativus Root 160.0 5850.0 0.4 *
Lepidium sativum Leaf 760.0 7170.0 0.4 *
Apium graveolens Seed 980.0 6843.0 0.4 *
Silybum marianum Leaf 1553.0 7060.0 0.4 *
Triticum aestivum Seed 800.0 6800.0 0.4 *
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 6000.0 6750.0 0.4 *
Coccinia grandis Fruit 300.0 4350.0 0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Agathosma betulina Leaf -- 6780.0 0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Barosma betulina Leaf -- 6780.0 0.3 *
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 830.0 6755.0 0.3 *
Cinnamomum burmannii Bark -- 1600.0 0.3 *
Carum carvi Seed 5650.0 6580.0 0.3 *
Schisandra chinensis Fruit 639.0 4260.0 0.3 *
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf 410.0 6670.0 0.3 *
Moringa oleifera Fruit 500.0 4235.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Theobroma speciosum Fruit 1650.0 4230.0 0.3 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Physalis peruviana Fruit 550.0 4215.0 0.3 *
Colocasia esculenta Root 460.0 5204.0 0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 214.0 6500.0 0.3 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Stem 60.0 2880.0 0.3 *
Passiflora edulis Seed -- 6400.0 0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Daucus carota Root 340.0 5090.0 0.3 *
Hibiscus sabdariffa Leaf 480.0 6458.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativum Leaf 720.0 6452.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna unguiculata Seed 5342.0 6375.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus domestica Fruit 70.0 4080.0 0.3 *
Brassica rapa Root 270.0 5000.0 0.3 *
Carica papaya Leaf 1420.0 6311.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Petroselinum crispum Plant 324.0 4100.0 0.2 *
Cinnamomum sieboldii Bark -- 1500.0 0.2 *
Anacardium occidentale Seed 3730.0 6255.0 0.2 *
Balanites aegyptiacus Fruit -- 4000.0 0.2 *
Pisum sativum Seed 1038.0 6250.0 0.2 *
Inga feuillei Aril 300.0 1875.0 0.2 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pinus cembroides Seed 5150.0 6235.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phragmites australis Shoot -- 3900.0 0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Muntingia calabura Fruit 720.0 3965.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Albizia lebbeck Seed -- 6200.0 0.2 Wealth of India.
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Root 470.0 4700.0 0.2 *
Ipomoea batatas Leaf 300.0 6090.0 0.2 *
Eupatorium perfoliatum Plant 360.0 4000.0 0.2 *
Ginkgo biloba Leaf 1440.0 6000.0 0.2 *
Balanites aegyptiacus Shoot -- 3800.0 0.2 *
Vigna subterranea Seed 2240.0 6042.0 0.2 *
Beta vulgaris Leaf 290.0 5946.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Capsicum frutescens Fruit 455.0 3794.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Hibiscus sabdariffa Seed -- 6000.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativum Root 1650.0 4460.0 0.2 *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 644.0 5960.0 0.2 *
Anethum graveolens Fruit 2102.0 3723.0 0.2 *
Colocasia esculenta Leaf 490.0 5800.0 0.2 *
Sechium edule Fruit 260.0 3715.0 0.2 *
Arctium lappa Root 1027.0 4370.0 0.1 *
Trichosanthes anguina Fruit 200.0 3700.0 0.1 *
Cichorium endivia Leaf 242.0 5760.0 0.1 *
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 1000.0 4785.0 0.1 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Seed 2130.0 5880.0 0.1 *
Juglans nigra Seed 4475.0 5880.0 0.1 *
Verbascum thapsus Leaf 2508.0 5700.0 0.1 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Leaf 750.0 5682.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rhodymenia palmata Plant -- 3860.0 0.1 *
Limonia acidissima Fruit 800.0 3605.0 0.1 *
Panicum maximum Leaf -- 5600.0 0.1 *
Vigna radiata Sprout Seedling 455.0 6560.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium sativum var. sativum Flower 460.0 3966.0 0.1 *
Allium cepa Leaf 310.0 5513.0 0.1 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Leaf -- 5500.0 0.1 *
Theobroma bicolor Seed 5490.0 5695.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Canavalia ensiformis Fruit 100.0 3509.0 0.1 *
Ribes nigrum Fruit 490.0 3500.0 0.1 *
Sonchus oleraceus Leaf 370.0 5440.0 0.1 *
Cuminum cyminum Seed 4900.0 5673.0 0.1 *
Spartium junceum Stem -- 2600.0 0.1 *
Origanum majorana Plant 2670.0 3725.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Aralia cordata Leaf 250.0 5320.0 0.1 *
Diospyros virginiana Stem 132.0 2592.0 0.1 *
Prunus serotina Stem 114.0 2592.0 0.1 *
Oryza sativa Seed 528.0 5588.0 0.1 *
Lablab purpureus Fruit 600.0 3409.0 0.1 *
Theobroma cacao Seed 3600.0 5571.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyphomandra betacea Fruit 130.0 3400.0 0.1 *
Annona muricata Fruit 210.0 3400.0 0.1 *
Acacia tortilis Fruit -- 3400.0 0.1 *
Taraxacum officinale Leaf 590.0 5268.0 0.1 *
Oenothera biennis Plant 1700.0 3700.0 0.1 *
Ocimum basilicum Leaf 380.0 5235.0 0.0 *
Chrysanthemum coronarium Leaf 340.0 5230.0 0.0 *
Perilla frutescens Leaf 730.0 5214.0 0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tephrosia purpurea Leaf 2600.0 5200.0 0.0 *
Ribes rubrum Fruit 418.0 3310.0 0.0 *
Sambucus nigra Fruit 540.0 3300.0 0.0 *
Pinus pinea Seed 5080.0 5445.0 0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium ampeloprasum Root 500.0 3650.0 0.0 *
Acalypha indica Leaf 990.0 5075.0 0.0 Wealth of India.
Taraxacum officinale Root 518.0 3620.0 0.0 *
Vigna aconitifolia Seed 2300.0 5418.0 0.0 *
Nelumbo nucifera Fruit 2940.0 3267.0 0.0 *
Spondias mombin Fruit 310.0 3250.0 0.0 *
Artocarpus altilis Seed 1750.0 5385.0 0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Chrysanthemum parthenium Leaf 902.0 5010.0 0.0 *
Malva sylvestris Leaf 360.0 5000.0 0.0 *
Perilla frutescens Seed 330.0 5339.0 -0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnata Flower 407.0 3700.0 -0.0 *
Morus alba Fruit 320.0 3200.0 -0.0 *
Fragaria spp Fruit 185.0 3191.0 -0.0 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf 690.0 4927.0 -0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Punica granatum Fruit 80.0 3182.0 -0.0 *
Solanum quitoensis Fruit 120.0 3155.0 -0.0 *
Pistacia vera Seed 4300.0 5280.0 -0.0 *
Lens culinaris Seed 2420.0 5275.0 -0.0 *
Anthriscus cerefolium Leaf 4500.0 4850.0 -0.0 *
Anacardium occidentale Fruit 100.0 3125.0 -0.0 *
Angelica sinensis Root 735.0 3340.0 -0.0 *
Elaeis guineensis Fruit 440.0 3100.0 -0.0 *
Melilotus indica Plant -- 3500.0 -0.0 *
Glechoma hederacea Plant 2100.0 3500.0 -0.0 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Tragopogon porrifolius Root 500.0 3262.0 -0.0 *
Actinidia chinensis Fruit 300.0 3060.0 -0.0 *
Oryza sativa Plant 600.0 3478.0 -0.1 *
Capsicum annuum Fruit 784.0 3040.0 -0.1 *
Passiflora quadrangularis Fruit 170.0 3035.0 -0.1 *
Quercus alba Stem 120.0 2432.0 -0.1 *
Tetragonia tetragonioides Leaf 280.0 4665.0 -0.1 *
Pereskia aculeata Fruit 90.0 3025.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Genipa americana Fruit 580.0 3000.0 -0.1 *
Prunus serotina Leaf 261.0 4608.0 -0.1 *
Juglans regia Seed 2800.0 5100.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Amaranthus spinosus Leaf 500.0 4600.0 -0.1 *
Ricinus communis Leaf -- 4600.0 -0.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Alocasia macrorrhiza Root 440.0 3125.0 -0.1 *
Prunus armeniaca Fruit 180.0 2982.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rhus glabra Stem 126.0 2412.0 -0.1 *
Lens culinaris Sprout Seedling 1610.0 6165.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica nigra Leaf 290.0 4563.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Seed 334.0 5058.0 -0.1 *
Eryngium floridanum Shoot -- 3215.0 -0.1 *
Allium ampeloprasum Leaf 480.0 4528.0 -0.1 *
Cichorium intybus Root 610.0 3050.0 -0.1 *
Acacia farnesiana Leaf 840.0 4519.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morus alba Leaf 2400.0 4500.0 -0.1 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Root 320.0 3020.0 -0.1 *
Carthamus tinctorius Plant -- 3400.0 -0.1 *
Tropaeolum tuberosum Root 220.0 3000.0 -0.1 *
Lagenaria siceraria Fruit 130.0 2915.0 -0.1 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark 674.0 1100.0 -0.1 *
Urtica dioica Leaf 894.0 4470.0 -0.1 *
Coix lacryma-jobi Seed 500.0 5000.0 -0.1 *
Vicia faba Seed 950.0 5000.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artemisia dracunculus Plant 3130.0 3391.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrullus lanatus Fruit 1.0 2900.0 -0.1 *
Juniperus virginiana Shoot 228.0 3168.0 -0.1 *
Peperomia pelucida Leaf 340.0 4360.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eupatorium odoratum Leaf -- 4350.0 -0.1 Tramil
Myrciaria dubia Fruit 150.0 2835.0 -0.1 *
Lupinus albus Seed 4400.0 4900.0 -0.1 *
Cichorium intybus Leaf 210.0 4284.0 -0.1 *
Pimpinella anisum Seed 4400.0 4862.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ullucus tuberosus Root 350.0 2775.0 -0.1 *
Phaseolus coccineus Fruit 1600.0 2770.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans cinerea Seed 4085.0 4834.0 -0.1 *
Ficus carica Fruit 129.0 2764.0 -0.1 *
Gentiana lutea Root 594.0 2700.0 -0.1 *
Lablab purpureus Seed 490.0 4800.0 -0.1 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf 3200.0 4150.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycium chinense Leaf 430.0 4135.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cnidoscolus chayamansa Leaf 540.0 4100.0 -0.2 *
Perideridia gairdneri Root -- 2600.0 -0.2 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Zingiber officinale Root 181.0 2580.0 -0.2 *
Eriobotrya japonica Fruit 140.0 2667.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora foetida Fruit 480.0 2665.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ribes uva-crispa Fruit 150.0 2665.0 -0.2 *
Althaea officinalis Root 277.0 2560.0 -0.2 *
Ephedra sinica Plant 678.0 3230.0 -0.2 *
Mucuna pruriens Seed 3200.0 4700.0 -0.2 *
Cucumis melo Fruit 121.0 2640.0 -0.2 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark -- 1000.0 -0.2 *
Solanum nigrum Leaf 540.0 4000.0 -0.2 *
Platycodon grandiflorum Root 1890.0 2493.0 -0.2 *
Spirulina spp. Plant -- 3190.0 -0.2 *
Spirulina pratensis Plant -- 3190.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Corylus avellana Seed 2900.0 4622.0 -0.2 *
Passiflora edulis Fruit 480.0 2570.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rosa canina Fruit 479.0 2560.0 -0.2 *
Trifolium pratense Flower 580.0 3220.0 -0.2 *
Chamaemelum nobile Flower -- 3220.0 -0.2 *
Arachis hypogaea Leaf 820.0 3814.0 -0.2 *
Mangifera indica Leaf 720.0 3800.0 -0.2 *
Vigna aconitifolia Fruit -- 2500.0 -0.2 *
Rubus chamaemorus Fruit 320.0 2500.0 -0.2 *
Passiflora mollissima Fruit 200.0 2500.0 -0.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Sphenostylis stenocarpa Root 800.0 2273.0 -0.2 *
Commelina benghalensis Leaf 520.0 3770.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna radiata Seed 3260.0 4500.0 -0.2 *
Cajanus cajan Seed 1270.0 4500.0 -0.2 *
Manihot esculenta Root 310.0 2225.0 -0.2 *
Canna indica Root 630.0 2200.0 -0.2 *
Dioscorea alata Root 48.0 2190.0 -0.2 *
Peucedanum decursivum Plant 2800.0 3100.0 -0.2 *
Phyllanthus acidus Fruit 200.0 2442.0 -0.2 *
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Shoot 1600.0 2855.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Symphytum officinale Root -- 2111.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Azadirachta indica Fruit 2265.0 2400.0 -0.2 *
Oxalis tuberosa Root 340.0 2099.0 -0.2 *
Vigna angularis Seed 3810.0 4402.0 -0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 560.0 3600.0 -0.3 *
Cimicifuga racemosa Root 437.0 2080.0 -0.3 *
Actaea racemosa Root -- 2080.0 -0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sphenostylis stenocarpa Seed 3980.0 4393.0 -0.3 *
Chenopodium ambrosioides Leaf 520.0 3585.0 -0.3 *
Elaeagnus umbellatus Fruit 380.0 2355.0 -0.3 *
Ipomoea batatas Root 261.0 2000.0 -0.3 *
Persea americana Plant 260.0 3030.0 -0.3 *
Vigna mungo Seed 348.0 4321.0 -0.3 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Leaf 160.0 3472.0 -0.3 *
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 170.0 2305.0 -0.3 *
Prunus cerasus Fruit 150.0 2302.0 -0.3 *
Boehmeria nivea Leaf 450.0 3460.0 -0.3 *
Rhus copallina Leaf 243.0 3456.0 -0.3 *
Arracacia xanthorrhiza Root 550.0 1900.0 -0.3 *
Cicer arietinum Seed 3540.0 4275.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Asimina triloba Fruit 420.0 2265.0 -0.3 *
Anogeissus latifolia Leaf -- 3400.0 -0.3 *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Leaf -- 3400.0 -0.3 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Arachis hypogaea Seed 2450.0 4248.0 -0.3 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Leaf 460.0 3382.0 -0.3 *
Brosimum alicastrum Fruit 360.0 2250.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cassia tora Sprout Seedling -- 5700.0 -0.3 *
Lepidium meyenii Root -- 1830.0 -0.3 *
Dioscorea pentaphylla Root 340.0 1830.0 -0.3 *
Secale cereale Seed 3725.0 4225.0 -0.3 *
Acrocomia totai Seed -- 4200.0 -0.3 *
Achillea millefolium Plant 522.0 2950.0 -0.3 *
Smilax spp Root 372.0 1770.0 -0.3 *
Smilax officinalis Root 372.0 1770.0 -0.3 *
Dioscorea sp. Root -- 1730.0 -0.3 *
Dioscorea villosa Root 415.0 1730.0 -0.3 *
Sassafras albidum Leaf 396.0 3264.0 -0.3 *
Chenopodium album Seed -- 4160.0 -0.3 *
Ruscus aculeatus Root 504.0 1670.0 -0.3 *
Robinia pseudoacacia Leaf 2600.0 3200.0 -0.3 *
Polymnia edulis Root 150.0 1650.0 -0.3 *
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf -- 3180.0 -0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Leaf 525.0 3175.0 -0.3 *
Zizyphus jujuba Fruit 270.0 2120.0 -0.3 *
Artemisia vulgaris Leaf 400.0 3150.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phytelephas aequatorialis Flower 850.0 2910.0 -0.3 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Averrhoa carambola Fruit 140.0 2100.0 -0.3 *
Carya glabra Shoot 8.0 2640.0 -0.3 *
Zea mays Seed 600.0 4066.0 -0.3 *
Phaseolus acutifolius Seed 2800.0 4050.0 -0.3 *
Abrus precatorius Leaf 650.0 3095.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus coccineus Seed 3280.0 4046.0 -0.3 *
Sicana odorifera Fruit 245.0 2065.0 -0.3 *
Carica pentagona Fruit 140.0 2060.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inula helenium Root 330.0 1500.0 -0.4 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Pt 100.0 3462.0 -0.4 *
Piper nigrum Fruit 700.0 2040.0 -0.4 *
Sambucus canadensis Fruit 369.0 2036.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Durio zibethinus Fruit 380.0 2010.0 -0.4 *
Prunus persica Fruit 90.0 2000.0 -0.4 *
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit 1600.0 2000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 110.0 2000.0 -0.4 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Leaf 360.0 2952.0 -0.4 *
Gymnema sylvestre Leaf 561.0 2950.0 -0.4 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Fruit 320.0 1985.0 -0.4 *
Avena sativa Plant 618.0 2810.0 -0.4 *
Citrus sinensis Fruit 136.0 1980.0 -0.4 *
Sida rhombifolia Leaf 580.0 2930.0 -0.4 *
Citrus limon Fruit 100.0 1979.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Piper auritum Leaf 490.0 2920.0 -0.4 *
Theobroma bicolor Fruit 410.0 1970.0 -0.4 *
Fallopia japonica Plant 2300.0 2800.0 -0.4 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Canavalia ensiformis Seed 2700.0 3898.0 -0.4 *
Quararibea cordata Fruit 170.0 1940.0 -0.4 *
Averrhoa bilimbi Fruit 110.0 1915.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Manihot esculenta Leaf 560.0 2800.0 -0.4 *
Moringa oleifera Leaf 700.0 2800.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Centella asiatica Leaf 300.0 2800.0 -0.4 *
Aframomum melegueta Fruit -- 1900.0 -0.4 Wealth of India.
Vigna mungo Fruit -- 1900.0 -0.4 *
Solanum melongena Leaf 380.0 2794.0 -0.4 *
Cypripedium pubescens Root -- 1230.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hydrastis canadensis Root 341.0 1230.0 -0.4 *
Sorbus aucubaria Fruit 360.0 1880.0 -0.4 *
Piper betel Leaf 400.0 2740.0 -0.4 *
Vitis vinifera Fruit 117.0 1848.0 -0.4 *
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Leaf -- 2700.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia bellirica Leaf -- 2700.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Amorphophallus konjac Leaf 70.0 2692.0 -0.4 *
Annona glabra Fruit 240.0 1820.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifolia Leaf 400.0 2665.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona diversifolia Fruit 515.0 1815.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cnicus benedictus Plant 359.0 2700.0 -0.4 *
Syzygium malaccense Fruit 30.0 1800.0 -0.4 *
Pueraria montana Shoot 470.0 2440.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Anethum graveolens Seed 2102.0 3723.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Leaf 160.0 2622.0 -0.4 *
Raphanus sativus Leaf 300.0 2609.0 -0.4 *
Polygonum multiflorum Root -- 1040.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cucurbita foetidissima Leaf -- 2600.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Gliricidia sepium Flower 370.0 2645.0 -0.4 *
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium Shoot -- 2400.0 -0.4 *
Amphicarpaea bracteata Shoot -- 2400.0 -0.4 *
Rhynchosia minima Shoot -- 2400.0 -0.4 *
Boehmeria nivea Shoot 1400.0 2400.0 -0.4 *
Psidium guajava Fruit 60.0 1740.0 -0.4 *
Pouteria caimito Fruit 410.0 1740.0 -0.4 *
Artocarpus heterophyllus Fruit 260.0 1725.0 -0.5 *
Tribulus terrestris Leaf 800.0 2500.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Flower 265.0 2615.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Spondias purpurea Fruit 350.0 1680.0 -0.5 *
Viburnum opulus Bark -- 650.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hylocereus undatus Fruit 260.0 1665.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiaca Leaf -- 2400.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Azadirachta indica Leaf 1900.0 2400.0 -0.5 *
Viscum album Leaf -- 2400.0 -0.5 *
Yucca baccata Root 169.0 810.0 -0.5 *
Tamarindus indica Fruit 1080.0 1647.0 -0.5 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Shoot 520.0 2332.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Echinacea purpurea Root 198.0 790.0 -0.5 *
Cyrtosperma chamissonis Root 140.0 790.0 -0.5 *
Echinacea spp Root -- 790.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root 124.0 790.0 -0.5 *
Carthamus tinctorius Seed 3100.0 3526.0 -0.5 *
Rubus idaeus Leaf 395.0 2340.0 -0.5 *
Justicia pectoralis Leaf 350.0 2335.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus aurantium Fruit 120.0 1600.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona squamosa Fruit 260.0 1600.0 -0.5 *
Melia azedarach Leaf 220.0 2300.0 -0.5 *
Bixa orellana Seed 2820.0 3490.0 -0.5 *
Zizyphus jujuba Shoot -- 2300.0 -0.5 *
Harpagophytum procumbens Root 134.0 707.0 -0.5 *
Tamarindus indica Leaf 1000.0 2281.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bupleurum chinense Root 77.0 700.0 -0.5 *
Passiflora incarnata Fruit 430.0 1564.0 -0.5 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Pothomorphe sp. Leaf 400.0 2235.0 -0.5 *
Astragalus membranaceus Root 104.0 650.0 -0.5 *
Gliricidia sepium Leaf 340.0 2220.0 -0.5 *
Erythrina fusca Leaf 400.0 2220.0 -0.5 *
Persea schiedeana Fruit 355.0 1540.0 -0.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Symphytum officinale Leaf 242.0 2200.0 -0.5 *
Prosopis juliflora Leaf -- 2200.0 -0.5 *
Parthenium integrifolium Root 96.0 600.0 -0.5 *
Nyssa sylvatica Leaf 300.0 2184.0 -0.5 *
Mentha pulegium Plant -- 2520.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Pueraria montana Root 180.0 575.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona cherimola Fruit 240.0 1510.0 -0.5 *
Maranta arundinacea Root 180.0 561.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Thymus vulgaris Plant 1703.0 2502.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Panax ginseng Root 112.0 528.0 -0.5 *
Fucus vesiculosus Plant 294.0 2490.0 -0.5 *
Annona reticulata Fruit 147.0 1475.0 -0.5 *
Psoralea esculenta Root -- 500.0 -0.5 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Carya illinoensis Seed 2890.0 3340.0 -0.5 *
Artocarpus altilis Fruit 240.0 1460.0 -0.5 *
Frangula purshiana Bark 158.0 570.0 -0.5 *
Elaeagnus commutata Fruit 200.0 1450.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Crataegus laevigata Fruit 405.0 1450.0 -0.5 *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Fruit -- 1450.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Berberis vulgaris Root -- 450.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sassafras albidum Stem 132.0 1776.0 -0.5 *
Zizyphus jujuba Leaf -- 2000.0 -0.5 *
Ginkgo biloba Seed 1240.0 3268.0 -0.6 *
Solanum sessiliflorum Fruit 140.0 1400.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Secale cereale Leaf -- 1970.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit 200.0 1390.0 -0.6 *
Citrus reticulata Fruit 90.0 1385.0 -0.6 *
Valeriana officinalis Root 39.0 330.0 -0.6 *
Carthamus tinctorius Flower 332.0 2370.0 -0.6 *
Nepeta cataria Plant 289.0 2410.0 -0.6 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed 2820.0 3200.0 -0.6 *
Gleditsia triacanthos Seed -- 3200.0 -0.6 *
Origanum vulgare Plant 1769.0 2402.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit 1000.0 1337.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Stillingia sylvatica Plant -- 2400.0 -0.6 *
Cajanus cajan Plant -- 2400.0 -0.6 *
Pyrus communis Fruit 90.0 1332.0 -0.6 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Root -- 220.0 -0.6 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Coffea arabica Leaf 1700.0 1816.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aegle marmelos Fruit 500.0 1300.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Platonia insignis Fruit 360.0 1300.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Vigna aconitifolia Leaf -- 1800.0 -0.6 *
Malpighia glabra Fruit 110.0 1280.0 -0.6 *
Carica papaya Fruit 170.0 1260.0 -0.6 *
Vitis vinifera Stem -- 1710.0 -0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Acacia senegal Seed -- 3100.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Curcuma longa Plant 725.0 2340.0 -0.6 *
Pimenta dioica Fruit 1100.0 1235.0 -0.6 *
Acacia catechu Leaf -- 1700.0 -0.6 *
Acacia tortilis Leaf -- 1700.0 -0.6 *
Mimosa pudica Leaf 530.0 1700.0 -0.6 *
Chamissoa altissima Leaf 165.0 1660.0 -0.6 Tramil
Amorphophallus konjac Root -- 39.0 -0.6 *
Allium ampeloprasum Flower 380.0 2249.0 -0.6 *
Pachira macrocarpa Seed 2860.0 3025.0 -0.6 *
Prunus avium Fruit 175.0 1175.0 -0.6 *
Prunus armeniaca Seed -- 3000.0 -0.6 *
Cenchrus biflorus Seed 2700.0 2990.0 -0.6 *
Rollinia mucosa Fruit 260.0 1140.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Lobelia inflata Leaf 174.0 1540.0 -0.6 *
Spondias pinnata Fruit 110.0 1135.0 -0.6 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Fruit 150.0 1130.0 -0.6 *
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 110.0 1127.0 -0.6 *
Tamarindus indica Flower -- 2200.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Berberis vulgaris Bark -- 450.0 -0.6 *
Diospyros digyna Fruit 230.0 1120.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Diospyros virginiana Leaf 450.0 1500.0 -0.6 *
Juglans nigra Fruit -- 1070.0 -0.7 *
Plectranthus amboinicus Leaf 80.0 1428.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed 374.0 2880.0 -0.7 *
Acacia senegal Leaf -- 1400.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rhizophora mangle Leaf -- 1400.0 -0.7 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Leaf 250.0 1400.0 -0.7 *
Pimenta dioica Leaf 1173.0 1399.0 -0.7 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 103.0 1050.0 -0.7 *
Prunus salicifolia Fruit 160.0 1050.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cydonia oblonga Fruit 150.0 1049.0 -0.7 *
Murraya sp Fruit 290.0 1040.0 -0.7 *
Pouteria campechiana Fruit 300.0 1040.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrciaria cauliflora Fruit 90.0 1030.0 -0.7 *
Senna alexandrina Leaf 276.0 1360.0 -0.7 *
Capparis spinosa Leaf -- 1350.0 -0.7 Wealth of India.
Casimiroa edulis Fruit 180.0 1000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia vulgaris Shoot -- 1900.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Chrysophyllum cainito Fruit 160.0 985.0 -0.7 *
Salvia officinalis Leaf 201.0 1280.0 -0.7 *
Glycine max Sprout Seedling 580.0 4891.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rubus idaeus Fruit 110.0 955.0 -0.7 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Eugenia brasiliensis Fruit 136.0 950.0 -0.7 *
Sophora japonica Seed -- 2723.0 -0.7 *
Malus domestica Fruit 68.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Mammea americana Fruit 78.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Melicoccus bijugatas Fruit 98.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Cymbopogon citratus Plant -- 2140.0 -0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ananas comosus Fruit 60.0 923.0 -0.7 *
Acacia farnesiana Seed 2000.0 2700.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Turnera diffusa Leaf 242.0 1150.0 -0.7 *
Juniperus communis Fruit 279.0 900.0 -0.7 *
Artocarpus heterophyllus Seed 1300.0 2685.0 -0.7 *
Pouteria viridis Fruit 280.0 885.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Kalmia latifolia Leaf -- 1100.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Quercus velutina Stem 105.0 1550.0 -0.7 *
Euphrasia officinalis Plant 323.0 2100.0 -0.7 *
Syzygium jambos Fruit 115.0 852.0 -0.7 *
Pachyrhizus erosus Tuber 180.0 1660.0 -0.7 *
Licania platypus Fruit 245.0 822.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Eugenia uniflora Fruit 90.0 815.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 490.0 2050.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Thymus vulgaris Leaf 160.0 950.0 -0.7 *
Olea europaea Fruit 170.0 780.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aloe vera Leaf 6.0 940.0 -0.7 *
Aloe spp. Leaf 5.0 940.0 -0.7 *
Quercus phellos Stem 168.0 1512.0 -0.7 *
Quercus stellata Stem 150.0 1512.0 -0.7 *
Olea europaea Leaf -- 900.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Diospyros virginiana Fruit 260.0 730.0 -0.8 *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- 700.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia floribunda Fruit 90.0 700.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Colubrina texensis Shoot -- 1700.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapida Seed 700.0 2455.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Garcinia mangostana Fruit 100.0 685.0 -0.8 *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 96.0 675.0 -0.8 *
Rhus copallina Stem 75.0 1464.0 -0.8 *
Myristica fragrans Seed 2130.0 2400.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cocos nucifera Seed 830.0 2400.0 -0.8 *
Bixa orellana Fruit 100.0 641.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Feijoa sellowiana Fruit 100.0 625.0 -0.8 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Tamarindus indica Seed -- 2370.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Morinda citrifolia Leaf 150.0 670.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mauritia flexuosa Fruit 270.0 585.0 -0.8 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Carya ovata Shoot 110.0 1620.0 -0.8 *
Cola acuminata Seed 860.0 2318.0 -0.8 *
Lycium chinense Fruit -- 560.0 -0.8 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Pourouma cecropiaefolia Fruit 100.0 555.0 -0.8 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Sclerocarya caffra Seed 190.0 2290.0 -0.8 *
Equisetum arvense Plant 407.0 1900.0 -0.8 *
Manilkara zapota Fruit 100.0 530.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Fruit -- 500.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Ulmus rubra Bark 36.0 220.0 -0.8 *
Rauvolfia serpentina Seed 700.0 2200.0 -0.8 *
Albizia lebbeck Leaf 300.0 400.0 -0.8 Wealth of India.
Aleurites moluccana Seed 2000.0 2150.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf 43.0 370.0 -0.8 *
Phaseolus lunatus Leaf -- 360.0 -0.8 *
Pinus echinata Shoot 306.0 1512.0 -0.9 *
Scutellaria lateriflora Plant 248.0 1810.0 -0.9 *
Lantana camara Shoot -- 1500.0 -0.9 *
Stachys officinalis Plant 302.0 1800.0 -0.9 *
Petasites japonicus Plant 400.0 1800.0 -0.9 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Chondrus crispus Plant -- 1800.0 -0.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Artemisia herba-alba Plant -- 1790.0 -0.9 *
Elettaria cardamomum Seed 1780.0 1941.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tabebuia heptaphylla Bark 21.0 120.0 -0.9 *
Coffea arabica Seed 1780.0 1900.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Spondias tuberosa Fruit -- 210.0 -0.9 *
Areca catechu Seed 630.0 1892.0 -0.9 *
Quercus rubra Stem 112.0 1254.0 -0.9 *
Syzygium cumini Fruit 130.0 127.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularis Seed 390.0 1800.0 -0.9 *
Castanea mollisima Seed 940.0 1774.0 -0.9 *
Byrsonima crassifolia Fruit 125.0 100.0 -0.9 *
Macadamia spp Seed 1015.0 1750.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungo Plant -- 1600.0 -1.0 *
Quercus alba Bark 15.0 64.0 -1.0 *
Castanea dentata Seed 960.0 1709.0 -1.0 *
Satureja hortensis Plant -- 1538.0 -1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Opuntia ficus-indica Seed -- 1605.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Syzygium aromaticum Flower 1000.0 1337.0 -1.0 *
Portulaca oleracea Herb 320.0 7740.0 -1.0 *
Plantago psyllium Hull Husk -- 578.0 -1.0 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Bud -- 243.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Allium cepa Bulb 275.0 4038.0 -1.0 *
Medicago sativa Plant 282.0 1500.0 -1.0 *
Petasites japonicus Pt 120.0 2180.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cornus florida Seed -- 1500.0 -1.0 *
Inga edulis Seed -- 1280.0 -1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Tuber 450.0 1056.0 -1.1 *
Nyssa sylvatica Stem 90.0 1056.0 -1.1 *
Dioscorea bulbifera Tuber 290.0 1000.0 -1.1 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Sprout Seedling 370.0 3978.0 -1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Castanea sativa Seed 490.0 1122.0 -1.1 *
Phoenix dactylifera Seed -- 1120.0 -1.1 Abstract (See species file)
Areca catechu Shoot -- 890.0 -1.1 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 90.0 881.0 -1.1 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 90.0 881.0 -1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Hibiscus sabdariffa Flower 110.0 1000.0 -1.1 *
Pinus gerardiana Seed 925.0 1000.0 -1.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Larrea tridentata Plant 375.0 1140.0 -1.2 *
Arundo donax Plant -- 1100.0 -1.2 *
Spondias dulcis Seed -- 700.0 -1.2 *
Plantago psyllium Seed 137.0 630.0 -1.2 *
Stevia rebaudiana Plant -- 980.0 -1.3 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Plantago major Seed 180.0 600.0 -1.3 *
Pinus edulis Seed 145.0 590.0 -1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Polystichum polyblepharum Plant -- 900.0 -1.3 *
Vitellaria paradoxa Seed -- 430.0 -1.3 *
Myristica fragrans Aril 1000.0 1100.0 -1.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Musa x paradisiaca Flower -- 500.0 -1.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sophora secundiflora Seed -- 140.0 -1.4 *
Boehmeria nivea Plant 270.0 700.0 -1.4 *
Artemisia vulgaris Plant 270.0 700.0 -1.4 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Peganum harmala Plant -- 600.0 -1.4 *
Bacopa monnieri Shoot -- 160.0 -1.5 Wealth of India.
Alpinia galanga Rhizome 250.0 1773.0 -1.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans nigra Pericarp 128.0 1070.0 *
Linum usitatissimum Hay -- 1110.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phytelephas aequatorialis Mesocarp 120.0 505.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Petroselinum crispum Shoot -- -- *
Persea americana Cr 260.0 3030.0 *
Myrica cerifera Bark -- -- *
Inula helenium Plant -- -- *
Musa x paradisiaca Pith -- 100.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cinnamomum sieboldii Root Bark -- 800.0 *
Zea mays Silk Stigma Style -- 287.0 *
Zizyphus spina-christi Fruit -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.