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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentus Seed -- 7900.0 0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit 630.0 6300.0 0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Abrus precatorius Leaf 650.0 3095.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilis Fruit -- 3400.0 0.1 *
Acacia farnesiana Seed 2000.0 2700.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilis Seed -- 7300.0 0.5 *
Acacia senegal Seed -- 3100.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia farnesiana Leaf 840.0 4519.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia tortilis Leaf -- 1700.0 -0.6 *
Acacia senegal Leaf -- 1400.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Acacia catechu Leaf -- 1700.0 -0.6 *
Acalypha indica Leaf 990.0 5075.0 0.0 Wealth of India.
Achillea millefolium Plant 522.0 2950.0 -0.3 *
Acrocomia totai Seed -- 4200.0 -0.3 *
Acrocomia totai Fruit -- 12000.0 2.7 *
Actaea racemosa Root -- 2080.0 -0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actinidia chinensis Fruit 300.0 3060.0 -0.0 *
Aegle marmelos Fruit 500.0 1300.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Aframomum melegueta Fruit -- 1900.0 -0.4 Wealth of India.
Agathosma betulina Leaf -- 6780.0 0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Albizia lebbeck Leaf 300.0 400.0 -0.8 Wealth of India.
Albizia lebbeck Seed -- 6200.0 0.2 Wealth of India.
Aleurites moluccana Seed 2000.0 2150.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium sativum var. sativum Shoot 520.0 2332.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Allium ampeloprasum Root 500.0 3650.0 0.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Root 1650.0 4460.0 0.2 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 880.0 5220.0 1.0 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Leaf 460.0 3382.0 -0.3 *
Allium ampeloprasum Leaf 480.0 4528.0 -0.1 *
Allium cepa Leaf 310.0 5513.0 0.1 *
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf 410.0 6670.0 0.3 *
Allium ampeloprasum Flower 380.0 2249.0 -0.6 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Flower 460.0 3966.0 0.1 *
Allium cepa Bulb 275.0 4038.0 -1.0 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Root 440.0 3125.0 -0.1 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Leaf 250.0 1400.0 -0.7 *
Aloe spp. Leaf 5.0 940.0 -0.7 *
Aloe vera Leaf 6.0 940.0 -0.7 *
Alpinia galanga Rhizome 250.0 1773.0 -1.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Althaea officinalis Root 277.0 2560.0 -0.2 *
Amaranthus spinosus Leaf 500.0 4600.0 -0.1 *
Amaranthus sp. Leaf 487.0 10082.0 0.9 *
Amorphophallus konjac Root -- 39.0 -0.6 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Root 320.0 3020.0 -0.1 *
Amorphophallus konjac Leaf 70.0 2692.0 -0.4 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Shoot -- 8100.0 2.1 *
Amphicarpaea bracteata Shoot -- 2400.0 -0.4 *
Anacardium occidentale Seed 3730.0 6255.0 0.2 *
Anacardium occidentale Fruit 100.0 3125.0 -0.0 *
Ananas comosus Fruit 60.0 923.0 -0.7 *
Anethum graveolens Seed 2102.0 3723.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolens Plant 600.0 7625.0 1.9 *
Anethum graveolens Fruit 2102.0 3723.0 0.2 *
Angelica sinensis Root 735.0 3340.0 -0.0 *
Annona diversifolia Fruit 515.0 1815.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Annona glabra Fruit 240.0 1820.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Annona reticulata Fruit 147.0 1475.0 -0.5 *
Annona muricata Fruit 210.0 3400.0 0.1 *
Annona squamosa Fruit 260.0 1600.0 -0.5 *
Annona cherimola Fruit 240.0 1510.0 -0.5 *
Anogeissus latifolia Leaf -- 3400.0 -0.3 *
Anthriscus cerefolium Leaf 4500.0 4850.0 -0.0 *
Apium graveolens Seed 980.0 6843.0 0.4 *
Apium graveolens Root 470.0 7900.0 0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolens Fruit 979.0 4660.0 0.4 *
Apium graveolens Pt 201.0 6849.0 1.4 *
Arachis hypogaea Seed 2450.0 4248.0 -0.3 *
Arachis hypogaea Plant 800.0 10000.0 3.1 *
Arachis hypogaea Leaf 820.0 3814.0 -0.2 *
Aralia cordata Leaf 250.0 5320.0 0.1 *
Arctium lappa Root 1027.0 4370.0 0.1 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf 43.0 370.0 -0.8 *
Areca catechu Shoot -- 890.0 -1.1 *
Areca catechu Seed 630.0 1892.0 -0.9 *
Armoracia rusticana Root 1278.0 7100.0 0.6 *
Arracacia xanthorrhiza Root 550.0 1900.0 -0.3 *
Artemisia vulgaris Shoot -- 1900.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia herba-alba Plant -- 1790.0 -0.9 *
Artemisia vulgaris Plant 270.0 700.0 -1.4 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Artemisia dracunculus Plant 3130.0 3391.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia vulgaris Leaf 400.0 3150.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artocarpus heterophyllus Fruit 260.0 1725.0 -0.5 *
Artocarpus altilis Seed 1750.0 5385.0 0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artocarpus heterophyllus Seed 1300.0 2685.0 -0.7 *
Artocarpus altilis Fruit 240.0 1460.0 -0.5 *
Arundo donax Plant -- 1100.0 -1.2 *
Asimina triloba Fruit 420.0 2265.0 -0.3 *
Asparagus officinalis Root 746.0 7460.0 0.7 *
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 390.0 10244.0 3.1 *
Astragalus membranaceus Root 104.0 650.0 -0.5 *
Avena sativa Seed 500.0 10200.0 1.3 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Avena sativa Plant 618.0 2810.0 -0.4 *
Averrhoa bilimbi Fruit 110.0 1915.0 -0.4 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Averrhoa carambola Fruit 140.0 2100.0 -0.3 *
Azadirachta indica Leaf 1900.0 2400.0 -0.5 *
Azadirachta indica Fruit 2265.0 2400.0 -0.2 *
Bacopa monnieri Shoot -- 160.0 -1.5 Wealth of India.
Balanites aegyptiacus Fruit -- 4000.0 0.2 *
Balanites aegyptiacus Shoot -- 3800.0 0.2 *
Barosma betulina Leaf -- 6780.0 0.3 *
Basella alba Leaf 520.0 7535.0 0.5 *
Benincasa hispida Fruit 70.0 4870.0 0.5 *
Berberis vulgaris Root -- 450.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Berberis vulgaris Bark -- 450.0 -0.6 *
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 6000.0 6750.0 0.4 *
Beta vulgaris Root 260.0 45580.0 7.4 *
Beta vulgaris Leaf 290.0 5946.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bixa orellana Seed 2820.0 3490.0 -0.5 *
Bixa orellana Fruit 100.0 641.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Blighia sapida Aril 160.0 2300.0 1.1 *
Blighia sapida Seed 700.0 2455.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Boehmeria nivea Plant 270.0 700.0 -1.4 *
Boehmeria nivea Leaf 450.0 3460.0 -0.3 *
Boehmeria nivea Shoot 1400.0 2400.0 -0.4 *
Borago officinalis Leaf 530.0 7579.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica pekinensis Leaf 4560.0 7560.0 0.5 *
Brassica rapa Leaf 370.0 7907.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Leaf 160.0 2622.0 -0.4 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf 644.0 9090.0 0.8 *
Brassica chinensis Leaf 370.0 7907.0 0.5 *
Brassica oleracea Stem 400.0 5110.0 1.9 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 214.0 6500.0 0.3 *
Brassica nigra Leaf 290.0 4563.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapa Root 270.0 5000.0 0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf 644.0 9090.0 0.8 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 560.0 3600.0 -0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Flower 385.0 7375.0 1.5 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf 690.0 4927.0 -0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica napus var. napobrassica Root 290.0 7250.0 0.7 *
Bromelia pinguin Shoot 225.0 5000.0 0.7 *
Brosimum alicastrum Fruit 360.0 2250.0 -0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Bupleurum chinense Root 77.0 700.0 -0.5 *
Byrsonima crassifolia Fruit 125.0 100.0 -0.9 *
Cajanus cajan Fruit 1240.0 4888.0 0.5 *
Cajanus cajan Seed 1270.0 4500.0 -0.2 *
Cajanus cajan Plant -- 2400.0 -0.6 *
Calathea macrosepala Flower 490.0 6365.0 1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Camellia sinensis Leaf 3200.0 4150.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Canavalia ensiformis Seed 2700.0 3898.0 -0.4 *
Canavalia ensiformis Fruit 100.0 3509.0 0.1 *
Canna indica Root 630.0 2200.0 -0.2 *
Cannabis sativa Seed 9700.0 11227.0 1.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Capparis spinosa Leaf -- 1350.0 -0.7 Wealth of India.
Capsella bursa-pastoris Plant 600.0 7288.0 1.8 *
Capsicum annuum Fruit 784.0 3040.0 -0.1 *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit 455.0 3794.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carica papaya Leaf 1420.0 6311.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carica papaya Fruit 170.0 1260.0 -0.6 *
Carica pentagona Fruit 140.0 2060.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Carthamus tinctorius Seed 3100.0 3526.0 -0.5 *
Carthamus tinctorius Plant -- 3400.0 -0.1 *
Carthamus tinctorius Flower 332.0 2370.0 -0.6 *
Carum carvi Seed 5650.0 6580.0 0.3 *
Carum carvi Fruit 5680.0 6302.0 0.9 *
Carya illinoensis Seed 2890.0 3340.0 -0.5 *
Carya glabra Shoot 8.0 2640.0 -0.3 *
Carya ovata Shoot 110.0 1620.0 -0.8 *
Casimiroa edulis Fruit 180.0 1000.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cassia tora Sprout Seedling -- 5700.0 -0.3 *
Castanea dentata Seed 960.0 1709.0 -1.0 *
Castanea sativa Seed 490.0 1122.0 -1.1 *
Castanea mollisima Seed 940.0 1774.0 -0.9 *
Caulophyllum thalictroides Root 1716.0 15600.0 2.1 *
Ceiba pentandra Seed 9700.0 12690.0 1.9 *
Cenchrus biflorus Seed 2700.0 2990.0 -0.6 *
Centella asiatica Leaf 300.0 2800.0 -0.4 *
Chamaemelum nobile Flower -- 3220.0 -0.2 *
Chamissoa altissima Leaf 165.0 1660.0 -0.6 Tramil
Chenopodium album Seed -- 4160.0 -0.3 *
Chenopodium album Leaf 720.0 36833.0 5.9 *
Chenopodium ambrosioides Leaf 520.0 3585.0 -0.3 *
Chondrus crispus Plant -- 1800.0 -0.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum parthenium Plant -- 5010.0 0.7 *
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium Shoot -- 2400.0 -0.4 *
Chrysanthemum coronarium Leaf 340.0 5230.0 0.0 *
Chrysanthemum parthenium Leaf 902.0 5010.0 0.0 *
Chrysanthemum coronarium Bud 320.0 4300.0 1.0 *
Chrysophyllum cainito Fruit 160.0 985.0 -0.7 *
Cicer arietinum Seed 3540.0 4275.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybus Leaf 210.0 4284.0 -0.1 *
Cichorium endivia Leaf 242.0 5760.0 0.1 *
Cichorium intybus Root 610.0 3050.0 -0.1 *
Cimicifuga racemosa Root 437.0 2080.0 -0.3 *
Cinnamomum sieboldii Root Bark -- 800.0 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark -- 1000.0 -0.2 *
Cinnamomum sieboldii Bark -- 1500.0 0.2 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark 674.0 1100.0 -0.1 *
Cinnamomum burmannii Bark -- 1600.0 0.3 *
Citrullus lanatus Seed 8300.0 14600.0 2.4 *
Citrullus lanatus Fruit 1.0 2900.0 -0.1 *
Citrus reticulata Fruit 90.0 1385.0 -0.6 *
Citrus paradisi Fruit 76.0 5280.0 0.6 *
Citrus limon Fruit 100.0 1979.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus aurantium Fruit 120.0 1600.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Citrus mitis Fruit 700.0 7000.0 1.1 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Citrus sinensis Fruit 136.0 1980.0 -0.4 *
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 110.0 2000.0 -0.4 *
Cnicus benedictus Plant 359.0 2700.0 -0.4 *
Cnidoscolus chayamansa Leaf 540.0 4100.0 -0.2 *
Coccinia grandis Fruit 300.0 4350.0 0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nucifera Seed 830.0 2400.0 -0.8 *
Coffea arabica Leaf 1700.0 1816.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coffea arabica Seed 1780.0 1900.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coix lacryma-jobi Seed 500.0 5000.0 -0.1 *
Cola acuminata Seed 860.0 2318.0 -0.8 *
Colocasia esculenta Root 460.0 5204.0 0.3 *
Colocasia esculenta Leaf 490.0 5800.0 0.2 *
Colubrina texensis Shoot -- 1700.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Commelina benghalensis Leaf 520.0 3770.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 830.0 6755.0 0.3 *
Coriandrum sativum Leaf 720.0 6452.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 3907.0 4687.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cornus florida Seed -- 1500.0 -1.0 *
Corylus avellana Seed 2900.0 4622.0 -0.2 *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Fruit -- 1450.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Crataegus laevigata Fruit 405.0 1450.0 -0.5 *
Crescentia alata Seed 9680.0 10020.0 1.2 *
Cucumis sativus Fruit 158.0 12600.0 2.9 *
Cucumis melo Fruit 121.0 2640.0 -0.2 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Root -- 220.0 -0.6 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Cucurbita pepo Seed 10600.0 12982.0 2.0 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Leaf -- 2600.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 440.0 5238.0 0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita spp Fruit 350.0 5540.0 0.7 *
Cucurbita pepo Flower 490.0 10100.0 2.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cuminum cyminum Seed 4900.0 5673.0 0.1 *
Cuminum cyminum Fruit 4900.0 5673.0 0.7 *
Curcuma longa Plant 725.0 2340.0 -0.6 *
Curcuma longa Rhizome 640.0 6307.0 1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Shoot 1600.0 2855.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Leaf -- 2700.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Fruit -- 500.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Cyclanthera pedata Fruit 260.0 5615.0 0.7 *
Cydonia oblonga Fruit 150.0 1049.0 -0.7 *
Cymbopogon citratus Plant -- 2140.0 -0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cynara cardunculus Flower 860.0 6240.0 1.1 *
Cyphomandra betacea Fruit 130.0 3400.0 0.1 *
Cypripedium pubescens Root -- 1230.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cyrtosperma chamissonis Root 140.0 790.0 -0.5 *
Daucus carota Root 340.0 5090.0 0.3 *
Dioscorea sp. Root -- 1730.0 -0.3 *
Dioscorea alata Root 48.0 2190.0 -0.2 *
Dioscorea pentaphylla Root 340.0 1830.0 -0.3 *
Dioscorea villosa Root 415.0 1730.0 -0.3 *
Dioscorea bulbifera Tuber 290.0 1000.0 -1.1 *
Diospyros virginiana Stem 132.0 2592.0 0.1 *
Diospyros digyna Fruit 230.0 1120.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Diospyros virginiana Leaf 450.0 1500.0 -0.6 *
Diospyros virginiana Fruit 260.0 730.0 -0.8 *
Dipsacus fullonum Plant -- 5400.0 0.9 *
Durio zibethinus Fruit 380.0 2010.0 -0.4 *
Echinacea purpurea Root 198.0 790.0 -0.5 *
Echinacea spp Root -- 790.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Elaeagnus umbellatus Fruit 380.0 2355.0 -0.3 *
Elaeagnus commutata Fruit 200.0 1450.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elaeis guineensis Fruit 440.0 3100.0 -0.0 *
Eleocharis dulcis Tuber 650.0 4075.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomum Seed 1780.0 1941.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit 1600.0 2000.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eleutherococcus senticosus Root 1470.0 7000.0 0.6 *
Elytrigia repens Plant 2800.0 9510.0 2.8 *
Ephedra sinica Plant 678.0 3230.0 -0.2 *
Ephedra nevadensis Plant -- 5000.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Equisetum arvense Plant 407.0 1900.0 -0.8 *
Eriobotrya japonica Fruit 140.0 2667.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eriodictyon californicum Leaf 2332.0 10600.0 1.0 *
Eryngium floridanum Shoot -- 3215.0 -0.1 *
Erythrina fusca Leaf 400.0 2220.0 -0.5 *
Erythrina berteroana Shoot 800.0 5060.0 0.8 *
Erythroxylum coca Leaf 3630.0 9740.0 0.9 *
Eugenia uniflora Fruit 90.0 815.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eugenia brasiliensis Fruit 136.0 950.0 -0.7 *
Eugenia floribunda Fruit 90.0 700.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Eupatorium perfoliatum Plant 360.0 4000.0 0.2 *
Eupatorium odoratum Leaf -- 4350.0 -0.1 Tramil
Euphrasia officinalis Plant 323.0 2100.0 -0.7 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed 2820.0 3200.0 -0.6 *
Fallopia japonica Plant 2300.0 2800.0 -0.4 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Feijoa sellowiana Fruit 100.0 625.0 -0.8 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ficus carica Fruit 129.0 2764.0 -0.1 *
Foeniculum vulgare Plant 510.0 5100.0 0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 4449.0 5960.0 0.8 *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 644.0 5960.0 0.2 *
Fragaria spp Fruit 185.0 3191.0 -0.0 *
Frangula purshiana Bark 158.0 570.0 -0.5 *
Fucus vesiculosus Plant 294.0 2490.0 -0.5 *
Garcinia mangostana Fruit 100.0 685.0 -0.8 *
Genipa americana Fruit 580.0 3000.0 -0.1 *
Gentiana lutea Root 594.0 2700.0 -0.1 *
Ginkgo biloba Seed 1240.0 3268.0 -0.6 *
Ginkgo biloba Leaf 1440.0 6000.0 0.2 *
Glechoma hederacea Plant 2100.0 3500.0 -0.0 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Gleditsia triacanthos Seed -- 3200.0 -0.6 *
Gliricidia sepium Leaf 340.0 2220.0 -0.5 *
Gliricidia sepium Flower 370.0 2645.0 -0.4 *
Glycine max Fruit 2250.0 7305.0 1.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Seed 1580.0 8040.0 0.7 *
Glycine max Plant 2400.0 5410.0 0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycine max Sprout Seedling 580.0 4891.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root 124.0 790.0 -0.5 *
Gymnema sylvestre Leaf 561.0 2950.0 -0.4 *
Harpagophytum procumbens Root 134.0 707.0 -0.5 *
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber 660.0 5200.0 1.4 Bonness, M. S., Promising new drugs from plants: poisons that heal, Herbarist, #56, 1990, 59-68
Helianthus annuus Seed 6930.0 7450.0 0.6 *
Hibiscus sabdariffa Flower 110.0 1000.0 -1.1 *
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Flower 265.0 2615.0 -0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Hibiscus sabdariffa Seed -- 6000.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hibiscus sabdariffa Leaf 480.0 6458.0 0.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hordeum vulgare Plant 2300.0 6900.0 1.6 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Hordeum vulgare Stem -- 5950.0 2.6 *
Hordeum vulgare Seed 1890.0 9200.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- 4760.0 0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Humulus lupulus Flower 885.0 4760.0 0.4 *
Hydrangea arborescens Root 2450.0 7000.0 0.6 *
Hydrastis canadensis Root 341.0 1230.0 -0.4 *
Hylocereus undatus Fruit 260.0 1665.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inga feuillei Aril 300.0 1875.0 0.2 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Inga edulis Seed -- 1280.0 -1.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Inula helenium Plant -- -- *
Inula helenium Root 330.0 1500.0 -0.4 *
Ipomoea aquatica Leaf 420.0 12360.0 1.4 *
Ipomoea batatas Root 261.0 2000.0 -0.3 *
Ipomoea batatas Leaf 300.0 6090.0 0.2 *
Juglans regia Seed 2800.0 5100.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Juglans cinerea Seed 4085.0 4834.0 -0.1 *
Juglans nigra Seed 4475.0 5880.0 0.1 *
Juglans nigra Fruit -- 1070.0 -0.7 *
Juglans nigra Pericarp 128.0 1070.0 *
Juglans nigra Hull Husk -- 1070.0 1.0 *
Juniperus virginiana Shoot 228.0 3168.0 -0.1 *
Juniperus communis Fruit 279.0 900.0 -0.7 *
Justicia pectoralis Leaf 350.0 2335.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Kalmia latifolia Leaf -- 1100.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lablab purpureus Seed 490.0 4800.0 -0.1 *
Lablab purpureus Fruit 600.0 3409.0 0.1 *
Lactuca sativa Leaf 108.0 13920.0 1.6 *
Lagenaria siceraria Fruit 130.0 2915.0 -0.1 *
Lantana camara Shoot -- 1500.0 -0.9 *
Larrea tridentata Plant 375.0 1140.0 -1.2 *
Lens culinaris Sprout Seedling 1610.0 6165.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinaris Seed 2420.0 5275.0 -0.0 *
Lepidium meyenii Root -- 1830.0 -0.3 *
Lepidium sativum Seed 16500.0 17500.0 3.2 *
Lepidium sativum Leaf 760.0 7170.0 0.4 *
Licania platypus Fruit 245.0 822.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Limonia acidissima Seed 14300.0 14895.0 2.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Limonia acidissima Fruit 800.0 3605.0 0.1 *
Linum usitatissimum Hay -- 1110.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Linum usitatissimum Seed 3961.0 20335.0 4.0 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Stem 60.0 2880.0 0.3 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Leaf 360.0 2952.0 -0.4 *
Lobelia inflata Leaf 174.0 1540.0 -0.6 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Leaf 330.0 14141.0 1.7 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Fruit 190.0 6400.0 1.0 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Seed -- 18300.0 3.4 *
Lupinus mutabilis Fruit 1680.0 5875.0 0.8 *
Lupinus albus Seed 4400.0 4900.0 -0.1 *
Lupinus mutabilis Seed 6350.0 7100.0 0.5 *
Lycium chinense Fruit -- 560.0 -0.8 Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lycium chinense Leaf 430.0 4135.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 110.0 8400.0 1.6 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Leaf -- 5500.0 0.1 *
Macadamia spp Seed 1015.0 1750.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Malpighia glabra Fruit 110.0 1280.0 -0.6 *
Malus domestica Fruit 68.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Malva parviflora Plant 670.0 4891.0 0.6 *
Malva sylvestris Leaf 360.0 5000.0 0.0 *
Mammea americana Fruit 78.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Mangifera indica Leaf 720.0 3800.0 -0.2 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 103.0 1050.0 -0.7 *
Manihot esculenta Root 310.0 2225.0 -0.2 *
Manihot esculenta Leaf 560.0 2800.0 -0.4 *
Manilkara zapota Fruit 100.0 530.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Maranta arundinacea Root 180.0 561.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Mauritia flexuosa Fruit 270.0 585.0 -0.8 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Medicago sativa Plant 282.0 1500.0 -1.0 *
Melia azedarach Leaf 220.0 2300.0 -0.5 *
Melicoccus bijugatas Fruit 98.0 925.0 -0.7 *
Melilotus indica Plant -- 3500.0 -0.0 *
Mentha x piperita Leaf 1150.0 7720.0 0.5 *
Mentha spicata Plant 600.0 4706.0 0.5 *
Mentha pulegium Plant -- 2520.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mimosa pudica Leaf 530.0 1700.0 -0.6 *
Mimulus glabratus Shoot 520.0 5200.0 0.8 *
Momordica charantia Fruit 320.0 8333.0 1.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Momordica charantia Leaf 540.0 33467.0 5.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Morinda citrifolia Leaf 150.0 670.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Moringa oleifera Shoot 1120.0 5250.0 0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleifera Leaf 700.0 2800.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleifera Fruit 500.0 4235.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Morus alba Fruit 320.0 3200.0 -0.0 *
Morus alba Leaf 2400.0 4500.0 -0.1 *
Mucuna pruriens Seed 3200.0 4700.0 -0.2 *
Muntingia calabura Fruit 720.0 3965.0 0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Murraya koenigii Leaf 6000.0 17800.0 2.4 *
Murraya sp Fruit 290.0 1040.0 -0.7 *
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 110.0 1127.0 -0.6 *
Musa x paradisiaca Flower -- 500.0 -1.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiaca Pith -- 100.0 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Musa x paradisiaca Leaf -- 2400.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myrciaria dubia Fruit 150.0 2835.0 -0.1 *
Myrciaria cauliflora Fruit 90.0 1030.0 -0.7 *
Myrica cerifera Bark -- -- *
Myristica fragrans Aril 1000.0 1100.0 -1.3 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragrans Seed 2130.0 2400.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nasturtium officinale Herb 600.0 12000.0 1.0 *
Nelumbo nucifera Fruit 2940.0 3267.0 0.0 *
Nelumbo nucifera Seed 590.0 7130.0 0.5 *
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 1000.0 4785.0 0.1 *
Nepeta cataria Plant 289.0 2410.0 -0.6 *
Nyssa sylvatica Stem 90.0 1056.0 -1.1 *
Nyssa sylvatica Leaf 300.0 2184.0 -0.5 *
Ocimum basilicum Leaf 380.0 5235.0 0.0 *
Ocimum tenuiflorum Leaf -- 3400.0 -0.3 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Oenothera biennis Seed 4100.0 7257.0 0.5 *
Oenothera biennis Plant 1700.0 3700.0 0.1 *
Olea europaea Fruit 170.0 780.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Olea europaea Leaf -- 900.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Opuntia ficus-indica Fruit 320.0 1985.0 -0.4 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Bud -- 243.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indica Seed -- 1605.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Origanum majorana Plant 2670.0 3725.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum vulgare Plant 1769.0 2402.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativa Seed 528.0 5588.0 0.1 *
Oryza sativa Plant 600.0 3478.0 -0.1 *
Oxalis tuberosa Root 340.0 2099.0 -0.2 *
Pachira macrocarpa Seed 2860.0 3025.0 -0.6 *
Pachyrhizus erosus Tuber 180.0 1660.0 -0.7 *
Panax ginseng Root 112.0 528.0 -0.5 *
Panax quinquefolius Plant 2700.0 5200.0 0.8 *
Panicum maximum Leaf -- 5600.0 0.1 *
Papaver somniferum Seed 8290.0 9277.0 1.0 *
Parthenium integrifolium Root 96.0 600.0 -0.5 *
Passiflora mollissima Fruit 200.0 2500.0 -0.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora edulis Seed -- 6400.0 0.3 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Passiflora incarnata Fruit 430.0 1564.0 -0.5 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Passiflora ligularis Fruit 300.0 6095.0 0.9 *
Passiflora edulis Fruit 480.0 2570.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora quadrangularis Seed 390.0 1800.0 -0.9 *
Passiflora foetida Fruit 480.0 2665.0 -0.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Passiflora incarnata Flower 407.0 3700.0 -0.0 *
Passiflora quadrangularis Fruit 170.0 3035.0 -0.1 *
Pastinaca sativa Root 400.0 7365.0 0.7 *
Peganum harmala Plant -- 600.0 -1.4 *
Peperomia pelucida Leaf 340.0 4360.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Peperomia pereskiifolia Leaf 400.0 2665.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pereskia aculeata Fruit 90.0 3025.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perideridia gairdneri Root -- 2600.0 -0.2 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Perilla frutescens Leaf 730.0 5214.0 0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Perilla frutescens Seed 330.0 5339.0 -0.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Persea schiedeana Fruit 355.0 1540.0 -0.5 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Persea americana Cr 260.0 3030.0 *
Persea americana Plant 260.0 3030.0 -0.3 *
Petasites japonicus Plant 400.0 1800.0 -0.9 Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Petasites japonicus Pt 120.0 2180.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petroselinum crispum Shoot -- -- *
Petroselinum crispum Plant 324.0 4100.0 0.2 *
Peucedanum decursivum Plant 2800.0 3100.0 -0.2 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Sprout Seedling 370.0 3978.0 -1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit 370.0 13500.0 3.1 *
Phaseolus lunatus Leaf -- 360.0 -0.8 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Seed 2130.0 5880.0 0.1 *
Phaseolus lunatus Sprout Seedling 3820.0 10611.0 2.0 *
Phaseolus coccineus Seed 3280.0 4046.0 -0.3 *
Phaseolus acutifolius Seed 2800.0 4050.0 -0.3 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Leaf 750.0 5682.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus coccineus Fruit 1600.0 2770.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus lunatus Seed 1130.0 9000.0 1.0 *
Phoenix dactylifera Seed -- 1120.0 -1.1 Abstract (See species file)
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit 370.0 8795.0 1.7 *
Phragmites australis Shoot -- 3900.0 0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Phyllanthus acidus Fruit 200.0 2442.0 -0.2 *
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit 200.0 1390.0 -0.6 *
Physalis peruviana Fruit 550.0 4215.0 0.3 *
Physalis angulata Fruit 1350.0 13500.0 3.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Physalis ixocarpa Fruit 400.0 30250.0 8.2 *
Phytelephas aequatorialis Flower 850.0 2910.0 -0.3 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialis Mesocarp 120.0 505.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytolacca americana Shoot 440.0 5238.0 0.8 *
Pimenta dioica Fruit 1100.0 1235.0 -0.6 *
Pimenta dioica Leaf 1173.0 1399.0 -0.7 *
Pimpinella anisum Fruit -- 4862.0 0.5 *
Pimpinella anisum Seed 4400.0 4862.0 -0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pinus pinea Seed 5080.0 5445.0 0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus gerardiana Seed 925.0 1000.0 -1.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus cembroides Seed 5150.0 6235.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus echinata Shoot 306.0 1512.0 -0.9 *
Pinus edulis Seed 145.0 590.0 -1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper betel Leaf 400.0 2740.0 -0.4 *
Piper auritum Leaf 490.0 2920.0 -0.4 *
Piper nigrum Fruit 700.0 2040.0 -0.4 *
Pistacia vera Seed 4300.0 5280.0 -0.0 *
Pisum sativum Fruit 530.0 5240.0 0.6 *
Pisum sativum Seed 1038.0 6250.0 0.2 *
Pisum sativum Plant 1800.0 6400.0 1.4 *
Plantago psyllium Hull Husk -- 578.0 -1.0 *
Plantago major Seed 180.0 600.0 -1.3 *
Plantago psyllium Seed 137.0 630.0 -1.2 *
Platonia insignis Fruit 360.0 1300.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Platycodon grandiflorum Root 1890.0 2493.0 -0.2 *
Plectranthus amboinicus Leaf 80.0 1428.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Polygonum multiflorum Root -- 1040.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Polymnia edulis Root 150.0 1650.0 -0.3 *
Polystichum polyblepharum Plant -- 900.0 -1.3 *
Portulaca oleracea Herb 320.0 7740.0 -1.0 *
Pothomorphe sp. Leaf 400.0 2235.0 -0.5 *
Pourouma cecropiaefolia Fruit 100.0 555.0 -0.8 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Pouteria caimito Fruit 410.0 1740.0 -0.4 *
Pouteria viridis Fruit 280.0 885.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Pouteria campechiana Fruit 300.0 1040.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Prosopis juliflora Leaf -- 2200.0 -0.5 *
Prunus avium Fruit 175.0 1175.0 -0.6 *
Prunus serotina Leaf 261.0 4608.0 -0.1 *
Prunus dulcis Seed 4420.0 8735.0 0.9 *
Prunus armeniaca Seed -- 3000.0 -0.6 *
Prunus persica Fruit 90.0 2000.0 -0.4 *
Prunus armeniaca Fruit 180.0 2982.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus domestica Fruit 70.0 4080.0 0.3 *
Prunus salicifolia Fruit 160.0 1050.0 -0.7 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus serotina Stem 114.0 2592.0 0.1 *
Prunus persica Bark -- 3150.0 1.6 *
Prunus cerasus Fruit 150.0 2302.0 -0.3 *
Psidium guajava Fruit 60.0 1740.0 -0.4 *
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 170.0 2305.0 -0.3 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Tuber 450.0 1056.0 -1.1 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Seed 334.0 5058.0 -0.1 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Leaf 525.0 3175.0 -0.3 *
Psoralea esculenta Root -- 500.0 -0.5 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Pueraria montana Shoot 470.0 2440.0 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pueraria montana Root 180.0 575.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Punica granatum Fruit 80.0 3182.0 -0.0 *
Pyrus communis Fruit 90.0 1332.0 -0.6 *
Quararibea cordata Fruit 170.0 1940.0 -0.4 *
Quercus rubra Stem 112.0 1254.0 -0.9 *
Quercus alba Bark 15.0 64.0 -1.0 *
Quercus velutina Stem 105.0 1550.0 -0.7 *
Quercus phellos Stem 168.0 1512.0 -0.7 *
Quercus stellata Stem 150.0 1512.0 -0.7 *
Quercus alba Stem 120.0 2432.0 -0.1 *
Raphanus sativus Fruit 240.0 10526.0 2.2 *
Raphanus sativus Root 160.0 5850.0 0.4 *
Raphanus sativus Leaf 300.0 2609.0 -0.4 *
Rauvolfia serpentina Seed 700.0 2200.0 -0.8 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Pt 100.0 3462.0 -0.4 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Leaf 160.0 3472.0 -0.3 *
Rhizophora mangle Leaf -- 1400.0 -0.7 *
Rhodymenia palmata Plant -- 3860.0 0.1 *
Rhus copallina Leaf 243.0 3456.0 -0.3 *
Rhus glabra Stem 126.0 2412.0 -0.1 *
Rhus copallina Stem 75.0 1464.0 -0.8 *
Rhynchosia minima Shoot -- 2400.0 -0.4 *
Ribes uva-crispa Fruit 150.0 2665.0 -0.2 *
Ribes rubrum Fruit 418.0 3310.0 0.0 *
Ribes nigrum Fruit 490.0 3500.0 0.1 *
Ricinus communis Leaf -- 4600.0 -0.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Robinia pseudoacacia Leaf 2600.0 3200.0 -0.3 *
Rollinia mucosa Fruit 260.0 1140.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Rosa canina Fruit 479.0 2560.0 -0.2 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 490.0 2050.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubus chamaemorus Fruit 320.0 2500.0 -0.2 *
Rubus idaeus Fruit 110.0 955.0 -0.7 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus idaeus Leaf 395.0 2340.0 -0.5 *
Rumex crispus Root 1945.0 7570.0 0.7 *
Rumex crispus Leaf 560.0 7568.0 0.5 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Ruscus aculeatus Root 504.0 1670.0 -0.3 *
Salix alba Bark 689.0 4100.0 2.4 *
Salvia officinalis Leaf 201.0 1280.0 -0.7 *
Sambucus nigra Fruit 540.0 3300.0 0.0 *
Sambucus canadensis Fruit 369.0 2036.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sassafras albidum Leaf 396.0 3264.0 -0.3 *
Sassafras albidum Stem 132.0 1776.0 -0.5 *
Satureja hortensis Plant -- 1538.0 -1.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Schisandra chinensis Fruit 639.0 4260.0 0.3 *
Sclerocarya caffra Seed 190.0 2290.0 -0.8 *
Scutellaria lateriflora Plant 248.0 1810.0 -0.9 *
Secale cereale Seed 3725.0 4225.0 -0.3 *
Secale cereale Leaf -- 1970.0 -0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sechium edule Shoot 470.0 6350.0 1.3 *
Sechium edule Fruit 260.0 3715.0 0.2 *
Senna alexandrina Leaf 276.0 1360.0 -0.7 *
Serenoa repens Fruit 2105.0 16200.0 3.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicum Leaf -- 14000.0 1.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Sesamum indicum Seed 5000.0 8898.0 0.9 *
Sicana odorifera Fruit 245.0 2065.0 -0.3 *
Sida rhombifolia Leaf 580.0 2930.0 -0.4 *
Silybum marianum Plant -- 7060.0 1.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Silybum marianum Leaf 1553.0 7060.0 0.4 *
Sinapis alba Seed 8100.0 9330.0 1.1 *
Smilax spp Root 372.0 1770.0 -0.3 *
Smilax officinalis Root 372.0 1770.0 -0.3 *
Solanum sessiliflorum Fruit 140.0 1400.0 -0.6 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Solanum torvum Fruit 700.0 4795.0 0.5 *
Solanum melongena Fruit 189.0 5836.0 0.8 *
Solanum quitoensis Fruit 120.0 3155.0 -0.0 *
Solanum nigrum Leaf 540.0 4000.0 -0.2 *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 320.0 4200.0 0.8 *
Solanum melongena Leaf 380.0 2794.0 -0.4 *
Sonchus oleraceus Leaf 370.0 5440.0 0.1 *
Sophora japonica Seed -- 2723.0 -0.7 *
Sophora secundiflora Seed -- 140.0 -1.4 *
Sorbus aucubaria Fruit 360.0 1880.0 -0.4 *
Spartium junceum Stem -- 2600.0 0.1 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpa Seed 3980.0 4393.0 -0.3 *
Sphenostylis stenocarpa Root 800.0 2273.0 -0.2 *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 250.0 6232.0 1.3 *
Spirulina spp. Plant -- 3190.0 -0.2 *
Spirulina pratensis Plant -- 3190.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spondias purpurea Fruit 350.0 1680.0 -0.5 *
Spondias dulcis Seed -- 700.0 -1.2 *
Spondias pinnata Fruit 110.0 1135.0 -0.6 *
Spondias dulcis Fruit 670.0 5115.0 0.6 *
Spondias tuberosa Fruit -- 210.0 -0.9 *
Spondias mombin Fruit 310.0 3250.0 0.0 *
Stachys officinalis Plant 302.0 1800.0 -0.9 *
Stellaria media Plant 372.0 4480.0 0.4 *
Stevia rebaudiana Plant -- 980.0 -1.3 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf -- 3180.0 -0.3 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Stillingia sylvatica Plant -- 2400.0 -0.6 *
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Stem 228.0 4224.0 1.3 *
Symphytum officinale Leaf 242.0 2200.0 -0.5 *
Symphytum officinale Root -- 2111.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Syzygium malaccense Fruit 30.0 1800.0 -0.4 *
Syzygium jambos Fruit 115.0 852.0 -0.7 *
Syzygium aromaticum Flower 1000.0 1337.0 -1.0 *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit 1000.0 1337.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Syzygium cumini Fruit 130.0 127.0 -0.9 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tabebuia heptaphylla Bark 21.0 120.0 -0.9 *
Tamarindus indica Leaf 1000.0 2281.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tamarindus indica Fruit 1080.0 1647.0 -0.5 *
Tamarindus indica Seed -- 2370.0 -0.8 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tamarindus indica Flower -- 2200.0 -0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tanacetum parthenium Plant -- 5010.0 0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum officinale Root 518.0 3620.0 0.0 *
Taraxacum officinale Leaf 590.0 5268.0 0.1 *
Tephrosia purpurea Leaf 2600.0 5200.0 0.0 *
Terminalia bellirica Leaf -- 2700.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Terminalia catappa Seed 7890.0 9835.0 1.2 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Tetragonia tetragonioides Leaf 280.0 4665.0 -0.1 *
Theobroma cacao Fruit 500.0 5000.0 0.5 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma bicolor Seed 5490.0 5695.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Theobroma bicolor Fruit 410.0 1970.0 -0.4 *
Theobroma speciosum Fruit 1650.0 4230.0 0.3 J Cell Biochem VOL. 22=1995
Theobroma cacao Seed 3600.0 5571.0 0.1 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Thymus vulgaris Plant 1703.0 2502.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Thymus vulgaris Leaf 160.0 950.0 -0.7 *
Trachyspermum ammi Fruit 4430.0 4784.0 0.5 *
Tragopogon porrifolius Root 500.0 3262.0 -0.0 *
Tribulus terrestris Leaf 800.0 2500.0 -0.5 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Trichosanthes anguina Fruit 200.0 3700.0 0.1 *
Trifolium pratense Shoot 900.0 4500.0 0.5 *
Trifolium pratense Flower 580.0 3220.0 -0.2 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed 374.0 2880.0 -0.7 *
Triticum aestivum Seed 800.0 6800.0 0.4 *
Triticum aestivum Plant 400.0 7200.0 1.7 *
Tropaeolum majus Shoot 850.0 6200.0 1.3 *
Tropaeolum tuberosum Root 220.0 3000.0 -0.1 *
Turnera diffusa Leaf 242.0 1150.0 -0.7 *
Ullucus tuberosus Root 350.0 2775.0 -0.1 *
Ulmus rubra Bark 36.0 220.0 -0.8 *
Urtica dioica Leaf 894.0 4470.0 -0.1 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Fruit 150.0 1130.0 -0.6 *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 96.0 675.0 -0.8 *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit 856.0 10700.0 2.3 *
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit 924.0 7700.0 1.4 *
Valeriana officinalis Root 39.0 330.0 -0.6 *
Valerianella radicata Plant 4647.0 5552.0 0.9 *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- 700.0 -0.8 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Verbascum thapsus Leaf 2508.0 5700.0 0.1 *
Vetiveria zizanioides Fruit 500.0 6000.0 0.8 *
Viburnum opulus Bark -- 650.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vicia faba Fruit 740.0 5070.0 0.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vicia faba Seed 950.0 5000.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna angularis Seed 3810.0 4402.0 -0.3 *
Vigna aconitifolia Leaf -- 1800.0 -0.6 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 90.0 881.0 -1.1 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 5342.0 6375.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Sprout Seedling 455.0 6560.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna mungo Plant -- 1600.0 -1.0 *
Vigna aconitifolia Seed 2300.0 5418.0 0.0 *
Vigna aconitifolia Fruit -- 2500.0 -0.2 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 90.0 881.0 -1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 590.0 4856.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Seed 3260.0 4500.0 -0.2 *
Vigna mungo Fruit -- 1900.0 -0.4 *
Vigna aconitifolia Plant 1800.0 5400.0 0.9 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 520.0 15593.0 2.7 *
Vigna subterranea Seed 2240.0 6042.0 0.2 *
Vigna mungo Seed 348.0 4321.0 -0.3 *
Viscum album Leaf -- 2400.0 -0.5 *
Vitellaria paradoxa Seed -- 430.0 -1.3 *
Vitis vinifera Stem -- 1710.0 -0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis vinifera Fruit 117.0 1848.0 -0.4 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Root 470.0 4700.0 0.2 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Leaf 610.0 38416.0 6.2 *
Yucca baccata Root 169.0 810.0 -0.5 *
Zea mays Silk Stigma Style -- 287.0 *
Zea mays Seed 600.0 4066.0 -0.3 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 320.0 5323.0 0.5 *
Zingiber officinale Root 181.0 2580.0 -0.2 *
Zizyphus jujuba Shoot -- 2300.0 -0.5 *
Zizyphus jujuba Leaf -- 2000.0 -0.5 *
Zizyphus spina-christi Fruit -- -- *
Zizyphus jujuba Fruit 270.0 2120.0 -0.3 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.