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Total Plants: 437
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Thymus zygis Shoot -- 825.0 0.2 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Thymus capitatus Shoot -- 45.0 -0.5 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 40.0 -0.5 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus saturejoides Shoot -- 460.0 -0.1 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Trachyspermum ammi Fruit 6240.0 9512.0 0.7 *
Trichostemma dichotomum Shoot -- 0.3 -0.5 Tucker, A.O. and Maciarello, M.J. 1990. The Essential Oil of Trichostemma dichotomum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 2: 149-150.
Turnera diffusa Leaf -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Umbellularia californica Plant 100.0 400.0 -0.3 *
Valeriana officinalis Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Valeriana officinalis Root -- -- *
Vetiveria zizanioides Root -- 15.0 -0.6 *
Vitex agnus-castus Leaf Essent. Oil -- 14400.0 -0.6 Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitex agnus-castus Leaf -- 10.0 -0.4 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Vitex agnus-castus Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitex agnus-castus Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 26000.0 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome -- 90.0 -0.5 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.