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Total Plants: 437
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abies alba Leaf 25.0 35.0 -0.4 *
Achillea millefolium Leaf 9.0 1185.0 0.6 *
Acinos suaveolens Shoot -- 4.0 -0.5 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Acinos suaveolens (Sibt. et Smith). G. Don fil. Growing in Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3:191-2.
Acorus calamus Rhizome -- 50.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Aegle marmelos Leaf -- 1020.0 0.4 *
Agathosma betulina Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Allium cepa Fruit Juice -- -- Schmidt, N. E., et. al. 1996. Rapid Extraction Method of Quantitating the Lachrymatory Factor of Onion Using Gas Chromatography. J. Agric. Food Chem., 44(9): 2690-2693.
Aloysia citrodora Plant 1.0 7.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Alpinia galanga Rhizome -- -- *
Alpinia officinarum Rhizome -- -- Wealth of India.
Amomum compactum Seed -- -- Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Anethum graveolens Leaf 30.0 4460.0 3.3 *
Anethum graveolens Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Shoot -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Essential Oil -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Fruit 336.0 3773.0 -0.1 *
Anethum graveolens Seed 40.0 3775.0 0.3 *
Anethum graveolens Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Leaf Essent. Oil -- 21700.0 -0.5 *
Angelica archangelica Seed 800.0 5050.0 0.6 Wealth of India.
Angelica archangelica Root 40.0 980.0 1.7 *
Angelica archangelica Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Angelica sinensis Root -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Apium graveolens Stem Essent. Oil -- 17000.0 -1.0 *
Apium graveolens Root Essent. Oil -- 31000.0 1.4 *
Apium graveolens Leaf Essent. Oil -- 4000.0 -0.7 *
Apium graveolens Seed 20.0 930.0 -0.5 *
Apium graveolens Fruit Essent. Oil 2000.0 31000.0 1.1 *
Apium graveolens Seed Essent. Oil 2000.0 31000.0 -0.1 *
Apium graveolens Et -- 17000.0 1.0 *
Aralia cordata Root -- 5.0 -0.6 *
Artemisia dracunculus Shoot -- -- *
Artemisia salsoloides Shoot -- 6500.0 4.7 V. Kaul, P. Weyerstahl, H. Wahlberg, H. Marschall, (1992); Volatile constituents of the essential oil and the absolute of Aremisia salsoloides Willd. from Ladakh,Flavour and Fragrance journal, Vol.7, 299-305.
Artemisia dracunculus Essential Oil -- 24700.0 -0.4 *
Artemisia capillaris Essential Oil -- -- *
Artemisia herba-alba Plant -- -- *
Artemisia annua Plant -- -- *
Artemisia annua Shoot 10.0 400.0 -0.2 *
Boswellia sacra Resin, Exudate, Sap -- 35300.0 1.0 Chiavari, G., Gtalletti, G. C., Piccaglia, R., Mohamud, M. A. 1991. Differentiation Between Resins Boswellia carterii and Boswellia frereana (Frankincense) of Somali Origin. J. Essent. Oil Res. 3 (3):185-186.
Boswellia serrata Essential Oil -- 140000.0 0.5 *
Boswellia sacra Essential Oil 3925.0 87000.0 0.1 *
Boswellia sacra Resin Essent. Oil -- 0.5 Abdel Wahab, S. M., Aboutabl, E. A., El-Zalabani, S. M., Fouad, H. A., De Pooter, H. L., El-Fallaha, B. 1987. The Essential Oil of Olibanum. Plant Med. 53 (4): 382-384.
Boswellia serrata Resin, Exudate, Sap -- 22400.0 -1.0 Sabinsa: A series of well documented proprietary PR booklets, e.g.Sabinsa Corps. 1998. Bronchial Asthma - Its etiology and control with traditional herbal extracts. Sabinsa Corporation. Piscataway, NJ. 49 pp.
Calamintha nepeta Plant -- 65.0 -0.4 J. Ethnopharmacology, 39: 167.
Calamintha nepeta Shoot -- 9.0 -0.5 Kirimer, N., Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T. and Kurkcuoglo, M. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4:189-190
Calamintha nepeta Leaf -- 1.0 -0.4 Akgul, A., De Pooter, H.L., and De Buyck, L.F. 1991. The Essential Oils of Calamintha nepeta subsp. glandulosa and Ziziphora clinopodioides from Turkey. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 7-10.
Callicarpa americana Leaf -- 7.0 -0.4 *
Canarium indicum Essential Oil 1500.0 3750.0 -0.6 *
Capsicum annuum Fruit -- -- *
Carthamus tinctorius Leaf -- 0.03 -0.4 *
Carthamus tinctorius Bud -- 0.01 *
Carum carvi Seed 0.1 1320.0 -0.4 *
Chamaemelum nobile Plant -- -- *
Chenopodium ambrosioides Leaf 365.0 4400.0 3.3 *
Chrysanthemum x morifolium Plant 3.0 14.0 -0.4 Wealth of India.
Chrysanthemum parthenium Shoot -- 9.0 -0.5 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Cinnamomum camphora Leaf -- 5.0 -0.4 *
Cinnamomum verum Root Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Plant -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Stem Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Bark 39.0 448.0 *
Cinnamomum verum Leaf 55.0 140.0 -0.3 *
Cinnamomum verum Bark Essent. Oil -- 5500.0 *
Cistus ladaniferus Leaf 16.0 1120.0 0.5 *
Citrullus colocynthis Petiole -- -- *
Citrus limon Leaf Essent. Oil 4100.0 20000.0 -0.5 Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus paradisi Leaf -- 385.0 -0.1 *
Citrus sinensis Fruit 3590.0 4070.0 -0.0 *
Citrus aurantium Leaf 100.0 270.0 -0.2 *
Citrus limon Petiole -- 7.5 *
Citrus reticulata Leaf Essent. Oil -- 162900.0 1.6 *
Citrus reticulata Fruit -- 0.1 -0.6 *
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 50.0 1160.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Citrus limon Pericarp Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus aurantium Plant -- -- *
Citrus paradisi Pericarp -- -- *
Citrus limon Essential Oil 12.0 31.0 -0.6 *
Cleonia lusitanica Leaf 2.0 3.0 -0.4 Perez-Alonso, M., Velasco-Negueruela, A., and Lopez-Saez, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Cleonia lusitanica. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 441-442.
Cnicus benedictus Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cnicus benedictus Essential Oil -- -- Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
Coleus barbatus Root Essent. Oil -- 2000.0 -1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Coleus barbatus Stem Essent. Oil -- 24600.0 1.0 Jim Duke's personal files.
Coleus barbatus Leaf Essent. Oil -- 24600.0 -0.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Coriandrum sativum Essential Oil -- -- *
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 74.0 728.0 -0.5 *
Coriandrum sativum Seed Essent. Oil -- 900.0 -1.5 *
Coridothymus capitatus Shoot -- 1275.0 0.5 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Crocus sativus Silk Stigma Style -- -- *
Croton eluteria Bark -- -- *
Croton lechleri Plant -- -- Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Cuminum cyminum Seed 810.0 12639.0 2.6 *
Cuminum cyminum Seed Essent. Oil -- 57400.0 1.2 *
Cuminum cyminum Essential Oil -- -- *
Cuminum cyminum Fruit 810.0 12639.0 1.1 *
Cunila origanoides Shoot -- 3388.0 2.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Curcuma longa Leaf -- 310.0 -0.1 *
Curcuma longa Rhizome 210.0 5184.0 2.0 *
Cymbopogon parkeri Plant -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Cymbopogon nardus Plant -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Daucus carota Root -- 12.0 -0.6 *
Daucus carota Seed 10.0 160.0 -0.7 *
Elettaria cardamomum Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit Essent. Oil -- 5000.0 -1.0 *
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit 130.0 28000.0 3.1 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Elettaria cardamomum Root Essent. Oil -- 7000.0 -0.6 *
Elsholtzia pilosa Shoot -- 0.6 -0.5 *
Elsholtzia nipponica Plant -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Elsholtzia polystachya Leaf -- 3.6 -0.4 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia polystachya Leaf -- 4.2 -0.4 Mathela,C.S., Melkani,A.B., Bisht,J.C., Pant,A.K., Bestmann,H.J., Erler,J., Kobold,U., Rauscher,J. and Vostrowsky,O. 1992. Chemical Varieties of Essential Oils from Elsholtzia polystachya from Two Different Locations in India. Planta Medica 58: 376-379.
Elsholtzia blanda Shoot -- 0.5 -0.5 Bestman, H.J., Rauscher, J., Vostrowsky O., Pant, A.K., Dev. V., Perihar, R. and Mathela, C.S. 1992. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Elsholtsia blanda Benth. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oils Res. 4: 121-124
Elytrigia repens Rhizome -- 7.0 -0.5 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Elytrigia repens Plant -- 5.0 -0.4 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Eryngium foetidum Plant 4.5 22.5 -0.4 *
Eucalyptus globulus Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus melanophloia Leaf -- 21.0 -0.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus behriana Leaf -- 575.0 0.1 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus dolichorhyncha Leaf -- 160.0 -0.3 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus cladocalyx Shoot -- 275.0 -0.3 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus botryoides Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus sparsa Leaf -- 115.0 -0.3 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus astringens Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus albens Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf Essent. Oil 1000.0 5800.0 -0.7 *
Eucalyptus polyanthemos Shoot -- 630.0 -0.0 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus viridis Leaf -- 2.0 -0.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus globulus Essential Oil -- 5000.0 -0.6 *
Eucalyptus tereticornis Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus siderophloia Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus moluccana Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus maculata Shoot -- 15.0 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus lansdowneana Leaf -- 185.0 -0.2 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus forrestiana Leaf -- 195.0 -0.2 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus desquamata Leaf -- 1015.0 0.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus ochrophloia Leaf -- 42.0 -0.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus bridgesiana Leaf -- 580.0 0.1 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Volatile Constituents of the Essential Oil of Eucalyptus bridgesiana Growing in India. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 449-450.
Eucalyptus cuprea Leaf -- 32.0 -0.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus diversicolor Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus citriodora Shoot -- 4000.0 2.7 *
Eucalyptus nova-anglica Leaf 140.0 240.0 -0.2 Brophy, J. L., Lassak, E. V., & Boland, D. J. 1992. The Leaf Essential Oils of Eucalyptus nova-anglica. Deane & Maiden. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 29-32.
Eucalyptus populnea Leaf -- 22.0 -0.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus bosistoana Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus globulus Leaf -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Eucalyptus globulus Leaf Essent. Oil 3400.0 146000.0 1.4 *
Eucalyptus stoatei Leaf -- 225.0 -0.2 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus oviformis Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus saligna Shoot -- 800.0 0.1 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus melliodora Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus odorata Leaf -- 1095.0 0.5 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus incrassata Leaf -- 245.0 -0.2 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus leucoxylon Leaf -- 22.0 -0.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus intertexta Leaf -- 41.0 -0.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus erythrandra Leaf -- 23.0 -0.4 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus dealbata Shoot -- 1180.0 0.4 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus brassiana Leaf -- 90.0 -0.3 Singh, A. K., Gupta, K. C., & Brophy, J. J. 1991. Chemical Constituents of the Leaf Essential Oil of Eucalyptus brassiana S. T. Blake. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 3: 45-7.
Eucalyptus largisparsa Leaf -- 39.0 -0.4 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus ceratocorys Leaf -- 90.0 -0.3 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus blakelyi Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus angulosa Leaf -- 7.5 -0.4 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus grandis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 161000.0 1.6 *
Eucalyptus citriodora Leaf 10.0 180.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Eucalyptus fasiculosa Leaf -- 125.0 -0.3 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Eucalyptus tetraptera Leaf -- 630.0 0.1 Bignell,C.M.,Dunlop,P.J.,Brophy,J.J.,and Jackson, J.F.1994.Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus.Part I.Subgenus Symphyomyrtus,Section Dumaria,Series Incrassatae.Flavour and Fragrance J.9(3):113-7
Eucalyptus sideroxylon Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus occidentalis Shoot -- 1955.0 1.0 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus punctata Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus maideni Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Zrira, S. S., Benjilali, B. B., Fechtal, M. M., & Richard, H. H. 1991. Essential Oils of Twenty-seven Eucalyptus Species Grown in Morocco. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 259-264.
Eucalyptus porosa Leaf -- 220.0 -0.2 Bignell, C.M., Dunlop, P.J., Brophy, J.J., and Jackson, J.F. 1995. Volatile Leaf Oils of Some South-western and Southern Australian Species of the Genus Eucalyptus. Part VI. Subjenus Symphyomyrtus, Section Adnataria. Flavour and Fragrance J. 10(6):359-364
Ficus carica Leaf -- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 20.0 480.0 -0.6 *
Foeniculum vulgare Root Essent. Oil -- 30000.0 1.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 20.0 480.0 -0.5 *
Foeniculum vulgare Essential Oil 1000.0 10000.0 -0.6 Jim Duke's personal files.
Ginkgo biloba Wood -- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Ginkgo biloba Essential Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Glechoma hederacea Plant -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root -- -- *
Hedeoma hispida Plant -- 10.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hedychium flavum Shoot -- 10.0 -0.5 *
Helianthus annuus Flower -- -- Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Houttuynia cordata Essential Oil -- -- *
Houttuynia cordata Shoot Essent. Oil -- -- *
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hypericum perforatum Plant 0.5 9.0 -0.4 *
Hyptis suaveolens Shoot -- 90.0 -0.4 Mallvarapu, G.R., Ramesh, S., Kaul, P.N., Bhattacharya, A.K., and Rao, B.R.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 321.
Hyptis suaveolens Shoot -- 90.0 -0.4 Mallvarapu, G.R., Ramesh, S., Kaul, P.N., Bhattacharya, A.K., and Rao, B.R.R. 1993. The Essential Oil of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 321.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- -- Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Hyssopus officinalis Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Tsankova, E.T., Konatchiev, A.N. and Genova, E.M. 1993. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Two Hyssopus officinalis cultivars. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 609-611.
Hyssopus officinalis Plant 6.0 180.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Hyssopus officinalis Essential Oil -- -- *
Illicium verum Fruit 1.0 100.0 -0.6 *
Juniperus communis Fruit 48.0 480.0 -0.5 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Juniperus communis Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Lantana camara Shoot -- 7.0 -0.5 *
Lantana camara Leaf -- -- *
Laurus nobilis Leaf 62.0 540.0 0.0 *
Laurus nobilis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 198300.0 2.2 *
Lavandula x hybrida Shoot 7.0 13.0 -0.5 Tucker, A.O., Maciarello, M.J., Angell, S., Espaillat, J.R., and French, E.C. 1993. The Essential Oil of Lavandula x hybrida Balb. ex Ging., a Distinct Hybrid from L. x heterophylla Poir. (Labiatae). J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 443-445.
Lavandula latifolia Plant 26.0 98.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lavandula x intermedia Plant 32.0 69.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Leonotis leonurus Se -- 22.0 Pedro, L.G., Barroso, J.G., Marques, N.T., Ascensao, L., Pais, M.S.S. and Scheffer, J.J.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil from Sepals of Leonotis leonurus R. Br. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 451-3
Lepechinia calycina Plant -- 35.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Levisticum officinale Root -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Lindera benzoin Twig -- 4.0 *
Lindera benzoin Fruit 90.0 135.0 -0.6 *
Lippia javanica Essential Oil -- -- *
Litsea glaucescens Shoot 30.0 40.0 -0.5 Tucker, et al, EB46(1):21-24.1992
Magnolia denudata Twig -- -- *
Magnolia denudata Bulb -- -- *
Magnolia denudata Leaf -- -- *
Magnolia denudata Bark -- -- *
Magnolia denudata Flower -- -- *
Marrubium vulgare Essential Oil -- -- *
Marrubium vulgare Plant -- -- *
Melaleuca alternifolia Essential Oil 2000.0 49600.0 -0.2 *
Melaleuca cajuputi Leaf -- 420.0 -0.1 *
Melaleuca linariifolia Leaf 150.0 200.0 -0.2 Guenther, E., The Essential Oils, 6 volumes, D. van Nostrand, New York, 1948-1952.
Melaleuca alternifolia Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Melaleuca alternifolia Leaf Essent. Oil -- 21000.0 -0.5 *
Melaleuca alternifolia Leaf 300.0 2855.0 2.0 *
Melaleuca alternifolia Root Essent. Oil -- 8430.0 -0.5 *
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- 1.0 -0.5 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- 2.0 -0.5 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha x piperita Leaf 2.5 30.0 -0.4 *
Mentha longifolia Shoot 1.0 23.0 -0.5 *
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- 2.0 -0.5 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- 1.0 -0.5 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha spicata Essential Oil -- 2000.0 -0.6 *
Mentha spicata Leaf -- -- Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Mentha arvensis var. piperascens Leaf 9.0 29.0 -0.4 *
Mentha aquatica Shoot -- 2.0 -0.5 Umemoto, K., Arai, T., Nii, H. and Furukawa, K. 1993. A New Chemotype of Mentha aquatica Containing Sesquiterpene Alcohols as Major Components. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 67(10): 1417-1419.
Mentha pulegium Essential Oil 300.0 30500.0 -0.4 *
Mentha x rotundifolia Shoot 14.0 230.0 -0.3 *
Mentha pulegium Plant 3.0 610.0 -0.3 *
Micromeria dalmatica Leaf -- 13.0 -0.4 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria fruticosa Shoot -- 2.0 -0.5 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Micromeria teneriffae Leaf -- 50.0 -0.4 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria croatica Leaf -- 15.0 -0.4 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria fruticosa Shoot -- 2.0 -0.5 Fleisher, Z. and Fleisher, A. 1991. The Essential Oil of Micromeria fruticosa (L.) Druce subsp. barbata (Boiss et. Ky.), P.H. Davis. Aromatic Plants of the Holy Land and the Sinai. Part VII. J. Ess. Oil Res 3: 477-479.
Micromeria myrtifolia Shoot -- 0.1 -0.5 Ozek, T., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria myrtifolia Boiss. et Hohen. J. Ess. Oil Res., 4: 79-80.
Micromeria varia Shoot -- 3.0 -0.5 *
Micromeria juliana Leaf -- -- -0.4 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria congesta Leaf 1.0 5.0 -0.4 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria fruticosa Leaf -- 150.0 -0.3 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Micromeria varia Shoot -- 3.0 -0.5 Pedro, L.G., et al. 1995. Composition of the Essential oil of Micromeria varia Benth. ssp. thymoides (Sol. ex Lowe) Perez var. thymoides, and endemic species of the Madeira Archipelago. flav. & Fragr. J. 10(3): 199-202.
Micromeria thymifolia Leaf -- -- -0.4 Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1991. Composition of the Essential Oil of Micromeria congesta. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 387-393.
Momordica charantia Seed Essent. Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Monarda fistulosa Plant 3.0 15810.0 3.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda punctata Plant 65.0 3384.0 0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda didyma Flower -- 405.0 1.0 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 80.
Monarda citriodora Leaf -- 1600.0 0.9 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Monarda citriodora Plant 859.0 1038.0 -0.2 *
Monarda didyma Plant 120.0 1850.0 0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda clinopodia Plant -- 218.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda media Plant 14.0 528.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda citriodora Flower -- 420.0 1.0 Collins, J.E., Bishop, C.D., Deans, S.G. and Svoboda, K.P. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Leaves and Flowers of Monarda citriodora var. citriodora grown in the United Kingdom. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 27-9.
Monarda lindheimeri Plant -- 1315.0 -0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda russeliana Plant -- 923.0 -0.2 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Monarda didyma Leaf 140.0 270.0 -0.2 *
Murraya koenigii Leaf -- 23.0 -0.4 *
Myrciaria dubia Fruit -- -- *
Myristica fragrans Essential Oil 5000.0 8000.0 -0.6 *
Myristica fragrans Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Myristica fragrans Seed 120.0 960.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Myristica fragrans Seed Essent. Oil 6000.0 43000.0 0.5 *
Myroxylon balsamum Plant -- -- *
Myrtus communis Plant 30.0 106.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Nepeta racemosa Shoot -- 155.0 -0.4 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Nepeta racemosa Shoot -- 155.0 -0.4 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Akgul, A. and Tumen, G. 1993. Composition of the Essential Oil of Nepeta racemosa Lam. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 215-7.
Ocimum gratissimum Plant 160.0 1945.0 0.1 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ocimum basilicum Shoot Essent. Oil -- 300.0 -1.4 *
Ocimum basilicum Tissue Culture -- -- *
Ocimum basilicum Essential Oil -- 2400.0 -0.6 *
Ocimum basilicum Plant 1.0 16.0 -0.4 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Ocimum basilicum Leaf Essent. Oil -- 300.0 -0.8 *
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 1.0 -0.4 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum vulgare Shoot Essent. Oil 23500.0 87600.0 0.5 *
Origanum sipyleum Shoot -- 870.0 0.2 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum syriacum Shoot -- 3135.0 2.0 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum majorana Leaf Essent. Oil -- 20000.0 -0.5 *
Origanum vulgare Plant 3.0 3237.0 0.4 *
Origanum onites Shoot -- 1160.0 0.4 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Origanum majorana Plant 21.0 210.0 -0.4 *
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 2600.0 0.3 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum syriacum Shoot -- 3135.0 2.0 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum vulgare Essential Oil -- 323700.0 2.0 *
Origanum sipyleum Shoot -- 3345.0 2.2 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum sipyleum Shoot -- 3345.0 2.2 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum onites Shoot -- 1160.0 0.4 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 1.0 -0.4 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Origanum minutiflorum Shoot 760.0 2290.0 1.3 Baser, K.H.C., Tumen, G., Sezik, E. 1991. The Essential Oil of Origanum minutiflorum O. Schwarz and P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 445-446.
Origanum vulgare Shoot -- 3420.0 2.2 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Origanum syriacum Shoot -- 1880.0 1.0 Fleisher, A. & Fleisher, Z. 1991. Chemical Composition of Origanum syriacum L. Essential Oil. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 121-123.
Origanum sipyleum Shoot -- 5150.0 3.6 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kurkcuoglu, M. and Tumen, G. 1992. Composition of the Essential Oil of Origanum sipyleum of Turkish Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 139-142.
Origanum majorana Essential Oil -- 47000.0 -0.2 *
Origanum onites Plant -- 227.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Origanum vulgare Plant -- 3.0 -0.4 Sezik, E., Tumen, G., Kirimer, N., Ozek, T., and Baser, K.H.C. 1993. Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. J. Ess. Oil Res., 5: 425-431.
Pastinaca sativa Root -- -- *
Pelargonium citrosum Shoot -- 1.4 -0.5 Matsuda, B. M., et al. 1996. Essential Oil Analysis and Field Evaluation of the Citrosa Plant 'Pelargonium citrosum' as a Repellent Against Populations of Aedes Mosquitoes. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 12(1):69-74.
Pelargonium graveolens Essential Oil 1.0 2.0 -0.6 *
Perilla frutescens Shoot Essent. Oil -- -- Nguyen, X. D., La, D. M., Lu'u, D. C., Leclercq, P. A. 1995. Essential Oil Constituents from the Aerial Parts of Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7(4): 429-432.
Petroselinum crispum Leaf -- 1.44 -0.4 *
Petroselinum crispum Fruit Essent. Oil -- 28000.0 0.9 *
Petroselinum crispum Seed -- 34.0 -0.7 *
Peumus boldus Leaf 1380.0 8580.0 6.7 *
Pimenta dioica Leaf -- 78.0 -0.3 *
Pimenta dioica Fruit -- 87.0 -0.6 *
Pimenta dioica Leaf Essent. Oil -- -- *
Pimenta racemosa Leaf 16.0 750.0 0.2 *
Pinus sylvestris Leaf Essent. Oil -- 1600.0 -0.8 *
Pinus sylvestris Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Pinus palustris Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Pinus walliciana Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Piper betel Leaf 25.0 1050.0 0.5 *
Piper nigrum Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Piper cubeba Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Piper nigrum Fruit -- 150.0 -0.6 *
Piper nigrum Fruit Essent. Oil -- -- *
Porophyllum ruderale Plant 40.0 65.0 -0.4 Loayza, I., de Groot, W., Lorenzo, D. et al. 1999. Composition of the essential oil of Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. from Bolivia. Flav. & Fragr. J. 14: 393-8.
Prunus armeniaca Leaf -- -- *
Ptychopetalum olacoides Root Essent. Oil -- 5000.0 -0.7 Uber Bucek, E., Fournier, G., Dadoun, H. 1987. Volatile Constituents of Ptychopetalum olacoides Root Oil. Planta Med. 53, 2: 231.
Pycnanthemum verticillatum Shoot -- 42.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoides Shoot 39.0 58.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum incanum Shoot 22.0 38.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum beadlei Shoot -- 21.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum torreyi Shoot -- 30.0 -0.5 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum muticum Shoot -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum clinopodioides Shoot 63.0 66.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum virginianum Shoot 6.0 290.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Shoot 1.0 140.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum loomisii Shoot 33.0 84.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Pycnanthemum californicum Shoot -- -- Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Ravensara aromatica Leaf -- 80.0 -0.3 *
Rheum palmatum Rhizome -- 0.5 -0.5 *
Ribes nigrum Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot -- 6.0 -0.5 Tucker, A. O. and Maciarello, M. J. 1998. The essential oils of some rosemary cultivars. Flavor and Fragrance Journal, 1: 137-142. 1986.
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot Essent. Oil -- 105000.0 0.9 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Essential Oil -- 50000.0 -0.2 *
Rosmarinus eriocalyx Shoot 160.0 305.0 -0.3 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus tomentosus Shoot 55.0 210.0 -0.3 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot 190.0 480.0 -0.1 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 25.0 950.0 -0.2 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Resin, Exudate, Sap -- -- *
Rosmarinus x mendizabalii Shoot 43.0 60.0 -0.5 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf -- 25.0 -0.4 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Rosmarinus officinalis Shoot 100.0 465.0 -0.1 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil -- 19000.0 -0.5 *
Rosmarinus eriocalyx Shoot 295.0 645.0 0.0 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus x lavandulaceus Shoot 60.0 275.0 -0.3 Soriano Cano, M.C., Sotomayor Sanchez, J.A., Sanchez Gomez, P. and Garcia Vallejo, M.C. 1993. Essential Oils of the Rosmarinus eriocalyx-tomentosus Complex in Southeast Spain. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 243-246.
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf -- 25.0 -0.4 Soliman, F.M., El-Kashoury, M.M., Fathy, M.M. and Gonaid, M.H. 1994. Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Egypt. Flavour and Fragrance J. 9: 29-33.
Salvia officinalis Et -- 11000.0 -1.0 *
Salvia canariensis Leaf -- 42.0 -0.4 Casnigueral,S., Iglesias,J., Vila,R., Virgili,A. and Ibanez,C.1994. The Essential Oil from Leaves of Salvia canariensis L. Flav. & Frag. J. 9:201-204. S. Canigueral, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Barcelona, Ave.Diagonal 643,E-08028, Barcelone Spain
Salvia officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil 7000.0 17700.0 -0.5 *
Salvia officinalis Essential Oil 3100.0 5400.0 -0.6 *
Salvia gilliesii Shoot -- 52.0 -0.5 Velasco-Negueruela, A. et al. 1993. The Essential Oil of Salvia gilliesii Benth. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 319-320.
Salvia sclarea Plant 1.0 27.0 -0.4 Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 6: 154.
Salvia dorisiana Shoot 9.6 10.6 -0.5 Tucker, A.O. & Maciarello, M.J. 1994. The Essential Oil of Salvia dorisiana Standley. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Salvia officinalis Shoot 15.0 495.0 -0.1 *
Sassafras albidum Leaf -- -- -0.4 *
Satureja obovata Shoot 50.0 1235.0 0.5 Fitoterapia No.60: 277.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 990.0 0.4 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja parvifolia Shoot -- -- -0.5 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Satureja cilicica Shoot -- 1150.0 0.4 Tumen, G. Baser, K.H.C. and Kirimer, N. 1993. The Essential Oil of Satureja cilicica P.H. Davis. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 547-548.
Satureja douglasii Plant -- 26.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 100.0 -0.3 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja thymbra Shoot -- 5070.0 3.5 Lagouri, V., Blekas, G., Tsimidou, M., Kokkini, S., and Boskou, D. 1993. Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Oregano Plants Grown Wild in Greece. Z. Lebensm Unters Forsch 197: 20-23.
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 100.0 -0.3 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja odora Shoot -- 50.0 -0.5 Zygadlo, J.A., Merino. E.F., Maestri, D.M., Guzman, C.A. and Espinar, L.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Satureja odora and Satureja parvifolia from Argentina. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 549-51.
Satureja montana Plant 45.0 6210.0 1.2 *
Satureja montana Essential Oil 163700.0 273000.0 1.6 *
Satureja obovata Leaf -- 1230.0 0.6 Arrebola, M.L., Navaro, M.C., Jimenez, J. and Ocana, F.A. 1994. Variations in Yield and Composition of the Essential Oil of Satureja obovata. Phytochemistry 35(1): 83.
Satureja subspicata Plant -- 50.0 -0.4 Stanic, G., Petricic, J., and Blazevic, N. 1991. Gas Chromatographic Investigations of Essential Oils of Satureja montana and Satureja subspicata from Yugoslavia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 153-158.
Satureja cuneifolia Shoot -- 2980.0 1.9 Tumen, G. 1991. The Volatile Constituents of Satureja cuneifolia. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 365-366.
Satureja hortensis Plant 200.0 3060.0 0.4 *
Saussurea lappa Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Sideritis mugronensis Leaf 3.0 5.0 -0.4 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Sideritis athoa Shoot -- 2.0 -0.5 Ozek, T., Baser, K.H.C. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Essential Oil of Sideritis athoa Papanikolaou Et Kokkini. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 669-670.
Sideritis mugronensis Flower 35.0 75.0 -0.8 Manez, S., Jimenez, A., and Villar, A. 1991. Volatiles of Sideritis mugronensis Flower and Leaf. J. Ess. Oil Res., 3: 395-397.
Sideritis pauli Shoot -- 3.0 -0.5 Burzaco, A., Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1992. Essential Oil Analysis of Sideritis pauli Pau. FFJ7: 47-8. 1992.
Sideritis germanicolpitana Plant -- 2.0 -0.4 J. Essential Oil, 4: 533.
Stachys germanica Plant -- 13.0 -0.4 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Stevia rebaudiana Flower -- 20.0 -1.1 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf -- 8.0 -0.4 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Tagetes minuta Flower Essent. Oil -- 100.0 *
Tagetes minuta Plant -- -- *
Tanacetum parthenium Shoot -- 9.0 -0.5 Hendriks, H., Bos, R., and Woerdenbag, H. J. 1996. The Essential Oil of Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz-Bip. Flavor and Fragrance Journal 11(6): 367-71.
Tanacetum parthenium Essential Oil -- 31000.0 -0.4 *
Tanacetum parthenium Fruit Essent. Oil -- 5000.0 -1.0 *
Teucrium kotschyanum Leaf -- -- -0.4 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium salviastrum Shoot -- 0.25 -0.5 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium cyprium Leaf -- 170.0 -0.3 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium scorodonia Shoot -- 0.06 -0.5 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium oxylepis Shoot -- 0.78 -0.5 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium gnaphalodes Shoot -- -- -0.5 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Teucrium pseudoscorodonia Shoot -- 0.08 -0.5 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium asiaticum Shoot -- 0.61 -0.5 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Teucrium polium Plant -- -- Rizk, A.F.M., The Phytochemistry of the Flora of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar, Kingprint, Richmond, UK, 1986.
Teucrium polium Shoot 3.0 19.0 -0.5 Perez-Alonso, M.J. Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Lopez-Saez, J.A. 1993. The Essential Oils of Two Iberian Teucrium Species. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 397-402.
Teucrium arduini Shoot -- 4.0 -0.5 Blazevic, N., Kalodera, Z., Petricic, J., and Plazibat, M. 1992. Essential Oil Content and Composition of Teucrium arduini L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 223-225.
Teucrium divaricatum Leaf -- -- -0.4 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium micropodioides Leaf -- -- -0.4 Arnold, N., Bellomaria, B., Velentini G. and Rafaiani, S.M. 1991. Comparative Study on Essential Oil of Some Teucrium Species from Cyprus. J. Ethnopharm. 35: 105-113.
Teucrium arduini Shoot -- 16.0 -0.5 Blazevic, N., Kalodera, Z., Petricic, J., and Plazibat, M. 1992. Essential Oil Content and Composition of Teucrium arduini L. J. Ess. Oil Res. 4: 223-225.
Teucrium oxylepis Shoot -- 1.36 -0.5 Velasco-Negueruela, A. and Perez-Alonso, M.J. 1990. The Volatiles of Six Teucrium Species from the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytochemistry 29(4): 1165-9.
Thymus x citriodorus Plant -- 10.0 -0.4 Stahl-Biskup, E. and Holthuijzen, J. 1995. Essential oil and glycosidally bound volatiles of lemon-scented thyme, Thymus x citriodorus (Pers.) Schreb. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10: 225-229.
Thymus riatarum Shoot -- 2100.0 1.2 Iglesias, J., Vila, R., Canigueral, S., Bellakdhar, and Il Idrissi, A. 1991. Analysis of the Essential Oil of Thymus riatarum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 43-4.
Thymus zygis Shoot -- 825.0 0.2 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Thymus vulgaris Essential Oil 78300.0 441300.0 3.0 *
Thymus orospedanus Plant -- 3939.0 0.6 J. Nat. Prod.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 3.0 -0.5 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus capitatus Plant 10.0 550.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus funkii Shoot -- 65.0 -0.4 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus cilicicus Shoot -- 170.0 -0.4 Tumen, G., Koyuncu, M., Kirimer, N., and Baser, K.H.C. 1994. Composition of the Essential Oil of Thymus cilicicus Boiss. & Bal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 6: 97-8.
Thymus zygis Shoot -- 825.0 0.2 Jimenez, J., Navarro, M.C., Montilla, M.P., Martin, A. and Martinez, A. 1993. Thymus zygis Oil: Its Effects on CCl4-Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free Radical Scavenger Activity. JEO5: 153-8.
Thymus vulgaris Plant 146.0 20800.0 5.0 *
Thymus mastichina Plant 130.0 340.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 40.0 -0.5 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Thymus funkii Shoot -- 50.0 -0.5 Vila, R., et al. 1995. Composition and study of the variability of the essential oil of Thymus funkii Cousson. Flav. & Fragr. J. 10(6): 379-383.
Thymus saturejoides Shoot -- 460.0 -0.1 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Thymus broussonettii Shoot -- 1350.0 0.6 Tantaoui-Elaraki, A., Lattaoui, N., Errifi, A. and Benjilali, B. 1993. Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Thymus broussonettii, T. zygis and T. saturejoides. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 45-53.
Thymus serpyllum Plant 237.0 3285.0 0.4 *
Thymus zygis Shoot 940.0 4220.0 2.8 De Cunha, A.P. and Salguiero, L.R. 1991. The Chemical Polymorphism of Thymus zygis ssp. sylvestris from Central Portugal. J. Ess. Oil Res. 3: 409-12.
Thymus capitatus Shoot -- 45.0 -0.5 Biondi, D., Cianci, P., Geraci, C. and Ruberto, G. 1993. Antimicrobial Activity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Sicilian Aromatic Plants. Flav. & Frag. J. 8: 331-7.
Thymus longicaulis Shoot -- 3.0 -0.5 Baser, K.H.C., Ozek, T., Kirimer, N. and Tumen, G. 1993. The Occurrence of Three Chemotypes of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis in the same Population. J. Ess. Oil Res. 5: 291-5.
Trachyspermum ammi Fruit 6240.0 9512.0 0.7 *
Trichostemma dichotomum Shoot -- 0.3 -0.5 Tucker, A.O. and Maciarello, M.J. 1990. The Essential Oil of Trichostemma dichotomum. J. Ess. Oil Res. 2: 149-150.
Turnera diffusa Leaf -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Umbellularia californica Plant 100.0 400.0 -0.3 *
Valeriana officinalis Root -- -- *
Valeriana officinalis Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Vetiveria zizanioides Root -- 15.0 -0.6 *
Vitex agnus-castus Leaf -- 10.0 -0.4 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Vitex agnus-castus Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitex agnus-castus Leaf Essent. Oil -- 14400.0 -0.6 Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitex agnus-castus Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Zingiber officinale Rhizome -- 90.0 -0.5 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 26000.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.