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Total Plants: 130
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Macadamia spp Seed 113385.0 190650.0 4.3 *
Cedrus deodora Seed -- 181035.0 4.0 *
Persea americana Fruit 6430.0 25000.0 4.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Calendula officinalis Seed 12000.0 20500.0 0.2 *
Bactris gasipaes Fruit 2880.0 19120.0 3.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Terminalia catappa Seed 11850.0 14125.0 0.0 *
Skimmia arborescens Seed -- 7000.0 -0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Jatropha curcas Seed 4200.0 6720.0 -0.1 *
Sesamum indicum Seed Oil -- 5000.0 1.4 *
Arachis hypogaea Seed 90.0 4806.0 -0.2 *
Cichorium intybus Root 750.0 3750.0 1.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 3240.0 3352.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anacardium occidentale Seed 1690.0 3235.0 -0.2 *
Prunus dulcis Seed 3040.0 3180.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pistacia vera Seed 2860.0 2975.0 -0.2 *
Portulaca oleracea Herb 140.0 2940.0 *
Pinus edulis Seed 2500.0 2655.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mangifera indica Fruit 480.0 2625.0 0.1 *
Pinus pinea Seed 2080.0 2230.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed Oil -- 2100.0 -0.7 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf 660.0 2050.0 2.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Nigella sativa Seed Oil -- 2000.0 -0.7 *
Carica papaya Fruit 200.0 1790.0 -0.0 *
Ginkgo biloba Seed 790.0 1761.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Daucus carota Seed 270.0 1725.0 -0.3 *
Origanum vulgare Plant 1600.0 1723.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juglans regia Seed 1610.0 1670.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sesamum indicum Seed 1490.0 1563.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Simarouba glauca Seed 1300.0 1420.0 -0.3 *
Papaver somniferum Seed 1300.0 1394.0 -0.3 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 210.0 1145.0 1.0 *
Zingiber officinale Root 210.0 1145.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 1000.0 1097.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepo Seed 990.0 1064.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepo Flower 50.0 1030.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carum carvi Fruit 900.0 999.0 -0.2 *
Carum carvi Seed 900.0 999.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Abelmoschus esculentus Seed 730.0 880.0 -0.3 Wealth of India.
Juglans nigra Seed 770.0 805.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 60.0 714.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sinapis alba Seed 570.0 674.0 -0.3 *
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit 200.0 650.0 -0.2 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Mucuna pruriens Seed 35.0 630.0 -0.3 *
Glycine max Seed 550.0 600.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolens Fruit 500.0 542.0 -0.2 *
Anethum graveolens Seed 500.0 542.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Helianthus annuus Seed 490.0 515.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lactuca sativa Leaf 30.0 500.0 0.1 *
Tetragonia tetragonioides Leaf 30.0 500.0 0.1 *
Elaeagnus angustifolia Seed -- 495.0 -0.3 Hetherington, M and Steck, W. 1997. Natural chemicals from northern prairie plants - the phytochemical contents of one thousand North American species. 277 pp. Ag-West Biotech, Inc. Saskatoon, Canada. Fytokem Products, Saskatoon.
Spinacia oleracea Plant 21.0 475.0 -1.0 *
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 120.0 466.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsicum annuum Fruit 30.0 409.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ribes nigrum Fruit 70.0 388.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lupinus albus Seed 340.0 380.0 -0.3 *
Prunus domestica Fruit 50.0 338.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus reticulata Fruit 40.0 320.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 30.0 255.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 30.0 245.0 -0.3 *
Citrus sinensis Fruit 30.0 226.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ananas comosus Fruit 30.0 220.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium guajava Fruit 30.0 216.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolens Pt 10.0 190.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita spp Fruit 10.0 169.0 -0.3 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 10.0 165.0 -0.3 *
Daucus carota Root 20.0 165.0 -0.6 *
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 30.0 155.0 -0.3 *
Brassica nigra Leaf 10.0 147.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pastinaca sativa Root 30.0 145.0 -0.7 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf 20.0 142.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha spicata Leaf 20.0 140.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cicer arietinum Seed 120.0 135.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 10.0 129.0 1.4 *
Solanum melongena Fruit 10.0 124.0 -0.3 *
Pyrus communis Fruit 20.0 124.0 -0.3 *
Brassica rapa Root 10.0 120.0 -0.7 *
Fragaria spp Fruit 10.0 119.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Secale cereale Seed 100.0 110.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus paradisi Fruit 10.0 110.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 10.0 98.0 -0.7 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 10.0 98.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha x piperita Leaf 20.0 95.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 20.0 95.0 -1.0 *
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 10.0 82.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lablab purpureus Seed 10.0 82.0 -0.3 *
Prunus persica Fruit 10.0 80.0 -0.3 *
Prunus cerasus Fruit 10.0 72.0 -0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 10.0 65.0 -0.6 *
Malus domestica Fruit 10.0 62.0 -0.3 *
Ribes rubrum Fruit 10.0 62.0 -0.3 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 20.0 60.0 -0.3 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 20.0 60.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 10.0 48.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinaris Seed 20.0 23.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia faba Seed -- -- -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vitellaria paradoxa Seed Oil -- -- Adomako, D. 1977. Fatty Acid Composition and Characteristics of Pentadesma Butyracea Fat Extracted From Ghana Seeds. J. Sci. Food Agr. 28: 384-386.
Aquilegia vulgaris Seed -- -- *
Citrullus colocynthis Seed -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Plant -- -- *
Aloe vera Juice -- -- Yamaguchi, I., Mega, N., Sanada, H. 1993. Components of the Gel of Aloe vera (L.) Burm. F. Biosci Biotech Biochem 57(8): 1350-1352.
Areca catechu Seed -- -- *
Morus alba Seed -- -- *
Sambucus nigra Flower -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root -- -- *
Pisum sativum Fruit -- -- *
Phoenix dactylifera Seed -- -- Abstract (See species file)
Sambucus nigra Seed -- -- *
Bidens pilosa Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Hordeum vulgare Leaf -- -- *
Murraya sp Plant -- -- *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit -- -- USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Hibiscus sabdariffa Seed -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Angelica archangelica Fruit -- -- *
Carica papaya Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Citrus reticulata Seed Oil -- -- *
Juniperus communis Seed Oil -- -- *
Juniperus communis Plant -- -- *
Triticum aestivum Plant -- -- *
Musa x paradisiaca Plant -- -- *
Brassica oleracea Stem -- -- *
Schisandra chinensis Seed -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Momordica charantia Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Elaeis guineensis Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Zea mays Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Angelica archangelica Seed -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Plant -- -- *
Papaver somniferum Seed Oil -- -- *
Aesculus hippocastanum Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Spinacia oleracea Leaf -- -- *
Oenothera biennis Seed Oil -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.