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Total Plants: 130
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Macadamia spp Seed 113385.0 190650.0 4.3 *
Persea americana Fruit 6430.0 25000.0 4.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cedrus deodora Seed -- 181035.0 4.0 *
Bactris gasipaes Fruit 2880.0 19120.0 3.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf 660.0 2050.0 2.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybus Root 750.0 3750.0 1.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 10.0 129.0 1.4 *
Sesamum indicum Seed Oil -- 5000.0 1.4 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 210.0 1145.0 1.0 *
Origanum vulgare Plant 1600.0 1723.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Calendula officinalis Seed 12000.0 20500.0 0.2 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 480.0 2625.0 0.1 *
Lactuca sativa Leaf 30.0 500.0 0.1 *
Tetragonia tetragonioides Leaf 30.0 500.0 0.1 *
Zingiber officinale Root 210.0 1145.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Terminalia catappa Seed 11850.0 14125.0 0.0 *
Carica papaya Fruit 200.0 1790.0 -0.0 *
Skimmia arborescens Seed -- 7000.0 -0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Jatropha curcas Seed 4200.0 6720.0 -0.1 *
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 1000.0 1097.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carum carvi Fruit 900.0 999.0 -0.2 *
Arachis hypogaea Seed 90.0 4806.0 -0.2 *
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 60.0 714.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 3240.0 3352.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anacardium occidentale Seed 1690.0 3235.0 -0.2 *
Prunus dulcis Seed 3040.0 3180.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit 200.0 650.0 -0.2 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Pistacia vera Seed 2860.0 2975.0 -0.2 *
Pinus edulis Seed 2500.0 2655.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus pinea Seed 2080.0 2230.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolens Fruit 500.0 542.0 -0.2 *
Ginkgo biloba Seed 790.0 1761.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Daucus carota Seed 270.0 1725.0 -0.3 *
Juglans regia Seed 1610.0 1670.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 120.0 466.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sesamum indicum Seed 1490.0 1563.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Simarouba glauca Seed 1300.0 1420.0 -0.3 *
Papaver somniferum Seed 1300.0 1394.0 -0.3 *
Capsicum annuum Fruit 30.0 409.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepo Seed 990.0 1064.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carum carvi Seed 900.0 999.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ribes nigrum Fruit 70.0 388.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Abelmoschus esculentus Seed 730.0 880.0 -0.3 Wealth of India.
Juglans nigra Seed 770.0 805.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sinapis alba Seed 570.0 674.0 -0.3 *
Mucuna pruriens Seed 35.0 630.0 -0.3 *
Prunus domestica Fruit 50.0 338.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glycine max Seed 550.0 600.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolens Seed 500.0 542.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Helianthus annuus Seed 490.0 515.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Elaeagnus angustifolia Seed -- 495.0 -0.3 Hetherington, M and Steck, W. 1997. Natural chemicals from northern prairie plants - the phytochemical contents of one thousand North American species. 277 pp. Ag-West Biotech, Inc. Saskatoon, Canada. Fytokem Products, Saskatoon.
Citrus reticulata Fruit 40.0 320.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lupinus albus Seed 340.0 380.0 -0.3 *
Cicer arietinum Seed 120.0 135.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Secale cereale Seed 100.0 110.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lablab purpureus Seed 10.0 82.0 -0.3 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 20.0 60.0 -0.3 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 20.0 60.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinaris Seed 20.0 23.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia faba Seed -- -- -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 30.0 255.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus sinensis Fruit 30.0 226.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ananas comosus Fruit 30.0 220.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium guajava Fruit 30.0 216.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita spp Fruit 10.0 169.0 -0.3 *
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 30.0 245.0 -0.3 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 10.0 165.0 -0.3 *
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 30.0 155.0 -0.3 *
Solanum melongena Fruit 10.0 124.0 -0.3 *
Pyrus communis Fruit 20.0 124.0 -0.3 *
Fragaria spp Fruit 10.0 119.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus paradisi Fruit 10.0 110.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 10.0 82.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus persica Fruit 10.0 80.0 -0.3 *
Prunus cerasus Fruit 10.0 72.0 -0.3 *
Malus domestica Fruit 10.0 62.0 -0.3 *
Ribes rubrum Fruit 10.0 62.0 -0.3 *
Brassica nigra Leaf 10.0 147.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf 20.0 142.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha spicata Leaf 20.0 140.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha x piperita Leaf 20.0 95.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 10.0 65.0 -0.6 *
Daucus carota Root 20.0 165.0 -0.6 *
Pastinaca sativa Root 30.0 145.0 -0.7 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed Oil -- 2100.0 -0.7 *
Brassica rapa Root 10.0 120.0 -0.7 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 10.0 98.0 -0.7 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 10.0 98.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Nigella sativa Seed Oil -- 2000.0 -0.7 *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 21.0 475.0 -1.0 *
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 20.0 95.0 -1.0 *
Vitellaria paradoxa Seed Oil -- -- Adomako, D. 1977. Fatty Acid Composition and Characteristics of Pentadesma Butyracea Fat Extracted From Ghana Seeds. J. Sci. Food Agr. 28: 384-386.
Aquilegia vulgaris Seed -- -- *
Citrullus colocynthis Seed -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Plant -- -- *
Aloe vera Juice -- -- Yamaguchi, I., Mega, N., Sanada, H. 1993. Components of the Gel of Aloe vera (L.) Burm. F. Biosci Biotech Biochem 57(8): 1350-1352.
Portulaca oleracea Herb 140.0 2940.0 *
Areca catechu Seed -- -- *
Morus alba Seed -- -- *
Sambucus nigra Flower -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root -- -- *
Pisum sativum Fruit -- -- *
Phoenix dactylifera Seed -- -- Abstract (See species file)
Sambucus nigra Seed -- -- *
Bidens pilosa Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Hordeum vulgare Leaf -- -- *
Apium graveolens Pt 10.0 190.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Murraya sp Plant -- -- *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit -- -- USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Hibiscus sabdariffa Seed -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Angelica archangelica Fruit -- -- *
Carica papaya Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 10.0 48.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus reticulata Seed Oil -- -- *
Juniperus communis Seed Oil -- -- *
Juniperus communis Plant -- -- *
Cucurbita pepo Flower 50.0 1030.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Triticum aestivum Plant -- -- *
Musa x paradisiaca Plant -- -- *
Brassica oleracea Stem -- -- *
Schisandra chinensis Seed -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Momordica charantia Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Elaeis guineensis Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Zea mays Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Angelica archangelica Seed -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Plant -- -- *
Papaver somniferum Seed Oil -- -- *
Aesculus hippocastanum Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Spinacia oleracea Leaf -- -- *
Oenothera biennis Seed Oil -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.