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Total Plants: 130
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 210.0 1145.0 1.0 *
Zingiber officinale Root 210.0 1145.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zea mays Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Vitellaria paradoxa Seed Oil -- -- Adomako, D. 1977. Fatty Acid Composition and Characteristics of Pentadesma Butyracea Fat Extracted From Ghana Seeds. J. Sci. Food Agr. 28: 384-386.
Vigna unguiculata Seed 20.0 60.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 10.0 98.0 -0.7 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 10.0 98.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 10.0 82.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Seed 20.0 60.0 -0.3 *
Vicia faba Seed -- -- -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Triticum aestivum Plant -- -- *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed Oil -- 2100.0 -0.7 *
Tetragonia tetragonioides Leaf 30.0 500.0 0.1 *
Terminalia catappa Seed 11850.0 14125.0 0.0 *
Spinacia oleracea Leaf -- -- *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 21.0 475.0 -1.0 *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 10.0 48.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Solanum melongena Fruit 10.0 124.0 -0.3 *
Skimmia arborescens Seed -- 7000.0 -0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Sinapis alba Seed 570.0 674.0 -0.3 *
Simarouba glauca Seed 1300.0 1420.0 -0.3 *
Sesamum indicum Seed Oil -- 5000.0 1.4 *
Sesamum indicum Seed 1490.0 1563.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Secale cereale Seed 100.0 110.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Schisandra chinensis Seed -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Sambucus nigra Flower -- -- *
Sambucus nigra Seed -- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf 660.0 2050.0 2.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ribes rubrum Fruit 10.0 62.0 -0.3 *
Ribes nigrum Fruit 70.0 388.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pyrus communis Fruit 20.0 124.0 -0.3 *
Psidium guajava Fruit 30.0 216.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 30.0 155.0 -0.3 *
Prunus persica Fruit 10.0 80.0 -0.3 *
Prunus cerasus Fruit 10.0 72.0 -0.3 *
Prunus dulcis Seed 3040.0 3180.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus domestica Fruit 50.0 338.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Portulaca oleracea Herb 140.0 2940.0 *
Pisum sativum Fruit -- -- *
Pistacia vera Seed 2860.0 2975.0 -0.2 *
Pinus pinea Seed 2080.0 2230.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pinus edulis Seed 2500.0 2655.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phoenix dactylifera Seed -- -- Abstract (See species file)
Persea americana Fruit 6430.0 25000.0 4.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pastinaca sativa Root 30.0 145.0 -0.7 *
Papaver somniferum Seed 1300.0 1394.0 -0.3 *
Papaver somniferum Seed Oil -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root -- -- *
Origanum vulgare Plant 1600.0 1723.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oenothera biennis Seed Oil -- -- *
Nigella sativa Seed Oil -- 2000.0 -0.7 *
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 20.0 95.0 -1.0 *
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 120.0 466.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Musa x paradisiaca Plant -- -- *
Murraya sp Plant -- -- *
Mucuna pruriens Seed 35.0 630.0 -0.3 *
Morus alba Seed -- -- *
Momordica charantia Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Mentha x piperita Leaf 20.0 95.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha spicata Leaf 20.0 140.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mangifera indica Fruit 480.0 2625.0 0.1 *
Malus domestica Fruit 10.0 62.0 -0.3 *
Macadamia spp Seed 113385.0 190650.0 4.3 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 10.0 165.0 -0.3 *
Lupinus albus Seed 340.0 380.0 -0.3 *
Lens culinaris Seed 20.0 23.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lactuca sativa Leaf 30.0 500.0 0.1 *
Lablab purpureus Seed 10.0 82.0 -0.3 *
Juniperus communis Plant -- -- *
Juniperus communis Seed Oil -- -- *
Juglans regia Seed 1610.0 1670.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juglans nigra Seed 770.0 805.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Jatropha curcas Seed 4200.0 6720.0 -0.1 *
Hordeum vulgare Leaf -- -- *
Hibiscus sabdariffa Seed -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Helianthus annuus Seed 490.0 515.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glycine max Seed 550.0 600.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ginkgo biloba Seed 790.0 1761.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Fragaria spp Fruit 10.0 119.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit 200.0 650.0 -0.2 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Elaeis guineensis Fruit -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Elaeagnus angustifolia Seed -- 495.0 -0.3 Hetherington, M and Steck, W. 1997. Natural chemicals from northern prairie plants - the phytochemical contents of one thousand North American species. 277 pp. Ag-West Biotech, Inc. Saskatoon, Canada. Fytokem Products, Saskatoon.
Daucus carota Seed 270.0 1725.0 -0.3 *
Daucus carota Root 20.0 165.0 -0.6 *
Cucurbita pepo Seed 990.0 1064.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 60.0 714.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita spp Fruit 10.0 169.0 -0.3 *
Cucurbita pepo Flower 50.0 1030.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 1000.0 1097.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 30.0 245.0 -0.3 *
Citrus sinensis Fruit 30.0 226.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus reticulata Fruit 40.0 320.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus reticulata Seed Oil -- -- *
Citrus paradisi Fruit 10.0 110.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 30.0 255.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrullus colocynthis Seed -- -- *
Cichorium intybus Root 750.0 3750.0 1.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cicer arietinum Seed 120.0 135.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cedrus deodora Seed -- 181035.0 4.0 *
Carum carvi Seed 900.0 999.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carum carvi Fruit 900.0 999.0 -0.2 *
Carica papaya Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carica papaya Fruit 200.0 1790.0 -0.0 *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit -- -- USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsicum annuum Fruit 30.0 409.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Calendula officinalis Seed 12000.0 20500.0 0.2 *
Brassica rapa Root 10.0 120.0 -0.7 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Plant -- -- *
Brassica oleracea Stem -- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf 20.0 142.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 10.0 65.0 -0.6 *
Brassica nigra Leaf 10.0 147.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bidens pilosa Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 3240.0 3352.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bactris gasipaes Fruit 2880.0 19120.0 3.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 10.0 129.0 1.4 *
Areca catechu Seed -- -- *
Arachis hypogaea Seed 90.0 4806.0 -0.2 *
Aquilegia vulgaris Seed -- -- *
Apium graveolens Pt 10.0 190.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Angelica archangelica Fruit -- -- *
Angelica archangelica Seed -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Anethum graveolens Fruit 500.0 542.0 -0.2 *
Anethum graveolens Plant -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Seed 500.0 542.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ananas comosus Fruit 30.0 220.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anacardium occidentale Seed 1690.0 3235.0 -0.2 *
Aloe vera Juice -- -- Yamaguchi, I., Mega, N., Sanada, H. 1993. Components of the Gel of Aloe vera (L.) Burm. F. Biosci Biotech Biochem 57(8): 1350-1352.
Aesculus hippocastanum Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Abelmoschus esculentus Seed 730.0 880.0 -0.3 Wealth of India.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.