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Total Plants: 45
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Prunus africana Bark -- -- *
Petasites hybridus Root -- -- *
Helianthus annuus Seed -- -- *
Passiflora incarnata Plant -- -- *
Spartium junceum Flower -- -- *
Clematis vitalba Plant -- -- *
Panax ginseng Rhizome -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root -- -- *
Rubus idaeus Seed Oil -- -- *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Fruit -- -- *
Sambucus nigra Leaf -- -- *
Ligustrum japonicum Flower -- -- *
Cnicus benedictus Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Oenanthe javanica Shoot -- -- *
Plantago ovata Seed Coat -- -- *
Chenopodium album Plant -- -- *
Carica papaya Seed Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Corylus avellana Leaf -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Daucus carota Seed -- -- *
Coffea arabica Seed -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.