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Total Plants: 67
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acacia farnesiana Flower -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Aloysia citrodora Plant 13.0 140.0 1.9 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Amomum xanthioides Seed -- -- *
Aralia cordata Root -- 0.75 *
Artemisia dracunculus Shoot -- 238.0 0.3 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Shoot 800.0 1200.0 3.2 *
Centella asiatica Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Chamaemelum nobile Plant -- -- *
Chrysanthemum x morifolium Plant 10.0 42.0 -0.2 Wealth of India.
Cinnamomum camphora Essential Oil -- -- *
Citrus aurantium Plant -- -- *
Citrus sinensis Flower -- -- Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 14.0 17.0 -0.7 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Cymbopogon nardus Plant 9.0 36.0 -0.3 Lawrence, B.M., Essential Oils 1976-1977, Essential Oils 1978, Essential Oils 1979-1980.
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit 448.0 1280.0 -0.3 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Elettaria cardamomum Seed Essent. Oil -- 12000.0 *
Eucalyptus nova-anglica Leaf -- -- -0.7 Brophy, J. L., Lassak, E. V., & Boland, D. J. 1992. The Leaf Essential Oils of Eucalyptus nova-anglica. Deane & Maiden. Journal of Essential Oil Res. 4: 29-32.
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Illicium verum Fruit -- 50.0 -0.7 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.