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Total Plants: 230
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus moschatus Seed -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Abelmoschus esculentus Seed 360.0 1540.0 -0.3 *
Abelmoschus moschatus Plant -- -- *
Achillea millefolium Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Aesculus hippocastanum Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Allium cepa Bulb 10.0 100.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium cepa Seed Oil -- -- Reddy, P. N., Azeemoddin, G., Rao, S. D. T. 1989. Processing and Analysis of Onionseed (Allium cepa) and its Fixed Oil. J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 66(3): 365.
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb -- 614.0 1.0 *
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf 30.0 3635.0 1.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Aloe vera Juice -- -- Yamaguchi, I., Mega, N., Sanada, H. 1993. Components of the Gel of Aloe vera (L.) Burm. F. Biosci Biotech Biochem 57(8): 1350-1352.
Ammi visnaga Plant -- -- *
Anacardium occidentale Seed 3470.0 3530.0 -0.2 *
Ananas comosus Leaf -- -- Wealth of India.
Anethum graveolens Fruit 100.0 108.0 -0.3 *
Anethum graveolens Seed 100.0 108.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Angelica sinensis Root -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Angelica archangelica Fruit -- -- *
Annona reticulata Plant -- -- *
Annona muricata Plant -- -- *
Apium graveolens Pt 10.0 190.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Apium graveolens Seed 125.0 213.0 -0.3 *
Aquilegia vulgaris Seed -- -- *
Arachis hypogaea Seed 250.0 300.0 -0.3 *
Arctium lappa Plant -- -- *
Areca catechu Seed 9240.0 30240.0 0.1 *
Argemone mexicana Seed -- -- *
Artemisia capillaris Essential Oil -- -- *
Asimina triloba Fruit 306.0 4956.0 -0.0 *
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 10.0 129.0 1.4 *
Astrocaryum vulgare Seed Oil -- -- Szpiz, R. R., Pereira, D. A., Lago, R. C. A. 1980. Comparison Between Oils From Three Brazilian Palms. Bol. Rec. Cent. Tecnol. Agric. Aliment (Rio de Janeiro) 14: 33-46. Cent Technol Agric Aliment Empresa Brasil Pesqui Aropecu Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Azadirachta indica Fruit -- 630.0 -0.2 *
Bactris gasipaes Seed -- 89000.0 0.9 *
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 6200.0 12600.0 -0.1 *
Bidens pilosa Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Bixa orellana Seed 85.0 540.0 -0.3 Duke, J. A. and duCellier, J. L. 1993. CRC Handbook of Alternative Cash Crops. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL 33431. 536 pp. US $312.50.
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Plant -- -- *
Brassica oleracea Stem -- -- *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 30.0 190.0 -0.6 *
Calendula officinalis Seed 10300.0 16100.0 -0.1 *
Camellia sinensis Seed Oil -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- -- *
Camellia sinensis Seed -- -- *
Capparis spinosa Plant -- -- *
Capsicum annuum Fruit 10.0 136.0 -0.3 *
Capsicum frutescens Seed -- -- *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit 10.0 82.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carica papaya Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carica papaya Fruit 70.0 627.0 -0.2 *
Carica papaya Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Carica papaya Seed Oil -- 4000.0 -0.6 Jim Duke's personal files.
Carica papaya Seed -- -- *
Carthamus tinctorius Seed 3000.0 9390.0 -0.2 *
Carum carvi Seed 400.0 444.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carum carvi Fruit 400.0 444.0 -0.2 *
Carya illinoensis Leaf -- -- *
Ceiba pentandra Seed -- -- Abstract (See species file)
Centaurea calcitrapa Plant -- -- *
Cicer arietinum Seed 90.0 100.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endivia Leaf 30.0 483.0 -0.4 *
Cichorium intybus Root 30.0 150.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybus Leaf 10.0 204.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cinnamomum verum Seed 21900.0 25550.0 0.0 Wealth of India.
Cinnamomum camphora Plant -- -- *
Citrullus lanatus Seed 400.0 800.0 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Citrullus colocynthis Seed -- -- *
Citrus reticulata Seed Oil -- -- *
Citrus reticulata Fruit 10.0 80.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 10.0 85.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cocos nucifera Seed 7650.0 133015.0 1.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Cocos nucifera Seed Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coffea arabica Seed -- -- *
Coix lacryma-jobi Seed -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 200.0 219.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Corylus avellana Seed 11000.0 14300.0 -0.1 List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Croton tiglium Seed 22500.0 37500.0 0.2 *
Cucumis sativus Fruit 10.0 253.0 -0.3 *
Cucumis melo Fruit 1500.0 8920.0 0.2 *
Cucurbita pepo Seed 200.0 559.0 -0.3 *
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 60.0 714.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita spp Fruit 10.0 160.0 -0.3 *
Cucurbita pepo Flower 50.0 1030.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita foetidissima Seed 486.0 680.0 -0.3 *
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba Seed Oil -- -- Varade, P. B., Misra, B. K., Sikka, K. C., Singh, S. P. 1984. Nutritive Assessment of Guar Oil (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. Taub). J Agr Food Chem, 32(5): 1073-1075.
Cydonia oblonga Seed -- -- *
Cynara cardunculus Flower 20.0 135.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cyperus rotundus Rhizome -- -- *
Daucus carota Root 10.0 80.0 -0.6 *
Daucus carota Seed 10470.0 36300.0 0.2 *
Echinacea angustifolia Root -- -- *
Elaeis guineensis Fruit 2300.0 48320.0 2.0 *
Elettaria cardamomum Seed Oil -- -- *
Elettaria cardamomum Fruit 300.0 325.0 -0.3 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Erythrina crista-galli Seed -- 3175.0 -0.3 *
Eucalyptus globulus Fruit -- -- *
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed -- 115.0 -0.3 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Fagopyrum esculentum Pollen Or Spore -- -- *
Ferula assa-foetida Seed Essent. Oil -- 212300.0 1.0 *
Ficus carica Fruit 20.0 96.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Frangula purshiana Plant -- -- *
Fucus vesiculosus Plant -- -- Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ginkgo biloba Seed 60.0 133.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ginkgo biloba Pollen Or Spore -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Glycine max Seed 550.0 600.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Gossypium sp Seed 2240.0 6830.0 -0.2 *
Helianthus annuus Seed 500.0 900.0 -0.3 *
Hibiscus sabdariffa Seed -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Hyoscyamus niger Seed 750.0 1167.0 -0.3 *
Hypericum perforatum Plant -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Iris x germanica Rhizome 850.0 17000.0 1.0 *
Jatropha curcas Seed 5400.0 8640.0 -0.2 *
Juglans regia Seed 1890.0 1960.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lablab purpureus Plant 30.0 247.0 -1.5 *
Lawsonia inermis Seed Oil -- -- *
Lens culinaris Seed 30.0 34.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Leonotis nepetaefolia Seed 3640.0 4940.0 -0.2 *
Levisticum officinale Root -- -- *
Linum usitatissimum Seed -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Lonicera japonica Flower -- -- *
Lupinus albus Seed 130.0 145.0 -0.3 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- -- *
Lycopodium clavatum Pollen Or Spore -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Macadamia spp Seed 4680.0 6200.0 -0.2 *
Maclura pomifera Fruit -- -- *
Malus domestica Fruit 20.0 124.0 -0.3 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 90.0 492.0 -0.2 *
Medicago sativa Plant -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Mentha x piperita Leaf 60.0 280.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha pulegium Essential Oil -- -- *
Mentha spicata Leaf 40.0 275.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Momordica charantia Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Momordica charantia Seed Oil -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Morinda citrifolia Fruit -- 0.06 -0.3 *
Moringa oleifera Shoot -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Moringa oleifera Seed -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Morus alba Seed -- -- *
Mucuna pruriens Seed 15.0 125.0 -0.3 *
Murraya sp Plant -- -- *
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 30.0 117.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Musa x paradisiaca Plant -- -- *
Myrica cerifera Fruit -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Myristica fragrans Seed Essent. Oil -- 3000.0 -1.0 *
Myristica fragrans Seed 60.0 320000.0 3.9 *
Myristica fragrans Essential Oil -- -- *
Myrtus communis Seed -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Nardostachys jatamansi Plant -- -- *
Nardostachys chinensis Root -- -- *
Nelumbo nucifera Seed 10.0 30.0 -0.3 *
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome -- -- *
Nepeta cataria Seed Oil -- -- *
Nigella sativa Seed 567.0 1082.0 -0.3 *
Nigella sativa Seed Oil 1900.0 18000.0 1.4 *
Oenothera biennis Seed -- -- *
Olea europaea Fruit 300.0 800.0 -0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Opuntia ficus-indica Flower -- -- *
Origanum vulgare Plant 1700.0 1831.0 1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Panax quinquefolius Root -- -- *
Panax ginseng Root -- -- *
Papaver somniferum Seed Oil -- -- *
Passiflora incarnata Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Pastinaca sativa Root 30.0 145.0 -0.5 *
Petasites hybridus Root -- -- *
Petroselinum crispum Seed -- -- Leung, A.Y., Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980.
Phaseolus lunatus Seed 20.0 67.0 -0.3 *
Phoenix dactylifera Seed 2400.0 4000.0 -0.2 *
Phyllanthus emblica Seed Oil -- -- *
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit -- 1520.0 -0.2 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pimpinella anisum Seed -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Piper nigrum Fruit 700.0 782.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pistacia vera Seed 282.0 468.0 -0.3 *
Pisum sativum Fruit 20.0 198.0 -0.3 *
Plantago ovata Seed -- 1300.0 -0.3 *
Plantago ovata Seed Coat -- -- *
Portulaca oleracea Herb 7.0 140.0 *
Prunella vulgaris Leaf -- -- *
Prunus dulcis Seed 2980.0 3117.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus cerasus Fruit 20.0 144.0 -0.3 *
Prunus domestica Seed 14820.0 15960.0 -0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Prunus laurocerasus Seed 450.0 540.0 -0.3 *
Prunus cerasus Seed 600.0 800.0 -0.3 *
Psidium guajava Fruit 120.0 864.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 120.0 620.0 -0.2 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Seed 10.0 305.0 -0.3 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Leaf 10.0 43.0 -0.7 *
Quisqualis indica Seed 10350.0 12150.0 -0.1 *
Raphanus sativus Root -- -- *
Rhus toxicodendron Fruit -- -- *
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf 1210.0 3755.0 1.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Salvia sp. Seed 230.0 360.0 -0.3 *
Sambucus nigra Flower -- -- *
Sambucus nigra Seed -- -- *
Secale cereale Seed 30.0 35.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Serenoa repens Fruit 4800.0 116000.0 5.2 *
Serenoa repens Seed -- -- *
Sesamum indicum Seed Oil -- -- *
Sesamum indicum Seed 328.0 1728.0 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Silybum marianum Seed -- -- *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 10.0 48.0 *
Spartium junceum Seed -- -- *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 1.0 950.0 -0.3 *
Sterculia urens Seed 9300.0 12090.0 -0.1 *
Strychnos nux-vomica Seed 360.0 450.0 -0.3 *
Tamarindus indica Fruit 70.0 102.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tamarindus indica Seed Oil -- -- *
Taraxacum officinale Pollen Or Spore -- -- *
Terminalia pallida Seed Oil -- 2000.0 -0.8 Gunasekar, D., Sreeramulu, K., Rao, K. V. 1992. Fatty Acid Composition of the Seed Oil of Terminalia pallida. Asian J. Chem. 4 2: 400-401.
Terminalia catappa Seed 700.0 5960.0 -0.2 *
Tetragonia tetragonioides Leaf 40.0 665.0 -0.3 *
Thespesia populnea Seed -- 2000.0 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Thymus vulgaris Plant 1500.0 1620.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Trifolium pratense Pollen Or Spore -- -- *
Triticum aestivum Seed -- -- *
Tussilago farfara Leaf -- -- *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- 12.0 -0.3 *
Vernonia cinerea Seed 3040.0 30400.0 0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Viburnum prunifolium Bark -- -- *
Vicia faba Seed -- -- -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Seed 10.0 11.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 10.0 82.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Seed 20.0 60.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Sprout Seedling -- -- USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 10.0 98.0 -0.7 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 10.0 98.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Virola surinamensis Seed 418200.0 496000.0 6.2 *
Viscum album Plant -- -- *
Vitellaria paradoxa Seed Oil -- -- Adomako, D. 1977. Fatty Acid Composition and Characteristics of Pentadesma Butyracea Fat Extracted From Ghana Seeds. J. Sci. Food Agr. 28: 384-386.
Vitis vinifera Fruit 50.0 257.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zanthoxylum clava-herculis Bark -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Zea mays Seed -- -- *
Zingiber officinale Root 180.0 1650.0 1.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 180.0 1650.0 -1.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.