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Total Plants: 207
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit 210.0 2100.0 1.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Acacia farnesiana Seed 175.0 200.0 -1.1 Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
Acacia farnesiana Leaf 700.0 3860.0 0.6 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Albizia lebbeck Seed -- -- Wealth of India.
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 0.1 9900.0 1.0 *
Allium cepa Bulb 100.0 1090.0 -1.0 *
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf 300.0 3850.0 0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium ampeloprasum Plant -- -- *
Allium sativum var. sativum Leaf -- -- *
Alpinia galanga Leaf -- -- *
Amaranthus sp. Leaf 360.0 4331.0 1.0 *
Anacardium occidentale Seed 2740.0 2787.0 -0.4 *
Ananas comosus Fruit 110.0 815.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anastatica hierochuntica Plant -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Fruit 1430.0 1549.0 0.7 *
Anethum graveolens Seed 1430.0 1549.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Angelica sinensis Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Annona squamosa Fruit 70.0 260.0 -0.9 *
Annona reticulata Fruit 40.0 140.0 -1.0 *
Annona muricata Fruit 70.0 370.0 -0.7 *
Apium graveolens Pt 50.0 1120.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Arachis hypogaea Seed 2630.0 3430.0 -0.2 *
Arctium lappa Root 90.0 450.0 -1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artocarpus altilis Seed 960.0 2195.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Artocarpus altilis Fruit 100.0 340.0 -0.8 *
Asimina triloba Fruit 70.0 836.0 -0.2 *
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 290.0 3742.0 -1.0 *
Avena sativa Seed 1000.0 4000.0 -0.1 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Avena sativa Plant -- 2000.0 0.0 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Averrhoa carambola Fruit 110.0 1210.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Basella alba Leaf 190.0 2755.0 -0.3 *
Benincasa hispida Fruit 30.0 770.0 -0.2 *
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 10140.0 10346.0 1.6 *
Beta vulgaris Root 170.0 1341.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Bixa orellana Seed 1280.0 1660.0 -0.7 *
Brassica chinensis Leaf 90.0 1923.0 -1.0 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 120.0 1604.0 -1.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea Stem 130.0 1445.0 *
Brassica nigra Leaf 230.0 3387.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf 340.0 3652.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf 320.0 2285.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica napus var. napobrassica Root 100.0 965.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 320.0 2060.0 -0.9 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Flower 280.0 3615.0 *
Brassica rapa Leaf 90.0 1923.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Leaf 210.0 3442.0 0.3 *
Brassica rapa Root 110.0 1350.0 0.5 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf 340.0 3652.0 0.5 *
Cajanus cajan Seed 1860.0 2720.0 -0.4 *
Calathea allouia Root 1415.0 1560.0 0.8 *
Capsella bursa-pastoris Plant -- -- *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit 240.0 1958.0 1.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsicum annuum Fruit 100.0 1364.0 0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Carica papaya Fruit 10.0 179.0 -1.0 *
Carum carvi Seed 3610.0 4005.0 -0.1 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Castanea sativa Seed 468.0 1028.0 -0.8 *
Castanea mollisima Seed 1014.0 1804.0 -0.6 *
Castanea dentata Seed 893.0 1589.0 -0.7 *
Ceratonia siliqua Seed -- 4700.0 0.1 Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
Chenopodium album Leaf 490.0 3121.0 0.0 *
Chrysophyllum cainito Fruit 20.0 60.0 -1.1 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Cicer arietinum Seed 2320.0 2860.0 -0.4 *
Cichorium intybus Leaf 50.0 1224.0 -1.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endivia Leaf 140.0 2254.0 -0.7 *
Citrullus lanatus Fruit -- 707.0 -0.3 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrullus lanatus Seed -- 5742.0 0.4 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrus reticulata Fruit 130.0 1048.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus paradisi Fruit 3.0 222.0 -0.9 *
Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit 20.0 170.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus sinensis Fruit 200.0 1510.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cnidoscolus chayamansa Leaf 745.0 3720.0 0.5 *
Cocos nucifera Seed 620.0 1170.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cocos nucifera Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Cocos nucifera Endosperm -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coffea arabica Seed -- -- *
Colocasia esculenta Root 200.0 680.0 -0.7 *
Colocasia esculenta Leaf 790.0 5510.0 2.0 *
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 460.0 5290.0 1.8 *
Coriandrum sativum Leaf -- -- *
Crocus sativus Bulb -- -- *
Cryptotaenia japonica Root -- -- *
Cucumis sativus Fruit 40.0 1012.0 0.1 *
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 110.0 1310.0 0.4 *
Cucurbita spp Fruit 170.0 2690.0 2.1 *
Cucurbita pepo Seed 5195.0 7885.0 0.9 *
Cucurbita foetidissima Seed 2610.0 19000.0 3.8 *
Daucus carota Root 70.0 575.0 -0.9 *
Dioscorea pentaphylla Root 180.0 970.0 -0.2 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed -- -- *
Ficus carica Fruit 60.0 287.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 3010.0 3302.0 2.9 *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 3010.0 3302.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Fragaria spp Fruit 10.0 119.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Ginkgo biloba Seed 550.0 1520.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glycine max Seed 4920.0 5380.0 0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glycine max Shoot -- -- *
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber -- 858.0 -0.9 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Helianthus annuus Seed 4940.0 20500.0 4.2 *
Hordeum vulgare Seed 1000.0 4000.0 -0.1 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Ipomoea batatas Root 230.0 1510.0 0.7 *
Ipomoea aquatica Leaf 440.0 5845.0 2.3 *
Juglans cinerea Seed 6111.0 6321.0 0.5 *
Juglans regia Seed 2800.0 2905.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Juglans nigra Seed 4730.0 4945.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lablab purpureus Seed 140.0 2105.0 -0.6 *
Lactuca sativa Leaf 160.0 2667.0 -0.3 *
Lagenaria siceraria Fruit 40.0 900.0 -0.1 *
Lens culinaris Sprout Seedling 1050.0 3500.0 -0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lentinus edodes Fruit -- -- *
Lepidium meyenii Root -- 2800.0 3.0 Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
Linum usitatissimum Seed -- 0.09 -1.1 *
Lupinus albus Seed 2550.0 2850.0 -0.4 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 16.0 1322.0 0.4 *
Macadamia spp Seed 920.0 950.0 -0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Malus domestica Plant 20.0 124.0 -1.0 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 50.0 550.0 -0.5 *
Manihot esculenta Root 260.0 825.0 -0.4 *
Medicago sativa Plant -- -- Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Melia azedarach Seed -- -- *
Melicoccus bijugatas Fruit -- -- -1.2 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Mentha x piperita Leaf 530.0 2480.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha spicata Leaf 460.0 3180.0 0.1 *
Moringa oleifera Shoot 1230.0 5765.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mucuna pruriens Seed 1875.0 3975.0 -0.1 *
Murraya sp Fruit 170.0 490.0 -0.6 *
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 170.0 490.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Nasturtium officinale Herb 200.0 4000.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Nelumbo nucifera Seed 720.0 2182.0 -0.6 *
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 220.0 1050.0 1.0 *
Nigella sativa Seed 13100.0 16750.0 3.2 *
Ocimum basilicum Leaf -- 2020.0 -0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oenothera biennis Seed 5400.0 5763.0 0.4 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Bud -- 1890.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indica Seed -- 4830.0 0.1 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Oryza sativa Plant -- -- *
Pachyrhizus erosus Tuber 130.0 1200.0 -0.6 *
Panax ginseng Leaf -- -- *
Panax quinquefolius Plant 34.0 340.0 -0.8 *
Panax ginseng Root -- -- *
Papaver somniferum Seed 4700.0 5042.0 0.2 *
Papaver bracteatum Seed 4500.0 5050.0 0.2 *
Perideridia gairdneri Root -- 889.0 -0.3 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Persea americana Fruit 290.0 1438.0 0.6 *
Petroselinum crispum Plant 150.0 1282.0 -0.4 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Phaseolus vulgaris Seed 3250.0 3653.0 -0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit 220.0 2261.0 1.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus acutifolius Seed 2680.0 2920.0 -0.4 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Phaseolus vulgaris Sprout Seedling 440.0 4731.0 1.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus lunatus Seed 680.0 3017.0 -0.3 *
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit 5.0 2190.0 1.5 *
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit 20.0 355.0 -0.7 *
Pinus pinea Seed 4300.0 6050.0 0.4 *
Pinus edulis Seed 2070.0 2200.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pistacia vera Seed 3810.0 3963.0 -0.1 *
Pisum sativum Seed 820.0 3879.0 -0.1 *
Pisum sativum Fruit 110.0 1088.0 0.2 *
Portulaca oleracea Herb 90.0 2814.0 -1.0 *
Pouteria campechiana Fruit 130.0 330.0 -0.8 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Pouteria caimito Fruit -- 1780.0 1.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Prunus domestica Fruit 60.0 405.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus armeniaca Fruit 60.0 440.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus persica Fruit 170.0 1377.0 0.5 *
Psidium guajava Plant 50.0 360.0 -0.8 *
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 40.0 205.0 -0.9 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Tuber 1430.0 3357.0 1.7 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Seed 3560.0 3884.0 -0.1 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Leaf 640.0 2765.0 -0.3 *
Psoralea esculenta Root -- 253.0 -1.4 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Punica granatum Fruit -- -- *
Pyrus communis Fruit 50.0 309.0 -0.8 *
Raphanus sativus Root 70.0 1355.0 0.5 *
Rehmannia glutinosa Root -- 1000.0 -0.1 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf 470.0 1460.0 -1.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sambucus canadensis Fruit 140.0 693.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Scutellaria baicalensis Root -- -- *
Secale cereale Seed 2480.0 2785.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sechium edule Fruit 10.0 145.0 -1.0 *
Senna obtusifolia Seed -- 2270.0 -0.5 *
Sesamum indicum Seed 3120.0 9413.0 1.3 *
Sinapis alba Seed 4800.0 5136.0 0.2 *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 310.0 1568.0 -0.2 *
Solanum melongena Fruit 60.0 1487.0 0.7 *
Spinacia oleracea Leaf -- -- *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 530.0 6294.0 2.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Stachys officinalis Shoot -- -- *
Tamarindus indica Fruit 140.0 204.0 -0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Thymus vulgaris Plant 1370.0 1980.0 -0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Trifolium pratense Plant -- -- *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed 3120.0 3720.0 -0.2 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Leaf -- -- *
Triticum aestivum Seed 1000.0 4000.0 -0.1 *
Urtica dioica Leaf -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 110.0 715.0 -0.3 *
Valerianella locusta Plant 250.0 3470.0 0.8 *
Vicia faba Seed 430.0 2265.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 400.0 3292.0 2.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna angularis Seed 2100.0 2426.0 -0.5 *
Vigna radiata Sprout Seedling 340.0 3571.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna aconitifolia Seed 2200.0 2436.0 -0.5 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 3460.0 3779.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Seed 2860.0 3145.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Seed 420.0 3805.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vitis vinifera Fruit 220.0 1132.0 0.2 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zea mays Seed 670.0 2787.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zea mays Pollen Or Spore -- -- *
Zingiber officinale Root 130.0 737.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 130.0 737.0 -1.0 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.