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Total Plants: 35
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Mahonia aquifolium Leaf -- 1600.0 Slavik, J., Bochorakova, J., Kostalova, D., Hrochova, V. 1985. Alkaloids of Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. II. Chem Pap, 39(4): 537-542.
Eschscholzia californica Root -- 93.0 *
Aquilegia vulgaris Root -- -- *
Chelidonium majus Plant -- -- *
Zanthoxylum americanum Bark -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Xanthorhiza simplicissima Root -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Sinomenium acutum Rhizome -- -- *
Mahonia aquifolium Root -- -- Kostavolva, D., Brazdovicova, B., Tomko, J. 1981. Isolation of Quaternary Alkaloids from Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. I. Chem Zvesti, 35: 279-283.
Glaucium flavum Root -- -- *
Mahonia aquifolium Bark -- -- Slavik, J., Bochorakova, J., Kostalova, D., Hrochova, V. 1985. Alkaloids of Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. II. Chem Pap, 39(4): 537-542.
Mahonia aquifolium Wood -- -- Slavik, J., Bochorakova, J., Kostalova, D., Hrochova, V. 1985. Alkaloids of Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. II. Chem Pap, 39(4): 537-542.
Coptis chinensis Rhizome -- -- *
Caulophyllum thalictroides Plant -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Mahonia repens Root -- -- *
Stephania glabra Root -- -- *
Mahonia repens Stem -- -- Suess, T. R. and Stermitz, F. R. 1981. The Constituents of Castilleja rhexifolia, Mahonia repens and Oncidium cebolleta. Dissertation Abstract Int B, 42: 1025-1026.
Coptis japonica Rhizome -- -- *
Papaver somniferum Latex Exudate -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Berberis vulgaris Root -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Mahonia japonica Sprout Seedling -- -- Ikuta, A. and Itokawa, H. 1982. Studies on the Alkaloids from Tissue Culture of Nandina domestica. Plant Tissue Cult Proc Int Congr Plant Tissue Cell Cult 5th: 315316.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.