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Total Plants: 538
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Abelmoschus manihot Leaf 564.0 4862.0 0.3 *
Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit 380.0 6000.0 1.8 *
Acacia catechu Plant -- -- *
Acacia senegal Plant -- -- *
Acacia nilotica Plant -- -- *
Acanthopanax gracilistylis Root Bark -- 2840.0 1.1 *
Achillea millefolium Plant 340.0 1920.0 -0.7 *
Achyranthes bidentata Root 1440.0 5730.0 1.7 *
Aconitum carmichaelii Tuber -- 490.0 -0.9 *
Acorus calamus Rhizome -- 1100.0 -0.6 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Actaea dahurica Rhizome -- 1450.0 -0.2 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Actaea racemosa Root -- 1740.0 -0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Actinidia chinensis Fruit 300.0 1770.0 -0.2 *
Aframomum melegueta Fruit -- 1500.0 -0.3 Wealth of India.
Agathosma betulina Leaf -- 2210.0 -0.7 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Akebia quinata Stem -- 840.0 -1.7 *
Albizia julibrissin Bark -- 1090.0 -0.5 *
Alisma plantago-aquatica Rhizome 1410.0 1740.0 0.1 *
Allium schoenoprasum Leaf 355.0 6875.0 1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 160.0 1210.0 0.7 *
Allium cepa Bulb 76.0 1230.0 0.7 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Root 448.0 1210.0 -0.7 *
Alocasia macrorrhiza Root 520.0 1750.0 -0.4 *
Aloe spp. Leaf 5.0 930.0 -1.2 *
Aloe vera Leaf -- 930.0 -1.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Althaea officinalis Root 559.0 5180.0 1.4 *
Amaranthus sp. Leaf 550.0 6616.0 1.0 *
Amomum xanthioides Seed -- 3540.0 0.2 *
Amorphophallus campanulatus Root 220.0 3120.0 0.3 *
Amorphophallus konjac Root -- -- *
Amphicarpaea bracteata Shoot -- 4100.0 -0.5 *
Anacardium occidentale Seed 260.0 2650.0 -0.1 *
Ananas comosus Fruit 110.0 1075.0 -0.5 *
Anemarrhena asphodeloides Rhizome 1130.0 1200.0 -0.5 *
Anethum graveolens Plant 560.0 6470.0 0.7 *
Anethum graveolens Seed 2449.0 2893.0 -0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Anethum graveolens Fruit 2449.0 2893.0 0.4 *
Angelica sinensis Root 583.0 2650.0 0.0 *
Angelica laxiflora Root -- 1950.0 -0.3 *
Angelica dahurica Root -- 3.67 -1.4 *
Annona muricata Fruit 210.0 2400.0 0.1 *
Annona cherimola Seed 810.0 1045.0 -0.8 *
Annona squamosa Fruit 210.0 785.0 -0.6 *
Annona cherimola Fruit 200.0 1000.0 -0.5 *
Annona reticulata Fruit 180.0 630.0 -0.7 *
Anthriscus cerefolium Leaf 1300.0 1400.0 -1.1 *
Apium graveolens Seed 155.0 4903.0 0.8 *
Apium graveolens Fruit 153.0 730.0 -0.6 *
Apium graveolens Root 140.0 1635.0 -0.5 ACTA AGRIC SCAND SUPPL 22: 1980
Apium graveolens Leaf 99.0 2650.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Arachis hypogaea Seed 1700.0 2110.0 -0.3 *
Arachis hypogaea Plant 3500.0 8700.0 1.4 *
Arctium lappa Root 1262.0 5370.0 1.5 *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf 140.0 1210.0 -1.1 *
Areca catechu Seed -- 500.0 -1.0 *
Arisaema consanguineum Rhizome -- 100.0 -1.6 *
Aristolochia debilis Fruit -- 1880.0 -0.1 *
Armoracia rusticana Root 1624.0 9020.0 3.4 *
Artemisia herba-alba Plant -- 2060.0 -0.6 *
Artemisia dracunculus Plant -- 3470.0 -0.2 *
Artemisia vulgaris Shoot -- 2700.0 -0.7 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Artemisia capillaris Plant -- 1000.0 -1.0 *
Artocarpus heterophyllus Fruit 370.0 1380.0 -0.3 *
Artocarpus altilis Fruit 220.0 975.0 -0.5 *
Asiasarum heterotropoides Root 2520.0 2600.0 0.0 *
Asiasarum sieboldii Root 2520.0 2600.0 0.0 *
Asimina triloba Fruit 1090.0 5128.0 1.4 *
Aspalathus linearis Plant -- 140.0 -1.2 *
Aspalathus linearis Leaf -- -- *
Aspalathus linearis Shoot -- 3300.0 -0.6 *
Asparagus lucidus Root -- 430.0 -1.1 *
Asparagus officinalis Shoot 120.0 7000.0 -0.1 *
Asparagus officinalis Root 240.0 2400.0 -0.1 *
Astragalus membranaceus Root 800.0 5000.0 1.3 *
Atractylodes ovata Rhizome 760.0 960.0 -0.7 *
Atractylodes lancea Rhizome -- 790.0 -0.9 *
Avena sativa Plant 2640.0 12000.0 2.5 *
Avena sativa Seed 300.0 2900.0 -0.0 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Averrhoa carambola Fruit 80.0 1200.0 -0.4 *
Azadirachta indica Leaf -- 7100.0 1.1 *
Azadirachta indica Fruit -- 4000.0 0.9 *
Barosma betulina Leaf -- 2210.0 -0.7 *
Belamcanda chinensis Rhizome -- 970.0 -0.7 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Benincasa hispida Fruit 190.0 4870.0 1.3 *
Berberis vulgaris Bark -- 1430.0 -0.2 *
Berberis vulgaris Root -- 1430.0 -0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Bertholletia excelsa Seed 1600.0 3370.0 0.2 *
Beta vulgaris Root 130.0 4200.0 0.9 *
Blechnum orientale Rhizome -- 2580.0 1.0 *
Bletilla striata Tuber -- 1890.0 0.3 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Borago officinalis Leaf 520.0 7436.0 1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Flower 115.0 2250.0 -0.4 *
Brassica rapa Root 110.0 2000.0 -0.3 *
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica l. Leaf 340.0 2190.0 -0.7 *
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Leaf 230.0 1642.0 -1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica napus var. napobrassica Root 110.0 2610.0 0.0 *
Brassica pekinensis Leaf 2850.0 3150.0 -0.4 *
Brassica oleracea var. viridis l. Leaf 170.0 2786.0 -0.5 *
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis l. Leaf 214.0 3072.0 -0.4 *
Brassica juncea Leaf 353.0 3837.0 -0.1 *
Brassica oleracea var. italica Leaf 214.0 3072.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica rapa Leaf 106.0 5844.0 0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica oleracea Stem 190.0 2110.0 -1.1 *
Brassica oleracea var. capitata l. Leaf 100.0 2228.0 -0.7 *
Brassica nigra Leaf 132.0 2471.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Brassica chinensis Leaf 106.0 5844.0 0.7 *
Broussonetia papyrifera Fruit -- 4030.0 0.9 *
Bupleurum chinense Root 550.0 5000.0 1.3 *
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- 2200.0 -0.7 *
Canavalia ensiformis Seed -- 2190.0 -0.3 *
Capsicum frutescens Fruit 230.0 2203.0 0.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Capsicum annuum Fruit 604.0 2340.0 0.1 *
Carica papaya Fruit 110.0 815.0 -0.6 *
Carthamus tinctorius Flower 260.0 1860.0 -0.7 *
Carum carvi Fruit 2580.0 2863.0 0.3 *
Carum carvi Seed 2070.0 2950.0 0.0 *
Carya ovata Seed -- 900.0 -0.8 *
Carya illinoensis Seed -- 980.0 -0.8 *
Carya ovata Shoot 125.0 21600.0 2.0 *
Carya glabra Shoot 144.0 24200.0 2.3 *
Cassia tora Seed -- 3180.0 0.1 *
Castanea dentata Seed 790.0 1406.0 -0.6 *
Castanea sativa Seed 320.0 704.0 -0.9 *
Castanea mollisima Seed 820.0 1531.0 -0.6 *
Catalpa ovata Fruit -- 1960.0 -0.1 *
Caulophyllum thalictroides Root 143.0 1300.0 -0.7 *
Celosia cristata Flower -- 6080.0 2.4 *
Centella asiatica Leaf 342.0 3200.0 -0.4 *
Chaenomeles lagenaria Fruit -- 990.0 -0.5 *
Chamaemelum nobile Flower -- 2920.0 0.1 *
Chamissoa altissima Leaf 70.0 715.0 -1.3 Tramil
Chenopodium album Seed -- 2920.0 -0.0 *
Chondrus crispus Plant -- 19600.0 4.8 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Chrysanthemum parthenium Plant -- 2400.0 -0.5 *
Chrysanthemum coronarium Bud 170.0 2285.0 1.0 *
Chrysanthemum parthenium Leaf 432.0 2400.0 -0.7 *
Cicer arietinum Seed 1110.0 1348.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium intybus Leaf 130.0 2652.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cichorium endivia Leaf 95.0 2400.0 -0.7 *
Cichorium intybus Root 220.0 1100.0 -0.8 *
Cimicifuga racemosa Root 365.0 1740.0 -0.4 *
Cimicifuga dahurica Rhizome -- 1450.0 -0.2 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark 770.0 1680.0 -0.0 *
Cistanche salsa Plant -- 810.0 -1.0 *
Citrullus lanatus Fruit 1081.0 1500.0 -0.3 Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
Citrus sinensis Fruit 98.0 1075.0 -0.5 *
Citrus reticulata Fruit 111.0 1416.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Citrus medica Fruit -- 950.0 -0.5 *
Citrus paradisi Fruit 15.0 3300.0 0.5 *
Citrus aurantium Fruit 800.0 1730.0 -0.2 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Cnicus benedictus Plant 235.0 1770.0 -0.7 *
Cnidium officinale Rhizome -- 850.0 -0.8 *
Cocos nucifera Seed 300.0 770.0 -0.9 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Coix lacryma-jobi Seed -- 1490.0 -0.6 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Colocasia esculenta Leaf 200.0 3140.0 -0.4 *
Colocasia esculenta Root 200.0 1350.0 -0.6 *
Commiphora wightii Inflorescence -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Coptis japonica Rhizome 2240.0 2420.0 0.8 *
Coptis chinensis Rhizome 2240.0 2420.0 0.8 *
Coptis spp Rhizome 2240.0 2420.0 0.8 *
Corchorus olitorius Leaf 640.0 5200.0 0.4 *
Coriandrum sativum Fruit 2939.0 4016.0 0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Coriandrum sativum Leaf 6940.0 7488.0 1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cornus officinalis Fruit -- 830.0 -0.6 *
Corylus avellana Seed 1500.0 3156.0 0.1 *
Crataegus laevigata Fruit 262.0 940.0 -0.6 *
Crataegus cuneata Fruit -- 760.0 -0.6 *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Fruit -- 940.0 -0.6 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cucumis melo Fruit 92.0 3300.0 0.5 *
Cucumis sativus Fruit 101.0 7000.0 2.3 *
Cucurbita spp Fruit 230.0 3640.0 0.7 *
Cucurbita pepo Flower 240.0 4950.0 1.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cucurbita pepo Seed 5140.0 8500.0 2.2 *
Cucurbita maxima Leaf 388.0 2752.0 -0.5 *
Cucurbita pepo Fruit 120.0 1429.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Curcuma longa Plant 3038.0 9800.0 1.8 *
Cymbopogon citratus Plant -- 3310.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cynanchum atratum Root -- 2210.0 -0.2 *
Cynara cardunculus Flower 555.0 4275.0 1.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Cyperus rotundus Rhizome -- 1500.0 -0.1 *
Cypripedium pubescens Root -- 1090.0 -0.8 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Cyrtosperma chamissonis Root 180.0 1215.0 -0.7 *
Daucus carota Root 100.0 1980.0 -0.3 *
Dendrobium nobile Stem -- 520.0 -1.8 *
Dioscorea sp. Root -- 1630.0 -0.5 *
Dioscorea pentaphylla Root 94.0 792.0 -0.9 *
Dioscorea bulbifera Rhizome -- 370.0 -1.3 *
Dioscorea villosa Root 391.0 1630.0 -0.5 *
Dioscorea alata Root 66.0 827.0 -0.9 *
Diospyros virginiana Stem 660.0 5400.0 0.3 *
Diospyros virginiana Leaf 1500.0 5000.0 0.3 *
Drynaria fortunei Rhizome -- 4140.0 2.6 *
Echinacea purpurea Root 467.0 1860.0 -0.4 *
Echinacea spp Root 1170.0 1860.0 -0.4 *
Elaeagnus umbellatus Fruit 170.0 1010.0 -0.5 *
Eleutherococcus senticosus Root 1050.0 5000.0 1.3 *
Elytrigia repens Plant -- 7570.0 1.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Ephedra spp Plant -- 4780.0 0.2 *
Ephedra sinica Plant 443.0 2110.0 -0.6 *
Equisetum arvense Plant 935.0 4370.0 0.1 *
Equisetum hyemale Plant -- 1010.0 -0.9 *
Eriobotrya japonica Leaf -- 2480.0 -0.6 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Eriocaulon sp Leaf -- 670.0 -1.3 *
Eriodictyon californicum Leaf 2156.0 9800.0 2.2 *
Erythroxylum novogranatense Leaf 5200.0 6700.0 1.0 *
Erythroxylum novogranatense Leaf 3800.0 6900.0 1.1 *
Erythroxylum coca Leaf 2130.0 5700.0 0.6 *
Eucommia ulmoides Bark -- 2080.0 0.2 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Euodia rutaecarpa Fruit -- 4950.0 1.3 *
Eupatorium odoratum Leaf -- 3200.0 -0.4 Tramil
Eupatorium perfoliatum Plant 540.0 6000.0 0.6 *
Euphrasia officinalis Plant 641.0 4160.0 0.0 *
Feijoa sellowiana Fruit 80.0 500.0 -0.8 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Ficus carica Fruit 158.0 872.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Firmiana simplex Seed -- 4480.0 0.6 *
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit 1730.0 5012.0 1.3 *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed 394.0 3650.0 0.3 *
Forsythia suspensa Fruit -- 1160.0 -0.4 *
Fragaria spp Fruit 98.0 1545.0 -0.3 *
Frangula purshiana Bark 440.0 1590.0 -0.1 *
Fraxinus rhynchophylla Bark -- 2070.0 0.2 *
Fritillaria thunbergii Bulb -- 370.0 -1.4 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Fucus vesiculosus Plant 1023.0 8670.0 1.4 *
Gardenia jasminoides Fruit 1880.0 2170.0 0.0 *
Gastrodia elata Rhizome -- 590.0 -1.1 *
Genipa americana Seed -- 1500.0 -0.6 *
Genipa americana Fruit 250.0 2900.0 0.4 *
Gentiana scabra Root -- 1150.0 -0.8 *
Gentiana lutea Root 603.0 2740.0 0.1 *
Geranium thunbergii Plant -- 1660.0 -0.7 *
Ginkgo biloba Leaf 240.0 1000.0 -1.2 *
Ginkgo biloba Seed 270.0 605.0 -0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Glehnia littoralis Root -- 1650.0 -0.5 *
Glycine max Seed 430.0 3160.0 0.1 *
Glycyrrhiza uralensis Root 3690.0 5070.0 1.3 *
Glycyrrhiza glabra Root 1515.0 9650.0 3.8 *
Gymnema sylvestre Leaf 201.0 1060.0 -1.2 *
Harpagophytum procumbens Root 1034.0 5440.0 1.5 *
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber 600.0 1800.0 0.2 Bonness, M. S., Promising new drugs from plants: poisons that heal, Herbarist, #56, 1990, 59-68
Helianthus annuus Seed 3540.0 5176.0 0.9 *
Hibiscus sabdariffa Flower 44.0 400.0 -1.7 *
Hordeum vulgare Stem -- 2250.0 -1.1 *
Hordeum vulgare Sprout Seedling -- 1670.0 -0.6 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Hordeum vulgare Seed 100.0 2300.0 -0.3 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Houttuynia cordata Plant -- 3430.0 -0.2 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Humulus lupulus Flower 443.0 2380.0 -0.3 *
Humulus lupulus Fruit -- 2380.0 0.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Hydrangea arborescens Root 567.0 1620.0 -0.5 *
Hydrastis canadensis Root 814.0 2940.0 0.2 *
Hyoscyamus niger Seed -- 5250.0 0.9 *
Inula helenium Root 1650.0 7500.0 2.6 *
Ipomoea aquatica Leaf 510.0 3810.0 -0.1 *
Ipomoea batatas Root 95.0 710.0 -1.0 *
Ipomoea batatas Leaf -- 620.0 -1.4 *
Isatis tinctoria Root -- 4410.0 1.0 *
Juglans nigra Seed 1795.0 2155.0 -0.3 *
Juglans nigra Fruit -- 440.0 -0.8 *
Juglans regia Seed 1310.0 1945.0 -0.4 *
Juglans cinerea Seed 2212.0 2676.0 -0.1 *
Juglans nigra Pericarp 53.0 440.0 *
Juncus effusus Pith -- 920.0 -1.0 *
Juniperus communis Fruit 9.0 30.0 -1.0 *
Juniperus virginiana Shoot 266.0 8800.0 0.2 *
Jussiaea repens Plant -- 3590.0 -0.1 *
Lablab purpureus Seed 400.0 5505.0 1.0 *
Lactuca sativa Leaf 110.0 8700.0 1.8 *
Lagenaria siceraria Fruit 110.0 2465.0 0.2 *
Lantana camara Fruit -- 1460.0 -0.3 *
Larrea tridentata Plant 566.0 1720.0 -0.7 *
Lens culinaris Sprout Seedling 345.0 1323.0 -1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Lens culinaris Seed 765.0 1280.0 -0.7 *
Ligustrum lucidum Fruit -- 1020.0 -0.5 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Ligustrum japonicum Fruit -- 1020.0 -0.5 *
Linum usitatissimum Hay -- 3100.0 -1.0 *
Linum usitatissimum Seed 3715.0 7002.0 1.6 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Liquidambar styraciflua Stem 200.0 8400.0 1.5 *
Liquidambar styraciflua Leaf 280.0 5740.0 0.6 *
Lobelia inflata Leaf 183.0 1620.0 -1.0 *
Lonicera japonica Flower -- 2990.0 0.1 *
Lophatherum gracile Plant -- 2490.0 -0.5 *
Luffa aegyptiaca Fruit 140.0 2800.0 0.3 *
Lupinus albus Seed 1980.0 2200.0 -0.3 *
Lycium chinense Fruit -- 1060.0 -0.5 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Lycium chinense Root Bark -- 2610.0 0.8 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit 70.0 6000.0 1.8 *
Lycopersicon esculentum Leaf -- 4300.0 0.1 *
Lycopodium clavatum Plant -- 2340.0 -0.5 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Lygodium japonicum Pollen Or Spore -- 2270.0 *
Macadamia spp Seed 1160.0 1190.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Magnolia kobus Flower -- 2120.0 -0.5 *
Magnolia fargesii Flower -- 2120.0 -0.5 *
Magnolia denudata Flower -- 2120.0 -0.5 *
Magnolia officinalis Bark -- 690.0 -0.7 *
Malpighia glabra Fruit 180.0 2095.0 -0.0 *
Malus domestica Fruit 48.0 478.0 -0.8 *
Mangifera indica Fruit 84.0 875.0 -0.6 *
Manihot esculenta Root 290.0 2100.0 -0.2 *
Medicago sativa Plant 432.0 2300.0 -0.5 *
Mentha pulegium Plant -- 5500.0 0.4 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Mentha spicata Leaf 630.0 4360.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Mentha arvensis var. piperascens Plant -- 2830.0 -0.4 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Mentha x piperita Leaf 985.0 6610.0 1.0 *
Momordica charantia Fruit 195.0 3800.0 0.8 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Morinda sp Root -- 1200.0 -0.7 *
Moringa oleifera Fruit 450.0 3815.0 0.8 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Moringa oleifera Shoot 1470.0 6890.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Morus alba Root Bark 2310.0 2450.0 0.6 *
Murraya sp Fruit 355.0 1118.0 -0.5 *
Musa x paradisiaca Fruit 355.0 1118.0 -0.5 *
Myrica cerifera Bark 107.0 490.0 -0.9 *
Myristica fragrans Seed 1830.0 2030.0 -0.4 *
Myristica fragrans Aril -- 1630.0 CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Nardostachys chinensis Rhizome -- 2590.0 1.0 *
Nasturtium officinale Herb 210.0 4200.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Nelumbo nucifera Rhizome 200.0 1215.0 -0.4 *
Nelumbo nucifera Seed 560.0 2650.0 -0.1 *
Nepeta cataria Plant 248.0 2070.0 -0.6 *
Notopterygium incisum Rhizome -- 2980.0 1.4 *
Nyssa sylvatica Stem 300.0 4400.0 -0.2 *
Nyssa sylvatica Leaf 500.0 9100.0 1.9 *
Ocimum basilicum Leaf 4100.0 4340.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oenothera biennis Seed 4300.0 5300.0 0.9 *
Oenothera biennis Herb 2700.0 3900.0 -0.7 *
Ophiopogon japonicus Tuber 390.0 410.0 -0.9 *
Opuntia ficus-indica Seed -- 790.0 -0.9 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Opuntia ficus-indica Bud -- 1420.0 -1.0 Laferriere, J.E., 1988, Nutricomp Program, Nutricomp Database; reviewed in J. Ethnobiology 9(1):27-29.
Origanum vulgare Plant 2600.0 3016.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Origanum majorana Plant 3300.0 3900.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Oryza sativa Plant 1100.0 2200.0 -0.6 *
Pachyrhizus erosus Tuber 160.0 1475.0 -0.1 *
Paeonia lactiflora Root 580.0 990.0 -0.8 *
Paeonia suffruticosa Root Bark 930.0 1180.0 -1.2 *
Paeonia moutan Root Bark 930.0 1180.0 -1.2 *
Panax ginseng Root 102.0 481.0 -1.1 *
Panax quinquefolius Plant 980.0 2200.0 -0.6 *
Panax japonicus Rhizome -- 2400.0 0.8 *
Panicum maximum Leaf -- 4500.0 0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Papaver somniferum Seed 3148.0 15600.0 5.0 *
Parthenium integrifolium Root 320.0 2000.0 -0.3 *
Passiflora incarnata Flower 275.0 2500.0 -0.2 *
Pastinaca sativa Root 230.0 2100.0 -0.2 *
Perideridia gairdneri Root -- 500.0 -1.1 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Perilla frutescens Plant -- 3830.0 -0.1 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Persea americana Fruit 370.0 1740.0 -0.2 *
Petasites japonicus Pt 140.0 2545.0 1.0 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Petroselinum crispum Plant 250.0 3160.0 -0.3 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Fruit 210.0 18000.0 7.3 *
Phaseolus acutifolius Seed 1500.0 1865.0 -0.4 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Sprout Seedling 210.0 2258.0 0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Phaseolus lunatus Seed 580.0 7000.0 1.6 *
Phaseolus vulgaris Seed 510.0 3430.0 0.2 *
Phaseolus coccineus Seed -- 1780.0 -0.5 *
Phellodendron amurense Bark -- 650.0 -0.8 *
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit 325.0 790.0 -0.6 *
Phyllanthus emblica Fruit 118.0 584.0 -0.7 *
Physalis ixocarpa Fruit 230.0 2150.0 0.0 *
Physalis peruviana Fruit 310.0 1810.0 -0.1 *
Phytelephas aequatorialis Flower 440.0 1505.0 -0.9 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Phytelephas aequatorialis Mesocarp 320.0 1005.0 KOZIOL & PEDERSEN. 1993. PHYTELEPHAS AEQUATORIALIS(ARECACEAE) IN HUMAN AND ANIMAL NUTRITION. ECON. BOT. 47:401-307.
Pimenta dioica Fruit 1200.0 1480.0 -0.3 *
Pimpinella anisum Fruit -- 1878.0 -0.1 *
Pimpinella anisum Seed -- 1878.0 -0.4 *
Pinellia ternata Tuber 560.0 710.0 -0.7 *
Pinus echinata Shoot 255.0 2100.0 -0.7 *
Pinus edulis Seed 2180.0 2650.0 -0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Piper nigrum Fruit 1809.0 2319.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Pistacia vera Seed 949.0 1644.0 -0.5 *
Pisum sativum Plant 2200.0 3700.0 -0.1 *
Pisum sativum Fruit 218.0 2591.0 0.2 *
Pisum sativum Seed 319.0 1700.0 -0.5 *
Plantago psyllium Seed 111.0 510.0 -1.0 *
Plantago major Seed 318.0 1060.0 -0.7 *
Plantago asiatica Plant -- 5320.0 0.4 *
Platycodon grandiflorum Root 1250.0 1510.0 -0.6 *
Polygala tenuifolia Root -- 960.0 -0.9 *
Polygonum multiflorum Rhizome -- 890.0 -0.8 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Polygonum multiflorum Root -- 2340.0 -0.1 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Portulaca oleracea Herb 670.0 18700.0 1.4 *
Prunella vulgaris Flower -- 4560.0 1.3 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Prunus serotina Leaf 435.0 9600.0 2.1 *
Prunus persica Bark -- 4220.0 1.7 *
Prunus cerasus Fruit 90.0 648.0 -0.7 *
Prunus persica Seed -- 3810.0 0.3 *
Prunus dulcis Seed 2297.0 3126.0 0.1 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Prunus armeniaca Seed -- 1750.0 -0.5 Suziki, A., Morimoto, I., and Okitzu, T., Elution of Metals from Crude Drugs, Shoykugaku Zasshi 36(3):190-195.
Prunus serotina Stem 28.0 5400.0 0.3 *
Prunus persica Fruit 68.0 850.0 -0.6 *
Prunus domestica Fruit 68.0 3400.0 0.6 *
Prunus armeniaca Fruit 76.0 615.0 -0.7 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psidium cattleianum Fruit 170.0 880.0 -0.6 *
Psidium guajava Fruit 98.0 735.0 -0.6 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Seed 340.0 2623.0 -0.1 *
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Leaf 80.0 346.0 -1.5 *
Psoralea esculenta Root -- 1400.0 -0.6 Izadoost, M. & Robinson, T., Synergism & antagonism in the pharmacology of alkaloidal plants, pp 137-58 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds., Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture & Pharmacology, v. 2, 1987, 255pp.
Pueraria pseudohirsuta Root 1470.0 3690.0 0.6 *
Pueraria montana Shoot 800.0 850.0 -0.9 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pulsatilla chinensis Root -- 3190.0 0.3 *
Punica granatum Fruit -- 120.0 -0.9 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pyrus communis Fruit 54.0 1110.0 -0.5 *
Quercus alba Bark 37.0 160.0 -1.1 *
Quercus stellata Stem 175.0 5880.0 0.5 *
Quercus phellos Stem 210.0 2940.0 -0.8 *
Quercus rubra Stem 200.0 8580.0 1.6 *
Quercus alba Stem 100.0 5320.0 0.2 *
Quercus velutina Stem 235.0 6820.0 0.9 *
Quercus rubra Seed -- 500.0 -1.0 *
Quisqualis indica Fruit -- 1040.0 -0.5 *
Raphanus sativus Root 85.0 3570.0 0.5 *
Raphanus sativus Seed -- 3960.0 0.4 *
Rehmannia glutinosa Root -- 1190.0 -0.7 *
Rheum rhabarbarum Pt 90.0 1975.0 -1.0 *
Rheum palmatum Rhizome 1980.0 2560.0 0.9 *
Rhizophora mangle Leaf -- 8800.0 1.8 *
Rhodymenia palmata Plant -- 5930.0 0.6 *
Rhus copallina Stem 375.0 4270.0 -0.2 *
Rhus copallina Leaf 405.0 9600.0 2.1 *
Rhus glabra Stem 147.0 4690.0 -0.0 *
Ribes rubrum Fruit 122.0 935.0 -0.6 *
Ribes nigrum Fruit 220.0 1720.0 -0.2 *
Ribes uva-crispa Fruit 86.0 938.0 -0.6 *
Rosa laevigata Fruit -- 2830.0 0.3 *
Rosa canina Fruit 260.0 1390.0 -0.3 *
Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf 910.0 2825.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rosmarinus officinalis Plant 2142.0 2483.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Rubia cordifolia Root -- 1870.0 -0.4 *
Rubus idaeus Fruit 175.0 1400.0 -0.3 Revised USDA data received 1993.
Rubus chamaemorus Fruit 270.0 1875.0 -0.1 *
Rubus idaeus Leaf 539.0 3190.0 -0.4 *
Rubus chingii Fruit -- 2740.0 0.3 *
Rumex acetosa Leaf 460.0 4600.0 0.2 *
Rumex crispus Root 822.0 3200.0 0.3 *
Ruscus aculeatus Root 707.0 2340.0 -0.1 *
Salix alba Bark 941.0 5600.0 2.6 *
Salvia officinalis Leaf 444.0 2830.0 -0.5 *
Salvia miltiorrhiza Root -- 3230.0 0.4 Chen, H.C. and Lin, S.M. 1988. Determination of Mineral Elements in Certain Crude Drugs (Part 1), Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci., 4: 259-272.
Sambucus nigra Fruit 265.0 1635.0 -0.2 *
Santalum acuminatum Fruit 400.0 1715.0 -0.2 *
Sassafras albidum Leaf 990.0 6800.0 1.0 *
Sassafras albidum Stem 77.0 4760.0 -0.0 *
Schisandra chinensis Fruit 414.0 2760.0 0.3 *
Schizonepeta tenuifolia Plant -- 3390.0 -0.2 *
Scrophularia buergeriana Root -- 2060.0 -0.3 *
Scutellaria lateriflora Plant 155.0 1130.0 -0.9 *
Scutellaria baicalensis Root 7170.0 7220.0 2.5 *
Secale cereale Seed 1185.0 1740.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Sechium edule Leaf 670.0 3785.0 -0.1 *
Sechium edule Fruit 140.0 2000.0 -0.1 *
Senna alexandrina Leaf 1577.0 7770.0 1.4 *
Senna obtusifolia Seed 2820.0 3220.0 0.1 *
Senna occidentalis Seed -- 2880.0 -0.0 *
Serenoa repens Fruit 510.0 3930.0 0.8 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Sesamum indicum Seed 3052.0 4082.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Siegesbeckia orientalis Plant -- 2660.0 -0.4 *
Silybum marianum Leaf 887.0 4030.0 -0.0 *
Silybum marianum Plant -- 4030.0 -0.0 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Simmondsia chinensis Seed -- 1410.0 -0.6 *
Sinapis alba Seed 2863.0 3282.0 0.1 *
Sinomenium acutum Rhizome -- 360.0 -1.3 *
Smilax officinalis Root 351.0 1670.0 -0.5 *
Smilax spp Root 351.0 1670.0 -0.5 *
Solanum melongena Fruit 85.0 1563.0 -0.3 *
Solanum tuberosum Tuber 190.0 4250.0 2.2 *
Sophora subprostrata Root -- 1880.0 -0.4 *
Sophora angustifolia Root 2140.0 3720.0 0.6 *
Sorbus aucubaria Fruit 190.0 1190.0 -0.4 *
Spinacia oleracea Plant 420.0 11000.0 2.2 *
Spirulina pratensis Plant -- 2550.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Spirulina spp. Plant -- 2550.0 -0.5 *
Spondias tuberosa Fruit -- 90.0 -0.9 *
Spondias dulcis Seed -- 1200.0 -0.7 *
Spondias dulcis Fruit 48.0 240.0 -0.9 *
Stachys officinalis Plant 185.0 1100.0 -0.9 *
Stellaria media Plant 439.0 5290.0 0.4 *
Stevia rebaudiana Plant -- 2890.0 -0.4 Kinghorn, A. D. (Ed.) 2002. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles. Stevia. The genus Stevia. Taylor & Francis. New York, NY. 211 pp.
Stevia rebaudiana Leaf -- 3490.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Stem 380.0 8800.0 1.7 *
Symphytum officinale Leaf 77.0 700.0 -1.3 *
Symphytum officinale Root -- 1700.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Syzygium jambos Fruit 40.0 260.0 -0.9 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Syzygium aromaticum Flower 2640.0 3020.0 0.2 *
Syzygium cumini Fruit 350.0 2145.0 0.0 Morton, J.F., Major Medicinal Plants. 1977. Atlas of Medicinal Plants of Middle America. Bahamas to Yucatan. 1981.
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit 2640.0 3020.0 0.4 *
Tabebuia heptaphylla Bark 145.0 810.0 -0.6 *
Tamarindus indica Leaf -- 710.0 -1.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Tamarindus indica Fruit 920.0 1341.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tanacetum parthenium Plant -- 2400.0 -0.5 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Taraxacum mongolicum Plant -- 4050.0 -0.0 *
Taraxacum officinale Root 225.0 1570.0 -0.5 *
Taraxacum officinale Leaf 360.0 2500.0 -0.6 *
Tephrosia purpurea Leaf -- 10300.0 2.4 *
Tetragonia tetragonioides Leaf 390.0 6500.0 0.9 *
Tetrapanax papyrifera Pith -- 2120.0 1.0 *
Thymus vulgaris Leaf 733.0 4360.0 0.1 *
Thymus vulgaris Plant 1630.0 2992.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Tragopogon porrifolius Root 140.0 1000.0 -0.8 *
Trichosanthes anguina Fruit 530.0 9815.0 3.6 *
Trifolium pratense Hay 2400.0 8100.0 1.0 *
Trifolium pratense Flower 628.0 3490.0 0.5 *
Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed 157.0 1210.0 -0.7 *
Triticum aestivum Seed 530.0 3500.0 0.2 *
Triticum aestivum Plant 300.0 7000.0 0.9 *
Turnera diffusa Leaf 428.0 2040.0 -0.8 *
Tussilago farfara Flower -- 1080.0 -1.3 *
Ulmus rubra Bark 95.0 580.0 -0.8 *
Urtica dioica Leaf 1720.0 8600.0 1.7 *
Urtica dioica Fruit Juice -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit 312.0 3900.0 0.8 *
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit 240.0 2000.0 -0.1 *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Fruit 80.0 600.0 -0.7 *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit 48.0 332.0 -0.8 *
Valeriana officinalis Root 375.0 3180.0 0.3 *
Valerianella radicata Plant 2940.0 3226.0 -0.3 *
Valerianella locusta Plant 3773.0 3798.0 -0.1 *
Verbascum thapsus Leaf 1421.0 3230.0 -0.3 *
Viburnum opulus Bark -- 3110.0 0.9 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vicia faba Seed 380.0 2000.0 -0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vicia faba Fruit 330.0 2260.0 0.1 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna radiata Sprout Seedling 176.0 2560.0 1.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna aconitifolia Seed 2250.0 4962.0 0.8 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 389.0 14400.0 4.5 *
Vigna unguiculata Seed 3141.0 3952.0 0.4 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna radiata Seed 1777.0 2203.0 -0.3 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 430.0 4207.0 -0.5 *
Vigna mungo Seed 1850.0 2076.0 -0.3 *
Vigna unguiculata Fruit 374.0 4160.0 0.9 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Vigna angularis Seed 1270.0 1467.0 -0.6 *
Vigna unguiculata Shoot 430.0 4207.0 -0.5 USDA's Ag Handbook 8 and sequelae)
Viscum album Leaf -- 3110.0 -0.4 *
Vitis vinifera Stem -- 4360.0 -0.2 Pedersen, M. 1987. Nutritional Herbology. Pederson Publishing. Bountiful, Utah. 377 pp.
Vitis vinifera Fruit 58.0 2310.0 0.1 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Root 270.0 2100.0 -0.2 *
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Leaf 510.0 3170.0 -0.4 *
Yucca baccata Root 106.0 510.0 -1.1 *
Zea mays Silk Stigma Style -- 1790.0 *
Zea mays Seed 100.0 1600.0 -0.5 *
Zingiber officinale Root 188.0 2690.0 0.1 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 430.0 2690.0 1.1 *
Zizyphus jujuba Fruit -- 620.0 -0.7 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.