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Total Plants: 552
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Zingiber officinale Rhizome 17.0 1050.0 0.7 *
Zingiber officinale Rhizome Essent. Oil -- 21000.0 1.4 *
Zea mays Husk Essent. Oil -- -- *
Zea mays Silk Essent. Oil -- 7000.0 *
Zea mays Seed Essent. Oil -- -- *
Zea mays Leaf -- -- *
Zea mays Silk Stigma Style -- -- *
Zanthoxylum alatum Fruit -- -- ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vitis vinifera Plant -- -- Stitt, Paul. Why George should eat broccoli.
Vitex agnus-castus Fruit Essent. Oil -- 1036500.0 1.4 Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitex agnus-castus Leaf -- 6.0 -0.4 Ekundayo, O., Laakso, I., Holopainen, M., Hiltunen, R., Oguntimein, B., and Kauppinen, V. 1990. The Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Leaf Oil of Vitex agnus-castus L. J. Essential Oil Research, 2: 115-119.
Vitex agnus-castus Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Vitex agnus-castus Fruit 590.0 4000.0 -0.2 *
Vitex agnus-castus Leaf Essent. Oil -- 112100.0 -0.2 Jim Duke's personal files.
Vetiveria zizanioides Root -- 15.0 -0.7 *
Vanilla planifolia Fruit -- -- *
Valeriana officinalis Leaf Essent. Oil 2300.0 25500.0 -0.6 *
Valeriana officinalis Root Essent. Oil -- -- *
Valeriana officinalis Root -- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.