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Total Plants: 83
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Zea mays Seed -- 0.012 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna radiata Seed 0.034 0.037 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Vigna mungo Seed -- 0.034 -0.3 *
Vicia faba Fruit 0.09 0.6 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Trichosanthes anguina Fruit 0.01 0.2 -0.3 *
Trachyspermum ammi Fruit -- 0.45 -0.3 *
Taraxacum officinale Leaf -- -- Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Stem 4.0 6.0 0.8 *
Spondias pinnata Fruit 0.04 0.61 -0.3 *
Spinacia oleracea Plant -- 0.2 -0.4 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Solanum tuberosum Plant -- 0.011 -0.4 *
Sesamum indicum Seed -- 0.023 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Secale cereale Seed 0.07 0.08 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Rumex acetosa Leaf 0.07 2.0 1.8 *
Rhus glabra Stem 3.0 6.0 0.8 *
Rhizophora mangle Leaf -- -- *
Quercus stellata Stem 3.0 5.0 -1.3 *
Quercus phellos Stem 4.0 6.0 0.8 *
Quercus rubra Stem 2.0 5.0 -1.3 *
Quercus alba Stem 2.0 6.0 0.8 *
Quercus velutina Stem 2.0 5.0 -1.3 *
Quercus rubra Seed -- 0.1 -0.3 *
Pteridium aquilinum Leaf -- 0.9 0.2 *
Prunus dulcis Seed 0.1 0.2 -0.3 *
Prunus armeniaca Fruit -- 0.05 -0.3 *
Polystichum polyblepharum Plant -- -- *
Pisum sativum Seed -- 0.009 -0.3 *
Pistacia vera Seed -- 51.0 4.5 *
Piper nigrum Fruit -- 0.09 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Pinus echinata Shoot 4.0 6.0 -0.2 *
Phoenix dactylifera Fruit -- 0.06 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Peucedanum decursivum Plant -- -- *
Petasites japonicus Plant -- -- Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Papaver somniferum Seed -- 0.006 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Panicum maximum Leaf 0.12 0.31 -0.7 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Panax quinquefolius Plant -- -- *
Moringa oleifera Leaf 0.05 0.7 -0.1 *
Momordica charantia Fruit -- 0.41 -0.3 =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Mangifera indica Fruit -- 0.016 -0.3 *
Malus domestica Plant -- -- *
Lycopersicon esculentum Fruit -- -- *
Liquidambar styraciflua Stem 3.0 6.0 0.8 *
Lepidium sativum Leaf -- 0.11 -1.0 *
Lepidium meyenii Root -- 5.0 1.0 *
Lens culinaris Seed 0.025 0.03 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Lagenaria siceraria Fruit 0.005 1.12 -0.3 *
Juniperus virginiana Shoot 3.0 10.0 1.7 *
Juglans nigra Pericarp 1.8 15.0 *
Juglans nigra Seed -- 0.1 -0.3 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Juglans cinerea Seed -- 0.1 -0.3 *
Ipomoea batatas Root -- 0.045 -1.0 *
Ipomoea aquatica Leaf 0.15 1.5 1.0 *
Hyssopus officinalis Plant -- 0.014 -0.4 *
Helianthus tuberosus Tuber -- 0.012 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Helianthus annuus Seed -- 0.042 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Glycine max Seed 0.5 16.0 1.2 *
Glechoma hederacea Plant -- -- Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Fucus vesiculosus Plant 64.0 540.0 2.2 *
Fragaria spp Plant 0.157 0.23 -0.4 *
Foeniculum vulgare Fruit -- 0.002 -0.3 *
Foeniculum vulgare Seed -- 0.002 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Fallopia japonica Plant -- -- Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed 0.016 0.155 -0.3 ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
Erythroxylum coca Leaf -- 0.05 -1.1 *
Corylus avellana Seed -- 0.03 -0.3 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Cocos nucifera Seed -- 0.3 -0.3 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Cinnamomum sieboldii Root Bark -- 4.0 *
Cinnamomum aromaticum Bark -- 1.0 -1.0 *
Cinnamomum sieboldii Bark -- -- *
Cinnamomum verum Bark -- 3.0 1.0 *
Cinnamomum burmannii Bark -- -- *
Carya illinoensis Seed -- 0.1 -0.3 *
Carya ovata Shoot 2.0 5.0 -0.7 *
Carya glabra Shoot 2.0 5.0 -0.7 *
Carya ovata Seed -- 0.1 -0.3 *
Capparis spinosa Fruit -- 699.0 3.5 Wealth of India.
Boehmeria nivea Plant -- -- *
Bertholletia excelsa Seed -- 0.2 -0.3 Furr, A.K., et al. 1979
Avena sativa Plant -- 0.154 -0.4 Jim Duke's personal files.*
Artemisia vulgaris Plant -- -- Chem. & Pharm. Bull. 38: 2205.
Ananas comosus Fruit -- 1.0 -0.3 *
Anacardium occidentale Seed -- 0.1 -0.3 *
Allium sativum var. sativum Bulb 0.03 0.7 *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.