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Total Plants: 108
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Plant Low PPM High PPM StdDev *Reference
Acacia melanoxylon Plant -- -- *
Agrimonia eupatoria Flower -- 3700.0 -0.4 *
Alnus glutinosa Bark -- -- *
Anethum graveolens Leaf -- -- *
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Leaf -- 13000.0 1.7 *
Artemisia dracunculus Shoot -- -- *
Azadirachta indica Leaf -- -- *
Berberis vulgaris Fruit -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Camellia sinensis Leaf -- -- *
Carum carvi Seed -- -- *
Chimaphila umbellata Plant -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Cichorium intybus Shoot -- -- *
Cichorium intybus Leaf -- -- *
Cichorium intybus Plant -- -- *
Cinchona pubescens Leaf -- -- *
Commiphora wightii Flower -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Crataegus monogyna Flower -- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Leaf -- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Shoot -- -- *
Crataegus monogyna Plant -- 10000.0 -0.7 *
Crataegus laevigata Shoot -- -- *
Crataegus monogyna Leaf -- 2000.0 -0.4 *
Crataegus laevigata Fruit -- -- *
Crataegus pentagyna Plant -- -- Schussler, M., Fricke, U., Nikolov, N., and Holzl, J. 1991. Comparison of the Flavonoids Occurring in Crataegus species and Inhibition of 3',5'-Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Phosphodiesterase. Plant Medica 57: Suppl Issue 2. p.A-133.
Crataegus rhipidophylla Inflorescence -- -- *
Crataegus laevigata Bark -- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Flower -- -- *
Crataegus laevigata Plant -- 10000.0 -0.7 *
Crataegus laevigata Flower -- -- *
Crataegus monogyna Shoot -- -- *
Crataegus monogyna Inflorescence -- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Bark -- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Fruit -- -- *
Crataegus laevigata Leaf -- -- *
Crataegus rhipidophylla Branches -- -- *
Crataegus laevigata Branches -- -- *
Cytisus scoparius Flower -- -- *
Eriobotrya japonica Shoot -- -- Jim Duke's personal files.
Eucalyptus rostratus Plant -- -- Okamura, H., Mimura, A., Yakou, Y., Niwano, M., and Takahara, Y. 1992. Antoxidant Activity of Tannins and Flavonoids in Eucalyptus rostrata. Phytochemistry. 33(3): 557-561. 1993.
Eucalyptus globulus Leaf -- -- *
Eupatorium perfoliatum Plant -- -- *
Fagopyrum esculentum Testa -- 50.0 *
Fagopyrum esculentum Seed -- -- *
Filipendula ulmaria Leaf -- -- *
Gaultheria fragrantissima Leaf -- -- =ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
Glechoma hederacea Plant -- -- *
Hemidesmus indicus Flower -- -- *
Houttuynia cordata Shoot -- 2900.0 -1.0 *
Houttuynia cordata Root -- -- *
Houttuynia cordata Leaf -- -- *
Hypericum perforatum Plant 3500.0 20000.0 1.4 *
Hypericum perforatum Shoot 5000.0 40000.0 1.0 *
Hypericum perforatum Stem -- -- *
Hypericum perforatum Leaf -- -- *
Hypericum perforatum Flower -- 6570.0 1.4 *
Juglans regia Leaf -- -- *
Ledum palustre Leaf -- -- *
Leonurus cardiaca Plant -- -- Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Malus domestica Fruit -- -- *
Malus domestica Pericarp -- -- *
Malus domestica Heart Wood -- -- *
Malus domestica Fruit Juice -- -- *
Matricaria recutita Plant -- -- Kameoka, H. and Nakai, K. 1987. Components of essential oil from the root of Glycyrrhiza-glabra. Nippon Gogeikagaku Kaishi 61(9): 1119-1122.
Medicago sativa Seed -- -- *
Menyanthes trifoliata Plant -- -- *
Nelumbo nucifera Flower -- -- *
Ononis spinosa Shoot -- -- Blaschek, W., Hansel, R., Keller, K., Reichling, J., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1998. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Auflage Band 2 (A-K), 909 pp., (L-Z), 858 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Piper nigrum Fruit -- -- *
Podophyllum pleianthum Rhizome -- -- List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
Polygonum multiflorum Fruit -- 3000.0 *
Prunella vulgaris Plant -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Prunus spinosa Flower -- -- *
Prunus armeniaca Fruit -- -- *
Prunus cerasus Plant -- -- *
Psidium guajava Leaf -- -- *
Rhododendron dauricum Plant -- -- *
Ricinus communis Leaf -- -- *
Ricinus communis Flower -- -- Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
Rosa canina Leaf -- 30.0 -0.7 *
Rumex crispus Leaf -- -- *
Rumex acetosa Leaf -- 500.0 -0.6 *
Sambucus nigra Plant -- -- Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Sarracenia flava Leaf -- -- *
Sarracenia purpurea Leaf -- -- *
Sarracenia minor Leaf -- -- *
Sarracenia leucophylla Leaf -- -- *
Sarracenia alata Leaf -- -- *
Sarracenia psittacina Leaf -- -- *
Sarracenia rubra Leaf -- -- *
Sarracenia rubra Leaf -- -- *
Sarracenia rubra Leaf -- -- *
Sarracenia oreophila Leaf -- -- *
Selenicereus grandiflorus Flower -- -- CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
Solidago gigantea Flower -- -- *
Spinacia oleracea Shoot -- -- *
Syzygium aromaticum Fruit -- -- *
Trifolium pratense Leaf -- -- *
Trifolium pratense Flower -- -- *
Trifolium pratense Plant -- -- *
Tussilago farfara Flower -- 2800.0 -1.0 *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit -- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit Juice -- -- *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Fruit -- -- *
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit -- -- *
Vaccinium corymbosum Plant -- -- *
Vaccinium myrtillus Leaf -- -- *
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Leaf -- -- *
Vitis vinifera Leaf -- -- *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.