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Total Activities: 32
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Activity *Reference
Analgesic 1.7-3.5 mg/kg ivn *
Analgesic 140 mg/kg orl mus *
Anti-5-HT *
Antiallergic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antihistaminic Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
Antioxidant *
Antiprostaglandin Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antipyretic 140 mg/kg orl mus *
Antipyretic 1.7-3.5 mg/kg ivn *
Antispasmodic Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Antitussive Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
Antiulcer IC70=150 mg/kg Yamahara, J., et al. Stomachic principles in ginger. II. Pungent and anti-ulcer effects of low polar constituents isolated from ginger, the dried rhizoma of... Yakugaku Zasshi 112: 645-655 (1992).
Bradycardic Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
Cardiodepressant 10-100 ug/kg *
Cardiotonic Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
CNS-Depressant HerbalGram No. 17.
Enteromotility-Enhancer 2.5 mg/kg *
Gastrostimulant J. Drug. Dev. (Vol. 6=1993) e.g. Mustafa, T., Srivastava, K.C., and Jensen, K.B. 1993. Drug Development Report (9): Pharmacology of Ginger, Zingiber officinale. J. Drug. Dev. 6(1): 25-39.
Hepatoprotective Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
Hypertensive 0.5-1 mg/kg *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.