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Total Activities: 21
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Activity *Reference
Anorexic Martindale's 28th
Antiasthmatic 10 mg/kg/orl/man Martindale's 29th
Anticellulitic *
Arteriodilator *
Bronchodilator Merck 11th Edition
cAMP-Inhibitor IC50=0.06 mg/ml Schussler, M., Fricke, U., Nikolov, N., and Holzl, J. 1991. Comparison of the Flavonoids Occurring in Crataegus species and Inhibition of 3',5'-Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate Phosphodiesterase. Plant Medica 57: Suppl Issue 2. p.A-133.
cAMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
Cardiotonic Merck 11th Edition
cGMP-Phosphodiesterase-Inhibitor Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
CNS-Stimulant *
Diuretic 300-600 mg/man/day Martindale's 28th
Emetic Martindale's 28th
Fetotoxic 100 mg/kg *
Herbicide IC41=100 ppm Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
Myocardiotonic *
Myorelaxant Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
Myostimulant Martindale's 29th
Pesticide *
Stimulant *
Teratogenic 100 mg/kg *
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.