Data Views Total Plants: 3 Total Activities: 1 CSV Excel PDF Click on column headings to sort table by that column Activity *Reference Purgative ED50=13.9 mg/kg orl mus * *Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.