A Antiviral PDF

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    Chemical Dosage References
    (+)-CATECHIN-7-O-GALLATE EC50=10 ug/ml*
    (-)-EPICATECHIN EC50=2 ug/ml*
    (-)-EPICATECHIN-3-O-GALLATE EC50=1 ug/ml*
    (-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN-GALLATE --*
    (1'S)-1'-ACETOXYCHAVICOL-ACETATE IC50=1.5 uM*
    1,2,3,4,6-PENTA-O-GALLOYL-GLUCOSE --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
    1-O-GALLOYL-PEDUNCULAGIN --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
    10-METHOXYCAMPTOTHECIN --Biosyn. Prod. Cancer Chemotherapy (Petit et al)
    13',II8-BIAPIGENIN IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
    2,7-DIHYDROXYCADALENE --Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
    2-METHYLTRICOSANE-8-ONE-23-OL --Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
    2-O-CAFFEOYL-(+)-ALLOHYDROXYCITRIC-ACID --*
    3,3'-DIMETHYLQUERCETIN 5 ug/ml*
    3,7'-DIMETHYLQUERCETIN --*
    3-METHYLQUERCETIN 5 ug/ml*
    3-O-ALPHA-L-RHAMNOPYRANOSYL-(1,2)[BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL-(1,4)]-ALPHA-L-ARABINOPYRANOSYLOELANOLIC-ACID ED50=25uM*
    3-O-TRANS-CAFFEOYLTORMENTIC-ACID --*
    4',7-DIHYDROXY-3-METHOXY-5,6-DIMETHYLFLAVONE --*
    4'5-DIHYDROXY-3',6,7-TRIMETHOXYFLAVONE --*
    4,5-DIHYDROXY-3,7-DIMETHOXYFLAVONE --*
    4-HYDROXY-3-METHOXYFLAVONE --*
    5,4'-DIHYDROXY-3,7,3'-TRIMETHOXYFLAVONE --J. Ethnopharmacology, 32: 141.
    6-HYDROXYCRINAMINE --*
    7-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL-4'-HYDROXY-5-METHOXYISOFLAVONE IC85=1mg/ml*
    7-O-METHYL-GLABRANINE IC70=25 uMSanchez, I., Gomez-Garibay, F., Taboada, J., Ruiz, B. H. 2000. Antiviral Effect of Flavonoids on the Dengue Virus. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 89-92.
    8-METHOXY-PSORALEN --*
    ACEMANNAN --*
    ACERIN --*
    ADENINE --*
    AESCIN --*
    AGATHISFLAVONE --*
    AJOENE --*
    ALGINIC-ACID --*
    ALLICIN --LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
    ALLOAROMADENDROL-GLYCOSIDE --*
    ALLYL-ALCOHOL --LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
    ALOE-EMODIN --*
    ALOIN --*
    ALPHA-APOPICROPODOPHYLLOTOXIN IC50=0.25 uM*
    ALPHA-PELTATIN IC70=1uMBedows, E. and Hatfield, G. M. An investigation of the antiviral activity of Podophyllum peltatum, J. Nat. Prod., 45(6), 1982, 725-9.
    ALPHA-PINENE --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
    AMENTOFLAVONE IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
    ANAGALLINE --Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
    ANAGYRINE --*
    ANGELICIN --*
    ANHYDROPODOPHYLLOL MIC=250 nM*
    ANHYDROSCHUMMIFICINE EC50=0.06-0.4 uM*
    ANTHOCYANIN --*
    ANTHOCYANINS --*
    APIGENIN 20-54 ug/ml*
    APOGOSSYPOL --*
    APPARACINE --*
    APPARICINE --*
    AR-CURCUMENE IC50=1,750?Denyer, C.V., Jackson, P., Loakes, D.M., Ellis, M.R., and Yound, D.A.B. Isolation of Antirhinoviral Sesquiterpenes From Ginger (Zingiber officinale). Journal of Natural Products, 57(5): 658-662, 1994.
    ARBORTRISTOSIDE --*
    ARCTIGENIN --*
    ARISTOLOCHIC-ACID --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 198.
    ARTEANNUAN --Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
    ARTEMISININ --Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
    ASCORBIC-ACID 1-5 g/day*
    ATALAPHILLIDINE IC50=<1 ug/ml*
    ATALAPHILLININE IC50=<1 ug/ml*
    ATROPINE --*
    AURANTIIN --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
    AXILLARIN --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
    BAICALEIN --Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
    BAKUCHIOL --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
    BENZYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE --*
    BERBAMINE --Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
    BERBERASTINE --Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
    BERBERINE --Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
    BETA-AESCIN --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    BETA-BISABOLENE IC50=1,800?Denyer, C.V., Jackson, P., Loakes, D.M., Ellis, M.R., and Yound, D.A.B. Isolation of Antirhinoviral Sesquiterpenes From Ginger (Zingiber officinale). Journal of Natural Products, 57(5): 658-662, 1994.
    BETA-ESCIN --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    BETA-PELTATIN IC78=1uM=400 ppbBedows, E. and Hatfield, G. M. An investigation of the antiviral activity of Podophyllum peltatum, J. Nat. Prod., 45(6), 1982, 725-9.
    BETA-RESERCYCLIC-ACID --*
    BETA-SITOSTEROL --Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
    BETA-SITOSTEROL-3-O-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE --*
    BETULIN 6.1 uM*
    BETULINIC-ACID 14.8 uM*
    BILOBETIN --*
    BORNYL-ACETATE --Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
    BOROPINIC-ACID --*
    BUDMUNCHIAMINES --*
    CAFFEIC-ACID IC50=62.5 ug/ml*
    CAFFEINE --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    CALCIUM-ELENOLATE --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    CAMPTOTHECIN --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    CANAVANINE --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    CARAN-3BETA-OL --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
    CAROSINE --*
    CASTANOSPERMINE --*
    CASTELANONE --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
    CATECHIN --*
    CATECHOL --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
    CELASTROZIDE --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
    CHAPARRINONE --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
    CHEBULAGIC-ACID --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
    CHEBULINIC-ACID --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
    CHELERYTHRINE --Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
    CHELIDONINE --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    CHICORIC-ACID IC50=125 ug/mlEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
    CHLORINE --Martindale's 29th
    CHLOROGENIC-ACID --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    CHLOROGENIC-ACID-BUTYL-ESTER --*
    CHRYSIN 40-75 ug/mlAmoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
    CHRYSOERIOL --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
    CHRYSOSPLENETIN --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
    CHRYSOSPLENOL-B --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
    CHRYSOSPLENOL-C --*
    CHRYSOSPLENOL-D --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
    CICHORIC-ACID IC50=125 ug/mlEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 253.
    CINCHONAIN-IIB --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
    CINCHONAIN-III-B --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
    CINCHONIDINE --*
    CINNAMALDEHYDE --*
    CINNAMTANNIN-A-I --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
    CINNAMTANNIN-B-1 --Planta Medica, 57: A42, 1991.
    CINNAMTANNIN-B-2 --Planta Medica, 57: A42, 1991.
    CITPRESSINE-I IC50=<1 ug/ml*
    CITRAL --*
    CITRUSININE IC50=<1 ug/ml*
    CODEINE --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    COLCHAMINE --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    CORIARIIN-A EC50=0.038 ug/ml*
    CRINAMINE --*
    CRYPTOPLEURINE --*
    CURCUMIN IC50=5.4 uM*
    CYANIDOL --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    CYANIN --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
    CYCLAMIN-A --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
    D-GLUCOSAMINE --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    DAIDZEIN --*
    DAMMARADIENOL --*
    DAMMARARNEDIOL-II --*
    DAMMARENOLIC-ACID --*
    DEOXYARTEMISININ --Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
    DEOXYPODOPHYLLOTOXIN MIC=38 nM*
    DEOXYPODOPHYLLOTOXIN IC50=0.025 uM*
    DESOXYPODOPHYLLOTOXIN IC84=1 uMNewall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
    DIALLYL-DISULFIDE --LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
    DIALLYL-TRISULFIDE --LAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
    DIANTHIN-30 100 ug/ml*
    DIANTHIN-32 100 ug/ml*
    DICTAMNINE --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
    DIGITOXIN --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    DIHYDROANHYDROPODORHIZOL --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
    DIHYDROFISETIN --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
    DIOSMETIN --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
    DIPENTENE --Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
    DISOMETIN --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
    ECHINACOSIDE --*
    EICHLERIANIC-ACID --*
    ELLAGIC-ACID --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 224.
    EMETINE --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    EMODIN EC50=1.1*
    EMODIN ED50=1.1 ug/ml*
    EMODIN-BIANTHRONE ED50=0.6 ug/ml*
    EMODIN-BIANTHRONE EC50=0.6*
    ENT-CLERODANE --Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
    EPHEDRINE --*
    EPICATECHIN --*
    EPICATECHIN-GALLATE-TETRAMER EC50=0.14 ug/ml*
    EPICUBEBOL-GLYCOSIDE --*
    EPILUPEOL --*
    EPILUPEOL-ACETATE --*
    ERGOSTEROL --*
    ERYSOLIN --Farnsworth, N.R. and Cordell, G.A. A Review of Some Biologically Active Compounds Isolated From Plants as Reported in the 1974-1975 Literature. J. Nat. Prod. 39: 420, 1976.
    ESCIN --*
    ETOPOSIDE --Duke, J. A. Writeups or information summaries on approximately 2,000 economic plants, USDA, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.
    EUGENIIN --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 204.
    EUGENOL IC50=16.2-25.6 ug/ml*
    EUSCAFIC-ACID-ESTER-GLUCOSIDE ED50=25 uM*
    FAGARONINE --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    FENUGREEKINE --*
    FERULIC-ACID --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    FISETIN --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
    FLACCIDIN-B --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
    FORMALDEHYDE --Martindale's 29th
    FUSTIN --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
    GALANGIN --Amoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
    GALLIC-ACID --*
    GALLOYL-GERANIIN --*
    GAMBIRIIN-A1 --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
    GAMBIRIIN-B3 --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
    GENISTEIN --*
    GENTISIC-ACID --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
    GERANIAL IC50=16 uM*
    GERANIIN EC50=0.093 ug/ml*
    GIGANTEASIDE --*
    GINKGETIN --*
    GITOXIN --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    GLABRANIN IC70=25 uMSanchez, I., Gomez-Garibay, F., Taboada, J., Ruiz, B. H. 2000. Antiviral Effect of Flavonoids on the Dengue Virus. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 89-92.
    GLAUCARUBOLONE --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
    GLYCOSYL-7-O-LUTEOLIN --*
    GLYCYCOUMARIN 20 ug/ml*
    GLYCYRRHETIC-ACID --*
    GLYCYRRHETINIC-ACID --*
    GLYCYRRHISOFLAVONE EC50=>10 ug/ml*
    GLYCYRRHISOFLAVONE 20 ug/ml*
    GLYCYRRHIZIC-ACID --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    GLYCYRRHIZIN 8 mMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
    GOSSYPOL --*
    GYMNEMIC-ACID --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    GYMNEMIC-ACID-A --*
    GYMNEMIC-ACID-B --*
    HAEMANTHAMINE --*
    HAINANOLIDE --*
    HARMINE --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
    HEDEROCOSIDE-C --*
    HENTRIACONTINYLTRIACONTANOATE --Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
    HESPERETIN --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
    HESPERIDIN --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    HESPERITIN --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
    HINOKIFLAVONE --*
    HOMATROPINE --*
    HYDROXYDAMMARENONE-I --*
    HYDROXYHOPANONE --*
    HYDROXYOLEANOLIC-LACTONE --*
    HYOSCYAMINE --*
    HYPERICIN 5 ug/ml (with UV)*
    HYPERICIN EC50=0.8*
    HYPERIN --*
    HYPEROSIDE --*
    IODINE --*
    ISOBORNEOL 600 ppm*
    ISOFOUQUIEROL --*
    ISOLICOFLAVONOL 20 ug/ml*
    ISOLIQUIRITIGENIN --*
    ISOQUERCETIN --*
    ISOSCUTELLAREIN --Sanchez, I., Gomez-Garibay, F., Taboada, J., Ruiz, B. H. 2000. Antiviral Effect of Flavonoids on the Dengue Virus. Phytotherapy Research, 14(2): 89-92.
    JUGLONE --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    KAEMPFEROL 23-92 ug/ml*
    KAEMPFEROL-3-O-GLUCOSIDE --*
    LANATOSIDE-A --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    LANATOSIDE-B --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    LAPACHOL --*
    LAURIC-ACID --*
    LICOCHALCONE-A 20 ug/ml*
    LICOPYRANOCOUMARIN EC50=>10 ug/ml*
    LIGNANS --*
    LIGNIN --*
    LIMONENE --*
    LINALOOL --*
    LITHIUM --*
    LUPEOL --*
    LUTEOLIN 11-23 ug/ml*
    LUTEOLIN-7-GLUCOSIDE --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 204.
    LYCORINE --*
    MANGIFERIN --*
    MASLINIC-ACID IC100=18 ug/ml*
    METHYL-GALLATE --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 207.
    MORIN --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    MYRICETIN --*
    N-DEMETHYLROHITUKINE-ACETATE EC50=100 uM*
    NARCOTINE --*
    NARINGENIN IC50=15 ug/ml*
    NARINGIN --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    NEPHRITIC --*
    NERYL-ACETATE --*
    NONACOSANE --Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
    OCTACOSANOL --Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
    OENOTHEIN-B --*
    OLEANOLIC-ACID EC50=1.7 ug/mlKashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
    OLEANOLIC-ACID IC50=21.8 ug/mlKashiwada, Y., et. al. 1998. Anti-AIDS Agents. 30. Anti-HIV Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Pomolic Acid, and Structurally Related Triterpenoids. J. Nat. Prod., 61 (9): 1090-1095.
    OPC --*
    OPCS --*
    OUABAIN --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    P-CYMENE --*
    PACHYPODOL --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
    PAPAVERINE --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
    PELARGONIDIN --*
    PELTATINE --*
    PENDULETIN --*
    PENTAGALLOYL-GLUCOSE --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    PERIVINE --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    PHENOL --Martindale's 29th
    PHYLLMYCIN-B IC50=3.5 uM*
    PICROPODOPHYLLOTOXIN (weak)Bedows, E. and Hatfield, G. M. An investigation of the antiviral activity of Podophyllum peltatum, J. Nat. Prod., 45(6), 1982, 725-9.
    PODOPHYLLOTOXIN IC88=1 uMBedows, E. and Hatfield, G. M. An investigation of the antiviral activity of Podophyllum peltatum, J. Nat. Prod., 45(6), 1982, 725-9.
    POLYDATIN --Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
    POLYGONIN --Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
    POLYPHENOLS --*
    PRETAZETTINE --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    PROANTHOCYANIDINS --*
    PROCYANIDIN --*
    PROCYANIDIN-A-2 --Planta Medica, 57: A42, 1991.
    PROCYANIDINS --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
    PROSCILLARIDIN-A --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    PROTOANEMONIN --*
    PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID --*
    PRUNELLIN --*
    PSEUDOHYPERICIN --*
    PSORALEN --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 199.
    QUERCETAGITRIN --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 197.
    QUERCETIN 48-150 ug/mlAmoros, M., Simoes, C.M.O., Girre, L., et al. Synergistic Effect Of Flavones And Flavonols Against Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 In Cell Culture. Comparison With The Antiviral Activity Of Propolis. J. of Natural Products 55(12):1732-1740, 1992.
    QUERCETIN IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
    QUERCETIN-3,3'-DIMETHYLETHER --*
    QUERCETIN-3-METHYL-ETHER --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
    QUERCETIN-3-O-METHYL-ETHER --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
    QUERCIMERITRIN --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 198.
    QUERCITRIN --*
    QUINOVIC-ACID-GYLCOSIDE --*
    RHEIN ED50=0.61 ug/ml*
    RHEIN EC50=1.1*
    RICIN --Bonness, M. S., Promising new drugs from plants: poisons that heal, Herbarist, #56, 1990, 59-68
    ROSMARINIC-ACID EC50=40 ug/ml*
    RUGOSIN-D EC50=0.034 ug/ml*
    RUTIN --*
    SAIKOSAPONIN-A --*
    SANGUINARINE --Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
    SCILLARENIN --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    SCOPADULCIC-ACID-B --*
    SCOPADULIN --*
    SCOPOLAMINE --*
    SCUTELLAREIN IC50=10 uMEconomic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 225.
    SHOREIC-ACID --*
    SILYMARIN --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    STEMODIN 0.02 mg/ml*
    STIGMASTEROL --Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
    STROPHANTHIN-G --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    SUBAPHYLLIN --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
    SULFORAPHAN --Farnsworth, N.R. and Cordell, G.A. A Review of Some Biologically Active Compounds Isolated From Plants as Reported in the 1974-1975 Literature. J. Nat. Prod. 39: 420, 1976.
    TANNIC-ACID --Antiviral Research, 14: 323.
    TANNIN --*
    TASPINE --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    TAXIFOLIN --*
    TELLIMAGRANDIN-I --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 195.
    TERNATIN --*
    TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL --Vlietinck, A.J. and Dommisse, R.A. eds. 1985. Advances in Medicinal Plant Research. Wiss. Verlag. Stuttgart.
    TETRATRIACONTINANE --Abid Ali Khan, M.M., Jain, D.C., Bhakuni, R.S., Zaim, M., and Thakur, R.S. 1991. Occurrence of some antiviral sterols in Artemisia annua. Plant Science, 75: 161-165, 1991.
    THEAFLAVIN --*
    THEBAINE --*
    THEOPHYLLINE --*
    THIARRUBRINE-A --*
    TORMENTIC-ACID-ESTER-GLUCOSIDE ED50=25uM*
    TRIMETHYLQUERCITOL --*
    URSOLIC-ACID IC85=18 ug/ml*
    URSONIC-ACID --*
    VANILLIN --Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 5: 194.
    WITHAFERIN --*
    WITHAFERIN-A --ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
    XANTHONES --*
    *Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.