Chemical Dosage References
(+)-CATECHIN--*
(-)-ALPHA-BISABOLOL--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN-GALLATE--*
(1'S)-1'-ACETOXYCHAVICOL-ACETATE--*
1'-ACETOXY-EUGENOL-ACETATE--*
1'-ACETOXYCHAVICOL-ACETATE--Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of the Tropics. Leeuwenberg, A.J.M., ed. Pudoc, Wageningen. 1987.
1,8-CINEOLE--*
1-METHYL-2-[(Z)-7-TRIDECENYL]-4-(1H)-QUINOLONEMIC=<0.05 ug/mlMicrobiology & Immunology. Vol 44(1) (pp 9-15), 2000.
1-METHYL-2-[(Z)-8-TRIDECENYL]-4-(1H)-QUINOLONEMIC=<0.05 ug/mlMicrobiology & Immunology. Vol 44(1) (pp 9-15), 2000.
13',II8-BIAPIGENIN--*
2',4'-DIHYDROXYCHALCONE1-10 mg/kg*
2-ALPHA-HYDROXYURSOLIC-ACID--Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
2-BETA-HYDROXYURSOLIC-ACID--Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
4-HYDROXYDERRICIN--*
5,6-DEHYDROKAWAIN--*
6-GINGEROLIC58=150 mg/kgYamahara, J., et al. Stomachic principles in ginger. II. Pungent and anti-ulcer effects of low polar constituents isolated from ginger, the dried rhizoma of... Yakugaku Zasshi 112: 645-655 (1992).
6-GINGEROLIC54=100 mg/kg*
6-GINGESULFONIC-ACID--Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
6-SHOGAOLIC70=150 mg/kgYamahara, J., et al. Stomachic principles in ginger. II. Pungent and anti-ulcer effects of low polar constituents isolated from ginger, the dried rhizoma of... Yakugaku Zasshi 112: 645-655 (1992).
8-ANGELOYLOXY-3-HYDROXYGUAIA-3(15),10(14),11(13)-TRIEN-6,12-OLIDE40 mg/kg*
9-O-DESACETYLSPATHULIN-2-O-ANGELATE--*
ADENOSINE-PHOSPHATE80-120 mg/orl/manMartindale's 29th
AESCIN--*
ALGINIC-ACID--*
ALKANNIN--Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
ALKANNIN-ANGELATE--Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
ALKANNIN-ISOVALERATE--Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
ALLANTOIN--*
ALPHA-AMYRIN--*
ALPHA-BISABOLOL--Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
ALPHA-ZINGIBERENEIC54=100 mg/kgYamahara, J., et al. Stomachic principles in ginger. II. Pungent and anti-ulcer effects of low polar constituents isolated from ginger, the dried rhizoma of... Yakugaku Zasshi 112: 645-655 (1992).
AMENTOFLAVONE--*
ANTHOCYANOSIDE25-200 mg/kg orl*
AR-CURCUMENEIC45=100 mg/kgYamahara, J., et al. Stomachic principles in ginger. II. Pungent and anti-ulcer effects of low polar constituents isolated from ginger, the dried rhizoma of... Yakugaku Zasshi 112: 645-655 (1992).
ASCORBIC-ACID--*
ASIATICOSIDE--Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
ATROPINE500 ug/3 x/day/manMartindale's 28th
AZULENEED50=150 (orl)*
BERBERASTINE--*
BERBERINE--*
BERGENINED=32-64 mg/kg*
BETA-AMYRIN--*
BETA-BISABOLENEIC57=100 mg/kgYamahara, J., et al. Stomachic principles in ginger. II. Pungent and anti-ulcer effects of low polar constituents isolated from ginger, the dried rhizoma of... Yakugaku Zasshi 112: 645-655 (1992).
BETA-CAROTENE15,000-25,000 IU/day*
BETA-CAROTENE12 mg 3x/day/man/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
BETA-EUDESMOL--*
BETA-SESQUIPHELLANDRENEIC40=50 mg/kgYamahara, J., et al. Stomachic principles in ginger. II. Pungent and anti-ulcer effects of low polar constituents isolated from ginger, the dried rhizoma of... Yakugaku Zasshi 112: 645-655 (1992).
BROMELAIN--Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
BUPLUERAN-2IIC--*
CAPSAICIN--*
CARBENOXOLONE--*
CARNOSINE--*
CARYOPHYLLENE--Taylor, Leslie. 2005. The Healing Power of Rainforest Herbs. SquareOne Publisher, Garden City Park, NY. 519 pp.
CATECHIN1 g/5x/day/man/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
CATHINONE5-30 mg/kg*
CHARCOAL--Martindale's 29th
CHIKUSETSUSAPONIN--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
CHIKUSETSUSAPONIN-IV--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
CHLOROGENIC-ACID--Economic & Medicinal Plant Research, 6: 189.
CHLOROPHYLL--*
CINNAMALDEHYDE500 mg/kg/orl*
CITRAL--*
CURCUMINorl rat*
CYSTEINE--Martindale's 29th
DEHYDROCORYDALINE--*
DEHYDROLEUCODINE--*
DIHYDRO-5,6-DEHYDROKAWAIN--*
DIOSMIN--*
DL-CYSTEINE--*
ELEMOL--*
EMODIN15 mg/kg*
ESCIN--*
EUGENOL--*
FIBER--Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
GAMMA-ORYZANOL--Merck 11th Edition
GERANYL-FARNESYL-ACETATE--*
GERMACRONE--*
GINKGOLIDE-B--Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
GINSENOSIDE-RB-1--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
GLABRIDIN--*
GLUTAMINE1,600 mg/man/day/orlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
GLYCINE--Martindale's 29th
GLYCYRRHETIC-ACID--Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
GLYCYRRHETINIC-ACID--Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
GLYCYRRHIZIC-ACID--Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
GLYCYRRHIZIN--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
GOLD--Martindale's 28th
GOMOSIN-A--Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-88.
GOSSYPIN--Fitoterapia No.5-1990.
GUAIAZULENE--Yanagisawa, T., Kosakai, K., Tomiyama, T., Yasunami, M., and Takase, K. 1990. Studies on Anti-ulcer Agents. II. Synthesis and Anti-ulcer Activities of 6-Isopropylazulene-1-sodium Sulfonate Derivatives. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(12): 3355-3358, 1990.
HELENALIN40 mg/kg*
HESPERIDIN100-150 mg/kg ipr*
HISTIDINE--*
HYMENIN40 mg/kg*
HYOSCYAMINE--Martindale's 29th
HYOSCYAMINE-SULFATE400-1,000 ug/1-3 x day/man/Martindale's 28th
HYPOLAETIN-8-GLUCOSIDEED50=24-57Planta Medica 1985, page 70.
INULICIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ISOLIQUIRITIGENIN--*
ISOSCHIZANDRIN--*
KAEMPFEROL50-200 mg/kg ipr rat*
L-GLUTAMINE1,800 mg/kg*
LICOCHALCONE-A--Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
LICORIONE--Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
LIQUIRITIGENIN--*
LIQUIRITIGENIN-CHALCONE--*
LIQUIRITIN--*
LUDARTIN40 mg/kg*
LUPEOL-ACETATE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
MEDICAGOL--*
MEXICANIN40 mg/kg*
N-ACETYLCYSTEINE--*
NARINGENIN--Fitoterapia No.5-1990.
NEROL--*
NIMBIDINED=20-40 ppm orl rat*
NIMBININ20-40*
NOOTKATONE20 mg/kg orl ratYamahara, J., Li, Y.H., and Tamai, Y. 1990. Anti-ulcer Effect in Rats of Bitter Cardamon Constituents. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3053-3054, 1990.
NORDIHYDROGUAIARETIC-ACID--Yamahara, J., Li, Y.H., and Tamai, Y. 1990. Anti-ulcer Effect in Rats of Bitter Cardamon Constituents. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3053-3054, 1990.
OLEANOLIC-ACID>carbenoxolone*
PAEONIFLORIN--*
PECTIN--*
PLATYCODIN100 mg/kg*
POLYPHENOLS--*
PROSTAGLANDIN--Yamahara, J., Li, Y.H., and Tamai, Y. 1990. Anti-ulcer Effect in Rats of Bitter Cardamon Constituents. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 38(11): 3053-3054, 1990.
PYRIDOXINE--Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
QUERCETIN--*
QUERCITRIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
RACEMOSIDE--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
RUTIN--*
SABINENE--*
SAIKOSAPONIN--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
SALVIANOLIC-ACID-A25 mg/kg ipMurakami, S., et al. 1989. Effect of Salvianolic Acid A, a Depside from Roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza, on Gastric H+,K+-ATPase. Planta Medica, 56(4): 360, 1990.
SCHISANDRIN--Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-88.
SCHIZANDRIN--*
SCOPADULCIC-ACID-B--*
SCOPOLAMINE--Martindale's 29th
SILYMARIN50-100 mg/kg*
SOPHORADOCHROMENE--*
TANNIC-ACID--Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
TANNIN--*
TARAXEROL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
TERPINEN-4-OL--*
TETRAHYDROCORYDINE--*
THREONINE--Martindale's 29th
TROXERUTIN--Martindale's 28th
TYROSINE256 mg scuBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
TYROSINE400 mg/kg ipr ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
URSOLIC-ACID--Shukla, B., Visen, P.K.S., Patnaik, G.K., Tripathi, S.C., Srimal, R.C., Dayal, R., and Dobhal, P.C. Hepatoprotective Activity in the Rat of Ursolic Acid Isolated from Eucalyptus Hybrid. Phytotherapy Research 6: 74-79, 1992.
VISNADIN5-50 orl*
XANTHOANGELOL--*
ZINC88 mg/rat/day/15 days*
ZINC50 mg/3x/day/manMartindale's 28th
ZINGIBERENEIC54=100 mg/kg*
ZINGIBERONE--J. Drug. Dev. (Vol. 6=1993) e.g. Mustafa, T., Srivastava, K.C., and Jensen, K.B. 1993. Drug Development Report (9): Pharmacology of Ginger, Zingiber officinale. J. Drug. Dev. 6(1): 25-39.