Chemical Dosage References
(+)-PURPURINED50=5.6 uM*
(+)-TEPHROPURPURINIC50 13.4 uM*
(+)-TEPHROPURPURINED50=0.15 uM*
(-)-3-HYDROXY-4-METHOXY-8,9-METHYLENEDIOXYPTEROCARPANIC50=>63.7 uM*
(-)-MAACKIAINED50=8.8 uM*
(-)-MEDICARPINED50=13.7 uM*
(1'S)-1'-ACETOXYCHAVICOL-ACETATE--*
24,25-DIHYDROWITHANOLIDE-DED50=0.7 uMKennelly, E. J., Gerhauser, C., Song, L. L., Graham, J. G., Beecher, C. W. W., Pezzuto, J. M., Kinghorn, A. D. 1997. Induction of Quinone Reductase by Withanolides Isolated from Physalis philadelphica (Tomatillos). J. Agr. & Food Chem., 45(10): 3771-3777.
3-METHOXY-2,3-DIHYDROWITHAPHYSACARPINED50=7.8 uMKennelly, E. J., Gerhauser, C., Song, L. L., Graham, J. G., Beecher, C. W. W., Pezzuto, J. M., Kinghorn, A. D. 1997. Induction of Quinone Reductase by Withanolides Isolated from Physalis philadelphica (Tomatillos). J. Agr. & Food Chem., 45(10): 3771-3777.
4',7-DIHYDROXY-3',5'-DIMETHOXYISOFLAVONEED50=17.2 uM*
4-HYDROXY-GLUCOBRASSICIN100 uMFahey, J. W., Zhang, Y., Talalay, P. 1997. Broccoli Sprouts: An Exceptionally Rich Source of Inducers of Enzymes that Protects Against Chemical Carcinogens. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 94: 10367-10372.
6-METHYL-SULFINYL-HEXYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE--Fuke, Y., Haga, Y., Ono, H., Nomura, T., Ryoyama, K. 1998. Anti-Carcinogenic Activity of 6-methylsulfinylhexyl isothiocyanate, an Active Anti-Proliferative Principle of Wasabi (Eutrema wasabi Maxim.). Cytotechnology, 25: 197-203.
7,4'-DIHYDROXY-3',5'-DIMETHOXYISOFLAVONEIC50>63.7 uM*
ALYSSIN0.95 uM*
APIGENIN20 uMUda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
AURAPTENE400 mg/kg igs ratTanaka,T. et al.1998.Citrus Auraptene Exerts Dose-Dependent Chemopreventive Activity in Rat Large Bowel Tumorigenesis:The Inhibition Correlates with Suppression of Cell Proliferation & Lipid Peroxidation & with Induction of Phase II-. Cancer Res.58:2550.
AURAPTENE100 ppm*
BAICALIN--*
BERTEROIN1.7 uMZhang, Y., Talalay, P., Cho, C. G., Posner, G. H. 1992. A Major Inducer of Anticarcinogenic Protective Enzymes from Broccoli: Isolation and Elucidation of Structure. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 89: 2399-2403.
BIS-DEMETHOXYCURCUMIN11.9 uMSingletary, K., et al. 1998. Effect of the Beta-Diketones Diferoloylmethane (Curcumin) and Dibenzoylmethane on Rat Mammary DNA Adducts and Tumors Induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(A)anthracene. Carcinogenesis, 19(6): 1039-1043.
BRASSININ0.22 uMMehta, R. G., Liu, J. F., Constantinou, A., Thomas, C. E., Hawthorne, M., You, M., Gerhauser, C., Pezzuto, J. M., Moon, R. C., Moriarty, R. M. 1995. Cancer Chemopreventive Activity of Brassinin, a Phytoalexin from Cabbage. Carcinogenesis, 16(2): 399-404.
CARNOSOL100 mg/kg ipr ratSingletary, K. W. 1996. Rosemary Extract and Carnosol Stimulate Rat Liver Glutathione-s-transferase and Quinone Reductase Activities. Cancer Lett., 100: 139-144.
CATECHOL--Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
CHEIROLIN1.3 uMZhang, Y., Talalay, P., Cho, C. G., Posner, G. H. 1992. A Major Inducer of Anticarcinogenic Protective Enzymes from Broccoli: Isolation and Elucidation of Structure. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 89: 2399-2403.
CURCUMIN3.4 uMSingletary, K., et al. 1998. Effect of the Beta-Diketones Diferoloylmethane (Curcumin) and Dibenzoylmethane on Rat Mammary DNA Adducts and Tumors Induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(A)anthracene. Carcinogenesis, 19(6): 1039-1043.
CYCLOBRASSININ.22 uMMehta, R. G., Liu, J. F., Constantinou, A., Thomas, C. E., Hawthorne, M., You, M., Gerhauser, C., Pezzuto, J. M., Moon, R. C., Moriarty, R. M. 1995. Cancer Chemopreventive Activity of Brassinin, a Phytoalexin from Cabbage. Carcinogenesis, 16(2): 399-404.
DAIDZEIN--Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
DEMETHOXYCURCUMIN1% diet ratSingletary, K., et al. 1998. Effect of the Beta-Diketones Diferoloylmethane (Curcumin) and Dibenzoylmethane on Rat Mammary DNA Adducts and Tumors Induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(A)anthracene. Carcinogenesis, 19(6): 1039-1043.
DEMETHOXYCURCUMIN12.5 uMSingletary, K., et al. 1998. Effect of the Beta-Diketones Diferoloylmethane (Curcumin) and Dibenzoylmethane on Rat Mammary DNA Adducts and Tumors Induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(A)anthracene. Carcinogenesis, 19(6): 1039-1043.
DIALLYL-DISULFIDE0.3 mg/kg*
ELLAGIC-ACID0.4 g/kg ratAhn, D., Putt, D., Kresty, L., Stoner, G. D., Fromm, D., Hollenberg, P. F. 1996. The Effects of Dietary Ellagic Acid on Rat Hepatic and Esophageal Mucosal Cytochromes P450 and Phase II Enzymes. Carcinogenesis, 17(4): 821-828.
ERUCIN15 uM/day igs musZhang, Y., Talalay, P., Cho, C. G., Posner, G. H. 1992. A Major Inducer of Anticarcinogenic Protective Enzymes from Broccoli: Isolation and Elucidation of Structure. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 89: 2399-2403.
ERYSOLIN5.0 uMZhang, Y., Talalay, P., Cho, C. G., Posner, G. H. 1992. A Major Inducer of Anticarcinogenic Protective Enzymes from Broccoli: Isolation and Elucidation of Structure. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 89: 2399-2403.
GALANGAL-ACETATE50 mg/kg igs ratTanaka, T., et al. 1997. Chemoprevention of Azoxymethane-Induced Rat Colon Carcinogenesis by a Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitor, 1'-acetoxychavicol acetate. Jap. J. Cancer Res., 88(9): 821-830.
GALANGIN4 uMUda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
GENISTEINIC50=4.6 ug/ml*
GLUCOBRASSICANAPIN15 uMTawfig,N. Heaney,R.K.,Plumb,J.A.,Fenwick,G.R.,Musk,S.R.R.,Williamson,G.1995. Dietary Glucosinolates as Blocking Agents Against Carcinogenesis: Glucosinolate Breakdown Products Assessed Induction of Quinone Reductase Activity I.Carcinogenesis 16(5)119-1194
GLUCOBRASSICIN100 uMFahey, J. W., Zhang, Y., Talalay, P. 1997. Broccoli Sprouts: An Exceptionally Rich Source of Inducers of Enzymes that Protects Against Chemical Carcinogens. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 94: 10367-10372.
GLUCOIBERIN15 uMTawfig,N. Heaney,R.K.,Plumb,J.A.,Fenwick,G.R.,Musk,S.R.R.,Williamson,G.1995. Dietary Glucosinolates as Blocking Agents Against Carcinogenesis: Glucosinolate Breakdown Products Assessed Induction of Quinone Reductase Activity I.Carcinogenesis 16(5)119-1194
GLUCONAPIN--Tawfig,N. Heaney,R.K.,Plumb,J.A.,Fenwick,G.R.,Musk,S.R.R.,Williamson,G.1995. Dietary Glucosinolates as Blocking Agents Against Carcinogenesis: Glucosinolate Breakdown Products Assessed Induction of Quinone Reductase Activity I.Carcinogenesis 16(5)119-1194
GLUCONASTURTIN15 uMTawfig,N. Heaney,R.K.,Plumb,J.A.,Fenwick,G.R.,Musk,S.R.R.,Williamson,G.1995. Dietary Glucosinolates as Blocking Agents Against Carcinogenesis: Glucosinolate Breakdown Products Assessed Induction of Quinone Reductase Activity I.Carcinogenesis 16(5)119-1194
GLUCORAPHANIN1 uMFahey, J. W., Zhang, Y., Talalay, P. 1997. Broccoli Sprouts: An Exceptionally Rich Source of Inducers of Enzymes that Protects Against Chemical Carcinogens. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 94: 10367-10372.
IBERIN2.4 uMZhang, Y., Talalay, P., Cho, C. G., Posner, G. H. 1992. A Major Inducer of Anticarcinogenic Protective Enzymes from Broccoli: Isolation and Elucidation of Structure. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 89: 2399-2403.
IBERVERIN3.5 uMZhang, Y., Talalay, P., Cho, C. G., Posner, G. H. 1992. A Major Inducer of Anticarcinogenic Protective Enzymes from Broccoli: Isolation and Elucidation of Structure. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 89: 2399-2403.
INDOLE-3-CARBINOL50 mg/kg igs musShertzer, H. G., Sainsbury, M. 1991. Intrinsic Acute Toxicity and Hepatic Enzyme Inducing Properties of the Chemoprotectants Indole-3-carbinol and 5,10-dihydroindeno[1,2-b]indole in... Fold Chem Toxicol, 29(4): 237-242.
IRILONE--*
ISORHAMNETIN--Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
JUGLONE20 uMDuhaiman, A. S. 1996. Characterization of Zeta-Crystallin Inhibition by Juglone. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 218(3): 648-652.
KAEMPFERIDE--Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
KAEMPFEROL3 uM*
L-MAACKIAINIC50=>13.4 uM*
LANCEOLATIN-B22.9 uM*
LANCEOLATIN-BIC50=>76.3 uM*
LUTEIN2.5 ugMadhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
MEDICARPINIC50>74.8 uM*
MYRICETIN36 uMUda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
NEOGLUCOBRASSICIN100 uMFahey, J. W., Zhang, Y., Talalay, P. 1997. Broccoli Sprouts: An Exceptionally Rich Source of Inducers of Enzymes that Protects Against Chemical Carcinogens. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 94: 10367-10372.
PHENETHYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE1 uM/kgGuo, Z., et al. 1992. Effects of Phenethyl Isothiocyanate, a Carcinogenesis Inhibitor, on Xenobiotic-Metabolizing Enzymes and Nitrosamine Metabolism in Rats. Carcinogenesis, 13(12): 2205-2210.
PONGAMOLIC50=18.7 uM*
PONGAMOLED50=6.1 uM*
PROGOITRIN15 uMTawfig,N. Heaney,R.K.,Plumb,J.A.,Fenwick,G.R.,Musk,S.R.R.,Williamson,G.1995. Dietary Glucosinolates as Blocking Agents Against Carcinogenesis: Glucosinolate Breakdown Products Assessed Induction of Quinone Reductase Activity I.Carcinogenesis 16(5)119-1194
PURPURINIC50>50.7 uM*
PYROCATECHOL--Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
QUERCETIN6 uMUda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
QUERCETIN13 uM*
QUERCETIN-4'-GLUCOSIDE30 uMWillaimason, G., Plumb, G. W., Uda, Y., Price, K. R., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1996. Dietary Quercetin Glycosides: Antioxidant Activity and Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Phase II Marker Enzyme Quinone Reductase in Hepalclc7 Cells. Carcinogenesis 17(11): 2385.
RESVERATROLED100=21 uM*
RHAMNETIN--Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
SINIGRIN15 uMTawfig,N. Heaney,R.K.,Plumb,J.A.,Fenwick,G.R.,Musk,S.R.R.,Williamson,G.1995. Dietary Glucosinolates as Blocking Agents Against Carcinogenesis: Glucosinolate Breakdown Products Assessed Induction of Quinone Reductase Activity I.Carcinogenesis 16(5)119-1194
SPIRAEOSIDE--Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
SULFORAPHANE15 uM igs musZhang, Y., Talalay, P., Cho, C. G., Posner, G. H. 1992. A Major Inducer of Anticarcinogenic Protective Enzymes from Broccoli: Isolation and Elucidation of Structure. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 89: 2399-2403.
SULFORAPHANEIC50=11 uM*
SULFORAPHANE15 uM gas musCho, C. G., Posner, G. H., Talalay, P., Zhang, Y. S. 1995. Chemoprotective Isothiocyanates. Patent-US-5,411,986: 1-22.
SULFORAPHANEIC50=5-0.03 ug/mlLee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
SULPHORAPHANEED50=0.43 uM*
TAMARIXETIN--Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
TRANS-CHALCONE--Lee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
URSOLIC-ACID5 ug/mlLee, S. K., Song, Y., Mata-Greenwood, E., Kelloff, G. J., Steele, V. E., Pezzuto, J. M. 1999. Modulation of in vitro Biomarkers of the Carcinogenic Process by Chemopreventive Agents. Anticancer Res., 19: 35-44.
WITHAPHYSACARPINED50=0.43 uMKennelly, E. J., Gerhauser, C., Song, L. L., Graham, J. G., Beecher, C. W. W., Pezzuto, J. M., Kinghorn, A. D. 1997. Induction of Quinone Reductase by Withanolides Isolated from Physalis philadelphica (Tomatillos). J. Agr. & Food Chem., 45(10): 3771-3777.
ZEAXANTHIN--Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.