Chemical Dosage References
FUMARILINEOct-50*
DICENTRINELD50=187*
(-)-DICENTRINELD50=187*
P-ACETANISOLELD50=1,720 mg/kg orl ratZebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
CANNABINOLED=200=ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
ANGELICINED=20-80*
LINALOOLED=1-32 mg/kgWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
LIMONENEED=1-32 mg/kgWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
CITRONELLALED=1 mg/kgWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
DILLAPIOLED50=1.57Chem & Pharm. Bull., 36: 3153.
CITRALED 1-32 mg/kgWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
KAWAIN60 mg/kg ipr*
DIHYDROMETHYSTICIN60 mg/kg ipr*
CAFFEIC-ACID500 mg*
VINCAMINE50-500 mg/man/dayANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
YANGONIN45 mg/kg iprHansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
METHYSTICIN45 mg/kg iprHansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
MARSILIN400 mg/kg=ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research).1976.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.1.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambridge Printing Works, New Delhi.487 pp;ICMR.1987.Medicinal Plants of India.Vol.2.Indian Council of Med. Res.Cambr. Printing Works,New Delhi.600pp
DIAZEPAM40-200 ug/lg/3-4x/dayMartindale's 29th
MYRISTICIN300 mg/kg iprJim Duke's personal files.
APIGENIN30-100 mg/kg*
LAGOCHILIN30 mg/manCRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
TRYPTOPHAN3-10 g/man/day*
CRYPTOCARYALACTONE250 mg/kgWagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
LINALOOL200 mg/kg ipr mus (1% as active as diazepam)*
LICARIN-B200 mg/kg iprJim Duke's personal files.
DESMETHOXYANGONIN200 mg/kg iprHansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
BOSWELLIC-ACID20-55 mg/kg ipr rat*
NORMACUSINE-B20-50 mus*
SCOPOLAMINE13 mg/kg scu ratBorchard, R. E., Barnes, C. D., and Eltherton, L. G. 1991. Drug Dosage in Laboratory Animals: A Handbook. (3rd Ed.) The Telford Press, Inc., P. O. Box 287, Caldwell NJ 07006.
TETRAHYDROPALMATINE100-200 mg/man*
HOMOBALDRINAL100 mg/kg*
DELTA-9-THC10 mg/orl/man/dayMartindale's 28th
ARECOLINE1 mg/kg*
CITRAL1 mg/kg*
SCOPOLAMINE0.5-1 mg/orl/manANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
VERANISATIN-A0.1 mg/kg*
VERANISATIN-C0.1 mg/kg*
VERANISATIN-B0.1 mg/kg*
ANISATIN0.03 mg/kg*
KESSOGLYCOL--*
TRICHOTOMINE--Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
BRAHMINOSIDE--*
NIACIN--Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
BORNEOL--Medline (post 1990 searches filed in my computer)
CORYDINE--Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
RESCINNAMINE--*
GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC-ACID--*
DIMETHYLVINYLCARBINOL--*
CARYOPHYLLENE--*
GERANYL-ACETATE--Jim Duke's personal files.
ANNOMONTINE--*
DESERPIDINE--ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
BENZYL-ALCOHOL--Jim Duke's personal files.
METHOXYANNOMONTINE--*
PULEGONE--*
CINNAMALDEHYDE--*
PHLORIZIN--*
JUJUBOGENIN--*
SKIMMIANINE--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
FRANGUFOLINE--*
6-SHOGAOL--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
BERBERASTINE--*
ISOEUGENOL--Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
LAGOCHILIN-TETRAACETATE--CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
VALEPOTRIATES--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
BUTYL-PHTHALIDE--*
OLEANOLIC-ACID--*
COUMARIN--Schultes, R.E. De Plantis Toxicariis e Mundo Novo Tropicale Commentationes XXXVI. Justicia (Acanthaceae) as a Source of an Hallucinogenic Snuff. Economic Botany 44(1): 61-70, 1990.
RHYNCHOPHYLLINE--*
FUMARINE--*
DITETRAHYDROPALMATINE--*
MENTHONE--Ortiz de Urbina, A.V., Martin*, M.L., Montero, M.J., Moran, A., and San Roman, L. 1988. Sedating and Antipyretic Activity of the Essential Oil of Calamintha sylvatica subsp. Ascendens. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 25: 165-171, 1989.
VITAMIN-B3--Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
HERSAPONIN--*
BERGENIN--*
MORPHINE--Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
IMPERATORIN--Buchbauer, G., Jirovetz*, L., Nikiforov, A., Remberg, G., Raverdino, V. 1989. Headspace-Analysis and Aroma Compounds of Austrian Hay-Blossoms (Flores Graminis, Graminis Flos) used in Aromatherapy. J. Ess. Oil Res., 2: 185-191, 1990.
PLATYCODIN--*
MALTOL--Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
DIHYDROKAWAIN--Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
SOMNIFERINE--*
ALPHA-TERPINEOL--Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
ISOVALERIC-ACID--*
LINALYL-ACETATE--*
VALERENONE--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
CANNABIDIOLIC-ACID--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PAEONOL--Oriental Materia Medica (three volumes by Dr. Hsu and collaborators)
SALICIN--ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
SWERTISIN--Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
DUBINIDINE--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
AMYL-BUTYRATE--Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
ASCARIDOLE--*
JATRORRHIZINE--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL--*
BETA-PHENYLETHANOL--Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
N-BUTYL-4,5-DIHYDROPHTHALIDE--Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
CODEINE--Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Dec-90.
PROTOSAPPANIN-A--*
BRAHMOSIDE--Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
DIHYDROVALTRATE--*
VITAMIN-B--Pizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
GASTRODIN--*
ANEMONIN--*
BAICALIN--Foster, S. and Yue, C-G. 1992. Herbal Emissaries-Bringing Chinese Herbs to the West. Healing Arts Press, Rochester VT. 356 pp.
MARACUGIN--*
CARPACIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PATRINE--*
ISOBORNEOL--*
CYCLOSTACHINE-A--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
METHYL-PHTHALIDES--Bisset, N.G., ed. 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. 566 pp.
EVOXINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
1,8-CINEOLE--*
P-ANISALDEHYDE--Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
HYDRASTINE--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
JUJUBOSIDES--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
TIGLOIDINE--*
BORNYL-ACETATE--*
NEPETALACTONE--*
LACTUCOPICRIN--*
COLUBRINOSIDE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
RECANESCINE--*
DIMETHOXYALLYLBENZENE--*
P-CYMENE--Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
GERANIOL--*
BENZALDEHYDE--Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
MENTHYL-VALERATE--Merck 11th Edition
WITHASOMNINE--List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
CHIKUSETSUSAPONIN--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
PERILLALDEHYDE--*
PHENETHYL-ALCOHOL--Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
SINOMENINE--*
NORISOCORYDINE--*
FARNESOL--*
6-GINGEROL--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
GERANYL-BUTYRATE--Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
HYPERFORIN--Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
BULBOCAPNINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
NORDIJYDROTOXIFERINE--*
CORYNANTHEINE--*
RESERPINE--Martindale's 28th
ISOCORYDINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIPENTENE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
(+)-BORNYL-ISOVALERATE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
THYMOL--Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
GINGEROL--Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
BERBERINE--*
METHYL-EUGENOL--*
PHTHALIDE--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
LYCORINE--Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
DIDROVALTRATUM--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
SOLANINE--*
FRUTICINE--Pakistan Encyclopedia Planta Medica. 1986.
ALPHA-PINENE--Lawrence Review of Natural Products, Jun-90.
ISOPATRINENE--*
VALERENIC-ACID--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
PAEONAL--*
GABA--*
CRYOGENINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ROTUNDINE--*
PHLORIDZIN--*
DL-TETRAHYDROPALMATINE--*
CUMINALDEHYDE--Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
HOBENOSIDES--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
ASARONE--*
STIGMASTEROL--*
BETA-AMYRIN-PALMITATE--*
CITRONELLOL--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
PROTOPINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
SAIKOSAPONIN-D--*
SPINOSIN--*
NEROL--Zebovitz, T. C. Ed. 1989. Part VII. Flavor and Fragrance Substances, in Keith L. H. and Walters, D.B., eds. Compendium of Safety Data Sheets for Research and Industrial Chemicals. VCH Publishers, New York. 3560-4253.
GALANTHAMINE--Huang, K. C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 388 pp.
AMYLASE--*
JATAMANSONE--List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
LIRIODENINE--Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
VALERIC-ACID--*
PASSIBIFLORINE--*
SHOGAOL--Phenolic Compounds in Food and Their Effects on Health. Antioxidants & Cancer Prevention. Huang, M.T., Ho, C.T. and Lee, C.Y. eds. 1992. ACS Symposium Series 507.ACS, Washington 402 pp.
CUSSONOSIDE-A--*
SANJOININE--*
PROTOANEMONIN--Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
EUGENOL--*
CARVONE--Buchbauer et al, e.g.Buchbauer et al,1993.Therapeutic properties of essential oils and fragrances. Chap.12 in Teranishi,R, Buttery,R.G and Sugisawa,H. Eds. Bioactive Volatile Compounds from Plants. ACS Symposium Series 525. Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington DC
AKUAMMIDINE--Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
HONOKIOL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ATHEROSPERMINE--Grenand, P., Moretti, C., and Jacquemin, H. 1987. Pharmacopees Traditionnelles en Guyane. l'ORSTROM, Paris. 569 pp.
JUGLONE--Merck 11th Edition
BETA-RESERCYCLIC-ACID--*
NARCOTINE--*
LACTUCIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
COLUBRIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PROTOSAPPANIN-B--*
ACYLSPINOSIN--*
GENTIANINE--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
ANGELIC-ACID--*
ISORHYNCHOPHYLLINE--*
BALDRINAL--*
VISAMINE--ANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
CHELIDONINE--Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
PATRINENE--*
ADENOSINE--Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
DAIGREMONTIANIN--*
SERPENTINE--*
SEDANENOLIDE--Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
FALCARINOL--Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
2-METHYLBUT-3-ENE-2-OL--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
BETA-EUDESMOL--*
HYOSCYAMINE--*