Chemical Dosage References
(+)-3-HYDROXY-9-METHOXYPTEROCARPANIC26-78=100 uM*
(+)-VESTITONE--*
(-)-3-HYDROXY-9-METHOXYPTEROCARPANIC31-69=100 uM*
(-)-ACANTHOCARPANED50=<50-100*
(-)-APIOCARPINED50=<50*
(-)-CANESCACARPINED50=<50*
(-)-CLANDESTACARPINED50=<50*
(-)-CRISTACARPINED50=<50*
(-)-DEMETHYLMEDICARPINEC50=50-100*
(-)-DOLICHIN-AED50=>100*
(-)-DOLICHIN-BED50=>100*
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN-GALLATE--*
(-)-GLYCEOCARPINED50=50-100*
(-)-GLYCEOFURANED50=>100*
(-)-GLYCEOLLIN-IED50=<50*
(-)-GLYCEOLLIN-IIED50=<50*
(-)-GLYCEOLLIN-IIIED50=<50*
(-)-GLYCEOLLIN-IVED50=<50*
(-)-GLYCINOLED50=50->100*
(-)-ISOSATIVAN--*
(-)-JASMONIC-ACID--*
(-)-MEDICARPINED50=<50*
(-)-VESTITOL--*
(-)-VESTITONE--*
(Z)-1,3-BIS(4-HYDROXYPHENYL)-1,4-PENTADIENE--*
-METHOXYBRASSITIN--*
1,2-DIHYDROXY-4-GLUCOSYLNAPTHALENE--Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
1,2-DIMETHOXY-3,8-DIHYDROXYXANTHONE> miconazolePlanta Medica, 57: A131, 1991.
1,7-DIHYDROXY-4-METHOXYXANTHONE<miconazolePlanta Medica, 57: A131, 1991.
1,8-CINEOLE--*
1-TULIPOSIDE-A--List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1-TULIPOSIDE-B--List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
13',II8-BIAPIGENIN--*
15-GLUCOPYRANOSYL-GLAUCORUBOLONE--Chau (1985) in Purseglove et al. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2.
2'-HYDROXYDAIDZEINED50=>100*
2'-HYDROXYGENISTEINED50=50->100*
2,3-DEHYDROKIEVITONE--*
2,6-DIMETHOXY-P-BENZOQUINONE--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
2,7-DIMETHOXY-5-ISOPROPYL-3-METHYL-8,1-NAPTHALENE-CARBOLACTONE--*
2-HYDROXY-5-ISOPROPYL-7-METHOXY-3-METHYL-8,1-NAPTHALENE-CARBOLACTONE--*
2-METHOXYPHASEOLLINISOFLAVONIC80-89=100uM*
26-DESGLUCOAVENACOSIDE-A--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
26-DESGLUCOAVENACOSIDE-B--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
3'-FORMYL-2',4',6'-TRIHYDROXY-5'-METHYLDIHYDROCHALCONE--*
3'-FORMYL-2',4',6'-TRIHYDROXYDIHYDROCHALCONE--*
3,4-DIMETHOXYTOLUENE--*
3,4-SECOTRACHYLOBANOIC-ACIDMIC=100 ug/ml*
3,5'-DIALLYL-2'-HYDROXY-4-METHOXYBIPHENYL-ETHER--*
3,6A-DIHYDROXY-8,9-(METHYLENEDIOXY)-PTEROCARPANIC3-6=100 uM*
3-HYDROXY-8,9-(METHYLENEDIOXY)-6A,11A,DEHYDROPTEROCARPANIC38-46=100 uM*
3-HYDROXY-9-METHOXYPTEROCARPANIC31-69=100 uM*
3-N-BUTYROYL-BETA-IONONE6 pptNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
3-O(ALPHA-L-ARABINOPYRANOSYL(1,2))ALPHA-L-ARABINOPYRANOSYL(1-6)2-ACETOAMIDO-2-DEOXY-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL-OLEANOLIC-ACIDMIC=6-12 ug/ml*
3-O-METHYL-MANGOSTIN--*
4'-O-METHYLCOUMESTROLIC1-5=100uM*
4,4'-DIALLYL-2,3'-DIHYDROXYBIPHENYL--*
4,4'-DIALLYL-2,3'-DIHYDROXYBIPHENYL-ETHER--*
4-(2-PHENYLETHYLETHYL)-PHENOL--*
4-(2-{METHOXYPHENYL}ETHYL)-PHENOL--*
4-HYDROXY-3(3-METHYL-2-BUTENYL)BENZOIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER--Planta Medica, 55(7): 620.
4-HYDROXYHOMOPTEROCARPINED50=<50-100*
4-METHOXY-3,5-BIS(3-METHYL-2-BUTENYL)BENZOIC-ACID--*
4-METHOXYBRASSININ--*
4-METHYL-6-ACETOXYHEXANAL--Acta Botanica Sinica, 32: 49.
5,6,7,8-TETRAMETHOXYFLAVONEED50=2ugLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
5-(HEPTADEC-12-ENYL)-RESORCINOL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
5-DEOXYKIEVITONE--*
5-HYDROXY-7,4-DIMETHOXYFLAVONE--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
5-HYDROXY-7,8,3',4'-PENTAMETHOXYFLAVONE--*
5-METHOXY-PSORALEN--*
6,6'-DIHYDROXYTHIOBINUPHARIDINE--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
6,6'-DIMETHOXYGOSSYPOL--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
6,7-DIHYDROXY-FLAVANONE--Weidenborner, M., Hindorf, H., Jha, H.C., and Tsotsonos, P. 1989. Antifungal Activity of Flavonoids Against Storage Fungi of the Genus Aspergillus. Phytochemistry. 29(4): 1103-1105.
6-ALPHA-HYDROXYMAACKIAIN--*
6-ALPHA-HYDROXYMEDICARPINMIC=50 ug/ml*
6-DEMETHYLVIGNAFURANED50=<50*
6-HYDROXYGENISTEINED50=50->100*
6-METHOXYGOSSYPOL--*
6-METHOXYTECLEANTHINE--Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
6A,11A-DEHYDROGLYCEOLLINIC18-36=100 uM*
6A,11A-DEHYDROPISATINIC1-2=100 uM*
6A,11A-DEHYDROTUBEROSINIC37-46=100 uM*
7,4'-DIHYDROXYFLAVAN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
7-HYDROXYFLAVAN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
7-METHYLJUGLONE--*
8-METHOXY-PSORALEN100 ppm*
8-METHOXY-PSORALENIC50=300 uM*
ABYSSINONE-I--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ACANTHOCARPANED50=<50-100*
ACEMANNAN--*
ACETALDEHYDE--*
ACETIC-ACID--Martindale's 29th
ACETOPHENONE--Tomas-Barberan, F., Iniesta-Sanmartin, E., Tomas-Lorente, F., and Rumbero, A. 1989. Antimicrobial Phenolic Compounds From Three Spanish Helichrysum Species. Phytochemistry. 29(4): 1093-1095. 1990.
ACETOXYCHAVICOL-ACETATE--*
ACETYLSHIKONINMIC=15.6 ug/ml*
ACORIC-ACID--*
ACRIDONEPOXIDE1-5 ug/mlHansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
ACTINIDINE--*
AESCIN--*
AESCULETIN--*
AFRORMOSINED50=>100*
AFRORMOSINE-7-O-BETA-GALACTOSIDE--Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
AGLAFOLINEC90=8-171 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLAFOLINEC50=0.05 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLAFOLINMIC=3-200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLALACTONEEC50=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLALACTONEMIC=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLALACTONEEC90=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLAROXIN-AEC50=1.4 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLAROXIN-AMIC=100 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLAROXIN-AEC90=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGROPYRENEMIC=50->200 ug/ml*
AJOENEIC100=100 ug/ml*
AKEBOSIDE--*
ALANTOLACTONE15-35 ug/ml*
ALBAFURAN-A--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ALKYL-THIOSULFINATE--*
ALLICIN--*
ALLISTATIN--*
ALLYL-2-PROPENE-L-THIOSULFINATE--*
ALLYL-ISOTHIOCYANATEMIC=1.8-3.5 ug/ml*
ALLYL-METHYLTHIOCYANATESMIC 15 ug/mlLAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
ALLYLPYROCATECHOL--*
ALOE-EMODINMIC=25-250 ug/ml*
ALPHA-BISABOLOL--Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
ALPHA-CHACONINE--Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
ALPHA-HEDERIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE--Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
ALPHA-SOLANINE--*
ALPHA-TERTHIENYL--*
ALSTONINE--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
AMENTOFLAVONE--*
AMPELOPSIN--Abstract (See species file)
AMPHIBINE--*
ANACARDIC-ACID--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
ANDROGLYCINOLED50=>100*
ANEMONIN--Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
ANETHOLE--Wolf, R.B. Effects Of p-Methoxycinnamaldehyde From Star Anise And Related Cinnamic Acid Derivatives On Velvetleaf Germination. Journal of Natural Products, 49(1): 156-158, 1986.
ANHYDROGLYCINOL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ANISALDEHYDE--*
ANONAINE--*
ANTOFINEMIC=1-3 nM*
APIGENINIDIN<10 uMNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
APIOCARPINED50=<50*
APPARICINE--Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
ARABINOSYL-5-O-APIGENINIDIN-CAFFEIC-ACID-ESTER<10 uMNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
ARALIONINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ARECOLINE--*
ARTEANNUIN-BMIC=100-150 ug/ml*
ARVENSANEC50=<50*
ASARONE--*
ASCARIDOLE--*
ASPIDISTRINMIC 2.5-10 ug/ml*
ASTRACICERANEC50=<50*
ASTRINGIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ATRACTYLODIN--*
AUCUPARIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
AVENACIN--*
AVENACOSIDE-B2--*
AVENACOSIDES--Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
AVENALUMIN--*
BAICALEIN--*
BAICALEIN-5,6,7-TRIMETHYL-ETHER--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
BATATASIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
BAYOGENIN7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
BAYOGENIN (GLYCOSIDE)7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
BELLISSAPONIN--*
BENZOIC-ACIDMFC=1,600 ug/ml*
BENZOXAZOLINONE--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
BENZYL-ALCOHOL--*
BENZYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
BERBERASTINE12.5-150 ug/mlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
BERBERINE12.5-150 ug/mlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
BETA-IONONE--*
BETA-PHELLANDRENE--Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
BETAGARIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
BIBENZYL-ORCHINOL--*
BIFLORINE--*
BIOCHANIN-AED50=250-350 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
BOA--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
BONDENOLIDE--*
BORNEOL--*
BROUSSONIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
BUTYL-PHTHALIDE--Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
CAFFEIC-ACIDMIC=0.4 mg/ml*
CAJANINED50=<50-100*
CAJANOLED50=<50*
CAMELLIDIN--*
CAMELLIDIN-I--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CAMELLIDIN-II--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CAMPHORED50=2.7 mMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
CANAVANINE--*
CANESCACARPINED50=<50*
CANNELAL--*
CANTHIN-6-ONE--*
CAPILLIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CAPRIC-ACID--*
CAPRYLIC-ACID--*
CAPSIDIOL--*
CARBOXYATRACTYLOSIDE--*
CARENE--Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
CARNOSOL--Encarnacion Dimayuga, R., Keer Garcia, S., Halfdan Nielsen, P., and Christophersen, C. 1989. Traditional Medicine of Baja California Sur (Mexico) III. Carnosol: A Diterpene Antibiotic from Lepechinia hastata. J. Ethnopharmacology, 31: 43-48, 1991.
CARVACROL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CARYOPHYLLENE--*
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE--*
CASBENE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CATECHINED50=2.9-4.6 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
CHAMIC-ACID--*
CHAVIBETEL--*
CHAVICOL--*
CHEIROLIN--*
CHELERYTHRINE1-5 mg/ml*
CHLORINE--Martindale's 29th
CHLOROGENIC-ACID--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
CHRYSAROBIN--Merck 11th Edition
CHRYSIN2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
CHRYSIN-5,7-DIMETHYL-EHTER--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CHRYSOPHANIC-ACID--*
CHRYSOPHANIC-ACID-9-ANTHRONE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CINNAMALDEHYDE1.7-250 ppm*
CINNAMALDEHYDEMIC=16-40 ppm*
CINNAMIC-ACID--*
CIS-3,5,4'-TRIHYDROXY-4-ISOPENTENYLSTILBENE--*
CIS-OCIMENE--Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
CIS-RESVERATROLED50=50->100*
CITRALMIC 625 ug/ml*
CITRONELLAL--*
CITRONELLOL--HerbalGram No. 17.
CLANDESTACARPINED50=<50*
CLERODIN--*
CNIDILIDE--*
COLLINSONIDIN--*
COLLINSONIN--*
CONIFERYL-ALCOHOLED50=125 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
CONIFERYL-ALDEHYDEED50=90 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
CONVALLAMAROSIDE--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
COTONEFURAN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
COUMARIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
COUMESTROLIC3-4=100 uM*
COUMESTROLEC50=>100*
CRISTACARPINED50=<50*
CRYPTOPLEURINE--*
CUMINALDEHYDE--Singh*, G., Upadhyay, R.K. 1990. Fungitoxic Activity of Cumaldehyde, Main Constituent of the Cuminum cyminum Oil. Fitoterapia 62(1): 86, 1991.
CURCUMIN--*
CYCLOKIEVITONE--*
CYCLOSTACHINE-A--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
CYNAROPICRIN--*
DAIDZEIN>100*
DAIDZIN--*
DALBERGIODINED50=30-100*
DAPHNODORINES--*
DEBNEYOL--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
DEHYDRODIEUGENOL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DEHYDROGLAUCINE--*
DEHYDROISOEUGENOL--*
DEMETHYLBATATASIN-IV--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DEMETHYLMEDICARPINEC50=50-100*
DEMETHYLTEXASINED50=>100*
DEMETHYLVESTITOLED50=38-100*
DESMETHYLROCAGLAMIDEEC90=50-1,780 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
DESMETHYLROCAGLAMIDEEC50=7 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
DESMETHYLROCAGLAMIDEMIC=100 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
DESOXYHEMIGOSSYPOLED100=60 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
DHELWANGINE--*
DIALLYL-DISULFIDE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIANTHALEXIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIANTHRAMINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIBOA--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
DICTAMNINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIDECYLDINETHYLAMMONIUM-CHLORIDE--*
DIHYDROMIKANOLIDE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIHYDROPINOSYLVIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIHYDRORESVERATROL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIHYDROWOGONIN--*
DIHYDROWYEROLED50=50->100*
DIHYDROWYERONEED50=<50*
DIHYDROWYERONE-ACIDED50=<50*
DIMETHYLALLYLINDONE--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
DIMETHYLCHRYSINED50=2 ugLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
DL-2''-HYDROXYDIHYDRODAIDZEIN--*
DOLICHIN-AED50=>100*
DOLICHIN-BED50=>100*
ELAEOCARPIDINE200 ug/mlCollins, D.J., Culvenor, C.C.J., Lamberton, J.A., Loder, J.W. and Price, J.R., Plants for Medicines, CSIRO, East Melbourne, Australia, 1990, 303 pp.
ELEMICINMIC=8 ug*
ELLIPTICINE<12 ug/mlCollins, D.J., Culvenor, C.C.J., Lamberton, J.A., Loder, J.W. and Price, J.R., Plants for Medicines, CSIRO, East Melbourne, Australia, 1990, 303 pp.
EMETINEMIC=750-1500 ug/mlMartindale's 28th
EPIPOLYGODIAL--*
EPISCLAREOL100 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
EPSILON-VINIFERIN--*
ERUBOSIDE-BMIC 25 ug/mlLAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
ERYSOLIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ESCIN--*
ESCULETIN--*
ETHYL-P-METHOXYCINNAMATE--Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
ETHYL-VANILLATE--*
EUGENOL--*
FALCARINDIOL0.5 ug/mlRecio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
FALCARINONE--Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
FERULIC-ACID--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
FICUSEPTINEMIC=3-5 nM*
FLAVANONE--Weidenborner, M., Hindorf, H., Jha, H.C., and Tsotsonos, P. 1989. Antifungal Activity of Flavonoids Against Storage Fungi of the Genus Aspergillus. Phytochemistry. 29(4): 1103-1105.
FLAVONE--Weidenborner, M., Hindorf, H., Jha, H.C., and Tsotsonos, P. 1989. Antifungal Activity of Flavonoids Against Storage Fungi of the Genus Aspergillus. Phytochemistry. 29(4): 1103-1105.
FORMALDEHYDE--Martindale's 29th
FORMONONETINED50=250-350 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
FORMONONETINIC16-18=100 uM*
FORMONONETINED50=>100*
FRANGUFOLINE--*
FRANGULANINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FRUTINONE-A--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FULVOPLUMIERIN--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
FURFURAL--*
FUROCOUMARIN--*
GALANGIN-3,5,7-TRIMETHYL-ETHER--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
GARCINOL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
GARLICIN--*
GENISTEINED50=50->100*
GENISTEIN2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
GENISTIN--*
GENTIOGENAL--*
GENTIOPICRIN--*
GERANIAL--*
GERANIOLIC93=2 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
GINGERENONE-A10 ppm*
GINGERENONE-B--*
GINGERENONE-C--*
GINGEROL--Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
GLAUCOLIDE-B--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
GLUTINOSONE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
GLYCEOCARPINED50=50-100*
GLYCEOFURANED50=>100*
GLYCEOLLINIC75=100 uM*
GLYCEOLLIN-IED50=<50*
GLYCEOLLIN-I--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
GLYCEOLLIN-IIED50=<50*
GLYCEOLLIN-IIIED50=<50*
GLYCEOLLIN-IVED50=<50*
GLYCINOLED50=50->100*
GLYCITEINED50=>100*
GLYCITEIN-7-0-GLUCOSIDE--*
GOSSYPOLEC50=1-100 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
HARDWICKIC-ACID--*
HEDERAGENIN7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
HEDERAGENIN-GLYCOSIDE7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
HEDERASAPONIN-C--*
HEDERASAPONINS--Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
HELENALIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
HEMIGOSSYPOLED75=100 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
HERNIARIN100 ppm*
HEVEIN--Abstract (See species file)
HEXENAL--Abstract (See species file)
HILDECARPIN--Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
HINOKITIOL--*
HIRCINOL--*
HIRUCIN--CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
HOMOFERREIRINED50=<50*
HOMOGENTISIC-ACID--*
HOMOPISATIN--*
HONOKIOL--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
HORDATINE--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
HORDATINE-A--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
HORDATINE-B--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
HUMULONE--Bezanger-Beauquesne*, L. Noveautes En Phytotherapie. Sixieme Revue. Plantes medicinales et phytotherapie, 23: 46-76, 1989.
HYDRANGENOL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
HYDROXYPHASEOLIN--*
INTEGERRINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
IODINE--*
IPOMEAMARONE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ISOALANTOLACTONE--*
ISOBOLDINE--*
ISOELEMICINMIC=8 ug*
ISOGINGERENONE-B--*
ISOLIQUIRITIN--*
ISOMANGOSTIN--*
ISOMUCRONULATOLEC50=<50*
ISOPENTYLNARINGEN--*
ISOPIMPINELLIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ISOPLUMERICIN--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
ISOSATIVAN--*
ISOXANTHOHUMOL--*
JATRORRHIZINE--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
JODRELLIN-A--*
JODRELLIN-B--*
JUGLONE500 ug/ml MIC 25ug/mL*
KAEMPFERIDE-TRIGLYCOSIDE--*
KAEMPFEROL20 ug/mlFather Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
KARANJIN25 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
KAWAIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
KIEVITONE--Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
KUWANON-G--*
KUWANON-H--*
L-OCTANOL--Acta Botanica Sinica, 32: 49.
LAPACHOL--Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
LATHODORATINED50=8 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
LAWSONE1,000 ppm*
LICOISOFLAVONE-AED50=<50*
LIMACINE--Collins, D.J., Culvenor, C.C.J., Lamberton, J.A., Loder, J.W. and Price, J.R., Plants for Medicines, CSIRO, East Melbourne, Australia, 1990, 303 pp.
LINALOOL--Acta Botanica Sinica, 32: 49.
LIQUIRITIGENINED50=>100*
LIQUIRITIN--*
LIRIODENINEMIC 100 ug/mL*
LUPULONE--Bezanger-Beauquesne*, L. Noveautes En Phytotherapie. Sixieme Revue. Plantes medicinales et phytotherapie, 23: 46-76, 1989.
LUTENURINE--*
LUTEONEED50=35-40 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
MAGNOLOL--*
MAGNOLOL--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
MALABARICONE-BMIC=4-16 ug/ml*
MALABARICONE-CMIC=8-32 ug/ml*
MANGOSTIN--*
MATAIRESINOL--*
MEDICAGENIC-ACID7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
MEDICAGOL--Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
MEDICARPINMIC=100 ug/ml*
MEDICARPINED50=25-66 ug/ml*
MELICOPICINE--Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
MENADIONE--*
MENTHONE--*
METHOXYNAPTHOQUINONE--CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
METHYL-EUGENOL--*
METHYL-SALICYLATE--*
MUSARIN--*
MUSIZIN--*
MUZIGADIAL--*
MYRCENE--Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
MYRISTICINMIC=20 ug*
NAPTHAQUINONE--*
NARINGENIN2.5 mM*
NEOCNIDOLIDE--Oriental Materia Medica (three volumes by Dr. Hsu and collaborators)
NEPODIN--*
NIMBIDIN--Atal and Kapur, 1982
NIMBIDOL--Atal and Kapur, 1982
NIMBIN--Atal and Kapur, 1982
NOBILETIN--*
NOOTKATIN--*
NORDIHYDROGUAIARETIC-ACID--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
NYASOL--*
O-COUMARIC-ACID--Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
O-METHOXYCINNAMALDEHYDE--Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
OCTANOIC-ACID--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ODORATOL--*
ORCHINOL100 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
OTOBAIN--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
OXYPEUCEDANINMIC=10 ug*
P-ANISALDEHYDE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
P-COUMARIC-ACID--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
P-COUMARIC-ACID-METHYL-ETHER--Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
P-CYMENE--Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
P-METHOXY-CINNAMIC-ACID--*
PAEONOL--Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
PANELLINEC90=171->200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
PANELLINEC50=0.6->200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
PANELLINMIC=50->200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
PARADOL--Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
PARTHENOLIDE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PATCHOULI-ALCOHOL--Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
PECTIN--Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
PERILLALDEHYDEMIC=250-500 ug/ml*
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL--*
PHAEANTHINE200 ug/mlCollins, D.J., Culvenor, C.C.J., Lamberton, J.A., Loder, J.W. and Price, J.R., Plants for Medicines, CSIRO, East Melbourne, Australia, 1990, 303 pp.
PHASEOLED50=2ugLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
PHASEOLIN--*
PHASEOLLIDIN--*
PHASEOLLINIC85=100uM*
PHASEOLLINISOFLAVONIC87-97=100uM*
PHEBALOSIN--*
PHENOL--Martindale's 29th
PHENYLHEPTATRIYNE--*
PHLOROGLUCINOL--*
PHYLLOQUINONE--*
PHYTIC-ACID--*
PICEATANNOL--*
PICEID--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PIMPINELLIN--*
PINENE--*
PINNATIN12.5 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
PINOCEMBRIN--*
PINOSTROBIN2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
PINOSYLVIN--*
PISATINIC20-50=100 uM*
PISATINED50=100 ug/ml*
PISIFERIC-ACID25 ug/ml*
PLUMBAGIN--*
PLUMERICIN--Merck 11th Edition
PLUMERICINE--*
PODOPHYLLOTOXIN--*
POGOSTONE--Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
PONGAGLABROL-METHYLETHER--*
PROPIONIC-ACID2,500-36,000*
PROTOANEMONINMIC=15 ug/ml*
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID500 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
PRUNETIN2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
PRUNIN2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
PSEUDOLARIC-ACID-A--*
PSORALEN--Merck 11th Edition
PSORALIDIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PTEROCARPANED50=39 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
PTEROSTILBENE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PTERYGOSPERMIN--*
PULEGONE--Economou, D., and Nahrstedt, A. 1991. Chemical, Physiological, and Toxicological Aspects of the Essential Oil of Some Species of the Genus Bystropogon*. Planta Medica, 57: 347, 1991.
PYROGALLOL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
QUADRIGENIN--Watanabe, K., Y. Oguri, M. Miyakado, N. Ohno, and T Mabry. 1985. Structure and fungicidal activity of four pseudoguaianolides isolated from Helenium quadridentatum Labill. Jour. Agric. Food Chem. 33:83.
QUERCETIN--*
RAPHANIN--*
RESORCINOL--*
RESVERATROL--Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
RETICULINE--*
RHEIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
RISHITIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ROCAGLAMIDEEC50=0.9->200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
ROCAGLAMIDEMIC=25->200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
ROCAGLAMIDEEC90=14->200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
ROCAGLAOLMIC=1.6 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
ROCAGLAOLEC90=0.3-24 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
ROCAGLAOLEC50=0.01 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
RUBIJERVINE--Merck 11th Edition
RUGOSAL-A--*
RUGOSANINE--*
SAKURANETIN1 mM*
SALICYLIC-ACIDMIC 1,000 ug/ml*
SANGUINARINE--*
SARISAN3 ug/mlRecio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
SAROTHRALEN-A--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
SAROTHRALEN-B--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
SATIVANIC40-54=100uM*
SCLAREOLIC100=80 uMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
SCOPOLETIN2 mM*
SELENIUM--Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
SELENIUM-SULFIDE--Martindale's 29th
SERPENTINE--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
SESELIN--*
SHOGAOL--Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
SHUTERONE--*
SINAPIC-ACID--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
SINENSETIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
SOLADUCIDINE--Oriental Materia Medica (three volumes by Dr. Hsu and collaborators)
SOLAMARGINE--*
SOLANINE--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
SOLASODINE--*
SOLAVETIVONE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
SORBIC-ACID--Martindale's 29th
SPIROCHIN--*
STELLERIN--Oriental Materia Medica (three volumes by Dr. Hsu and collaborators)
STIGMOIDIN-B-3'-METHYL-ETHERED50=2ugLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
STYPANDRONE--*
SULFORAPHAN--*
TAGERETIN--*
TAMARINDIENAL--Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
TANGERETIN--*
TAXIFOLIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
TECLEANTHINE--Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
TECTORIGENINED50=<50-100*
TERPINEN-4-OL--*
TERPINOLENE--Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
TETRAHYDROXYSTILBENE--*
THAPOXEPINE-AEC90=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
THAPOXEPINE-AEC50=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
THAPOXEPINE-AMIC=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
THAPSAKINACETATE-AEC50=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
THAPSAKINACETATE-AMIC=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
THAPSAKINACETATE-AEC90=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
THEAFLAVIN--*
THIARRUBRINE-A0.6-10 ug/mlRecio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
THIOPHENE--*
THUJAPLICIN--*
THYMOL--Merck 11th Edition
TILIACORININE500 ppm*
TOMATINE--*
TRANS-3,5,4'-TRIHYDROXY-4-ISOPENTENYLSTILBENE--*
TRANS-RESVERATROLED50=50->100*
TRICHOCARPIN--*
TRICROZARIN--*
TRIFOLIRHIZIN--*
TRIFOLIRHIZIN-GLYCOSIDE--*
TRIMETHYLGALANGINEED50=2ugLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
TRYPTANTHRIN--*
TUBEROSINIC55-97=100uM*
TULIPOSIDE-C--List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
UMBELLIFERONE--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
UNCINATONE--Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
UNDECENOIC-ACID--Martindale's 29th
UNDECYLENIC-ACID--*
VANILLIC-ACID--*
VANILLIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
VERBASCOSIDEMIC=0.4 mg/ml*
VESTITOLIC25=100uM*
VESTITOL--*
VESTITONE--*
VINALINE--*
VIRGAUREASAPONIN--*
WARBURGANAL3-100Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
WIGHTEONE--Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
WITHAFERIN--Hutchings, A, Scott, AH, Lewis, G, and Cunningham, A. 1996. Zulu Medicinal Plants. An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. 450 pp.
WITHAFERIN-A10 ug/mlANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
WYERONEIC90=500 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
WYERONE-ACIDED50=<50*
WYERONE-EPOXIDEED50=<50*
XANTHININE--*
XANTHOHUMOL--*
XANTHOTOXINIC85=1,000 ppm*
XANTHOTOXINIC100=2,000 ppm*
XYLOIDONE--CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses