Chemical Dosage References
XYLOIDONE--CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
XANTHOTOXINIC85=1,000 ppm*
XANTHOTOXINIC100=2,000 ppm*
XANTHOHUMOL--*
XANTHININE--*
WYERONE-EPOXIDEED50=<50*
WYERONE-ACIDED50=<50*
WYERONEIC90=500 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
WITHAFERIN-A10 ug/mlANON. 1948-1976. The Wealth of India raw materials. Publications and Information Directorate, CSIR, New Delhi. 11 volumes.
WITHAFERIN--Hutchings, A, Scott, AH, Lewis, G, and Cunningham, A. 1996. Zulu Medicinal Plants. An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. 450 pp.
WIGHTEONE--Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
WARBURGANAL3-100Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
VIRGAUREASAPONIN--*
VINALINE--*
VESTITONE--*
VESTITOLIC25=100uM*
VESTITOL--*
VERBASCOSIDEMIC=0.4 mg/ml*
VANILLIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
VANILLIC-ACID--*
UNDECYLENIC-ACID--*
UNDECENOIC-ACID--Martindale's 29th
UNCINATONE--Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
UMBELLIFERONE--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
TULIPOSIDE-C--List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
TUBEROSINIC55-97=100uM*
TRYPTANTHRIN--*
TRIMETHYLGALANGINEED50=2ugLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
TRIFOLIRHIZIN-GLYCOSIDE--*
TRIFOLIRHIZIN--*
TRICROZARIN--*
TRICHOCARPIN--*
TRANS-RESVERATROLED50=50->100*
TRANS-3,5,4'-TRIHYDROXY-4-ISOPENTENYLSTILBENE--*
TOMATINE--*
TILIACORININE500 ppm*
THYMOL--Merck 11th Edition
THUJAPLICIN--*
THIOPHENE--*
THIARRUBRINE-A0.6-10 ug/mlRecio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
THEAFLAVIN--*
THAPSAKINACETATE-AEC50=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
THAPSAKINACETATE-AMIC=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
THAPSAKINACETATE-AEC90=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
THAPOXEPINE-AEC90=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
THAPOXEPINE-AEC50=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
THAPOXEPINE-AMIC=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
TETRAHYDROXYSTILBENE--*
TERPINOLENE--Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
TERPINEN-4-OL--*
TECTORIGENINED50=<50-100*
TECLEANTHINE--Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
TAXIFOLIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
TANGERETIN--*
TAMARINDIENAL--Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
TAGERETIN--*
SULFORAPHAN--*
STYPANDRONE--*
STIGMOIDIN-B-3'-METHYL-ETHERED50=2ugLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
STELLERIN--Oriental Materia Medica (three volumes by Dr. Hsu and collaborators)
SPIROCHIN--*
SORBIC-ACID--Martindale's 29th
SOLAVETIVONE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
SOLASODINE--*
SOLANINE--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
SOLAMARGINE--*
SOLADUCIDINE--Oriental Materia Medica (three volumes by Dr. Hsu and collaborators)
SINENSETIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
SINAPIC-ACID--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
SHUTERONE--*
SHOGAOL--Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
SESELIN--*
SERPENTINE--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
SELENIUM-SULFIDE--Martindale's 29th
SELENIUM--Davies, S., and Stewart, A. 1990. Nutritional Medicine. Avon Books, New York. 509pp.
SCOPOLETIN2 mM*
SCLAREOLIC100=80 uMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
SATIVANIC40-54=100uM*
SAROTHRALEN-B--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
SAROTHRALEN-A--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
SARISAN3 ug/mlRecio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
SANGUINARINE--*
SALICYLIC-ACIDMIC 1,000 ug/ml*
SAKURANETIN1 mM*
RUGOSANINE--*
RUGOSAL-A--*
RUBIJERVINE--Merck 11th Edition
ROCAGLAOLMIC=1.6 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
ROCAGLAOLEC90=0.3-24 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
ROCAGLAOLEC50=0.01 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
ROCAGLAMIDEEC50=0.9->200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
ROCAGLAMIDEMIC=25->200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
ROCAGLAMIDEEC90=14->200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
RISHITIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
RHEIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
RETICULINE--*
RESVERATROL--Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
RESORCINOL--*
RAPHANIN--*
QUERCETIN--*
QUADRIGENIN--Watanabe, K., Y. Oguri, M. Miyakado, N. Ohno, and T Mabry. 1985. Structure and fungicidal activity of four pseudoguaianolides isolated from Helenium quadridentatum Labill. Jour. Agric. Food Chem. 33:83.
PYROGALLOL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PULEGONE--Economou, D., and Nahrstedt, A. 1991. Chemical, Physiological, and Toxicological Aspects of the Essential Oil of Some Species of the Genus Bystropogon*. Planta Medica, 57: 347, 1991.
PTERYGOSPERMIN--*
PTEROSTILBENE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PTEROCARPANED50=39 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
PSORALIDIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PSORALEN--Merck 11th Edition
PSEUDOLARIC-ACID-A--*
PRUNIN2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
PRUNETIN2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
PROTOCATECHUIC-ACID500 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
PROTOANEMONINMIC=15 ug/ml*
PROPIONIC-ACID2,500-36,000*
PONGAGLABROL-METHYLETHER--*
POGOSTONE--Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
PODOPHYLLOTOXIN--*
PLUMERICINE--*
PLUMERICIN--Merck 11th Edition
PLUMBAGIN--*
PISIFERIC-ACID25 ug/ml*
PISATINIC20-50=100 uM*
PISATINED50=100 ug/ml*
PINOSYLVIN--*
PINOSTROBIN2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
PINOCEMBRIN--*
PINNATIN12.5 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
PINENE--*
PIMPINELLIN--*
PICEID--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PICEATANNOL--*
PHYTIC-ACID--*
PHYLLOQUINONE--*
PHLOROGLUCINOL--*
PHENYLHEPTATRIYNE--*
PHENOL--Martindale's 29th
PHEBALOSIN--*
PHASEOLLINISOFLAVONIC87-97=100uM*
PHASEOLLINIC85=100uM*
PHASEOLLIDIN--*
PHASEOLIN--*
PHASEOLED50=2ugLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
PHAEANTHINE200 ug/mlCollins, D.J., Culvenor, C.C.J., Lamberton, J.A., Loder, J.W. and Price, J.R., Plants for Medicines, CSIRO, East Melbourne, Australia, 1990, 303 pp.
PERILLYL-ALCOHOL--*
PERILLALDEHYDEMIC=250-500 ug/ml*
PECTIN--Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
PATCHOULI-ALCOHOL--Osawa, K., Matsumoto, T., Maruyama, T., Takiguchi, T., Okuda, K., and Takazoe, I., Studies of the antibacterial activity of plant extracts and their constituents against periodontopathic bacteria, Bull Tokyo Dent. Coll., 31 (1), 1990, 17-21
PARTHENOLIDE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
PARADOL--Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
PANELLINEC90=171->200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
PANELLINEC50=0.6->200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
PANELLINMIC=50->200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
PAEONOL--Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
P-METHOXY-CINNAMIC-ACID--*
P-CYMENE--Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
P-COUMARIC-ACID-METHYL-ETHER--Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
P-COUMARIC-ACID--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
P-ANISALDEHYDE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
OXYPEUCEDANINMIC=10 ug*
OTOBAIN--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
ORCHINOL100 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
ODORATOL--*
OCTANOIC-ACID--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
O-METHOXYCINNAMALDEHYDE--Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
O-COUMARIC-ACID--Pharmazie, 46: 156, 1991.
NYASOL--*
NORDIHYDROGUAIARETIC-ACID--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
NOOTKATIN--*
NOBILETIN--*
NIMBIN--Atal and Kapur, 1982
NIMBIDOL--Atal and Kapur, 1982
NIMBIDIN--Atal and Kapur, 1982
NEPODIN--*
NEOCNIDOLIDE--Oriental Materia Medica (three volumes by Dr. Hsu and collaborators)
NARINGENIN2.5 mM*
NAPTHAQUINONE--*
MYRISTICINMIC=20 ug*
MYRCENE--Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
MUZIGADIAL--*
MUSIZIN--*
MUSARIN--*
METHYL-SALICYLATE--*
METHYL-EUGENOL--*
METHOXYNAPTHOQUINONE--CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
MENTHONE--*
MENADIONE--*
MELICOPICINE--Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
MEDICARPINMIC=100 ug/ml*
MEDICARPINED50=25-66 ug/ml*
MEDICAGOL--Leung, A. Y. and Foster, S. 1995. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients 2nd Ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York. 649 pp.
MEDICAGENIC-ACID7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
MATAIRESINOL--*
MANGOSTIN--*
MALABARICONE-CMIC=8-32 ug/ml*
MALABARICONE-BMIC=4-16 ug/ml*
MAGNOLOL--*
MAGNOLOL--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
LUTEONEED50=35-40 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
LUTENURINE--*
LUPULONE--Bezanger-Beauquesne*, L. Noveautes En Phytotherapie. Sixieme Revue. Plantes medicinales et phytotherapie, 23: 46-76, 1989.
LIRIODENINEMIC 100 ug/mL*
LIQUIRITIN--*
LIQUIRITIGENINED50=>100*
LINALOOL--Acta Botanica Sinica, 32: 49.
LIMACINE--Collins, D.J., Culvenor, C.C.J., Lamberton, J.A., Loder, J.W. and Price, J.R., Plants for Medicines, CSIRO, East Melbourne, Australia, 1990, 303 pp.
LICOISOFLAVONE-AED50=<50*
LAWSONE1,000 ppm*
LATHODORATINED50=8 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
LAPACHOL--Mills, Simon and Bone, Kerry. 2000. Phytotherapy. Churchill Livinston, Edinburgh.
L-OCTANOL--Acta Botanica Sinica, 32: 49.
KUWANON-H--*
KUWANON-G--*
KIEVITONE--Lydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
KAWAIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
KARANJIN25 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
KAEMPFEROL20 ug/mlFather Nature's Farmacy: The aggregate of all these three-letter citations.
KAEMPFERIDE-TRIGLYCOSIDE--*
JUGLONE500 ug/ml MIC 25ug/mL*
JODRELLIN-B--*
JODRELLIN-A--*
JATRORRHIZINE--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
ISOXANTHOHUMOL--*
ISOSATIVAN--*
ISOPLUMERICIN--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
ISOPIMPINELLIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ISOPENTYLNARINGEN--*
ISOMUCRONULATOLEC50=<50*
ISOMANGOSTIN--*
ISOLIQUIRITIN--*
ISOGINGERENONE-B--*
ISOELEMICINMIC=8 ug*
ISOBOLDINE--*
ISOALANTOLACTONE--*
IPOMEAMARONE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
IODINE--*
INTEGERRINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
HYDROXYPHASEOLIN--*
HYDRANGENOL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
HUMULONE--Bezanger-Beauquesne*, L. Noveautes En Phytotherapie. Sixieme Revue. Plantes medicinales et phytotherapie, 23: 46-76, 1989.
HORDATINE-B--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
HORDATINE-A--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
HORDATINE--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
HONOKIOL--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
HOMOPISATIN--*
HOMOGENTISIC-ACID--*
HOMOFERREIRINED50=<50*
HIRUCIN--CRC Handbook of Medicinal Herbs and/or CRC Handbook of Proximate Analyses
HIRCINOL--*
HINOKITIOL--*
HILDECARPIN--Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
HEXENAL--Abstract (See species file)
HEVEIN--Abstract (See species file)
HERNIARIN100 ppm*
HEMIGOSSYPOLED75=100 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
HELENALIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
HEDERASAPONINS--Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
HEDERASAPONIN-C--*
HEDERAGENIN-GLYCOSIDE7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
HEDERAGENIN7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
HARDWICKIC-ACID--*
GOSSYPOLEC50=1-100 ug/mlNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
GLYCITEIN-7-0-GLUCOSIDE--*
GLYCITEINED50=>100*
GLYCINOLED50=50->100*
GLYCEOLLIN-IVED50=<50*
GLYCEOLLIN-IIIED50=<50*
GLYCEOLLIN-IIED50=<50*
GLYCEOLLIN-IED50=<50*
GLYCEOLLIN-I--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
GLYCEOLLINIC75=100 uM*
GLYCEOFURANED50=>100*
GLYCEOCARPINED50=50-100*
GLUTINOSONE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
GLAUCOLIDE-B--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
GINGEROL--Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
GINGERENONE-C--*
GINGERENONE-B--*
GINGERENONE-A10 ppm*
GERANIOLIC93=2 mMLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
GERANIAL--*
GENTIOPICRIN--*
GENTIOGENAL--*
GENISTIN--*
GENISTEINED50=50->100*
GENISTEIN2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
GARLICIN--*
GARCINOL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
GALANGIN-3,5,7-TRIMETHYL-ETHER--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FUROCOUMARIN--*
FURFURAL--*
FULVOPLUMIERIN--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
FRUTINONE-A--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FRANGULANINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
FRANGUFOLINE--*
FORMONONETINED50=250-350 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
FORMONONETINIC16-18=100 uM*
FORMONONETINED50=>100*
FORMALDEHYDE--Martindale's 29th
FLAVONE--Weidenborner, M., Hindorf, H., Jha, H.C., and Tsotsonos, P. 1989. Antifungal Activity of Flavonoids Against Storage Fungi of the Genus Aspergillus. Phytochemistry. 29(4): 1103-1105.
FLAVANONE--Weidenborner, M., Hindorf, H., Jha, H.C., and Tsotsonos, P. 1989. Antifungal Activity of Flavonoids Against Storage Fungi of the Genus Aspergillus. Phytochemistry. 29(4): 1103-1105.
FICUSEPTINEMIC=3-5 nM*
FERULIC-ACID--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
FALCARINONE--Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
FALCARINDIOL0.5 ug/mlRecio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
EUGENOL--*
ETHYL-VANILLATE--*
ETHYL-P-METHOXYCINNAMATE--Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
ESCULETIN--*
ESCIN--*
ERYSOLIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ERUBOSIDE-BMIC 25 ug/mlLAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
EPSILON-VINIFERIN--*
EPISCLAREOL100 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
EPIPOLYGODIAL--*
EMETINEMIC=750-1500 ug/mlMartindale's 28th
ELLIPTICINE<12 ug/mlCollins, D.J., Culvenor, C.C.J., Lamberton, J.A., Loder, J.W. and Price, J.R., Plants for Medicines, CSIRO, East Melbourne, Australia, 1990, 303 pp.
ELEMICINMIC=8 ug*
ELAEOCARPIDINE200 ug/mlCollins, D.J., Culvenor, C.C.J., Lamberton, J.A., Loder, J.W. and Price, J.R., Plants for Medicines, CSIRO, East Melbourne, Australia, 1990, 303 pp.
DOLICHIN-BED50=>100*
DOLICHIN-AED50=>100*
DL-2''-HYDROXYDIHYDRODAIDZEIN--*
DIMETHYLCHRYSINED50=2 ugLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
DIMETHYLALLYLINDONE--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
DIHYDROWYERONE-ACIDED50=<50*
DIHYDROWYERONEED50=<50*
DIHYDROWYEROLED50=50->100*
DIHYDROWOGONIN--*
DIHYDRORESVERATROL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIHYDROPINOSYLVIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIHYDROMIKANOLIDE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIDECYLDINETHYLAMMONIUM-CHLORIDE--*
DICTAMNINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIBOA--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
DIANTHRAMINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIANTHALEXIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DIALLYL-DISULFIDE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DHELWANGINE--*
DESOXYHEMIGOSSYPOLED100=60 uMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
DESMETHYLROCAGLAMIDEEC90=50-1,780 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
DESMETHYLROCAGLAMIDEEC50=7 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
DESMETHYLROCAGLAMIDEMIC=100 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
DEMETHYLVESTITOLED50=38-100*
DEMETHYLTEXASINED50=>100*
DEMETHYLMEDICARPINEC50=50-100*
DEMETHYLBATATASIN-IV--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DEHYDROISOEUGENOL--*
DEHYDROGLAUCINE--*
DEHYDRODIEUGENOL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
DEBNEYOL--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
DAPHNODORINES--*
DALBERGIODINED50=30-100*
DAIDZIN--*
DAIDZEIN>100*
CYNAROPICRIN--*
CYCLOSTACHINE-A--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
CYCLOKIEVITONE--*
CURCUMIN--*
CUMINALDEHYDE--Singh*, G., Upadhyay, R.K. 1990. Fungitoxic Activity of Cumaldehyde, Main Constituent of the Cuminum cyminum Oil. Fitoterapia 62(1): 86, 1991.
CRYPTOPLEURINE--*
CRISTACARPINED50=<50*
COUMESTROLIC3-4=100 uM*
COUMESTROLEC50=>100*
COUMARIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
COTONEFURAN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CONVALLAMAROSIDE--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
CONIFERYL-ALDEHYDEED50=90 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
CONIFERYL-ALCOHOLED50=125 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
COLLINSONIN--*
COLLINSONIDIN--*
CNIDILIDE--*
CLERODIN--*
CLANDESTACARPINED50=<50*
CITRONELLOL--HerbalGram No. 17.
CITRONELLAL--*
CITRALMIC 625 ug/ml*
CIS-RESVERATROLED50=50->100*
CIS-OCIMENE--Wright,C.W.(Ed)2002.Medicinal&Aromatic Plants-Industrial Profiles.Artemisia.344pp.Maffei,M.(Ed)2002.Vetiveria.The Genus Vetiveria.Taylor&Francis.NY,NY.191pp.Southwell,I.,Lowe,R.(Eds)1999.Tea Tree.The Genus Melaleuca.Harwood Acad.Pub.Amsterdam,Netherlands.
CIS-3,5,4'-TRIHYDROXY-4-ISOPENTENYLSTILBENE--*
CINNAMIC-ACID--*
CINNAMALDEHYDE1.7-250 ppm*
CINNAMALDEHYDEMIC=16-40 ppm*
CHRYSOPHANIC-ACID-9-ANTHRONE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CHRYSOPHANIC-ACID--*
CHRYSIN-5,7-DIMETHYL-EHTER--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CHRYSIN2.5 mMGeibel, M. 1994. Sensitivity of the Fungus Cytospora persoonii to the Flavonoids of Prunus cerasus. Phytochemistry. 38(3): 599-601. 1995.
CHRYSAROBIN--Merck 11th Edition
CHLOROGENIC-ACID--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
CHLORINE--Martindale's 29th
CHELERYTHRINE1-5 mg/ml*
CHEIROLIN--*
CHAVICOL--*
CHAVIBETEL--*
CHAMIC-ACID--*
CATECHINED50=2.9-4.6 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
CASBENE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CARYOPHYLLENE-OXIDE--*
CARYOPHYLLENE--*
CARVACROL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CARNOSOL--Encarnacion Dimayuga, R., Keer Garcia, S., Halfdan Nielsen, P., and Christophersen, C. 1989. Traditional Medicine of Baja California Sur (Mexico) III. Carnosol: A Diterpene Antibiotic from Lepechinia hastata. J. Ethnopharmacology, 31: 43-48, 1991.
CARENE--Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
CARBOXYATRACTYLOSIDE--*
CAPSIDIOL--*
CAPRYLIC-ACID--*
CAPRIC-ACID--*
CAPILLIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CANTHIN-6-ONE--*
CANNELAL--*
CANESCACARPINED50=<50*
CANAVANINE--*
CAMPHORED50=2.7 mMKeeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
CAMELLIDIN-II--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CAMELLIDIN-I--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
CAMELLIDIN--*
CAJANOLED50=<50*
CAJANINED50=<50-100*
CAFFEIC-ACIDMIC=0.4 mg/ml*
BUTYL-PHTHALIDE--Chemical Constituents of Oriental Herbs (3 diff. books)
BROUSSONIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
BORNEOL--*
BONDENOLIDE--*
BOA--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
BIOCHANIN-AED50=250-350 ug/mlLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
BIFLORINE--*
BIBENZYL-ORCHINOL--*
BETAGARIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
BETA-PHELLANDRENE--Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
BETA-IONONE--*
BERBERINE12.5-150 ug/mlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
BERBERASTINE12.5-150 ug/mlPizzorno, J.E. and Murray, M.T. 1985. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. John Bastyr College Publications, Seattle, Washington (Looseleaf).
BENZYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
BENZYL-ALCOHOL--*
BENZOXAZOLINONE--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
BENZOIC-ACIDMFC=1,600 ug/ml*
BELLISSAPONIN--*
BAYOGENIN (GLYCOSIDE)7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
BAYOGENIN7.5-25 ppmLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
BATATASIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
BAICALEIN-5,6,7-TRIMETHYL-ETHER--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
BAICALEIN--*
AVENALUMIN--*
AVENACOSIDES--Wichtl, M. 1984. Teedrogen. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker und Arzte. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellscharft. mbH Stuttgart. 393 pp.
AVENACOSIDE-B2--*
AVENACIN--*
AUCUPARIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ATRACTYLODIN--*
ASTRINGIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ASTRACICERANEC50=<50*
ASPIDISTRINMIC 2.5-10 ug/ml*
ASCARIDOLE--*
ASARONE--*
ARVENSANEC50=<50*
ARTEANNUIN-BMIC=100-150 ug/ml*
ARECOLINE--*
ARALIONINE--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ARABINOSYL-5-O-APIGENINIDIN-CAFFEIC-ACID-ESTER<10 uMNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
APPARICINE--Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
APIOCARPINED50=<50*
APIGENINIDIN<10 uMNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
ANTOFINEMIC=1-3 nM*
ANONAINE--*
ANISALDEHYDE--*
ANHYDROGLYCINOL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ANETHOLE--Wolf, R.B. Effects Of p-Methoxycinnamaldehyde From Star Anise And Related Cinnamic Acid Derivatives On Velvetleaf Germination. Journal of Natural Products, 49(1): 156-158, 1986.
ANEMONIN--Newall, C. A., Anderson, L. A. and Phillipson, J. D. 1996. Herbal Medicine - A Guide for Health-care Professionals. The Pharmaceutical Press, London. 296pp.
ANDROGLYCINOLED50=>100*
ANACARDIC-ACID--Williamson, E. M. and Evans, F. J., Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations, Revised Ed., Saffron Walden, the C. W. Daniel Co., Ltd., Essex UK, 362 pp, 1988, reprint 1989.
AMPHIBINE--*
AMPELOPSIN--Abstract (See species file)
AMENTOFLAVONE--*
ALSTONINE--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
ALPHA-TERTHIENYL--*
ALPHA-SOLANINE--*
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE--Hansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
ALPHA-HEDERIN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ALPHA-CHACONINE--Keeler, R.F. and Tu, A.T. eds. 1991. Toxicology of Plant and Fungal Compounds. (Handbook of Natural Toxins Vol. 6) Marcel Dekker, Inc. NY. 665 pp.
ALPHA-BISABOLOL--Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 435 pp.
ALOE-EMODINMIC=25-250 ug/ml*
ALLYLPYROCATECHOL--*
ALLYL-METHYLTHIOCYANATESMIC 15 ug/mlLAWSON in Koch, H. P. and Lawson, L. D., eds. 1996. Garlic- The Science and therapeutic application of Allium sativum L. and related species. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore. 329 pp.
ALLYL-ISOTHIOCYANATEMIC=1.8-3.5 ug/ml*
ALLYL-2-PROPENE-L-THIOSULFINATE--*
ALLISTATIN--*
ALLICIN--*
ALKYL-THIOSULFINATE--*
ALBAFURAN-A--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ALANTOLACTONE15-35 ug/ml*
AKEBOSIDE--*
AJOENEIC100=100 ug/ml*
AGROPYRENEMIC=50->200 ug/ml*
AGLAROXIN-AEC50=1.4 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLAROXIN-AMIC=100 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLAROXIN-AEC90=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLALACTONEEC50=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLALACTONEMIC=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLALACTONEEC90=>200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLAFOLINEC90=8-171 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLAFOLINEC50=0.05 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AGLAFOLINMIC=3-200 ug/mlEngelmeier, D., Hadacek, F., Pacher, T., Vajrodaya, S., and Greger, H. 2000. Cyclopenta[b]benzofurans from Aglaia Species with Pronounced Antifungal Activity against Rice Blast Fungus (Pyricularia grisea). J. Agric. Food Chem., 48(4): 1400-1404.
AFRORMOSINE-7-O-BETA-GALACTOSIDE--Neuwinger, H. D. 1996. African Ethnobotany - Poisons and Drugs. Chapman & Hall, New York. 941 pp.
AFRORMOSINED50=>100*
AESCULETIN--*
AESCIN--*
ACTINIDINE--*
ACRIDONEPOXIDE1-5 ug/mlHansel, R., Keller, K., Rimpler, H., and Schneider, G. eds. 1992. Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Drogen (A-D), 1209 pp., 1993 (E-O), 970 pp., 1994 (P-Z), 1196 pp. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
ACORIC-ACID--*
ACETYLSHIKONINMIC=15.6 ug/ml*
ACETOXYCHAVICOL-ACETATE--*
ACETOPHENONE--Tomas-Barberan, F., Iniesta-Sanmartin, E., Tomas-Lorente, F., and Rumbero, A. 1989. Antimicrobial Phenolic Compounds From Three Spanish Helichrysum Species. Phytochemistry. 29(4): 1093-1095. 1990.
ACETIC-ACID--Martindale's 29th
ACETALDEHYDE--*
ACEMANNAN--*
ACANTHOCARPANED50=<50-100*
ABYSSINONE-I--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
8-METHOXY-PSORALEN100 ppm*
8-METHOXY-PSORALENIC50=300 uM*
7-METHYLJUGLONE--*
7-HYDROXYFLAVAN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
7,4'-DIHYDROXYFLAVAN--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
6A,11A-DEHYDROTUBEROSINIC37-46=100 uM*
6A,11A-DEHYDROPISATINIC1-2=100 uM*
6A,11A-DEHYDROGLYCEOLLINIC18-36=100 uM*
6-METHOXYTECLEANTHINE--Jacobson, M., Glossary of Plant-Derived Insect Deterrents, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 213 p, 1990.
6-METHOXYGOSSYPOL--*
6-HYDROXYGENISTEINED50=50->100*
6-DEMETHYLVIGNAFURANED50=<50*
6-ALPHA-HYDROXYMEDICARPINMIC=50 ug/ml*
6-ALPHA-HYDROXYMAACKIAIN--*
6,7-DIHYDROXY-FLAVANONE--Weidenborner, M., Hindorf, H., Jha, H.C., and Tsotsonos, P. 1989. Antifungal Activity of Flavonoids Against Storage Fungi of the Genus Aspergillus. Phytochemistry. 29(4): 1103-1105.
6,6'-DIMETHOXYGOSSYPOL--Nigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
6,6'-DIHYDROXYTHIOBINUPHARIDINE--Wagner & Wolff, eds. 1977. New Natural Products (RS164. I56. 176)
5-METHOXY-PSORALEN--*
5-HYDROXY-7,8,3',4'-PENTAMETHOXYFLAVONE--*
5-HYDROXY-7,4-DIMETHOXYFLAVONE--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
5-DEOXYKIEVITONE--*
5-(HEPTADEC-12-ENYL)-RESORCINOL--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
5,6,7,8-TETRAMETHOXYFLAVONEED50=2ugLydon, J. & Duke, S., The potential of pesticides from plants, pp. 1-41 in Craker, L. & Simon, J., eds, Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants: Recent Advances in Botany, Horticulture, & Pharmacology, v. 4, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 1989, 267pp.
4-METHYL-6-ACETOXYHEXANAL--Acta Botanica Sinica, 32: 49.
4-METHOXYBRASSININ--*
4-METHOXY-3,5-BIS(3-METHYL-2-BUTENYL)BENZOIC-ACID--*
4-HYDROXYHOMOPTEROCARPINED50=<50-100*
4-HYDROXY-3(3-METHYL-2-BUTENYL)BENZOIC-ACID-METHYL-ESTER--Planta Medica, 55(7): 620.
4-(2-{METHOXYPHENYL}ETHYL)-PHENOL--*
4-(2-PHENYLETHYLETHYL)-PHENOL--*
4,4'-DIALLYL-2,3'-DIHYDROXYBIPHENYL-ETHER--*
4,4'-DIALLYL-2,3'-DIHYDROXYBIPHENYL--*
4'-O-METHYLCOUMESTROLIC1-5=100uM*
3-O-METHYL-MANGOSTIN--*
3-O(ALPHA-L-ARABINOPYRANOSYL(1,2))ALPHA-L-ARABINOPYRANOSYL(1-6)2-ACETOAMIDO-2-DEOXY-BETA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL-OLEANOLIC-ACIDMIC=6-12 ug/ml*
3-N-BUTYROYL-BETA-IONONE6 pptNigg, H.N. and Seigler, D.S., eds. 1992. Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture. Plenum Press, New York. 445 pp.
3-HYDROXY-9-METHOXYPTEROCARPANIC31-69=100 uM*
3-HYDROXY-8,9-(METHYLENEDIOXY)-6A,11A,DEHYDROPTEROCARPANIC38-46=100 uM*
3,6A-DIHYDROXY-8,9-(METHYLENEDIOXY)-PTEROCARPANIC3-6=100 uM*
3,5'-DIALLYL-2'-HYDROXY-4-METHOXYBIPHENYL-ETHER--*
3,4-SECOTRACHYLOBANOIC-ACIDMIC=100 ug/ml*
3,4-DIMETHOXYTOLUENE--*
3'-FORMYL-2',4',6'-TRIHYDROXYDIHYDROCHALCONE--*
3'-FORMYL-2',4',6'-TRIHYDROXY-5'-METHYLDIHYDROCHALCONE--*
26-DESGLUCOAVENACOSIDE-B--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
26-DESGLUCOAVENACOSIDE-A--Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
2-METHOXYPHASEOLLINISOFLAVONIC80-89=100uM*
2-HYDROXY-5-ISOPROPYL-7-METHOXY-3-METHYL-8,1-NAPTHALENE-CARBOLACTONE--*
2,7-DIMETHOXY-5-ISOPROPYL-3-METHYL-8,1-NAPTHALENE-CARBOLACTONE--*
2,6-DIMETHOXY-P-BENZOQUINONE--Recio, M. C., Rios, J. L., and Villar, A., A review of some antimicrobial compounds isolated from medicinal plants reported in the literature 1978-1988, Phytotherapy Research, 3(4), 1989, 117-125.
2,3-DEHYDROKIEVITONE--*
2'-HYDROXYGENISTEINED50=50->100*
2'-HYDROXYDAIDZEINED50=>100*
15-GLUCOPYRANOSYL-GLAUCORUBOLONE--Chau (1985) in Purseglove et al. Acta Botanica Sinica, 2.
13',II8-BIAPIGENIN--*
1-TULIPOSIDE-B--List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1-TULIPOSIDE-A--List, P.H. and Horhammer, L., Hager's Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, Vols. 2-6, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1969-1979.
1,8-CINEOLE--*
1,7-DIHYDROXY-4-METHOXYXANTHONE<miconazolePlanta Medica, 57: A131, 1991.
1,2-DIMETHOXY-3,8-DIHYDROXYXANTHONE> miconazolePlanta Medica, 57: A131, 1991.
1,2-DIHYDROXY-4-GLUCOSYLNAPTHALENE--Rizk, A.F.M. and Al-Nowaihi, A.S., The Phytochemistry of the Horticultural Plants of Qatar, Scientific and Applied Research Centre, University of Qatar.
-METHOXYBRASSITIN--*
(Z)-1,3-BIS(4-HYDROXYPHENYL)-1,4-PENTADIENE--*
(-)-VESTITONE--*
(-)-VESTITOL--*
(-)-MEDICARPINED50=<50*
(-)-JASMONIC-ACID--*
(-)-ISOSATIVAN--*
(-)-GLYCINOLED50=50->100*
(-)-GLYCEOLLIN-IVED50=<50*
(-)-GLYCEOLLIN-IIIED50=<50*
(-)-GLYCEOLLIN-IIED50=<50*
(-)-GLYCEOLLIN-IED50=<50*
(-)-GLYCEOFURANED50=>100*
(-)-GLYCEOCARPINED50=50-100*
(-)-EPIGALLOCATECHIN-GALLATE--*
(-)-DOLICHIN-BED50=>100*
(-)-DOLICHIN-AED50=>100*
(-)-DEMETHYLMEDICARPINEC50=50-100*
(-)-CRISTACARPINED50=<50*
(-)-CLANDESTACARPINED50=<50*
(-)-CANESCACARPINED50=<50*
(-)-APIOCARPINED50=<50*
(-)-ACANTHOCARPANED50=<50-100*
(-)-3-HYDROXY-9-METHOXYPTEROCARPANIC31-69=100 uM*
(+)-VESTITONE--*
(+)-3-HYDROXY-9-METHOXYPTEROCARPANIC26-78=100 uM*