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Chemical Dosage References
HYPEROSIDE --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
INDOLE --*
IRIDINE IC21=10uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID-A 4 ug/mlIchikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
ISOCHLOROGENIC-ACID-B 4 ug/mlIchikawa, K., et al. 1991. Isolation and Structure Determination of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors from Traditional Thai Medicine, and Syntheses of Their Derivatives. Sankyo Kenkyusho Nempo, 43: 99-110.
ISOFRAXIDIN 10 ug/ml cow (weak activity, 18% inhibition)Okada,Y,et al.1995.Search for Naturally Occurring Substances to Prevent the Complications of Diabetes.II.Inhibitory Effect of Coumarin and Flavonoid Derivatives on Bovine Lens Aldose Reductase and Rabbit Platelet Aggregation.Chem Pharm Bull43(8):1385-1387
ISOLIQUIRITIGENIN IC50=0.32 uM*
ISOLIQUIRITIGENIN 0.1 ug/ml*
ISOLIQUIRITIN IC50=0.72 uMAida, K., Tawata, M., Shindo, H., Onaya, T., Sasaki, H., Yamaguchi, T., Chin, M.(Chen, Z.), and Mitsuhashi, H. 1989. Isoliquiritigenin: A New Aldose Reductase Inhibitor from Glycyrrhizae Radix. Planta Medica 56(3): 254-258.
ISOQUERCITRIN --Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. 1983. Phytochemical Dictionary. A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants. Taylor & Frost, London. 791 pp.
ISOSCOPOLETIN 10 ug/ml cow (weak activity)Okada,Y,et al.1995.Search for Naturally Occurring Substances to Prevent the Complications of Diabetes.II.Inhibitory Effect of Coumarin and Flavonoid Derivatives on Bovine Lens Aldose Reductase and Rabbit Platelet Aggregation.Chem Pharm Bull43(8):1385-1387
JIOCAROTENOSIDE-A-1 --Sasaki, H., Nishimura, H., Morota, T., Katshara, T., Zhengxiong, C., Mitsuhashi, H. 1991. Norcarotenoid Glycosides of Rehmannia glutinosa var. purpurea. Phytochemistry, 30(5): 1639-1644.
JIONOSIDE IC50=0.51uM*
JUGLANIN IC65=10 uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
KAEMPFEROL 100 uMOliveira, T. T., Nagem, T. J., Miranda, L. C. G., Paula, V. F., Teixeira, M. A. 1997. Inhibitory Action on Aldose Reductase by Soybean Flavonoids. J Braz Chem Soc, 8(3): 211-213.
KAEMPFEROL-3-RHAMNOSIDE IC43=1uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
KAEMPFEROL-3-RHAMNOSIDE IC85=10 uM*
KAEMPFEROL=3=NEOHESPERIDOSIDE IC30=10uMShimizu, M., Ito, T., Terashima, S., Hayashi, T., Arisawa, M., Morita, N., Kurokawa, S., Ito, K., and Hashimoto, Y. 1984. Inhibition of Lens Aldose Reductase by Flavonoids. Phytochemistry, 23: 1885-1888.
KOLAVIRON IC50= 5.4Iwu, M. M., Igboko, O. A., Okunji, C. O., and Tempesta, M. S., Antidiabetic and aldose reductase activities in biflavanones of Garcinia kola, J. Pharm Pharmacol, 42(4), 1990, 290-2.
KOLAVIRON IC50=5.4Iwu, M. M., Igboko, O. A., Okunji, C. O., and Tempesta, M. S., Antidiabetic and aldose reductase activities in biflavanones of Garcinia kola, J. Pharm Pharmacol, 42(4), 1990, 290-2.
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.