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Chemical Dosage References
GLUCONASTURTIN 15 uMTawfig,N. Heaney,R.K.,Plumb,J.A.,Fenwick,G.R.,Musk,S.R.R.,Williamson,G.1995. Dietary Glucosinolates as Blocking Agents Against Carcinogenesis: Glucosinolate Breakdown Products Assessed Induction of Quinone Reductase Activity I.Carcinogenesis 16(5)119-1194
GLUCORAPHANIN 1 uMFahey, J. W., Zhang, Y., Talalay, P. 1997. Broccoli Sprouts: An Exceptionally Rich Source of Inducers of Enzymes that Protects Against Chemical Carcinogens. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 94: 10367-10372.
IBERIN 2.4 uMZhang, Y., Talalay, P., Cho, C. G., Posner, G. H. 1992. A Major Inducer of Anticarcinogenic Protective Enzymes from Broccoli: Isolation and Elucidation of Structure. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 89: 2399-2403.
IBERVERIN 3.5 uMZhang, Y., Talalay, P., Cho, C. G., Posner, G. H. 1992. A Major Inducer of Anticarcinogenic Protective Enzymes from Broccoli: Isolation and Elucidation of Structure. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 89: 2399-2403.
INDOLE-3-CARBINOL 50 mg/kg igs musShertzer, H. G., Sainsbury, M. 1991. Intrinsic Acute Toxicity and Hepatic Enzyme Inducing Properties of the Chemoprotectants Indole-3-carbinol and 5,10-dihydroindeno[1,2-b]indole in... Fold Chem Toxicol, 29(4): 237-242.
IRILONE --*
ISORHAMNETIN --Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
JUGLONE 20 uMDuhaiman, A. S. 1996. Characterization of Zeta-Crystallin Inhibition by Juglone. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 218(3): 648-652.
KAEMPFERIDE --Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
KAEMPFEROL 3 uM*
L-MAACKIAIN IC50=>13.4 uM*
LANCEOLATIN-B 22.9 uM*
LANCEOLATIN-B IC50=>76.3 uM*
LUTEIN 2.5 ugMadhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
MEDICARPIN IC50>74.8 uM*
MYRICETIN 36 uMUda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
NEOGLUCOBRASSICIN 100 uMFahey, J. W., Zhang, Y., Talalay, P. 1997. Broccoli Sprouts: An Exceptionally Rich Source of Inducers of Enzymes that Protects Against Chemical Carcinogens. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 94: 10367-10372.
PHENETHYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE 1 uM/kgGuo, Z., et al. 1992. Effects of Phenethyl Isothiocyanate, a Carcinogenesis Inhibitor, on Xenobiotic-Metabolizing Enzymes and Nitrosamine Metabolism in Rats. Carcinogenesis, 13(12): 2205-2210.
PONGAMOL IC50=18.7 uM*
PONGAMOL ED50=6.1 uM*
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.