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Chemical Dosage References
BRASSININ 0.22 uMMehta, R. G., Liu, J. F., Constantinou, A., Thomas, C. E., Hawthorne, M., You, M., Gerhauser, C., Pezzuto, J. M., Moon, R. C., Moriarty, R. M. 1995. Cancer Chemopreventive Activity of Brassinin, a Phytoalexin from Cabbage. Carcinogenesis, 16(2): 399-404.
CARNOSOL 100 mg/kg ipr ratSingletary, K. W. 1996. Rosemary Extract and Carnosol Stimulate Rat Liver Glutathione-s-transferase and Quinone Reductase Activities. Cancer Lett., 100: 139-144.
CATECHOL --Madhavi, D. L., Bomser, J., Smith, M., Singletary, K. 1998. Isolation of Bioactive Constituents from Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry) Fruits and Cell Cultures. Plant Sci., 131(1): 95-103.
CHEIROLIN 1.3 uMZhang, Y., Talalay, P., Cho, C. G., Posner, G. H. 1992. A Major Inducer of Anticarcinogenic Protective Enzymes from Broccoli: Isolation and Elucidation of Structure. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 89: 2399-2403.
CURCUMIN 3.4 uMSingletary, K., et al. 1998. Effect of the Beta-Diketones Diferoloylmethane (Curcumin) and Dibenzoylmethane on Rat Mammary DNA Adducts and Tumors Induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(A)anthracene. Carcinogenesis, 19(6): 1039-1043.
CYCLOBRASSININ .22 uMMehta, R. G., Liu, J. F., Constantinou, A., Thomas, C. E., Hawthorne, M., You, M., Gerhauser, C., Pezzuto, J. M., Moon, R. C., Moriarty, R. M. 1995. Cancer Chemopreventive Activity of Brassinin, a Phytoalexin from Cabbage. Carcinogenesis, 16(2): 399-404.
DAIDZEIN --Yannai, S., Day, A. J., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1998. Characterization of Flavonoids as Monofunctional or Bifunctional Inducers of Quinone Reductase in Murine Hepatoma Cell Lines. Food Chem Toxicol, 36(8): 623-630.
DEMETHOXYCURCUMIN 1% diet ratSingletary, K., et al. 1998. Effect of the Beta-Diketones Diferoloylmethane (Curcumin) and Dibenzoylmethane on Rat Mammary DNA Adducts and Tumors Induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(A)anthracene. Carcinogenesis, 19(6): 1039-1043.
DEMETHOXYCURCUMIN 12.5 uMSingletary, K., et al. 1998. Effect of the Beta-Diketones Diferoloylmethane (Curcumin) and Dibenzoylmethane on Rat Mammary DNA Adducts and Tumors Induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(A)anthracene. Carcinogenesis, 19(6): 1039-1043.
DIALLYL-DISULFIDE 0.3 mg/kg*
ELLAGIC-ACID 0.4 g/kg ratAhn, D., Putt, D., Kresty, L., Stoner, G. D., Fromm, D., Hollenberg, P. F. 1996. The Effects of Dietary Ellagic Acid on Rat Hepatic and Esophageal Mucosal Cytochromes P450 and Phase II Enzymes. Carcinogenesis, 17(4): 821-828.
ERUCIN 15 uM/day igs musZhang, Y., Talalay, P., Cho, C. G., Posner, G. H. 1992. A Major Inducer of Anticarcinogenic Protective Enzymes from Broccoli: Isolation and Elucidation of Structure. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 89: 2399-2403.
ERYSOLIN 5.0 uMZhang, Y., Talalay, P., Cho, C. G., Posner, G. H. 1992. A Major Inducer of Anticarcinogenic Protective Enzymes from Broccoli: Isolation and Elucidation of Structure. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 89: 2399-2403.
GALANGAL-ACETATE 50 mg/kg igs ratTanaka, T., et al. 1997. Chemoprevention of Azoxymethane-Induced Rat Colon Carcinogenesis by a Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitor, 1'-acetoxychavicol acetate. Jap. J. Cancer Res., 88(9): 821-830.
GALANGIN 4 uMUda, Y., Price, K. R., Williamson, G., Rhodes, M. J. C. 1997. Induction of the Anticarcinogenic Marker Enzyme, Quinone Reductase, in Murine Hepatoma Cells In Vitro by Flavonoids. Cancer Lett., 120 (2): 213-216.
GENISTEIN IC50=4.6 ug/ml*
GLUCOBRASSICANAPIN 15 uMTawfig,N. Heaney,R.K.,Plumb,J.A.,Fenwick,G.R.,Musk,S.R.R.,Williamson,G.1995. Dietary Glucosinolates as Blocking Agents Against Carcinogenesis: Glucosinolate Breakdown Products Assessed Induction of Quinone Reductase Activity I.Carcinogenesis 16(5)119-1194
GLUCOBRASSICIN 100 uMFahey, J. W., Zhang, Y., Talalay, P. 1997. Broccoli Sprouts: An Exceptionally Rich Source of Inducers of Enzymes that Protects Against Chemical Carcinogens. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 94: 10367-10372.
GLUCOIBERIN 15 uMTawfig,N. Heaney,R.K.,Plumb,J.A.,Fenwick,G.R.,Musk,S.R.R.,Williamson,G.1995. Dietary Glucosinolates as Blocking Agents Against Carcinogenesis: Glucosinolate Breakdown Products Assessed Induction of Quinone Reductase Activity I.Carcinogenesis 16(5)119-1194
GLUCONAPIN --Tawfig,N. Heaney,R.K.,Plumb,J.A.,Fenwick,G.R.,Musk,S.R.R.,Williamson,G.1995. Dietary Glucosinolates as Blocking Agents Against Carcinogenesis: Glucosinolate Breakdown Products Assessed Induction of Quinone Reductase Activity I.Carcinogenesis 16(5)119-1194
*Unless otherwise noted all references are to Duke, James A. 1992. Handbook of phytochemical constituents of GRAS herbs and other economic plants. Boca Raton, FL. CRC Press.